Letter dated 19 September 1979 from the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People addressed to the Secretary-General (A/34/492-S/13544)
Letter dated 18 October 1979 from the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People addressed to the Secretary-General (A/34/605-3/13582)
(b) Statement by the Vice-Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People
(d) Extracts from the political declaration adopted by the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Countries held in Havana, Cuba from 3 to 9 September 1979 which dealt specifically with the question of Palestine
4. Report of the Secretary-General on Palestinian rights
1. Action taken "by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People
The Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People held two meetings during this period. At its meeting on 19 September 1979, it considered the reports that the Israeli Cabinet had decided to set aside a law prohibiting Israeli citizens ani firms from buying land in the occupied territories. The Committee decided that the Israeli decision was a flagrant violation of UN resolutions and of the 1949 Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Times of War, as it would lead to a change in the demographic and geographic structure of the occupied territories. In this regard it also welcomed the press release issued by the Secretary-General on 19 September 1979. At the end of the meeting, the Chairman of the Committee was authorized to take the following measures:
(a) Issue a statement condemning the action taken by the Government of Israel in relation to the acquisition of land in the occupied territories. (GA/PAL/50) (Full text below)
(b) Send a letter to the President of the Security Council drawing his attention to the seriousness of the situation and requesting him to convene an emergency meeting of the Security Council if the Government of Israel had implemented the measures in question or failed to revoke them (S/13544). (Full text below).
(c) Send a letter to the Secretary-General drawing his attention to this question and request him to have the letter distributed as a General Assembly document. (A/34/492) (Full text bellow).
At the meeting of the Committee on 17 October 1979 it considered the latest decision reportedly taken by the Israeli Government to authorize the expansion of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories in violation of international law, of the resolutions of the UN and of the Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949. The Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People agreed that these measures undertaken by the Israeli Government would intensify tension in the area and increase dangers threatening international peace and security.
At this meeting of the Committee the "Master plan for the development of settlements in Judea and Samaria between 1979 and 1983" adopted by the World Zionist Organization, which was planning to implant 25,000 Jewish families in the occupied territories was also condemned.
This action of the Government of Israel was also considered a violation of the decisions adopted by the UN and a defiance of world public opinion.
(b) Letter dated 19 September 1979 from the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People addressed to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council. (A/34/492-S/13544
I have the honour to inform you of the serious concern of the Committee on the Exercise of tho Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People at the most recent manifestations reported in the press, of Israel's determination to strengthen its presence in the occupied Arab territories, in defiance of world public opinion and in flagrant violation of international law and of General Assembly and Security Council resolutions.
The Israeli Government's decision to abrogate the provisions prohibiting Israeli companies and nationals from purchasing land in the illegally occupied Arab territories is a further example of the insidious colonialism which characterizes Israel's policy towards the territories which it seized by force in 1967.
The Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People has repeatedly emphasized the urgency of bringing about a complete withdrawal by Israel from the occupied territories, as an essential first step in putting an end to flagrant violations of human rights in defiance of the Charter of the United Nations and of International law. Only then would it be possible for the fundamental rights of the Palestinian people to be respected.
Following so closely upon the adoption by the Security Council of resolution 452 (1979), in which the Council accepted the recommendations of the Security Council Commission established under resolution 446 (1979) and called upon the Government and people of Israel to cease, on an urgent basis, the establishment, construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967. including Jerusalem, the recent decision of the Israeli Government clearly proves that Israel has scant respect for the United Nations, to which it was admitted mainly on the strength of undertakings by the then leaders of Israel to accept and comply with resolutions adopted by the Organization.
This latest action is also further proof of the duplicity of Israel, which, on the one hand, claims to be striving to promote the autonomy of the occupied territories and, on the other, reveals by its actions its intention of colonizing the region by filtering the population distribution and the system of land tenure in the occupied territories in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention, dating from 1949.1/ It is obvious that when the Permanent Representative of Israel, in a recent newspaper article, slandered the United Nations, to which Israel owes its very existence, he was simply trying to find an excuse for the latest violation by Israel of the resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council.
The Committee is firmly convinced that action must be taken as a matter of urgency to halt this trend of affairs and to obtain the early withdrawal of Israel from the occupied territories. Any continuation by Israel of this kind of policy in the illegally occupied Arab territories can only aggravate existing tensions in the region and threaten international peace and security.
I should be obliged if you would circulate the text of this letter as a document of the General Assembly, under item 2 of the provisional agenda, and of the Security Council.
Letter dated 18 October 1979 from the Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People addressed to the Secretary-General and the President of Security Council. (A/34/605-8/13582)
On behalf of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, I wish to draw your attention to the latest decision reportedly taken by the Israeli Government to authorize the expansion of seven Israeli settlements in the Arab territories illegally occupied by Israel since 1967.
The adoption of such a decision, in violation of international law, of the resolutions of the United Nations and of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 19^9, can only intensify the tensions in the Middle East and considerably increase the dangers threatening international peace and security.
Moreover, that decision and other measures of the same kind recently taken by Israel in disregard of the resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council, and in particular of Security Council resolution 452 (1979), clearly show that that country is acting in bad faith when it claims to be a peaceful State which, as a Member of the United Nations, is desirous of arriving at a complete solution of the Middle East problem.
You will find annexed hereto a copy of a document of the World Zionist Organization entitled "Master plan for the development of settlement in Judea and Samaria, 1979-1983, which appears to represent the framework for the new measures the Israeli Government intends to take in this connexion, in defiance of world public opinion.
Such total disregard not only of the fundamental principles of international law but also of the dangers to which Israel is recklessly exposing the entire international community calls for urgent and vigorous action by the United Nations, and in particular by the Security Council.
The Committee is convinced that the Security Council could make a contribution of the first importance to the easing of tensions and the re-establishment of peace in the region by adopting as soon as possible the recommendations of the Committee, which are based on the immediate and complete evacuation by Israel of the illegally occupied territories and on the exercise by the Palestinian people of its inalienable rights.
I should be grateful if you would have the text of this letter circulated au a document of the General Assembly, under agenda item 24, and of the Security Council.
For some considerable time now the lack has been felt of a comprehensive, well-founded and professional plan of settlement for Judea & Samaria (J&S). Therefore, upon my assumption of the post of head of the Jewish Agency's land settlement department and head of the rural settlement department of the World Zionist Organization, I began, with the help of the first-rate and highly experienced staff in the department, to seek out various possibilities for the consolidation of a general master plan in J&S whose implementation would extend, in the first stage, five years. At the center of this examination stands a comprehensive and systematic land survey, which is still in its midst. When the survey is completed, it is probable that we will be able to plan the disposition of settlements additional to those proposed below.
The following are the principles which guided the plan:
1. Settlement throughout the entire Land of Israel is for security and by right, A strip of settlements at strategic sites enhances both internal and external security alike, as well as making concrete and realizing our right to Eretz Israel,
2. The disposition of the proposed settlements will be implemented according to a settlement policy of blocs of settlements in homogeneous settlement areas which are mutually interrelated - this enabling, in time, the development of common services and means of production. Moreover, in the wake of the expansion and development of the community settlements, some of them may even combine, in the course of time, into an urban settlement which would consist of all the settlements in that particular bloc. Only in four instances was there no choice but to propose the establishment of an isolated settlement in an-area, due to territorial and land limitations at the site.
3. The disposition of the settlements must be carried out not only around the settlements of the minorities, but also in between them, this in accordance with the settlement policy adopted in Galilee and in other parts of the country. Over the course of time, with or without peace, we will have to learn to live with the minorities and among them, while fostering good-neighborly relations - and they with us. It would be best for both peoples -the Jewish and the Arab - to learn this as early as possible, since when all is said and done the development and flowering of the area will be to the benefit of all the residents of the land. Therefore the proposed settlement blocs are situated as a strip surrounding the (Judea & Samaria) ridge - starting from its western slopes from north to south, and along its eastern slopes from south to north both between the minorities population and around it.
4. New settlements will be established only on State-owned land, and not on private Arab-owned land which is duly registered. We should ensure that there is no need for the expropriation of private plots from the members of the minorities. This is the chief and outstanding innovation in this master plans all the areas proposed below as sites for the establishment of new settlements have been meticulously examined, their location precisely determined, and all of then are without any doubt State-owned - this according to the preliminary findings of the fundamental and comprehensive land survey now being carried out.
5. The location of the settlements wan determined following a thorough examination of the various sites with respect to their being suitable and amenable to settlement, taking into account topographical conditions, land-preparation possibilities etc.
6. In order to create as broad a disposition as possible and to establish settlements which will excel in a high quality of life, we suggest that the majority of the settlements in J & S be established iron the outset as community settlements. In addition to these, a number of agricultural and combined settlements will be established at locations where there are suitable means for production. The settlers' employment will be mainly in industry, tourism and services, with a minority enlacing in intensive agriculture.
As is known, it is the task of the land settlement department to initiate, plan and implement the settlement enterprise according to the decisions of the Government and of the joint Government-World Zionist Organization Committee for Settlement. I hope and believe that this plan - which is based on experience, professional know-how, surveys and planning, all of which arc aimed at ensuring effective implementation - will in fact be approved, and soon, by these bodies. It must be borne in mind that it nay be too late tomorrow to do what is not done today. I believe that we should encourage and direct the tendency which exists today of moving from city, to country, because of the quality of life which characterizes rural settlement. This will enable us to bring about the dispersion of the population from the densely populated urban strip of the coastal plain eastward to the presently empty areas of J&S. There are today persons who are young or young in spirit who want to take up the challenge of national goals and who want to settle in J&S. We should enable them to do so, and sooner is better.
Upon the approval of the plan proposed herein, the land settlement department will devote itself to drawing up a detailed plan for the development of settlement in J&C - including a timetable for the establishment of the proposed settlements - and the same applies for the thickening and development of the existing settlements and those now under construction. We must also ensure, from the State and WZO budgets, the required investments for realizing and executing this task.
According to the plan here presented, 46 new settlements, in J&S will be added within five years, which at the end of that period will be inhabited by 16,000 families, this at an investment of IL32 billion. In the first year of the plan's execution the number of families in the new settlements will total, according to the plan, 5,000, at an investment of IL1O billion; thus the annual investment in each of the plan's four remaining years will be 115.5 billion.
With respect to the thickening of the existing settlements and those under construction, an additional 11,000 families at the end of five yearn is proposed, at an investment of 11-22 billion. For the first year of the thickening project, a total of 3,000 additional families is proposed, which will necessitate an investment of IL6 billion in that year. Therefore, the annual Investment in each of this project's u four remaining years will be IL4 billion.
Altogether, then, after five years there will be added in J&S - in the proposed settlements, the existing ones and those under construction - 27,000 families, this necessitating an overall investment of 115+ billion.
In the first year of the project's implementation 8.000 families will be added at an investment of IL16 billion. Thus the annual overall investment in each of the remaining four years will be IL9.5 billion.
This investment is absolutely essential and is a condition for the execution of a paramount national mission.
II. Disposition of the Settlements
It is proposed to establish a new settlement in this bloc - Reihan B - to go up west of the village of Arakah. This will be a settlement based on agriculture and industry, and which will have after one year 50 families, and within five years 100 families. There are presently two settlements in this bloc: Reihan (which it is proposed to thicken by adding 50 families in the first year and 100 by the end of five years) and Hei-Ami (an additional 80 families). In addition, there are already plans for establishing in this bloc the settlements of Hei-Ami B and Barkai B, with each of them to have 50 families at the end of the first year and 100 families at the end of five years.
The Reihan Bloc settlements will be moshavim (small-holders' collective settlement) based on a combination of agriculture and industry.
Here it is proposed to Establish four new agricultural settlements which will constitute a strip descending from north to south on the border of the green line, with the farming areas to lie west of that line. Each of the four settlements will have 50 families in the first year and 100 families within five years. Masrav A will go up southeast of Kafin village; Maarav B will be southeast of Baka-al-Gharbiyeh; Maarav C would be east of Kibbutz Bahan (and south of Maarav B); and Maarav D is slated for east of Tulkarm.
The Kaarav Bloc settlements will be linked by a new national highway parallel to the Nahal Iron road, which will pass by Baka-al-Gharbiyeh and continue to Kfar Sava.
At this stage just one site has been found for settling this bloc: The Mirka junction, which overlooks the Dotan Valley. Here it is proposed that a large community settlement be established, to be called Dotan, to be inhabited after the first year of the project's implementation by 150 families and after five years by 5OO families.
Two settlements already exist in this bloc: Sla'it and Zur-Hatan. For the two of them together it is proposed that another 100 families be added in the first year and 200 families at the end of five years.
Here it is proposed that two new community settlements be established: Maaleh Nahal (north of the village of Bourkah), and Maaleh Nahal B on Jabl Yazzid (east of Maaleh Nahal). Each of these two settlements will be populated by 100 families in the first year and by 300 families after five years. To date two settlements have been established in this bloc: Sanour and Shomron. For each, it is proposed to add 30 families in the first year and 200 families within five years.
In addition to the already existing settlement on Kedumim (to which it is proposed to add 30 families in the first year and SCO by the end of five years), it is proposed to establish another three community settlements, to be based on industry and intensive agriculture: Kedumim B, at a site located at "Imam Ali" (north of Keduoim) Kedunia C, at Ras-a-Bayyad (southeast of Kedumim*; Kedumim D, at a site on A-Ras (south of the village of Tal). Each of these settlements will have 100 families in the first year and 300 families at the end of five years.
The Shomron and Kedumim Blocs will be linked by an electricity grid which today ends at the town of Anabtah. This line will be extended to the Shomron settlement and from there lines will be set up to the rest of the settlements in the two Blocs.
The water supply system for the settlements in these two Blocs will be based on local well-drillings. There- are today two drillings, at Keduraim and at Beit Abba Should the need arise (and in accordance with the detailed plan to be drawn up and implemented in the futures) the drilling of additional wells in these areas should be considered.
* A gravesite which is sacred to Muslims, located 3.5 Kms. southeast of Sha'ar Hagai. Named after Imam Ali, a holy man who appears in a famous Arab legend. - RM
KARNEI SHOMRON BLOC
Here it is proposed to establish four hew community settlements: Karnei Shomron B (south of Karnei Shomron), Kerrei Shomron C (east of Karnei Shomron), Karnei Shomron D (Southeast of Karnei Sheron C) and Karnei Shomron E (east of Karnei Shomron C). Each of these settlements will have 100 families in the first year and 300 families after five years. With respect to the urban settlements in this Bloc - Karnei Shomron and Elkana - it is proposed to add 200 families to each of them in the first year, and 800 families each by the end of five years.
In this Bloc the urban settlement of Ariel (Haris) has -already been established, which it is proposed to thicken by adding 260 families in the first year of the plan's execution and 1,500 families by the end of five years. This settlement lies on the Sameria transverse road, which links the center of the country with the Jordan Rift. In addition to this urban settlement it is proposed to establish a new community settlement, Ariel B, at the site located at Hirbet a-Shelal (west of Ariel), which is planned to have 100 families by the end of its first year and 300 families five years later.
In addition to the already existing community settlement of Neveh-Zuf (to which it is proposed to add another 50 families in the first year and 200 after five years), it is proposed to establish in this bloc three new community settlements: Neveh-Zuf D, at Hirbet Ruohniyeh (southwest of Neveh-Zuf), Neveh-Zuf C (north of Neveh-Zuf) and Neveh-Zuf D (northeast of Neveh-Zuf) - the latter two near Kafr Ayin. Each of these three settlements will, according to the plan, have 100 families in the first year and 300 families within five years.
Neveh-Zuf already has an electric line hookup. The water supply will be from the direction of Bir-Zeit, from the Ramallah water line.
Four settlements - on both sides of the green line - already exist here, united within the Modiim regional council. For the settlements of Shilat, Kfar Ruth and Mcvoh Modiim, and additional 20 families each is proposed for the first year and 80 families within five years. For Mcvoh Horon the figures arc 50 families and 150 families within five years. Also planned for this area is the settlement of Hatityahu, which is expected to be inhabited by 100 families in the first year and 300 families five years later. In addition to these existing and planned settlements it is proposed to establish, on Kill 386, a new community settlement, Hatityahu B (west of the village of Bil'in). This settlement will be populated by 100 families after one year and by 300 families after five years.
Two settlements exist in this area: Beit Horon (a community settlement for which 200 more families are proposed within five years) and Given, which was originally slated as an urban settlement but which, it is proposed - due to land limitations there - be a community settlement to which 150 families will be added within five years. Instead, it is proposed to establish, on a hill north of Given, a new urban settlement, Givon B, to be inhabited by 500 families in the first year and by 3,000 families after five years. It is also proposed to establish, west of Givon B, a new community settlement, Givon C, where 100 families would live at the end of the first year and 300 after five years.
ETZION BLOC (GUSH ETZION)
Six settlements already exist here: Rosh Tzurim (where an additional 30 families would come within five years), Elon Shvut (an additional 100 families within five years), Kfar Etzion (20 more families), Elazar (another 15 families), Higdal Oz (another 200 families within five years) and Tekoah (which it is proposed become an urban settlement because of its relative distance from the other Etzion Bloc settlements), which would have another 200 families within one year and 800 families after five years. Planned for this Bloc is the settlement of Haforit, to be based on agriculture and industry (50 families in the first year and 100 at the end of five years).
There was a suggestion to establish an urban settlement - Efrat - at a site located south of Bethlehem, but ground conditions there do not enable such extensive development, so it is proposed that this be a community settlement. In addition to Efrat it is proposed to establish another four community settlements in this Bloc: Etzion B, in the Beit Fajr Forest (between Migdal Oz and Kfar Etzion), Etzion C, at Givat Hamukhtar (west of Kfar Etzion), Elazar B, at Sheikh Abdallah Ibrahim (northeast of Elazar) and Nahalim (West of Nahalin village). Each of the five settlements mentioned would have 100 families in the first year and 300 families five years later.
This new disposition of Etzion Bloc settlements will form a territorial continuity with the settlements of the Adulam District. (The Adulam district lies between Beit Shemesh and Beit Goubrin. - RM)
East of the village of Tarkumyan (which lies northwest of Hebron), in the Tarkumyah forest, it is proposed to establish a large community settlement, Tirat-Horesh, which is slated for 150 families within a year of its establishment and for 400 families five years later. For its services the settlement will rely on the Etzion Bloc settlements to the north, or, alternatively, on the settlements of the Mount Hebron slopes, to the west and the south.
Here, two settlements can be established: at the Dorah junction, east of Sikha village, it is proposed to establish a community settlement to be based on a combination of agriculture and industry. To be called Adorayin, the settlement would have 100 families within one year and 300 families within five years. It is also proposed to establish a new agricultural settlement, Eiton (near Tel Eiton), where 50 families would live within the first year and 100 families after five years.
Here, too, settlements would be established on both sides of the green line which together would constitute one unified bloc. There are in this area two settlements at present: Yatir (Ardon) and Lutsifer. For each of them an additional 100 families is proposed for the first year and 300 within five years. Also planned for this area is an agricultural settlement, Kramim (50-100 families).
In addition to these three settlements it is proposed to establish another five new community settlements to be based on agriculture, industry and tourism: Raveh (at the Rahaveh police station site, northeast of Kramim), Yatir B, Yatir C, Yatir D (all three of them northeast of Yatir), Susiya (at the site of the ancient synagogue northeast of Samua). Each of these five settlements would have 100 families in the first year and 300 families five years later.
It should be noted that at the impressive site of the ancient synagogue, as well as at Yatir and environs a tourist project could be set up which would provide employment to many families in the area.
In the area of Rujm-a-Nakah (between Nahal Amos and Nahal Arugot, northeast of Hebron) it is proposed to establish a large community settlement to be called Amos. It would have 150 families in its first year and 4OO families at the end of five years.
This settlement, along with others to be established to its east, could form a territorial continuity with the settlements planned for the Dead Sea shore-line, including the already existing Mitspeh Shalern. It is proposed that the Amos Region settlements be linked with Tekoah and with the Etzion Bloc settlements by means of a Judean transverse road to be paved from east to west, extending to the settlements of the Mount Hebron slopes and the Adulam District.
The temporary settlement of Maaleh Adumim already exists here, along with its adjacent industrial zone, The permanent urban settlement is now under construction at a site near Sizariyah, just outside Jerusalem, and where an additional 300 families would take up residence in the first year and 1,500 families within five years. Also in the area is the settlement of Mitzpeh Jericho, for which an additional 100 families is proposed in the first year of the plan and 300 after five years. In addition to these two settlements it is proposed to establish a series of three new settlements which will form a territorial continuity with the Beit-El Bloc settlements to the north: Pe'era (Maaleh Adumim near Ain Farah), which is to be a large community settlement based mainly on tourism and holidaying, to be inhabited by 150 families in the first year and 400 families five years later; Maaleh Adumim C, north of Pe'era; and still further north Maaleh Adunim D - the latter two being community settlements meant to be inhabited by 300 families each within five years.
Four community settlements have already been established in this Bloc Beit El (where it is proposed to add 400 families within five years), Ofra (an additional 300 families), Rimonim and Kohav HaShahar (for each of which it is proposed to add 300 families within five years). East of Kohav HaShahar it is proposed to establish a new community settlement, Kohav HaShahar B, to be inhabited by 100 families within one year and by 300 families within five years.
New settlements to go up in this Bloc will form a territorial continuity with the Jordan Rift settlements. At present there are three settlements in this area, Gitit, Maaleh Ephraim and Mcvoh Shiloh. It is proposed to establish a new community settlement, Meveh Shiloh B, west of Keveh Shiloh, which would have 100 families in the first year and 300 families at the end of five years.
Two community settlements have already been established here: Shiloh and Tapuah (it is proposed to add 300 families to each of them within five years of the project's implementation). Another three community settlements could be established in this area, with each of then having 100 families in their first year and 300 families five years later: Shiloh B, at the Batan Hiluah site (west of Shiloh), Shiloh C, at the Jabl Batan site(northwest of Shiloh B) and Shiloh D, on Jabl Rawat (northeast of Shiloh C).
ELON MOREH REGION
In this area, southeast of Nablus, on Jabl Rujaib, it is proposed to establish a large community settlement, Elon Moreh, to be inhabited by 400 families within five years of its establishment.
NAHAL TIRZAH REGION
Near Nahal Tirzah, on Jabl Thayour, it is proposed to establish a large community settlement (400 families within five years) called Tirzah.
III. Employment and Economic Branches in the Settlements
Employment and the economic basis of the residents in J&S will be in accordance with the nature of the settlement and the surrounding area.
- In the urban settlements some 60% of the families will be employed in industry, handicrafts, holidaying & tourism, and the rest in services and work outside the settlement. In the towns close to Jerusalem the proportion of those employed in outside work will be higher.
- In the community settlements the economic basis in the development stage will be as follows: about 50% of the families will earn their living from industry and handicrafts; about 12% from capital-based intensive agriculture; about 25% from outside work; and about 13% from local services.
The agricultural and the combined settlements will be based on agricultural branches (mainly intensive, depending on the means for production in the area), as well as on industry, handicrafts and tourism. Some of the settlers will engage in local and regional cervices.
IV. Services and Social Integration
- The regional services in education, health, culture etc. will be planned and set up already in the first stage of the plan's execution, in each bloc, in one of the bloc's central settlements. Their preparation as early as possible will prove a boon to the settlers in the new settlements.
- Social Integration: The detailed planning of the settlements will be carried out along with the formation of settlement core groups and their organization in anticipation of settlement. The absorption unit in the land settlement department will draw up an action framework in the sphere of the social sorption of the settlers (new immigrants and veterans) through coordination with the land settlement movements and other social bodies.
V. Investment Required to Execute the Plan
The overall investment for executing the five-year plan (proposed new settlements plus thickening of existing settlements and of those under construction) Is IL54 billion, of which IL16 billion would be needed in the first year to activate the plan and IL9.5 billion in each of the four ensuing years. The calculation for investment is based on the additional families which, by the plan, would take up residence in J&S - 27,000 in the five years. The average investment for settling one family totals (in prices of July 1978 -sic) IL2 million, as follows: (All figures are in thousands of pounds) -
Infrastructure (roads, electricity, sewerage etc.) ...150
Temporary housing ....................................150
Permanent housing (including public buildings)........600
Water sources ........................................100
Means of production...................................900
Total investment per family...........2,000
NOTE: The investment for a rural settlement is higher than that for the establishment of an urban settlement. The above calculation, of IL2 million per family, reflects the average investment per family in urban and rural settlement.
V(ii). Investment needed to thicken existing settlements & those being built
The Commission has learned with deep regret the reported decision taken by tho Israeli Cabinet authorizing the expansion of seven Israeli settlements on the occupied West Bank.
In view of the appeal addressed by the Security Council in its resolution 452 (1979) to the Government and people of Israel to "cease on an urgent basis, the establishment, construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem", the Commission can only express its great disappointment and concern at this new decision by the Israeli Government which so blatantly defies Security Council resolutions on the matter and world public opinion.
As in the case of the other measures recently taken by the Israeli Government with regard to settlements, the Commission will keep the matter under close review and will duly take it into account in the preparation of its forthcoming report to the Security Council in pursuance of resolution 452 (1979).
2. Representation of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People at the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Countries held in Havana, Cuba, from 3 to 9 September 1979.
(a) Statement by the Secretary-General at the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Countries held in Havana, Cuba from 3 to 9 September 1979.
Paragraphs relating to the question of Palestine from the statement made by the Secretary-General at the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Hon-Aligned Countries held in Havana, Cuba from 3 to 9 September 1979 are as follows:
Of the political problems involving specific responsibilities for the United Nations, the Middle East continues to be among the most urgent and complex. There can be no doubt that this question is central to the political, economic and military stability of the world. As long as uncertainty, discord, frustration and violence prevail in the Middle Ease, as long as the necessary accommodations on all sides arc not forthcoming, the world will continue to live with a profoundly destabilizing clement in its affairs and with a grave and continuing risk of future disaster. The question is how long the world, let alone the peoples of the Middle East, can afford to go on living with this explosive issue in their midst.
Once again, a will for peace and far-sightedness are the keys to an otherwise desperate situation. It is now essential that all of the parties concerned review their positions with the future rather than the past in mind.
A just and lasting peace in the Middle East can only be achieved through a comprehensive settlement covering all aspects of the question, including the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people. Ultimately ail parties concerned must be involved. The United Nations, if used with imagination and forbearance, offers unique possibilities in this regard which have not yet been fully utilized.
In this connexion, it is well worth considering the convening of an international conference which, properly prepared, might provide a way out of the present dangerous situation. The stakes involved are so great that I believe this situation deserves your most careful attention.
(b) Statement of the Vice-Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People at the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Countries held in Havana, Cuba from 3 to 9 September 1979.
The Vice-Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, Ambassador Tabibi of Afghanistan, represented the Committee at the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Countries held in Havana Cuba from 3 to 9 September 1979 and made a statement, the text of which appears below.
While Afghanistan has close and fraternal relations with Cuba, in the United Nations too our two countries are collaborating closely and that is why in the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People our two countries are serving as Vice-Chairmen and defend the just cause of noble Palestinian people, who are struggling to achieve independence and recover their homeland and property.
May I state that I am not here to speak as representative of my country on the rights of the Palestinian people, because already the revolutionary leader of Afghanistan has spoken in detail and expressed the full support of our country in defence of the noble people of Palestine. But I am here mainly to represent the United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and to state the views of the Committee which we have submitted already to the Fifth Summit and General Assembly and received unanimous support of the Movement as well as wide accepting from the Assembly.
It is a great honour for me to represent the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People before the Sixth Summit of the Non-Aligned Meeting in the beautiful city of Havana, capital of the brave and hospitable people of Cuba, and under the leadership of a great revolutionary and legendary man and Commander-in-Chief of Cuba, Fidel Castro Ruz. On behalf of our Committee, I also thank the noble and courageous people of Cuba and its great leader President Fidel Castro for granting such a lavish hospitality and warm reception and moreover for the fine arrangements and set up of the Conference and technical means to make the Summit a success in the interest of peace and brotherhood of man everywhere. It is good that we met in a revolutionary and first non-aligned country of Latin America and mostly in this beautiful and poetical land of blue and silvery Caribbean to which not only the great poet Ernest Hemingway, but all participants in the Conference have fallen in love in such a short time.
As you are all aware, our Committee was established by the historic United Nations General Assembly resolution 3376 (XXX) of 10 November 1975, because the majority of the member States of the United Nations were resolved to give strong impetus and vigour to the efforts of the United Nations to resolve the question of Palestine, which is indeed a tragedy without, parallel in contemporary history.
From its inception in 1975, the Committee's actions have reflected the grave concern of the world community, and particularly the countries of this great Movement, at the failure of the international community to find a just solution to the question of Palestine. The Committee has tried to impress on Israel and its supporters the imperative urgency of recognizing the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people in their fatherland, including the rights to self-determination, national independence and sovereignty, and also the right to return to their homes and repossess their legitimate property. This was most recently expressed by the Committee in its report to the thirty-third General Assembly. Based on resolutions 3236 (XXIX) and 3375 (XXX), our Committee submitted its programme of implementation to the General Assembly and the Security Council, with the sole expectation of achieving a permanent solution to the plight of the brave and noble people of Palestine. Alas! So far the Security Council has neither fulfilled its Charter obligation nor implemented the valid resolutions adopted by it and the General Assembly. A very modest resolution introduced before the Council a few days ago by our Chairman, Ambassador Fall, the Permanent Representative of Senegal, was not voted on. I regret deeply that the Committee's recommendations on the exercise of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people endorsed by the General Assembly in its resolutions 31/20, 32/40 and 33/28, have not been acted upon by the Security Council. It is particularly relevant to remind this august assembly that the Committee's recommendations have been unconditionally endorsed by the non-aligned countries.
In the course of its efforts to carry out its mandate, our Committee showed the utmost goodwill and co-operation both in October 1977 and on 30 July 1979, by agreeing to a postponement of the debate in the Security Council hoping that a solution might be found in the interim. Even during August of this year, when the issue was once again raised in the Security Council, our modest resolution, which is nothing more than a reaffirmation of the principles recognized in the United Nations Charter and in the Security Council's own resolutions, was not voted upon. Our understanding and goodwill failed to receive reciprocal co-operation by Israel and her supporters. Israel repeatedly refuses to accept resolution 3236 (XXIX) in which the world community has recognized the rights of the Palestinians, on the pretext of the non-binding character of resolutions, and ignoring the bald truth of the matter: that Israel herself was established by a resolution of the General Assembly, resolution 181 (II) of 29 November 1947, which partitioned Palestine into two distinct territorial entities of which one, Palestine, has not yet been established. It is a strange sort of logic that considers one part of a resolution binding and another part as well as resolution 3236 (XXIX) non-binding.
Our Committee believes that the people of Palestine, the inheritors of an ancient civilization and culture who struggled against colonialism and oppression long before the United Nations was established, are now enduring even more hardships than in the past. During the last three decades hundreds of thousands of Palestinians have been expelled from their homeland, forced to lose their property and all their belongings, to live in destitution as refugees.
Indeed the Palestinian question is the cardinal problem, the central issue as was stated by the illustrious leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Yasser Arafat, the genuine representative of the Palestinian people. The world has been a passive spectator for three decades to the unnecessary bloodshed and suffering of hundreds of thousands of innocent people. It has failed to put an end to this tragedy and sorrow, and find a solution, on the basis of justice, reason and equity in respecting the law of the Charter and the Declaration of Human Rights. If the resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and the Security Council are implemented by Israel, there will be lasting peace and justice in the Middle East.
We hope that this great Movement will, as it has in its previous decisions raise its voice and mirror the common concern of humanity for a just solution to this tragedy. We hope it will condemn those obstructing peace and international co-operation. For peace in the Middle East can be achieved only by a comprehensive settlement, which must include provisions for the withdrawal of all Israeli troops from Arab territories occupied by aggression since 1967, the recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to sovereignty, the recognition of Palestinian legitimate representatives, the Palestine Liberation Organization, self-determination and national independence, and the return of the Palestinians' homeland with recognition of their property rights or compensation for their losses and also the restoration of the Holy City of Jerusalem to its rightful sovereignty, in accordance with the United Nations resolutions. If the Security Council is obstructed from taking action on the vital issue of Palestine, then the international community must consider an alternative and appropriate means of action within the framework of the United Nations Charter and practice.
This is the view of our Committee, and I am sure the view of this great Summit as well that, by accepting our recommendation, it is the only way to establish peace in the sensitive and critical area of the Middle East.
In conclusion, let me once again express my heartfelt thanks, and present to you a bouquet of colourful praise on behalf of our Committee for inviting us to your great country and the Summit to express our objectives for the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination and independence and return of the holy city of Al Quds, a city so dear to the followers of all religions and faiths to its rightful owners, the Arabs. We believe that this great Movement at a time when events in the Middle East are taking momentum should raise its voice in favour of permanent and comprehensive peace. We know that if two-thirds of humanity, who are members of this Movement, stand firmly for justice, equity and peace, bloodshed and war will give place to love and friendship in the Middle East.
Long live peace and long live the Non-Aligned Movement.
The Conference also adopted several resolutions dealing with the question of Palestine, Jerusalem and on the permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied Arab territories. These are as follows:
The Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, meeting in Havana, Cuba, from 3 to 9 September 1979,
Recalling the relevant decisions and resolutions of the non-aligned conferences on the question of Palestine,
Reaffirming its recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including:
(a) The right of Palestinians to return to their homes and property from which they were expelled,
(b) The right of self-determination without external interference and
(c) The right to establish an independent sovereign State in Palestine.
Affirming that the Palestinian people, represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, has the final right and say regarding any solution of the Palestinian problem,
Reaffirming also that the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, should be invited, on an equal footing with other parties, to participate in all efforts, deliberations and conferences on the question of Palestine and the situation in the Middle East,
Recognizing that the question of Palestine is the core of the Arab-Zionist conflict in the Middle East,
Recognizing also the necessity to achieve a Just peace in the Middle East through a comprehensive settlement,
Reaffirming that a Just peace in the Middle East cannot be established without the achievement, inter alia, of a just solution of the problem of Palestine on the basis of the. attainment of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and with the participation of the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people,
Taking full cognizance of the fact that the Palestine people in its entirety, under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization, has rejected the Agreements and the Treaty and has announced its determination to oppose and foil them by all possible means,
Expressing deep concern that Israel has intensified and escalated its persistent policy of aggression, expansion, annexation and establishment of settlements thereon and repression and oppression against the Palestinian people and territory,
Noting with grave concern that the Security Council has so far failed to consider and take action on the recommendations of the General Assembly to enable the Palestinian people to exercise it's inalienable rights (33/28),
Recalling its reaffirmation of the United Nations General Assembly resolution 3379 (XXX), dated 10 November 1975, which determines that Zionism is a form of racism and racial discrimination,
Denouncing the decision of the Government of the United States of America to use the veto on any draft resolution relating to the rights of the Palestinian people to return, national independence, self-determination and statehood,
Noting that the racist regimes in South Africa, Southern Rhodesia and Israel have consolidated and intensified their relations in all fields, and
Noting also identity of cause and the struggle of the national liberation movements in southern Africa and Palestine,
1. To reaffirm all the decisions and resolutions of the conferences of non-aligned countries -on the question of Palestine and the situation in the Middle East;
2. To condemn Israel for its continuous and persistent policy of aggression, expansion, annexation and establishment of settlements, oppression and repression against the Palestinian people and land;
3. To condemn Zionism as an ideology and a practice and movement acting against national liberation movements and to request all members of the Non-Aligned Movement to endeavour to establish a permanent United Nations committee against Zionism as an organ of the United Nations, with the task of uncovering the crimes and conspiracies of Zionism against humanity and national liberation movements;
4. To declare that all measures taken by Israel in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, are null and void;
5. To reaffirm its full support of the struggle of the Palestinian people, under the leadership of its sole legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization, to attain fully its inalienable national rights, by all means, including armed struggle;
6. To condemn energetically all the partial agreements and separate treaties which constitute a flagrant violation of the rights of the Arab nation and of the Palestinian people, the principles of the Charters of the OAU and the United Nations and the resolutions adopted in different international forums on the question of Palestine, which impede the aspirations of the Palestinian people to return to their homeland, to achieve self-determination and to exercise full sovereignty over their territories;
7. Bearing in mind that the Camp David Agreements and the Egypt-Israel Treaty of 26 March 1979 constitute a partial agreement and a separate treaty that mean total abandonment of the cause of the Arab countries and an act of complicity with the sustained occupation of the Arab territories and violate the inalienable rights of the people of Palestine, to condemn the Camp David Agreements and the Treaty between Egypt and Israel;
8. Within this context, the Heads of State or Government having considered the proposal that the Government of Egypt be suspended as a member of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries for having violated its principles and resolutions, to entrust the Co-ordinating Bureau, acting as an ad hoc committee, with the examination of the damage caused to the Arab countries, particularly the Palestinian Arab people, by the conduct of the Egyptian Government in signing the Camp David Agreements and the Egyptian-Israeli Separate Peace Treaty. The ad hoc committee will report on this matter to the Ministerial Conference to be held in New Delhi, which will take a decision regarding the status of Egypt in the Movement;
9. To call upon the Security Council to consider and take action on the recommendations of the General Assembly to enable he Palestinian people to exercise its inalienable rights;
10. To request members of the Non-Aligned Movement sitting in the Security Council to sponsor and support draft resolutions on the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people;
11. To call for the convening of an emergency special session on the basis of resolution 377 (V), in case the Security Council fails to exercise its primary responsibility as a result of lack of unanimity of the permanent members. The Conference authorizes the Co-ordinating Bureau sitting in New York, in consultation with the United Nations Special Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People to call for such an emergency special session at the appropriate time;
12. To condemn the racist regimes in southern Africa and Israel and their growing and intensified relations in all fields; and
13. To commend and fully support, by all available means, the co-operation and solidarity among the national liberation movements in Namibia, Palestine, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Resolution on Jerusalem
Recalling all the resolutions of the Security Council, the General Assembly, the OAU, the Organization of the Islamic Conference and the Conference of Non-Aligned Countries relating to Jerusalem;
Considering that international conferences are in principle opposed to the transfer of the capital of the Zionist entity to Jerusalem;
Considering that the Palestinian cause, including Jerusalem, is the crux of the Middle East problem,
Considering that Israel is persisting in its policy of aggression, expansionism, annexation, Zionist colonization and deformation of the cultural characteristics of Jerusalem; and
Considering that Israel has broadened and increased the measures taken to Judaize Jerusalem and to eliminate its Arab character,
1. Reaffirms the need to liberate Jerusalem and to preserve its historical character and appearance. It also reaffirms that the city of Jerusalem is an integral part of the occupied Arab territories;
2. Denounces the measures of annexation, continued Judaization and forceful spoliation of property in Jerusalem and insists on the need to liberate that city from Zionist colonialism and to restore it to Arab sovereignty;
3. Demands that Israel should be compelled to comply with the General Assembly and Security Council resolutions concerning Jerusalem and declares null and void all the illegal measures taken by Israel in that city and demands their abrogation; and
4. Rejects and denounces any attempt by any State to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of the racist entity of Israel and declares that no party has the right to adopt a unilateral position or measure with regard to that city.
Resolution on permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied Arab territories.
The Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, meeting in Havana, Cuba, from 3 to 8 September 1979.
Recalling resolution 29 of the Fifth Summit Conference of Non-Aligned Countries, Colombo, August 1976, entitled Permanent sovereignty over national resources in the occupied Arab territories",
Recalling also General Assembly resolution 32/161 of 19 December 1977, with the same title,
1. Emphasizes the right of the Arab States and peoples whose territories are under Israeli occupation to full and effective permanent sovereignty and control over their natural and all other resources, wealth and economic activities;
2. Reaffirms that all measures undertaken by Israel to exploit the human, natural and all other resources, wealth and economic activities in the occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories are illegal, and strongly condemns Israel for its exploitation of these resources;
3. Further reaffirms the right of the Arab States and peoples subjected to Israeli aggression and occupation to the restitution of and full compensation for the exploitation, depletion, loss and damages to their natural, human and all other resources, wealth and economic activities and holds Israel responsible to meet their claims thereof;
4. Calls upon all States to support and assist the Arab States and peoples and the Palestine Liberation Organization in the exercise of their above-mentioned rights;
5. Urges all States, international organizations, specialized agencies, investment corporations and all other institutions not to recognize or co-operate with or assist in any manner any measures undertaken by Israel to exploit the resources of the occupied territories or to effect any changes in the demographic composition or geographic character or institutional structure of these territories;
6. Condemns Israeli measures aiming at usurping and diverting Arab water resources in Palestine and in other occupied Arab territories; thus depriving the Arab people under occupation of the adequate water resources essential for their livelihood and economic development;
7. Condemns again the activities of foreign economic and other interests in the occupied Palestinian and other Arab territories and calls upon all Governments to take legislative, administrative and other measures in respect of their nationals and the oil companies and other institutions and corporate bodies under their jurisdiction who own or operate enterprises in the occupied Arab territories in order to put an end to the activities of such enterprises and to prevent any such operations in these territories, and to refrain from any co-operation with the occupying power;
8. Condemns also all countries or regimes which provide the Israeli occupation authorities with strategic materials, especially oil, thereby strengthening Israeli grip over Arab territories and assisting its persistent expansionist policy, in violation of the numerous resolutions of the Non-Aligned Movement and those of the United Nations;
9. Recommends that all member States of the United Nations should take joint action in the General Assembly to request the Secretary-General to undertake through the Office of Public Information of the Secretariat and any other channels available, a sustained and wide campaign with a view to informing world public opinion of the facts concerning the pillaging of natural resources and the exploitation of the indigenous Arab populations in the occupied territories, particularly the Palestinian people and its labour force, by Israel and by other foreign economic interests.
(d) Extracts from the political declaration adopted by the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Countries held in Havana. Cuba from 3 to 9 September 1979 which dealt specifically with the question of Palestine.
Paragraphs 123 to 133 of the political declarations adopted by the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Countries held in Havana, Cuba from 3 to 9 September 1979 which dealt specifically with the question of Palestine read as follows:
"123. The Conference reaffirmed that the Zionist occupation»and the usurpation of Palestine and of the rights of its people are the core of the Middle East conflict and consequently rendered any solution to that conflict impossible without the exercise by the Palestinian people of its inalienable national rights, including the right to return, to attain self-determination and to establish an independent Palestinian State in Palestine.
"124. The Conference recalled that the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 33/28 declared that the validity of agreements purporting to solve the problem of Palestine required that they Be within the framework of the United Nations and its Charter and resolutions on the basis of the full attainment and exercise of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including the right of return and the right to national independence and sovereignty in Palestine, and with the participation of the Palestine Liberation Organization. The Conference declared all agreements which did not meet the said requirements as null and void; invited all member States to continue to support the Palestinian people's right to pursue its struggle by all means, including armed struggle, against the Zionist occupation of Palestine, until the recovery by the Palestinian people of its inalienable national rights;and invited all members to intensify their efforts within the United Nations and its specialized agencies in compliance with General Assembly resolutions, in particular resolution 3236 (XXIX).
"125. The Conference noted with deep concern that,since the Camp David Agreements among Egypt Israel and the United States, Israel has intensified the implementation of its policy by confiscating Palestinian lands in occupied territory, establishing Zionist settlements and installing new military posts, in addition to annexing Jerusalem and turning it into a Jewish city; it condemned Israel and demanded the halting of that policy, the immediate dismantling of existing settlements and the restoration of the Arab character of Jerusalem, in compliance with Security Council resolution 452 (1979).
126. The Conference affirmed that the restoration of Jerusalem to Arab sovereignty is an indispensable condition for a durable peace. Israel should be compelled to adhere to the relevant resolutions of the United Nations Security Council regarding Jerusalem and the Holy Places. The Conference appealed to members of the Non-Aligned Movement to take firm measures, including severance of diplomatic and economic relations, with countries which formally or by implication recognized the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
127. The Conference expressed its concern at the escalation of the barbaric attacks on southern Lebanon and the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon, which have been increasing in scope since the Camp David Agreements and the Egyptian-Israeli treaty. This aggression, carried out by land, sea and air, is tantamount to genocide of the Palestinian and Lebanese peoples, with Israel using the most sophisticated weapons supplied by the United States of America, thereby sowing death and destruction, and causing the flight of hundreds of thousands of Lebanese and Palestinian civilians, including large numbers of women and children.
128. The Conference denounced the Zionist and racist policy pursued by Israel, which is stubbornly continuing to ignore the decisions of the international community and maintaining its military occupation, engaging in terror and brutal oppression against the Palestinian people, thereby demonstrating its racist, expansionist, aggressive and discriminatory nature. That policy is a challenge to world opinion and a flagrant violation of the principles of the United Nations and its resolutions and of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
129. The Conference stressed the need for concrete solidarity in every form - political, cultural and informational and in respect of programmes for military aid to the Palestinian people, led by the Palestine Liberation Organization - so as to develop the struggle for the liberation of its homeland and also called for the adoption of all measures to ensure further international recognition of the Palestine Liberation Organization as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.
130. The-Conference invited the Security Council to meet its responsibilities by imposing on Israel the sanctions provided for in Chapter VII of the Charter. The Heads of State or Government participating in the Conference affirmed their commitment, in concert with all peace-loving States and forces, to the adoption of all measures, within the United Nations and in particular in the Security Council, to confront the continuing challenge by Israel. These measures should include the application of all necessary sanctions against Israel, as well as a mandatory and total embargo and its exclusion from the international community. It is essential, also, to study the political, diplomatic and economic measures to be taken against countries that support the Zionist racist regime.
131. The Conference expressed its appreciation for the work of one United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and its positive contribution to the search for a just solution to the Palestinian problem. The Conference also reaffirmed its support for the decisions and proposals of the Committee and called upon it to consider the situation as it developed and to make further appropriate recommendations.
132. The Conference expressed its regret that the Security Council has not yet taken any decision concerning the General Assembly recommendations providing for the free exercise by the Palestinian people of its inalienable rights. It reiterated its request to the Security Council to study these recommendations and adopt them.
133. The Conference condemned the threat by the United States to use the veto in the Security Council against any resolution concerning the implementation of the Palestinian people's inalienable national rights. In the face of that threat, which was calculated to obstruct Security Council action, the Conference decided that an emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly should be convened, should the Security Council fail to act because of lack of unanimity among the permanent members of the Council. It entrusted the Co-ordinating Bureau in New York, acting in co-ordination with the United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, to call for such an emergency special session at the appropriate time. With that in mind, the Conference again stressed the threat to world peace and security should the Security Council fail to meet its obligations under the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
3. Resolution adopted by the 66th Inter-Parliamentary Conference held in Caracas in September 1979. (Full text below).
The 66th Inter-Parliamentary Conference;
Considering that the establishment of a Just and lasting peace in the Middle East is essential for all the peoples in that area, the security of the Mediterranean basin and the maintenance of world peace,
Recalling the previous resolutions of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, particularly those of the 64th and 65th Inter-Parliamentary Conferences in Sofia and Bonn and of the 122nd session of the Inter-Parliamentary Council in Lisbon, that refer to the appropriate resolutions of the United Rations on the Middle East,
Reaffirming the inadmissibility of the occupation of territories by force,
concerned about the numerous losses of human lives and large-scale destruction suffered by civilian populations, particularly in Lebanon, about the continuous deterioration of the situation in southern Lebanon, due especially to the repeated Israeli attacks, about the non-implementation of the resolutions of the UN Security Council and about the obstacles that the UN security force encounters in carrying out its mission,
Recognizing the importance of the efforts made to establish peace in the Middle East,
Deploring the interruption of the discussions that had been initiated with a view to the establishment of a negotiating procedure among all the parties concerned, including the PLO as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, and the persistence of tensions in this region ,
1. Reaffirms that any settlement of the conflict in the Middle East must respect the principles set out in resolutions 242 and 338 of the UN Security Council and resolution 3236 ( XXIX ) of the UN General Assembly;
2. Considers that there can only be a comprehensive settlement negotiated by all the parties concerned, including the PLO, and that this settlement must sanction the withdrawal by Israel from the occupied Arab territories, including Arab Jerusalem, recognize the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, especially their right to self-determination, including the creation of an independent State, and guarantee the security and territorial integrity of all States in the region, including Israel, within secure, recognized and internationally guaranteed boundaries;
3. Denounces, as factors delaying the achievement of a peaceful solution, actions such as the establishment of settlements in the occupied Arab territories, condemns the repeated attacks on Lebanon, requests Israel to stop those attacks immediately, and condemns the continued acts of terrorism against the civilian populations in Lebanon as veil as in Israel;
4. Calls on the members of the Union to use their best endeavours in conformity with the recommendations of resolution 450 (1979) of the UN Security Council for the re-establishment of the authority and sovereignty of the State of Lebanon over the whole of its territory;
5. Calls on all parties to the conflict to facilitate the implementation of negotiating procedures for achieving a comprehensive settlement of the conflict and ensuring a just and lasting peace in the Middle East.
4. Report of the Secretary-General on Palestinian rights, 24 October 1979. (A/34/584-S/13578).
Paragraphs relating to Palestinian rights from the Secretary-General's report is as follows:
39. The developments concerning the question of Palestinian rights up to October 1978 were outlined in the report of the Secretary-General (A/33/311-S/12896, paras 51-60).
40. At its thirty-third session, the General Assembly considered the report of the committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, 5/ in which the Committee reaffirmed the validity of its recommendations endorsed by the General Assembly at its thirty-first and thirty-second sessions, and adopted three resolutions. By its resolution 33/28 A, the Assembly expressed its grave concern that no just solution to the problem of Palestine had been achieved and that this problem, therefore, continued to aggravate the Middle East conflict, of which it was the core, and to endanger international peace and security; reaffirmed that a just and lasting peace in the Middle East could not be established without the achievement, inter alia, of a just solution of the problem of Palestine on the basis of the attainment of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian People, including the right of return and the right to national independence and sovereignty in Palestine, and reiterated the call for the participation of the Palestine Liberation Organization in all efforts, deliberations and conferences on the Middle East which were held under the auspices of the United Nations, on the equal footing with other parties. It also declared that the validity of agreements purporting to solve the problem of Palestine required that they be within the framework of the United Nations and its Charter and its resolutions on the basis of the full attainment and exercise of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including the right of return and the right to national independence and sovereignty in Palestine and with the participation of PLO. The General Assembly endorsed the report of the committee, and once again urged the Security Council to take, as soon as possible, a decision on the recommendations endorsed by the General Assembly in its resolutions 31/20, 32/40 A and 33/28 A. It also authorized and requested the Committee to consider the situation and make the suggestions it deemed appropriate in the event that the Security Council failed to consider or to take a decision on those recommendations by 1 June 1979. By its resolution 33/28 B the Assembly authorized the Committee to continue its efforts to promote the implementation of its recommendations. By its resolution 33/28 C the Assembly took note of the establishment, within the Secretariat of the United Nations, of the Special Unit on Palestinian Rights, and requested the Secretary-General to ensure that the Unit continued to discharge the tasks assigned to it. It further requested the Secretary-General to consider, in consultation with the Committee, the strengthening and possible reorganization and renaming of the Special Unit.
41. In another decision which has a bearing on the Palestinian question, the General Assembly adopted resolution 33/147 of 20 December 1973 on assistance to the Palestinian people. Having considered the relevant reports of the Secretary-General (E/6-5 and Add.1 and E/1978/55 and Add.1-3), the Assembly endorsed the resolutions of the Economic and Social Council concerning this subject and called upon the United Nations Development Programme, in consultation with relevant organizations within the United Nations system, to intensify efforts to implement the relevant resolutions of the Council in order to improve the social and economic conditions of the Palestinian people by identifying their economic and social needs and by establishing concrete projects to that end, without prejudice to the sovereignty of the respective Arab host countries, and to provide adequate funds for that propose.
42. As urged by the General Assembly in resolution 33/28 A, the Security Council considered the item "Question of Palestine" at four meetings on 29 June, 27 July, and 23 and 24 August 1979. At the close of the debate on 24 August, the President announced that consideration of the item would be continued at a later date to be fixed after consultation amongst the members of the Council.
43. Since the General Assembly last discussed the matter, a number of communications have been addressed by the Chairman of the committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People to the President of the Security Council or the Secretary-General (A/34/83, S/13132, S/13164, A/34/155-S/13210,S/13291, A/34/238-S/13322, A/34/258-S/13334, S/13418, A/34/395-S/13482, A/34/492-S/13544). In addition, the rights of the Palestinian people have been the subject of a number of communications received from Member States and circulated as United Nations official documents (A/34/111-S-13151, A/34/161-S/13217, A/34/439-S/13515).