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Droit du peuple palestinien à l’autodétermination - Troisième Commission approuve projets de résolution - Communiqué de presse (extraits) Français
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Source: Department of Public Information (DPI)
General Assembly
27 November 2012




General Assembly
GA/SHC/4062

        Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York

Sixty-seventh General Assembly
Third Committee
45th & 46th Meetings (AM & PM)


GENERAL ASSEMBLY WILL STRONGLY CONDEMN CONTINUED HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS

IN SYRIA, UNDER TERMS OF RESOLUTION APPROVED BY THIRD COMMITTEE

Also Approves Texts on Iran, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea;
Five Others Recommended, Including Resolution on Palestinian Self-Determination


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Background

The Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) met today ...

It was also expected to take action on resolutions entitled ... The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination (document A/C.3/67/L.54); ...

Action on Drafts

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Lastly, the Committee turned to the draft resolution on The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination (document A/C.3/67/L.54), which was introduced by the representative of Egypt. The fact that 142 Member States had co-sponsored the draft resolution showed the respect for the right of the Palestinian people, he said. This right was not a gift to be bestowed on the Palestinian people. He hoped the text would be adopted by consensus.

A recorded vote was requested.

The representative of Egypt asked which delegation requested the recorded vote.

The Chair said that Israel had requested the vote.

Speaking in explanation of vote before the vote, Israel’s representative said that history had shown that peace must be negotiated and could not be imposed from the outside. Only Israel and Palestine could create two states side by side next to each other in peace. Palestine was more than happy to travel the world and speak with leaders, but they did not speak with Israel. Israel had consistently been willing to recognize the Palestinian right to self-determination, but Palestine had not recognized Israel’s right to live in peace. Hamas cared more for the destruction of Israel than the rights of the Palestinian people. It was much easier to travel the world bashing Israel than negotiating with it. Israel supported a two-State solution, but would vote against the resolution. The solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was not in New York; it lay in the Middle East.

By a recorded vote of 173 in favour to 6 against ( Canada, Israel, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, United States), with 3 abstentions ( Cameroon, Honduras, South Sudan), the Committee approved the draft resolution The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination (document A/C.3/67/L.54).

By that text, the Assembly would express the urgent need for the resumption and accelerated advancement of negotiations within the Middle East peace process, based on the relevant resolutions of the United Nations, the Madrid terms of reference, including the principle of land for peace, the Arab Peace Initiative and the Quartet road map to a permanent two-State solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and for the speedy achievement of a just, lasting and comprehensive peace settlement between the Palestinian and Israeli sides. Further, it would stress the need for respect for and preservation of the territorial unity, contiguity and integrity of all of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and would reaffirm the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, including the right to their independent State of Palestine. It would urge all States, specialized agencies and organizations of the United Nations system to continue to support and assist the Palestinian people in the early realization of their right to self-determination.

Speaking in explanation of vote after the vote, the representative of Argentina reaffirmed its recognition of the inalienable right of the Palestinian people to self-determination and to establish an independent and viable State. That was why it voted in favour of the draft approved. ...

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Brazil’s representative said Israel had not shown a willingness to fulfil many of the decisions by the Human Rights Council and the General Assembly on the situation in the Occupied Palestinian territories. Dialogue was the only way forward. Only respect of human rights and international humanitarian law by all parties could lead to enduring peace, he said.

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The representative of the Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine, in a general statement, expressed gratitude to the States that voted in favour of the text. The immense number of co-sponsors testified to the support for the historic right of Palestinians to exercise their right to self-determination. It conveyed the message to Israel that its violations of international law must cease and that it was expected to comply with all its obligations. The text was not contrary to peace efforts, but, rather, complementary to it and absolutely necessary. The right to self-determination had never been among the permanent status issues.

She said that right was not up for negotiation. For that reason, Israel’s negative vote sent a message that appeared to indicate that it rejected a peace settlement based on two states. The right to self-determination must be recognized by both parties. Palestinians had recognized Israel’s right to exist in 1988. The time had come to hold Israel accountable to the Charter of the United Nations and to international law. The international community must uphold the rule of law. On Thursday, the General Assembly would vote on the status of Palestine, to change it to that of an observer state.

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For information media • not an official record


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