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UNITED
NATIONS
A

      General Assembly
A/8413
30 June 1971

REPORT
OF THE COMMISSIONER-GENERAL
OF THE UNITED NATIONS
RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCY FOR PALESTINE
REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST

1 July 1970-30 June 1971





GENERAL ASSEMBLY

OFFICIAL RECORDS : TWENTY-SIXTH SESSION

SUPPLEMENT No. 13 (A/8413)





UNITED NATIONS

New York, 1971

[Original: English/French]



CONTENTS
Para
Letter of transmittal
Letter from the Chairman of the Advisory Committee of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
INTRODUCTION
I
REPORT ON THE OPERATIONS OF THE AGENCY FROM 1 JULY 1970 TO 30 JUNE 1971
36-200
A
Relief services
37-67
B
Health services
68-99
C
Education and training services
100-156
D
Common services and general administration
157-160
E
Legal matters.
161-185
F
Financial operations
186-200
II
BUDGET FOR 1972 AND REVISED BUDGET FOR 1971
201-209
A
Introduction .
201-209
B
Budget estimates
210-239
C
Financing the budget
240-243
ANNEXES
I
Tables
1-3
Statistics concerning registered population
4-8
Relief services
9-12
Health services
13-17
Education and training services
18
Other assistance to refugees .
19-22
Finance
23
UNRWA manning-table posts
II
RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY
III
RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
11 September 1971

Sir,

I have the honor to submit my annual report to the General Assembly on the work of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) for the period 1 July 1970 to 30 June 1971, in compliance with the request contained in paragraph 21 of resolution 302 (IV) of 8 December 1949 and paragraph 8 of resolution 1315 (XIII) of 12 December 1958.

The report is presented in three main parts.

The introduction seeks once more to focus attention on the serious financial crisis facing the Agency, reporting on the efforts being made to increase income and warning the Assembly that if the report of the Working Group established at the twenty-fifth session gives no assurance of adequate funds, reductions in the Agency's programs will be inescapable and may have to be drastic, regardless of their effect on the welfare of the refugees and any other repercussions. The introduction also gives some account of major events directly affecting the Palestine refugees during the year under report and of operational difficulties faced by the Agency in the execution of its mandate to relieve their sad plight.

Chapter I of the report describes the Agency's programs and how they developed during the twelve months ending 30 June 1971. It includes a section on problems confronting the Agency that have legal implications.

Chapter II presents the Agency's budget for the calendar year 1972, for consideration by the General Assembly at its twenty-sixth session, and the revised budget for 1971.

Statistical tables relating to various aspects of the Agency's work are included in annex I to the report. Resolutions adopted after discussion of UNRWA's education and health activities by the World Health Assembly and the UNESCO Executive Board are reproduced in annexes II and III.

The Advisory Commission of UNRWA has considered this report and its views are set forth in a letter dated 26 August 1971 from its Chairman, of which I attach a copy. Although in drafting the report I have had the benefit of the advice of the members of the Commission, it should not be assumed that the Governments represented on the Commission necessarily subscribe to all the views I have expressed. As regards the Commission's request for a report on the recent demolition of shelters and the removal of the Israeli military authorities of part of the refugee population in camps in the Gaza Strip, since this event occurred in July and August 1971, it would not have been appropriate to report on it in the annual report for the period 1 July 1970 to 30 June 1971. On 6 September 1971, however, I addressed a special report on the subject to the Secretary-General, in accordance with paragraph 21 of resolution 302 (IV) of 8 December 1949.

Since a major part of UNRWA's operations during the past year has been conducted in areas under the control of the Government of Israel, I considered it appropriate to show the report, in draft, to its representatives also and I have taken their views and comments into account in preparing the final text.

Accept, Sir, the assurances of my highest consideration.


(Signed) J.S. RENNIE
Commissioner-General

[Original: Arabic]
LETTER FROM THE CHAIRMAN OF THE ADVISORY COMMISSION OF THE UNITED NATIONS RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCY FOR PALESTINE REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST

26 August 1971


Dear Sir John,

At its meeting held today, 26 August 1971, the members of the Advisory Commission of UNRWA expressed their comments on the annual report which you propose to submit to the twenty-sixth session of the United Nations General Assembly.

The Commission wish to express their appreciation of the Agency's work and its staff, who have performed their duties in difficult circumstances.

As in previous years, some of the members of the Advisory Commission discussed a number of the subjects mentioned in the report, which in general gives an accurate picture of the Agency's operations and of the harsh living conditions of the Palestine refugees and other displaced persons during the period 1 July 1970 to 30 June 1971.

The Commission also heard your oral report and statements of members on the situation in the Gaza Strip, and the Commission expressed their concern at the inhuman measures taken by the occupation authorities in the Gaza Strip in connection with the expulsion of a large number of the inhabitants and the demolition of their homes and camps. The Commission hope that your report for this year will include - have appended to it, so as to form an integral part thereof - a report on Israeli measures in Gaza to achieve the deportation of a large number of the refugee inhabitants by force and terrorism and the effect of those measures on the conditions of the Strip's inhabitants in general and on the Agency's financial and administrative operations.

The Commission expressed their deep concern at the Agency's financial situation, which jeopardizes the continuation of its humanitarian operations.



Sir John Rennie,
Commissioner-General,
United Nations Relief and Works Agency
for Palestine Refugees,
Beirut.





The Commission strongly hope that at its twenty-sixth session the General Assembly will succeed in solving this problem so that the Agency can continue its essential work without reducing its services in any field.

In the absence of any implementation of the United Nations resolutions concerning the Palestine refugees, the Commission wish to see the Agency's late extended.

Complimentary close.


(Signed) Emile SBEIH
Chairman of the Advisory Commission





INTRODUCTION

1. In May 1971, the Agency completed twenty-one years of aid to the Palestine refugees 1/ under a mandate from the General Assembly, 2/ amid continuing uncertainty about its ability to maintain its essential programs. Finance was, as in the previous two years, a -persistent preoccupation of the Commissioner-General, and developments in the financial position are described below (see paragraphs 5 to 10 below). Latterly, the Commissioner-General was able to share this preoccupation with the Working Group established by General Assembly resolution 2656 (XXV) "to study all aspects of the financing of the Agency"; "to present an interim report to the General Assembly, not later than 14 December 1970, containing its recommendations on possible measures to be taken to prevent a reduction of the Agency's services in 1971"; "in the interval between the twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth sessions of the General Assembly, to assist, as appropriate, the Secretary-General and the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East in reaching solutions to the problems posed by the Agency's financial crisis", and "in consultation with the Secretary-General, the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East and the specialized agencies, to present a comprehensive report on all aspects of the financing of the Agency to the General Assembly at its twenty-sixth session". Since the Working Group's establishment, the Commissioner-General has maintained close contact, either directly or through the Agency's Liaison Office at United Nations Headquarters in New York; with the Chairman (Ambassador Nuri Eren of Turkey) and representatives of the other Member States in the Group (France, Ghana, Japan, Lebanon, Norway, Trinidad and Tobago, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America). In May 1971, Dr. Laurence Michelmore retired years' service in this capacity as Commissioner-General after more than seven and 25 years' service with the United Nations. He was succeeded by Sir John Rennie, who had been Deputy Commissioner-General since November 1968.

__________

1/ A Palestine refugee, by UNRWA's working definition, is a person whose normal residence was Palestine for a minimum of two years preceding the conflict in 1948 and who, as a result of this conflict, lost both his home and means of livelihood and took refuge, in 1948, in one of the countries where UNRWA provides relief. Refugees within this definition or the children or grandchildren of such refugees are eligible for agency assistance if they are (a) registered with UNRWA, (b) living in the area of UNRWA's operations, and (c) in need.

2/ Information concerning the origin of the Agency and its mission and work found in the following annual reports and other United Nations documents:

A. Final report of the United Nations Economic Survey Mission for the, Middle East (28 December 1949) (A/AC.25/6, parts I and II).

B. Report of the Secretary-General on Assistance to Palestine Refugees: Official Records of the General Assembly, Fourth Session, Ad Hoc Political Committee, Annexes, vol. II (A/1060), p. 14.

C. Proposals for the continuation of United Nations assistance to Palestine refugees. Documents submitted by the Secretary-General to the fourteenth session of the General Assembly (A/4121).

D. Report by the Secretary-General under General Assembly resolution 2252 (ES-V) and Security Council resolution 237 (1967) (A/6787).

E. Reports of the Director (Commissioner-General) of UNRWA and special reports of the Director and Advisory Commission to the General Assembly:

(i) Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifth Session,
Supplement No. 19 (A/l451/Rev.l);
(ii) Ibid., Sixth Session, Supplements Nos. 16 and 16A (A/1905 and Add.1);
(iii) Ibid., Seventh Session, Supplements Nos. 13 and 13A
(A/2171 and Add.1);
(iv) Ibid., Eighth Session, Supplements Nos. 12 and 12A
(A/2470 and Add.1);
(v) Ibid., Ninth Session, Supplements Nos. 17 and 17A
(A/2717 and Add.1);
(vi) Ibid., Tenth Session, Supplements Nos. 15 and 15A
(A/2978 and Add.1);
(vii) Ibid., Eleventh Session, Supplements Nos. 14 and 14A
(A/3212 and Add.1);
(viii) Ibid., Twelfth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/3686 and
A/3735);
(ix) Ibid., Thirteenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/3931 and
A/3948);
(x) Ibid., Fourteenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/4213);
(xi) Ibid., Fifteenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/4478);
(xii) Ibid., Sixteenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/4861);
(xiii) Ibid., Seventeenth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/5214);
(xiv) Ibid., Eighteenth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/5513);
(xv) Ibid., Nineteenth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/5813);
(xvi) Ibid., Twentieth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/6013);
(xvii) Ibid., Twenty-first Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/6313);
(xviii) Ibid., Twenty-second Session, Supplement No. 13
(A/6713);
(xix) A/6723 and Add.1 and Add.l/Corr.l. For the printed text, see Official Records of the Security Council, Twenty-second Year Supplement for April, May and June
1967 documents S/8001 and Add.1;
(xx) A/6787 and Corr.1;
(xxi) A/7060;
(xxii) Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-third Session Supplement No. 13 (A/7213);
(xxiii) Ibid., Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614);
(xxiv) Ibid., Twenty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/8013);
(xxv) Ibid., Twenty-fifth Session, Annexes, agenda item 35, documents A/8084 and Add.l.

F. Report of the Working Group on the Financing of UNRWA (A/8264).

G. Pertinent General Assembly resolutions:

194 (III) of 11 December 1948; 212 (III) of 19 November 1948; 302 (IV) of 8 December 1949; 393 (V) of 2 December 1950; 513 (VI) of 26 January 1952; 614 (VII) of 6 November 1952; 720 (VIII) of 27 November 1953; 818 (IX) of 4 December 1954; 916 (X) of 3 December 1955; 1018 (XI) of 28 February 1957; 1191 (XII) of 12 December 1957; 1315 (XIII) of 12 December 1958; 1456 (XIV) of 9 December 1959; 1604 (XV) of 21 April 1961; 1725 (XVI) of 20 December 1961; 1856 (XVII) of 20 December 1962; 1912 (XVIII) of 3 December 1963; 2002 (XIX) of 10 February 1965; 2052 (XX) of 15 December 1965; 2154 (XXI) of 17 November 1966; 2252 (ES-V) of 4 July 1967; 2341 (XXII) of 19 December 1967; 2452 (XXIII) of 19 December 1968; 2535 (XXIV) of 10 December 1969; 2656 (XXV) of 7 December 1970; 2672 (XXV) of 8 December 1970; 2728 (XXV) of 15 December 1970.

H. Pertinent Security Council resolutions:

237 (14 June 1967); 242 (22 November 1967).

I. Pertinent Economic and Social Council resolution:

1565 (L) of 3 May 1971.



2. The Commissioner-General hopes that the Agency's financial crisis and the concern for the Agency's future it has generated may have led to a wider understanding both of the plight of the Palestine refugees and of the nature of the Agency's operations. An emphasis on "UNRWA camps" and on "relief", while correctly conveying an impression of the refugees' displacement from their traditional homes and of their continuing need for help, has also contributed to certain misconceptions. It has not always been realized that UNRWA provides services in rather than administers "camps" (in which only 40 per cent of registered refugees live); that the "camps" are not extra-territorial areas under United Nations jurisdiction; that the inhabitants are normally free to move in and out now, as in the past; and that the responsibility for the maintenance of law and order rests not with UNRWA, but with the Governments of the host countries of Jordan, Syria and Lebanon and with the Government of Israel, as the occupying Power, in the occupied territories of the West Bank and Gaza. Emphasis on "relief", on the other hand, has sometimes been taken to imply that the Palestine refugees have been maintained in idleness, a misconception that should have been dispelled by chapter III, section "O", of the annual report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organization for 1967-1968.

------

3/ This emphasis has also tended to obscure the Agency's constructive programs of education and training, which in 1971 account for about 47 per cent of expenditure and which both form the foundation for individual rehabilitation and contribute to economic and social development in many Arab countries. The threat to these programs presented by the financial crisis has at least made better known their scale and their importance to the Palestine refugees.

3. The cease-fire along the Suez Canal, the resumption of Dr. Jarring's mission and other moves towards the negotiation of a peaceful settlement, the varying fortunes of the fedayeen movements and the reactions of Governments in the region, the death of President Abdel Nasser, the continuing Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip; these events and others that stirred the emotions of the Palestine refugees, raising or dashing their hopes, formed the background against which the Agency pursued its task. As is now usual, on several occasions during the year the Agency's operations were disrupted by violence.

4. Despite more frequent public recognition of the need to take account of the legitimate rights of the Palestine refugees in any political settlement, and the adoption of resolution 2672 C (XXV) by which the General Assembly recognized the entitlement of the people of Palestine to "equal rights and self-determination in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations" and declared that "full respect for the inalienable rights of the people of Palestine is an indispensable element in the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East", there was by the end of the year little to lessen the frustrations of the refugees. The General Assembly at the same session called again on the Government of Israel to take immediate steps for the return of those displaced from their homes and camps but, although many were able to visit the occupied West Bank from east Jordan, there was, apart from the issue of a limited number of permits in cases of family reunion or special hardship, no change in the situation as regards return for residence; and a fifth year of separation from the West Bank, Gaza and the Quneitra area of Syria began in June for over 200,000 registered refugees (and for large numbers of other displaced persons) in east Jordan and in Syria. The day seemed as distant as ever when effect would be given to the General Assembly's resolution (paragraph 11 of resolution 194 (III)), adopted over 20 years ago, on 11 December 1948, and referred to in subsequent resolutions, "that the refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbors should be permitted to do so at the earliest practicable date, and that compensation should be paid for the property of those choosing not to return and for loss of or damage to property which, under principles of international law or in equity, should be made good by the Governments or authorities responsible ..."

_______________

3/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-third Session, Supplement No. 1 (A/7201), chapter III, section O.

Finance

5. The nature of the Agency's financial problem was described in paragraphs 22 and 23 of the report for 1968-1969 4/ and paragraph 9 of the report for 1969-1970: 5/ a growing school population and rising unit costs set against an income which had been increasing less rapidly and a declining working reserve, with, as a result, a precarious cash position and the threat of substantial reductions in services. In view of the consequences for the Palestine refugees, the Governments of the host countries and the Agency if this threat became a reality, the Commissioner-General welcomed the establishment by the General Assembly of the Working Group whose terms of reference are given in paragraph 1 above.

6. The Working Group made an interim report 6/ to the General Assembly at its twenty-fifth session after having held five meetings between 9 and 14 December 1970. Group agreed that there should be concentration on the formulation of recommendations on possible measures to prevent reduction of the Agency's services. It noted the existence of a cash or liquidity crisis as well as a longer-term budgetary problem and recommended, inter alia, that the General Assembly should make a renewed appeal to Governments to contribute for the first time or to increase their contributions and to make early payments; that the General Assembly should authorize the Secretary-General to make advances from the Working Capital Fund for short-term assistance to meet the liquidity crisis; that the Secretary-General should be requested to make available to the maximum extent possible facilities of the Office of Public Information in order to disseminate information on the Agency's humanitarian work; and that the General Assembly should urge all organizations of the United Nations system to study ways by which they might assist UNRWA or undertake activities helpful to the refugees which would lessen the financial burden of UNRWA, and also should request the Working Group to continue consultations with executive heads of other international agencies and United Nations programs. The General Assembly, in resolution 2728 (XXV), endorsed the Working Group's recommendations.

7. On 1 January 1971, the Director-General of UNESCO, with the authority of the Executive Board of UNESCO, launched an appeal for the funds necessary for maintaining and expanding the education services for Palestine refugees, which he described as "the most ambitious educational undertaking under international administration"; and in which UNESCO had been associated with UNRWA for over 20 years, "in order to provide these refugees with the education to which they have a right and thus equip them intellectually and morally to assume their basic human dignity and freedom despite the adverse circumstances in which they are fated to live". 7/ The Director-General appointed, as a Special Consultant in connection with his appeal, Ambassador Mansour Khalid (Permanent Representative of the Sudan to the United Nations), who has since been undertaking a series of visits to solicit contributions from Governments and private organizations. By 30 June 1971, contributions amounting to $964,083 had been received or pledged specific response to the appeal, in addition to other contributions on which the appeal may also have had an influence.

_____________

4/ Ibid., Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614).

5/ Ibid., Twenty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/8013).

6/ Ibid., Twenty-fifth Session, Annexes, agenda item 35, document A/8264.



8. The Agency's financial year 1970 eventually closed with a deficit of nearly $4.9 million, 8/ income being above earlier estimates, but expenditure also being higher because of increased prices and wages and unforeseen emergency costs arising out of local disturbances. Thanks to early payment by a number of Governments of all or part of their contributions for 1971, the threatened cash crisis at the beginning of 1971 was averted, but the Agency entered the new financial year with a prospective deficit of about $5.5 million. 8/ By 30 June 1971, on the best estimate then possible, the deficit had been reduced to about $2.4 million. 8/ This encouraging improvement was the result of the various appeals made in the course of the twenty-fifth session of the General Assembly, action by UNESCO, and the efforts of the Chairman and his colleagues on the Working Group, which were together responsible for an increase in estimated income of $4.6 million, against which had to be offset an estimated increase in expenditure of $1.5 million. This increase in income included an allocation of food-stuffs from the World Food Program's emergency resources made in response to an agreed application by one of the Governments of the host countries after consultation between the Chairman of the Working Group, the Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the United Nations/FAO Intergovernmental Committee of the World Food Program.

9. Other helpful developments were two resolutions, one Economic and Social Council resolution 1565 (L), adopted on 3 May 1971, "requesting the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the executive heads of specialized agencies, the Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund and the Administrator of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) as well as the non-governmental organizations concerned to continue to consider appropriate ways and means of rendering all possible assistance to the Palestine refugees" and further requests them "to include in their annual reports information on their possible present and future assistance to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East and on their activities that benefit the Palestine refugees; the other, resolution WHA24.32, adopted on 18 May 1971 by the World Health Assembly, requesting "the Director-General of WHO to intensify and expand its program of health assistance to the refugees and displaced persons in the Middle East to the amount of at least one million dollars" from funds to be provided outside WHO's regular budget by means of special voluntary contributions and deciding that "meanwhile emergency assistance to the maximum extent possible be given to the refugees and the displaced persons in the Middle East". 9/

_____________

7/ For the text of the appeal, see UNESCO document 87 EX/9, annex.

8/ These figures take account of the inclusion in expenditure of provision for subsidies to certain Governments (see paragraphs 199 and 200 of section F in chapter I below).


10. In view of the progress made towards reducing the Agency's deficit for 1971 and after consultation with the Chairman of the Working Group at Agency headquarters in Beirut in March, the Commissioner-General deferred new reduction in services in order to allow time for the efforts of the Working Group and others to fructify. Bearing in mind that subsidies to Governments were already being withheld and that the orderly transfer of sanitation services to Government would be dependent on their consent, the amount that could have been saved (at the expense of the refugees' welfare) by new reductions at that stage without touching either basic health services or educate on services would have been less than $0.5 million in 1971. (In reference to reductions in administrative expense, attention is invited to paragraph 32 of the introduction to the report of the Commissioner-General for 1968-1969.) 10/ The Commissioner-General believes that, especially in the circumstances described in the preceding paragraph, such reductions would have been regarded as an unjustified prejudgment of the success that might attend the Working Group's efforts and would have aroused controversy and turmoil detrimental to those efforts. It must be recognized, however, that the price of continued deferment may be further inroads into the Agency's slender working reserve.

11. In reporting to the Working Group on the financial situation at the end of May, the Commissioner-General invited the Group's attention to the ominous outlook for 1972. The budget estimates in chapter II below show that, on the basis of the programs in the 1971 budget, expenditure will be of the order of $51.1 million because of the increase in school population and higher costs, including an expected increase in the price of flour that will add over $1 million. Assuming income at the level now estimated for 1971 (but deducting the one-time World Food Program allocation of food-stuffs), there will be on that basis a deficit in excess of $6 million. 11/ It is clear, therefore, that unless there is the assurance of a substantial increase in the Agency's income, most of the reductions referred to in the statement made by the Commissioner--General to the Special Political Committee on 1 December 1970 12/ will be inevitable and that, as he then emphasized, education services will necessarily be included.
_________________

9/ For the text of the resolution, see annex II below.

10/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 14 (A/7614), para. 32.

11/ See foot-note to paragraph 8.

12/ For the text of the statement, see A/SPC/SR/738.
General operations

12. In Lebanon, the occupation of Agency property, to which reference was made in paragraph 16 of the introduction to the report for 1969-1970 13/ continues. The Agency has made repeated representations to the Government on this matter, so far without effect, and has also drawn attention to the risks to which the withdrawal of Government authority from camp areas has exposed the Agency and its staff and to their longer-term implications for the efficiency of operations.

13. On the positive side, there has been an improvement in the situation at the Siblin Training Center in Lebanon, where, as mentioned in last year's report, 14/ strikes by students and staff and a virtual breakdown in discipline were a cause of concern. For the academic year 1970-1971, the Center was placed on a non-residential basis and there was no new intake. The Center has operated satisfactorily during the year and a new intake of students can be accepted in 1971-1972.

14. In the Syrian Arab Republic, construction of concrete block shelters for the refugees in the Syrian emergency camps 15/ was begun in February this year at the Sbneih Camp (outside Damascus), and The program will be extended to other camps as well to replace worn-out tents. The project will cost approximately $400,000 and will be financed partly from the special contribution for 1971 made by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany 16/ and partly from private donations.

15. The confrontation between the Jordanian Government and the Palestinian organizations referred to in last year's report 17/ reached a climax in September 1970, when there was sustained fighting between the Army and the fedayeen on a scale that involved the use of artillery and tanks. The Agency's operations in east Jordan were completely suspended for a period of 10 days, from 17 to 27 September 1970.

16. The Amman area was particularly affected by the conflict. There were heavy casualties, many of them among refugees, and large parts of the New Amman (Wahdat) Camp and its periphery were very severely damaged. There were casualties and damage also in the Jebel Hussein Camp in Amman and in Zerka and Irbed Camps, though not to the same extent as in the New Amman Camp. Public services, such as the telephone service and the electricity, power and water supplies ceased, and movement on the streets was prevented by fighting and, later, curfews. Agency staff in Jordan were unable to communicate with each other, or indeed anyone else, during those 10 days. In all, 13 Agency employee were killed between September and November.
_____________

13/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/8013), para. 16.

14/ Ibid., para. 17.

15/ Ibid., para. 14.

16/ For further details, see chapter I below, Camps and shelter.

17/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/8013), para. 18.

17. From past experience with emergency situations, the Agency knew that the most valuable contribution it could make would be to restore its essential services. As quickly as possible, therefore, the Jordan Field Office set about restoring the food, medical and health services on which a large part of east Jordan's population - and almost half, and the needier half of the population of Amman - are, to a greater or lesser degree, dependent. Agency flour was also made available to needy non-refugees against eventual replacement by the Government, so as to tide the general population over the crisis. At the beginning of the emergency, there was a pressing need for prepared meals, as many people had neither fuel, water nor the time to bake bread from their flour rations and the main bakeries were out of action. In these circumstances, UNRWA's emergency convoys from the West Bank, under the protection of the International Committee of the Red Cross, met a vital need. The first convoys, which brought sandwiches or hot meals and fresh food, also included gifts and voluntary contributions by many groups and individual Palestinians in the West Bank, including Agency staff members. The UNRWA/UNESCO Wadi Seer Vocational Training Center, just outside Amman, was made available as a temporary convalescent hospital. Schools were reopened as quickly as possible in tents, pending the urgent repair of school buildings, some of which had suffered severe damage. (For the extent of damage and losses incurred by the Agency, see paragraph 59 below.) The Irbed area was directly supplied with flour from the Agency's stocks in Damascus, owing to difficulties of movement between Amman and Irbed. The Agency was also able to help in other ways, such as by advising and co-operating with other agencies in emergency work, by lending supplies and vehicles and by making available its facilities for distribution.

18. It is an indication of the seriousness of the situation at the time in Jordan that the Agency was completely immobilized for a longer period than ever before (even at the time of the hostilities in June 1967 the suspension of Agency operations in the affected areas was of very limited duration and communications were hardly interrupted). The emergency in Jordan clearly showed the importance to the whole community of the Agency's logistical services.

19. During the year under report, members of the Agency's staff in Jordan were detained for varying periods, all but three after the September fighting. In some instances, the authorities entered the Agency's premises to make the arrests. There have been other instances of entry into and even occupation of Agency premises by both sides during the fighting in September. Parts of some premises were under occupation by the Jordanian authorities on 30 June 1971. Protests have been made to the Government.

20. A significant development for the Agency has been the return of Palestine refugees to the irrigated part of the Jordan valley, which had been abandoned by then in 1968 because of military activities there. The Agency was asked by Jordanian Government to restore services to refugees in the area, but was obliged to reply that, while it would transfer services where possible, it could not in its present financial situation afford to establish new services. Elsewhere in Jordan, which has the highest number of refugees, the events of September and their consequences adversely affected prospects for employment.

21. The Agency's operations in Gaza were affected in January 1971 by the impact of security measures of unusual severity taken by the Israeli authorities after a deterioration in the security situation caused by persisting violence in which both Arabs and Israelis lost their lives. Stringent curfews were imposed, and part of the Beach Camp was cordoned off from 4 to 30 January 1971 while interrogations and searches, involving some demolition of shelters, took place. A number of refugees left the camp, but were allowed to return later. The Israeli authorities also issued an order declaring all camps to be closed areas, entry into and exit out of which would be regulated, but it has not so far been enforced strictly except when security operations have been in progress. Agency in Beach Camp were interrupted between 4 and 7 January, but it was possible thereafter to distribute monthly rations at the normal level, and to increase supplementary feeding during the period of greatest difficulty.

22. The problems, referred to in last year's report, 18/ relating to the arrest and detention of staff members in occupied territories continued to concern the Agency, but there were fewer cases. There were again several instances of violation of the Agency's privileges and immunities in these territories, particularly in Gaza. The Israeli authorities, on some occasions, used Agency school compounds for screening refugees and, on other occasions, entered into other Agency installations without authority.

23. In the West Bank, which has now a smaller labor force than before 1967, the rate of economic activity continued its revival and unemployment diminished To some extent this diminution was due to the increasing employment of workers from the West Bank in Israel. Against higher wage rates must be set a substantially higher cost of living, which rose again sharply as a result of fiscal measures in August 1970 and bore heavily on those unable to work. A feature of the Gaza economy also was increased employment in Israel, and citrus production was higher. There was no significant movement of refugees from Gaza to the West Bank.

24. In addition to the information given in chapter I below, it may be appropriate to refer briefly in this introduction to health, education and the Agency's relations with other organizations.

_______________

18/ Ibid., para. 13. For the number of cases of arrests and detention of staff members in the year under report, see paragraph 161 below.
Health

25. The Agency's health program, comprising preventive, curative and environmental sanitation services, has been maintained, as in past years, at a level comparable with the provision made by the Governments of the Arab host countries for their own populations. These services are buttressed by the program of supplementary feeding and milk distribution designed to protect the nutritional state of such vulnerable groups as children and nursing mothers, with special attention to the emergency camps. (It should be noted that because of ration ceilings, many children do not receive the basic ration.) The value of the health program was well demonstrated by the relatively low incidence of cholera among the refugees during the outbreak in the Middle East in the latter half of 1970. The network of Agency clinics, the school health service, and the environmental sanitation services enabled greater vigilance to be exercised in community and personal hygiene and mass vaccination to be rapidly carried out. These preventive measures have continued in 1971. The Commissioner-General would like to record his appreciation of the co-operation received by the Agency in this matter from the Ministries of Health of the Governments of the host countries and the Israeli health authorities in the occupied territories. Given the crowded conditions of refugee camps, the risk to the health both of the refugee population and the population at large in the host countries would be serious if the Agency's health services had to be reduced.

Education

26. Somewhat surprisingly, in view of the difficulties experienced in the previous school year, the UNRWA/UNESCO education and training services had on the whole a good record of work and achievement in 1970-1971 despite the disturbances in east Jordan, which reached a climax in September, and a continuing tense security situation in Gaza throughout the year. A compensating factor in the Agency's schools in the Strip was the delivery of large quantities of school texts from the United Arab Republic, which undoubtedly boosted the morale of both teachers and students. The West Bank schools also benefited from text book deliveries and, in total, UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the occupied territories received approximately half a million copies of the texts they had lacked since 1967. These deliveries, made with the agreement of the Government of Israel, and representing what the Director-General of UNESCO described as an "85 per cent success" so far, were the result of his persistent efforts to "break the deadlock, described in previous retorts, in the dispute over textbooks banned by the Government of Israel.

27. Throughout the Agency's area of operations, the steady growth pattern of "the education and training services, to which reference was made in last year's report, continued in 1970-1971; total enrolments in all sectors of the Agency's own program is approaching the quarter million mark, the number of class teachers, teacher-training and vocational-training instructors has passed the 7,000 mark and the number of schools and centers exceeds 500. Details of the Agency's school and training center building programs, which are given in paragraph 105 below, underline perhaps better than anything else the paradoxical situation in which the Agency now finds itself: on the one hand, in doubt whether sufficient funds can be found to meet the recurrent cost of maintaining in its entirety the education system necessary for the admission to its schools of all eligible children seeking entry; on the other, committed by need and the availability of funds from special contributions to a large program of capital works.

28. Details are given in paragraphs 133 to 135 below of the Agency's in-service teacher training program operated by the UNRWA/UNESCO Institute of Education from its headquarters in Beirut. The Institute had a very successful year's work; it has now involved about three-quarters of the Agency's teaching force and is progressively extending its training to the higher cadres. It is beginning, also, to exercise a professional influence beyond the limits of the Agency's own operations. Reference is made in paragraph 141 below to the assistance rendered this year to the Jordanian Ministry of Education, which sent a team of its officials to Beirut in May 1971 to study the Institute's methods and techniques with a view to applying a similar pattern of in-service teacher training in Jordan in 1971-1972 and subsequent years.

Relations with other organs of the United Nations system

29. As in the past, UNESCO and WHO have collaborated with UNRWA in the conduct of the education and health programs, and their participation has assured the professional competence of UNRWA's policy and activities in these two fields. For the second year in succession UNRWA and UNESCO co-operated closely in the supervision under UNESCO responsibility of the Gaza secondary school examination. Details of the 1970 examination are given in paragraph 111 below and plans are far advanced to hold the third of this series of examinations in July 1971. The assistance by the Institute of Education to the Ministry of Education of the Government of Jordan mentioned in the preceding paragraph was given in co-operation with UNICEF.

30. As has been described in paragraphs 7 to 9 above, UNESCO and FAO (through the World Food Program) contributed to the reduction in the Agency's deficit for 1971. In the light of a World Health Assembly resolution, WHO is considering how the Agency could be further helped, and discussions are taking place with UNDP on the possibility of financial assistance for appropriate UNRWA projects from the Special Fund.

31. The Agency's accounts for 1970 19/ have been audited by the United Nations Board of Auditors and their report will be reviewed by the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions and the Fifth Committee of the General Assembly.

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19/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-sixth Session, Supplement No. 7C (A/8407/Add-3).
Assistance from voluntary agencies and other
non-governmental organizations

32. In his report of last year, the Commissioner-General recorded his gratitude to the many voluntary agencies, organizations and individuals who, in response to appeals for assistance, made it possible for the Agency to carry out program which might otherwise have been allowed. to lapse. The names of the donors are noted in the appropriate sections throughout this report and include the Near East Emergency Donations, Inc. (NEED), an American organization; the Australian Care for Refugees (AUSTCARE); the Unitarian Service Committee of Canada; the French Red Cross; the Council of Organizations for Relief Services Overseas, Inc. (CORSO), New Zealand; the Norwegian Refugee Council; The Swedish Save the Children Federation (Redda Barnen); the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO); OXFAM, the United Kingdom; the American Hear East Refugee Aid, Inc. (ANERA); the Lutheran World Federation; the World Council of Churches; the Near East Council of Churches; and the Pontifical Mission for Palestine. Contributions made direct to UNRWA from all non-governmental sources are shown in table 21 of annex I below.

33. The Commissioner-General wishes to pay tribute to the prompt and effective help rendered by the voluntary agencies operating in the region (see table 18 of annex I below) and those based elsewhere. Their continued, generous assistance is deeply appreciated.

Summary and conclusion

34. While the pressures referred to in paragraph 30 of the previous year report 20/ eased, operational difficulties again beset the Agency during the 12 months ending on 30 June 1971. These difficulties were on occasion and the Agency once more demonstrated its ability to serve the Palestine refugee well in time of emergency. The need for the Agency's regular programs continued to be felt by the refugees and to be acknowledged by the authorities in all areas of operation. In the absence of tangible progress towards a peaceful settlement, it seems inconceivable that these programs could be dispensed with, and that, for instance, children could be turned away from the schools or protective feeding and other health care denied to them. Nevertheless, the threat to the maintenance of Agency programs has not receded, expenditure on them cannot be held steady while numbers and costs continue to rise, and special appeals are likely to show diminishing returns if repeated year after year.

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20/ Ibid., Twenty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/8013), para. 30.


35. The current mandate of the Agency will expire on 30 June 1972. It will therefore fall to the General Assembly at its twenty-sixth session to decide whether the mandate should be renewed and, if so, for how long. The Assembly will also have before it the report of the Working Group on the Agency's finances. The one item can hardly be considered in isolation from the other. An assurance of adequate finance over the period oft he mandate is required if the Assembly's view is that the Agency should continue on its present lines and with its present programs because it is necessary so long as the future of the Palestine refugees is not resolved, and its disappearance would be unacceptable hardship and remove an essential element of stability. To meet deficits from the working balance is no longer possible.

CHAPTER I

REPORT ON THE OPERATIONS OF THE AGENCY FROM
1 JULY 1970 TO 30 JUNE 1971 21/

36. The following section of the report describes UNRWA's main activities during the year ending 30 June 1971. Supplemental information on the estimated expenditure for each activity in the calendar year 1971 and the actual expenditure in 1970 is given in chapter II below, which presents the Agency's budget for the year 1972.
A. Relief services

37. Despite the precarious financial position and increased staffing and commodity costs, the Agency maintained its relief services on the sane basis as in previous years, but with such improvements to the living conditions of refugees in the emergency camps as would be funded from special contributions. Good progress has been made in the replacement of family tents and of marquees used for schools, clinics and supplementary feeding centers by prefabricated buildings; the extension of roads, pathways and drainage channels has helped to reduce the problems caused by rain and mud during the winter season. While services for refugees not directly affected by the hostilities continued at the pre-1967 level, with provision for increased assistance to hardship cases, increased food rations, supplementary feeding and extra welfare assistance in the form of clothing and blankets were provided for those refugees who had been displaced.

38. The special identification procedures at distribution centers referred to in, last year's report were maintained in Gaza and the West Bank to facilitate the correction of the Agency's records. Progress has also been made on the registration of babies born to displaced refugees subsequent to June 1967, the registration of whom had been frozen for operational reasons. The late registration in 1970-1971 of babies born in previous years has unavoidably inflated the number of birth registrations shown in tables 2 and 3.

39. The number of refugees registered with the Agency on 30 June 1971 was 1,468,161 compared with 1,425,219 on 30 June 1970, an increase of 3.0 per cent. The number of UNRWA rations issued in June 1971 was 834,878 1/2 including issues being made on an emergency basis, compared with 836,926 in June 1970, a net decrease of 0.2 per cent, which was the product of removals on grounds of absence, employment, or graduation from UNRWA-sponsored training centers and the addition, after verification, of children hitherto excluded because of ration ceilings. It will thus be noted that only some 56.7 per cent of registered refugees received rations in June 1971. Tables 1 to 3 of annex I below give statistics of registered refugees, the categories of service to which they are entitled and changes in the composition and entitlement of refugee families as recorded by the Agency.


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21/ The Agency headquarters is located in Beirut, Lebanon and the five Offices are in Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic, Jordan, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. References in this report to Fields refer to these geographical areas.


40. In addition to its normal program of distribution of rations to registered refugees, the Agency, as requested by the Jordanian Government in 1967 and subject to reimbursement by that Government of most of the additional costs, has continued to distribute rations to displaced persons in east Jordan, whereas in the Syrian Arab Republic the Government is responsible for meeting their needs. In the month of June 1971, 214,406 rations were issued to displaced persons in east Jordan, compared with 217,557 in June 1970, a decrease of 1.4 per cent.

Eligibility and registration

41. The disturbed conditions which prevailed in Jordan during the year restricted the Agency's ability to correct the ration rolls in that Field and little progress was therefore possible. The continuing checks in Gaza and on the West Bank on the existence and presence of refugees resulted in the removal from the ration rolls of a substantial number of absentees and previously unreported dead and, as a result, a further 10,045 rations were issued to needy children in those Fields who, although registered with the Agency, were not previously in receipt of rations.

42. In Lebanon, the Agency has not been in a position to carry out the normal investigation program since October 1969. The relatively small number of rations which became available through the deletion of ineligible refugees were issued to the children of needy refugees, for whom no rations were previously available within the ceiling established for Lebanon.

43. There has been no progress in rectification in Syria, and the Government's opposition to field investigation by the Agency has been maintained. Agency records continue to be amended in respect of deaths and prolonged absences on the basis of government refugee records and ration entitlements are adjusted
accordingly.

44. In all areas of the Agency's operations, the names of 35,785 persons, including 24,482 ration recipients, were removed from the rolls during the 12 months ending 30 June 1971, compared with 37,686 (of whom 29,197 were ration recipients) in the 12 months ending 30 June 1970. Among the additions to the rolls were 11,265 rations issued to children on the waiting list whose families were found to be suffering hardship. Further, 12,701 children of displaced refugees residing in emergency camps in east Jordan and 3,000 children in Syria who were previously receiving rations on an emergency basis are now being issued with rations under the normal program. In addition, in east Jordan 40,083 children of displaced West Bank refugee families living outside camps are being issued with rations provided by the Jordanian Government.

45. The Agency has continued to maintain a limit on the maximum number of ration recipients in each country with no allowance for population increase. As a result, the number of children over the age of one year for whom no rations are available on a permanent basis continues to grow. By 30 June 1971, these children totaled 333,889, of whom 174,960 were in east Jordan (but see last sentence of preceding paragraph), 64,107 on the West Bank, 18,210 in Lebanon, 38,897 in Syria and 37,706 in the Gaza Strip.

Basic rations

46. The calorific content of the basic food ration, which provides approximately 1,500 calories per day in summer and 1,600 in winter, remained unchanged during the period covered by this report. In 1970, however, the pulse component of the ration was replaced by additional flour to make use of donations of this commodity received as contributions over and above normal requirements and, exceptionally in Gaza and the West Bank, additional flour was also substituted for the rice component owing to the late arrival of a consignment of donated rice (see table 4 of annex I below). In 1971, the pulse component is being replaced by additional quantities of either flour or rice received as donations, depending on the stock position of these commodities in each Field.

Supplementary feeding

47. The Agency's supplementary feeding program is specially directed towards protecting the nutritional status of the most vulnerable groups among the refugees, which include those in the age of growth and development (infants, preschool and school children), pregnant and lactating women, tuberculous out-patients, selected medical cases and displaced refugees, especially those still accommodated in the emergency camps in east Jordan and. the Syrian Arab Republic. This protection is the more necessary because the monthly basic ration contains no items of fresh food and no animal protein. Furthermore, because of ration ceilings, basic rations are not issued to a substantial proportion of children under 15 years of age who, although eligible, must share the rations of the rest of their family.

48. It can be stated that the nutrition of the refugees has been satisfactorily maintained during the period of this report. The regular and careful surveillance of infants under two years of age attending the infant health center has been extended to all children in their third year of life and some children in their fourth and fifth years. Particular care is devoted to infants found to be underweight or in a marginal state of nutrition or showing more specific signs of protein-calorie-malnutrition. Such deficiency states, which are usually associated with or precipitated by repeated attacks of gastroenteritis and other common childhood infections, were observed to be on the decrease among the infants under observation except in east Jordan and Gaza, presumably because of the disturbed conditions in both Fields.

49. A daily issue of a mixture of liquid whole and skim milk is available for infants aged six to twelve months, and for those under six months who cannot be breast-fed. An issue of liquid skim milk is made available on 26 days per month to children aged one to six years, to expectant women and nursing mothers from the beginning of the fifth month of pregnancy until the end of the twelfth month after delivery, and to sick refugees upon medical recommendation. During the scholastic year, there is an issue of milk in the Agency's elementary schools on 22 days per month. A monthly issue of 500 grams of corn flour/soya/milk mixture (CSM) is made available to all children in the age group of six to ten years. The Agency's milk and CSM distribution programs are made possible through a special annual contribution of skim milk powder and CSM from the Government of the United States of America, During the period under review, the Agency received donations of 1,438 metric tons of skim milk powder and 1,150 metric tons of CSM.

50. Nutritionally balanced hot meals are provided at Agency supplementary feeding centers six days per week, on an "open" basis for all children up to the age of six years, on medical selection for children between six and 15 years, and for a small number of sick adults. Over and above the varied standard menus a special bland, high-protein diet based on the so-called "post-diarrhea menu" is provided for infants and young. children suffering from gastroenteritis and malnutrition. Vitamin A and D capsules are issued to children one to six years of age attending, supplementary feeding centers and to elementary school children at the time of school milk distribution. On medical certification, extra dry rations are issued to expectant women and nursing mothers from the beginning of the fifth month of pregnancy to the end of the twelfth month after delivery. On medical certification also, tuberculous outpatients receive a monthly supplement equivalent to the UNRWA monthly basic ration.

51. In addition to the foregoing supplementary feeding, the emergency feeding program introduced after the June 1967 hostilities and largely supported by special donations was maintained, with some minor changes, in view of the continuing, economic hardship faced by the refugees concerned. While those benefiting under this special program were mainly the newly displaced refugees, whether living in or out of the emergency camps in east Jordan and in Syria, assistance was provided for some other categories on the West Bank and in Gaza. In broad outline, the emergency feeding program consists of: (a) extension of the daily hot meal and milk distribution to include all displaced refugee children up to the age of 15 years; (b) distribution of a monthly protein supplement consisting of one 12-ounce tin of meat and 500 grams of CSM (i) to all displaced refugees in Syria, (ii) to those living in emergency camps and to displaced pregnant women, nursing mothers and tuberculous outpatients living outside the emergency camps in east Jordan, (iii) to all pregnant women, nursing mothers and tubercular out-patients in Gaza and, up to 1 September 1970, in the West Bank. Daily hot meals were provided by the Agency on behalf of the Government of Jordan (on a reimbursable basis) for about 8,000 displaced persons not registered with UNRWA, but living in the emergency camps in east Jordan. The whole/skin milk mixture was made available to the age group of four to six months among the displaced registered refugee population in east Jordan and in Syria.

52. During the latter part of 1070, because of the outbreak of cholera in the area, the milk and the hot meal programs had to be temporarily suspended in certain localities as a precautionary measure against the spread of the disease, but were restarted as soon as the danger passed.

53. Contributions were received from various sources, in cash and in kind, including milk and other food items, in support of the supplementary feeding program.

54. Tables 5 and 6 of annex 1 below give, in summary form, the numbers of various categories of refugees and displaced persons benefiting from the milk and supplementary feeding programs.

Camps and shelter

55. On its establishment in 1950, UNRWA took over from its predecessors (United Nations Relief for Palestine Refugees and Voluntary agencies) about 60 "camps", that is, tented collections of Palestine refugees for whom shelter and other relief were being provided. These camps had been hastily improvised, and services normally provided by Governments or municipalities (or not provided at all in sparsely populated rural areas) became the responsibility of UNRWA, for example, sanitation services, roads and paths. In the course of time, tents were replaced by shelters, some of them constructed by UNRWA, others by refugees themselves, with or without UNRWA assistance in cash or in kind, and in both cases frequently improved or extended by individual or family effort. After the hostilities of June 1967 and again after further hostilities in the Jordan valley in early 1968, new "emergency camps" were established by UNRWA on the east Jordan plateau in co-operation with the Government of Jordan. In Syria also, four emergency camps were established to shelter displaced Palestine refugees, in co-operation with the Government of Syria. In these emergency camps, tents have gradually been replaced by shelters, but the process is not yet complete and many families are still living in tents after four years.

56. In both kinds of "camp", UNRWA provides services for refugees - basic rations, supplementary feeding, medical care, education - as it does for refugees outside the "camps" (who, as will be seen from paragraph 58 below, constitute a majority of the Palestine refugees registered with UNRWA). In addition, however, (a) because of the concentration of refugees in an area represented by a "camp", it maintains installations, such as distribution centers, food centers, clinics and schools, and staff for the administrative co-ordination of these services and for liaison with the local representatives of the Government of the host country; (b) in default of any other competent authority, it provides sanitation services in the interests of public health; (c) it has replaced tents by shelters in most cases and laid down some essential infrastructure.

57. These camps were constructed on government land or on private land made available (with one or two minor exceptions) by the Governments, which remained responsible for the maintenance of law and order and similar governmental functions as part of their normal responsibilities towards the population within their borders, that is, the "camps" are not extra-territorial areas and UNRWA has no legislative or police power.

58. In the past year, the population of the 53 camps established before 1967 increased from 497,000 to 501,853. In the 10 emergency camps (six in east Jordan and four in Syria) set up to accommodate refugees and other persons displaced as a result of the 1967 hostilities, there was a small decrease during the year from 119,000 to 118,371. The total registered camp population represented 39.0 per cent of the total Palestine refugee population registered with UNRWA.

59. Material damage and losses of supplies and equipment amounting to approximately $524,000 were suffered by Agency schools, installations and by roads in Amman, Zerka and Irbed camps during the civil strife in east Jordan during the year. The Agency has proceeded with the repair of its schools and installations but, although no Agency funds could be made available for the repair of shelter, the Jordanian Government had, as at 30 June 1971, paid compensation amounting to $249,200 out of claims totaling $380,800 to refugees in Amman and Zerka whose shelters were destroyed or damaged.

60. There was some movement both into and out of the six emergency camps in east Jordan which resulted in a small drop in population from 103,678 to 103,223. Of these, 65,011 were UNRWA-registered refugees from the West Bank and Gaza and the remainder were other persons displaced from the West Bank, Gaza and the east Jordan River valley.

61. UNRWA erected a total of 2,390 prefabricated family shelters in these camps during the year. Funds for this shelter program were donated by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany (2,365 shelters), OXFAM (15 shelters), and the Italian Government (10 shelters). These shelters, added to the 13,384 family units previously built by UNRWA and the 2,400 built by voluntary agencies, brought to 18,675 the total of shelters built in east Jordan to house refugees and other persons displaced as a result of hostilities.

62. New access roads and pathways were constructed during the year in the emergency camps in east Jordan and drainage and sanitary arrangements were improved. Additional prefabricated or temporary buildings to serve as schools, clinics, dining halls, kitchens, etc., were erected and, in general, every effort was made within the limitations of available resources to improve living conditions and amenities in these camps.

63. In the four emergency camps in Syria, the camps population remained relatively stable (15,148 compared with 15,484 in 1970). Although the majority of residents have continued to live in tents throughout the year, 375 family shelters in Sbeineh camp and 125 in Dera'a, costing $113,000, are under construction mostly from funds the churches of the Anglican Communion ($58,000), Radda Barnen ($50,000) and the Canadian Save the Children Fund ($4,884). UNRWA-UNESCO standard schools have also been build in two camps with funds provided for this purpose by the Danish International Development Agency and a third is under construction. It is hoped that sufficient funds will become available during this year to provide concrete block shelters for those refugees still living under canvas as their tents, erected in 1967, are now in a deplorable condition.

64. Elsewhere, no refugees are accommodated in tents. In the camps in Lebanon, no shelters were built during the year, but new schools were constructed in several locations with funds contributed for this purpose by the Federal Republic of Germany and NEED. In the West Bank, some improvement was made to central facilities. The Agency has continued to build shelters in several Gaza camps with funds provided by the Israeli authorities to replace those demolished when they widened roads for security reasons.

Special hardship assistance
Clothing

65. The voluntary agencies, through their contributors abroad, continued to make generous donations of used clothing available to UNRWA to meet the needs of the refugees. During the year, about 1,200 tons of used clothing were received by UNRWA and distributed to registered refugees in east Jordan and on the West Bank, Lebanon, Syria and Gaza. The Agency itself spent about $30,000 on inland transportation costs and on ocean freight for some of the clothing received from abroad.

66. The following agencies generously maintained and indeed increased their regular contributions to meet the needs of the many thousands of registered refugees and displaced persons, and other special donations were received from organizations in the United States, Canada and Europe, which were of great assistance in meeting emergency clothing needs:

American Friends Service Committee
Canadian Lutheran World Relief
Canadian Red Cross Society
Caritas-Verband (Federal Republic of Germany)
Catholic Relief Services (United States)
Church of Scotland
Church World Service (United States)
Lutheran World Relief, Inc.
Mennonite Central Committee (United States)
OXFAM (United Kingdom)
Unitarian Service Committee of Canada
United Church of Canada
Women's Royal Voluntary Service (United Kingdom

Case-work program

67. The Agency continued to give special assistance to the most needy refugees, the destitute or near destitute, which include the blind, the deaf, the crippled and the unemployable. This group includes also the tuberculous cases, the chronically ill, widows with minor children and the aged. In all, 22,686 persons were assisted with very small cash grants and others were assisted with special issues of clothing, kerosene and blankets. These are, of course, the refugees on whom increases in the cost of living bear most harshly, and unfortunately, because of budgetary limitations, only a small part of the real need could be met. Through the case-work program, 225 orphans and 68 destitute aged persons were placed in various institutions. Welfare workers continued to counsel families and help them solve their problems, and this was of particular importance in areas affected by the internal conflict in east Jordan, where they also formed a liaison group for the collection and delivery from the West Bank of emergency supplies from voluntary sources.
B. Health services

68. The Agency maintained its health program for the Palestine refugee population. As in the past, the World Health Organization provided technical assistance for and supervision over this program in accordance with the agreement between the Organization and the Agency. The services of an international staff member, who had hitherto been provided by WHO on a reimbursable loan basis, became available free of cost to the Agency from 1 January 1971. Thus WHO now lends the services of five of its staff members to UNRWA without reimbursement (see table 23, annex I, below).

69. Resolution WHA23.52, adopted on 21 May 1970 by the World Health Assembly at its twenty-third session, requested the Director-General of WHO, inter alia, to issue a world-wide appeal to Governments and humanitarian organizations to make available to the International Committee of the Red Cross material and human aid to the inhabitants of the occupied territories; to take all effective measures in his power to safeguard health conditions among refugees, displaced persons and inhabitants of the occupied territories in the Middle East; and to report thereon to the Assembly at its twenty-fourth session. The Agency provided the Director-General of WHO with such information in respect of the displaced UNRWA-registered refugee population (and other displaced persons to whom UNRWA gives assistance) as was required for the purpose of enabling him to compile the report. Subsequently, at its twenty-fourth session, the World Health Assembly adopted resolutions WHA24.32 and WHA24.33, both dated 18 May 1971, the texts of which are reproduced in annex II below.

70. The health program has been developed and maintained in the light of the complex nature of the Palestine refugee problem and the long-term needs of this large-sized and economically dependent population entrusted to UNRWA's care. Thus the fundamental objective of UNRWA's Department of Health remains the preservation of the health of the refugee population by means of a comprehensive community health service based primarily on direct family care and on environmental sanitation. At the same time, the Agency has adhered to the policy of maintaining a level of service which approximates generally that provided by the Arab host Governments in the public sector.

71. The Agency's health program comprises both curative and preventive elements. The former includes services for outpatients attending Agency health centers, referrals for laboratory investigation, specialist consultations and admission to hospital; the latter includes maternal and child health services, health education and the control of communicable diseases, with special emphasis on prophylactic immunization of the susceptible against specific diseases and on environmental sanitation services. The program of supplementary feeding and milk distribution has been developed to provide nutritional support for the specially vulnerable groups. In general, the Agency's health program, though operated within a very limited financial framework, has, over the years, effectively safeguarded the health of the refugee community. The individual services are designed to keep in line as closely as possible with the services provided by the Governments of the host countries for comparable sections of the local population in their countries. Close co-operation between UNRWA's Health Department and Ministries of Health has continued and has been particularly fruitful in such fields as the control of communicable diseases and mass immunization campaigns.

72. As in previous years, the Governments concerned, universities, charitable organizations, business firms and individuals have given much assistance in such forms as provision of personnel, specialized technical advice and guidance, free hospital, X-ray and laboratory facilities, services in maternal and child health centers, medical supplies, vaccines, layettes and supplementary food items, as well as help in mass vaccination campaigns. Funds were obtained for the training of refugee students, particularly in basic nursing and midwifery. Donations were received covering the annual operating costs of individual rehydration/nutrition centers, and a large part of units, such as the operating costs of the emergency supplementary feeding program. Donations were also received to meet the cost of the construction and equipment of a number of new health units and of an improvement of accommodation in some existing units.

73. The major factors had substantial influence on the Agency's health services during the period of review. The first was the spread to Middle East countries of cholera el tor, which necessitated the implementation, in consultation with Ministers of Health, of a very active program of anti-cholera measures, including mass immunization campaigns, health education of the public and vigilance in environmental sanitation, particularly in refugee camps. These measures proved to be successful (see paragraph 82 below). The second factor was the state of public security in the area, which caused certain disruptions of the health program. Mention must be made, in particular, of the events in Jordan in September 1970 and the generally insecure situation in the Gaza Strip, resulting from civil disturbances and frequent impositions of curfew, especially the prolonged one in Beach Camp in January 1971. Both in Jordan and in Gaza, the Agency's health services were rapidly restored to their normal level as soon as conditions permitted and restrictions were lifted. In the remaining three Fields, health services were maintained without interruption.

74. Despite the Agency's financial difficulties, a number of modest improvements have been made in the Agency's basic health services and facilities, due largely, to designated contributions. The pre-school child preventive health services established a few years ago for children in the third year of life have been gradually extended, in the majority of Fields, to include children in the fourth year of life and, in a few places, those in their fifth year. A number of new medical buildings have been constructed from special donations, mainly to replace old and satisfactory premises, including two health centers of improved design, two infant health centers, a rehydration/nutrition center, a supplementary feeding center and five school milk distribution units. By means of structural alterations and the building of a nurses' home, considerable improvements were made in the facilities and accommodation available to both patients and staff in the Bureij tuberculous hospital in the Gaza Strip. Improvements in environmental sanitation, particularly in the emergency camps, included the construction of roads, surface-water drains, reservoirs and an increase in the number of public and private water-seal latrines. In Homs, the Syrian Government extended the municipal sewerage and water distribution systems to the Cite Camp for the benefit of the refugee families.

Curative and preventive medical services
Health centers, hospitals and laboratories

75. Curative and preventive medical services for refugees continued to be provided directly by UNRWA at 90 points, at a further 13 points by Agency-subsidized voluntary societies and at seven points by Governments. The curative services comprised medical consultations, injections, dressings, eye treatments, laboratory examinations, dispensing of medicines, dental services and referrals to specialists, hospitals and medical rehabilitation centers. Prosthetic devices are provided on a priority basis. A register of congenital malformations and chronic diseases has been maintained at each health center. The number of diabetic clinics has been increased from nine to eleven and four rheumatic clinics have also been established. The demand for medical services continued to be high although there was some decrease from the previous period of report. Because of recruitment difficulties, a number of medical and nursing posts in the Gaza Field remained unfilled, nevertheless the situation was gradually eased through recruitment locally or abroad. Two new health centers have been built, one at Zerka in east Jordan and the second at Amari, near Ramallah in the West Bank. Statistical information in respect of outpatient curative services is given in table 9 of annex I below. During 1970-1971, the average daily number of beds available to refugee patients through arrangements made by UNRWA in the five Fields was 1,724. This includes beds in Agency hospitals, beds in hospitals subsidized by the Agency and the beds provided free of charge by Governments and voluntary societies. The average daily occupancy was 1,246. Other hospital admissions (numbers unknown) have been arranged directly by the patients themselves with government and private hospitals. On 30 June 1971, the recorded number of hospital beds available for refugees was 1,688, the decrease being due mainly to modifications in contracts with subsidized hospitals.

76. The Agency maintained it cottage hospital (36 beds) at Qalquilya in the West Bank, nine camp maternity wards, 69 beds, located mostly in the Gaza Strip, and a 5-bed pediatric ward in the UNRWA/Swedish Health Center in Gaza (a part of the annual operating costs of this center is met by the Swedish Save the Children Federation). The Agency and the public health authorities in Gaza continued to operated jointly the 210-bed tuberculosis hospital at Bureij.

77. About four-fifths of the hospital beds available are set aside for the treatment of patients suffering from acute conditions of a medical, surgical or gynecological nature and the remaining one-fifth occupied by those suffering from either of two chronic diseases, tuberculosis and mental illness. With effect from 1 January 1971, the 25-bed tuberculosis ward in the Augusta Victoria Hospital, Jerusalem (which is largely subsidized by the Agency), was closed because bed occupancy was very low. Alternative arrangements have been made for the hospitalization elsewhere of tuberculosis patients.

78. The Agency maintains a central laboratory in the Gaza Strip, It also operates ? clinical laboratories attached to its larger health centers (four in Jordan, three in Lebanon, three in Gaza and one in Syria). During the year, the central laboratory in Gaza was amalgamated with that of the UNRWA-Swedish Health Center. All other laboratory services, whether of a clinical or public health nature, were obtained from governmental, university or private laboratories, usually on a subsidy or fee-for-service basis, but in certain instances without charge.

Control of communicable diseases

79. Surveillance was maintained over the important communicable diseases through the routine reporting of their incidence by Agency health centers and through special investigation of any untoward disease occurrence. In table 11 of annex I below, the incidence is shown for 1970-1971. Cholera appeared for the first time was a problem in UNRWA's Fields of operation. Between mid-August and the end of December 1970, 177 cases occurred in the refugee population (109 in Gaza, ?? in the West Bank, 13 in Syria, seven in Lebanon, and three in East Jordan. Four deaths resulted from cholera in the West Bank, and one each in Gaza, Lebanon and Syria. The outbreak among refugees was but part of the general advance of the seventh cholera pandemic through and beyond the Middle East area. No other disease occurred that required a quarantine.

80. There was a continuing downward trend in most other notifiable diseases, namely, diarrhea disease of infants, enteric-group fevers, poliomyelitis, pertussis, measles and acute conjunctivitis. The incidence of measles decreased by over one third from the level of the previous two years owing to the extensive immunization campaigns in progress from early 1970. Infectious hepatitis alone showed a rising trend, as it has done over the past decade, the Gaza Field showing the highest incidence. The communicable disease situation among the emergency camp population in east Jordan showed substantially higher incidence rates of gastro-enteric infections, dysentery, infectious hepatitis and acute conjunctivitis than those for the Field as a whole. In Syria, camps with newly displaced refugees (that is from 1967) showed significantly higher incidence rates for diarrheal diseases of infants, dysentery and acute conjunctivitis than those for the Field as a whole, but more favorable rates for enteric fever, infectious hepatitis and trachoma. Among special studies of communicable diseases in the reporting year 1970-1971 may be mentioned those on the prevalence of helminites infestation among children in Gaza and West Bank, both of which are combined with pilot projects in "blanket" therapy.

81. The favorable downward trend of pulmonary tuberculosis continued, there being 254 cases, compared with 273 and 300 in the previous two reporting years. This trend is less obvious in Lebanon, where epidemiological study has revealed a preponderance of infection in certain refugee communities in crowded and poor socio-economic circumstances in Beirut. The incidence rate of pulmonary tuberculosis in the emergency camp population in east Jordan was 0.7 per 10,000, compared with 1.2 for the Field as a whole. In Syria, there were no new cases reported among the newly displaced refugees, while three cases were reported for the whole Field. Malaria was reported from the Gaza Field in the usual few cases. However, one of the two cases among refugees was thought to be due to local transmission, noted for the first time in Gaza. One further such case was reported among the resident population. As from April 1970, UNRWA had handed over to the local health authorities in Gaza the responsibility it had been sharing for the administration and operation of the malaria control program. A case of malaria was reported in a refugee residing at Dera'a, south Syria, in June 1971-, the first reported case from this Field since 1965.

82. In the prevention and control of communicable diseases, environmental sanitation and health education of the public continued to play basic roles. Ear detection, isolation and treatment of cases and control of contacts were routine measures. Immunization for specific prevention continued to be applied routinely in childhood against tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis tetanus, poliomyelitis enteric-group fevers and smallpox. Appropriate re-enforcing immunizations are given in the school years and in adulthood by mass campaigns. Vaccination against measles in early childhood was practiced extensively in all Fields during the reporting year, due to generous donations of vaccines from governmental and outs sources. As one element in its cholera control program, UNRWA carried out mass immunization among the refugee population in all Fields, but in the West Bank and Gaza Fields this measure was restricted to refugees in camps and some other selected groups. Anti-cholera re-immunization is being carried out at appropriate intervals. In many aspects of communicable disease control, UNRWA Field Health Departments maintained close co-ordination with governmental and local health- authorities, which for their part assisted the Agency by providing public health laboratory facilities, certain community control measures and various vaccines and supplies. Such co-ordination was well demonstrated during the anti-cholera campaign, which brought into play all the preventive and control measures mentioned above.

Maternal and child health

83. Through 81 maternal and child health clinics located mainly in its own health centers, UNRWA continued to provide ante-natal, natal and post-partum care for mothers and health services for children up to two years of age. Two of the 81 maternal care clinics and two of the 80 infant clinics were operated by voluntary agencies in the West Bank under subsidy from the Agency. In east Jordan, the Norwegian Refugee Council, the Commonwealth Save the Children Fund and the Lutheran World Federation continued to provide medical and nursing teams to render child care and pediatric clinic services in three of the emergency camps. In Amman, several maternal and child health centers of the Ministry of Health made their services available to the large scattered refugee population there and, in both Amman and Damascus, the Lutheran World Federation had clinics providing maternal and child health services for refugee communities. In Gaza, the Swedish Save the Children Federation continued to provide the operating costs of maternal and child health and related training services at the UNRWA/Swedish Health Center. The Belgian Government again provided the services of a pediatrician for the infant and child health services at the UNRWA/Belgian Health Center at Jabalia.

84. Statistical data on the operations of the maternal and child health services are shown in table 12 of annex I. Routine ante-natal supervision is provided by nursing staff, to whom medical consultation is readily available. As a result of the findings in special studies of considerable prevalence of anemia during pregnancy among refugee women, the Health Department instituted a prophylactic program of routine iron administration and also intensified the program of treatment of anemia during pregnancy. In 1970, 75 per cent of the 29,045 deliveries too place in the homes with a traditional midwife (dayah) in attendance under Agency nursing supervision and the remaining 25 per cent, about equally divided, in maternity centers and in hospitals. There were seven maternal deaths in 1970, giving a maternal mortality rate of 0.24 per 1,000 live births. Extra dry rations and skim milk issued to pregnant women and nursing mothers continued to provide them with valuable nutritional support.

85. Regular medical and nursing supervision of children in their first two years aimed at promoting normal growth and development through education of the mother in child care, full use of the supplementary feeding program, protection against certain diseases by immunization and provision of treatment as required. Surveillance of the nutritional state of infants was maintained at each health center through determining at monthly and bi-monthly intervals for the under one year and 1-2 year groups, respectively, the percentages of those who were underweight. For the year 1970, the average percentage of infants under one year of age who were underweight was 12.9 (compared with 12.9 in 1969) and of those 1-2 years it was 18.7 (compared with 17.2 in 1969). These data, when viewed for the individual Fields, showed that in general there was either a continuing gradual improvement or no change, but that in Gaza there was a very substantial increase in the prevalence of under-nutrition in the 1-2 year age group (16.4 per cent to 25 per cent). The prevalence of underweight among infants under two years of age in the emergency camps of east Jordan and among the newly displaced refugees of Syria was not significantly different from that of the refugee population as a whole in these two Fields. Particular attention was directed towards the under-nourished group, with emphasis on their full utilization of the milk and cooked-meal programs of the feeding centers. In the West Bank and Syria, special studies were under way to determine as precisely as possible the socio-economic, cultural and other factors involved in the problem of malnutrition of infants. For the more serious cases of malnutrition, as well as for cases of severe gastroenteritis, the rehydration-nutrition centers continued to play a valuable role in metabolic and nutritional restoration. As of 30 June 1971, there were 22 such centers having in all a capacity of 243 cots. Three centers in east Jordan and one Lebanon were out of operation for part or all of the year for unavoidable reasons. Two new centers came into operation in east Jordan early in 1971. In all, 2,147 cases were admitted to the centers in 1970-1971, compared with 2,103 in 1969-1970.

86. The special study of infant and pre-school child growth and development which the Field Preventive Medicine Officer has been conducting in Gaza since 1965 was almost completed by the end of the reporting year and the data are being analyzed. Studies of infant mortality continued for the year 1970 in Lebanon, Syria and the West Bank. In Lebanon, the rate showed an increase from 36.2 per 1,000 live births in 1969 to 47.4 in 1970; the 1968 rate was 46.8. In Syria, there was a striking decrease, from 43.1 in 1969 to 27.4 in 1970, but this is considered to be due mainly to the under-reporting of deaths. In the West Bank, the upward trend of infant mortality in 1968 and 1969 was reversed, the rate falling from 106.3 in 1969 to 73.8 in 1970. Studies in Gaza and east Jordan could not be carried out in 1970. Analysis of data on 659 hospital deaths of infants and young children in 1970 (75.2 per cent the first year of life) revealed that diarrheal disease was the underlying cause in 32.9 per cent respiratory infections in 24.9 per cent and prematurity in 11.7 per cent. Nutritional deficiency was primarily responsible for 6.1 per cent of the deaths and was an associated cause, mainly with diarrheal disease, in another 6.7 per cent. Measles was responsible for 4.2 per cent of the hospital deaths (cf. 6.2 per cent in 1969).

87. Services for children two to three years of age continued to develop satisfactorily, except in the Gaza Field, where the prevailing medical and nursing staff shortage continued to impede this extension of the pre-school child service. During the calendar year 1970, there was an average of approximately 8,800 children in this age group registered for routine care in the four Fields, compared with about 4,800 in 1969. Although there are limited data available thus far on the health status of the group, indications from east Jordan Field are that the prevalence of underweight is in excess of 30 per cent. The Health Department continued to explore the possibility of extending health supervisory services to children between three and six years of age, but the implementation of specific plans has long been delayed due to budgetary reasons. The Health Department, in the meantime, is doing what it can to make health supervision available to the limited number of pre-school children who are accommodated in the play centers administered by the Relief Services Division.

88. School health services were provided for children at elementary and preparatory levels in 497 UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the five Fields. The comprehensive service comprises medical examination of all new school entrants and their follow-up care as required; re-examination and treatment upon indication for children beyond the entrance stage; selection of undernourished children for supplementary feeding in addition to the school milk program; reinforcing immunization against diphtheria, tetanus, enteric-group fevers, smallpox and tuberculosis; school environmental- sanitation; and systematic health education. The service is provided by the camp health units, supplemented by special school health teams. Such a team could not be constituted in Gaza because of the continuing shortage of medical officers, and the school health program there has not been in full operation since the 1967 conflict. Statistical information on certain aspects of the school health is presented in table 12 of annex I.

89. From routine reporting of morbidity findings in school entrants, some of the most common conditions were found to have the following prevalence rates in the scholastic year 1970-1971: dental caries 8.7 per cent, nose and throat infection 6.9 per cent, under-nutrition 4.6 per cent, anemia 3.1 per cent. Riboflavin deficiency was found to the extent of 9 per cent in Lebanon and 4.5 per cent in Gaza. Simple goiter was found in 8.6 of schoolchildren of all ages in the Damascus area; further special studies revealed its prevalence there to be 15.7 per cent in preparatory schoolgirls and 12.9 per cent in elementary schoolgirls. As a result of these findings, a program of iodide prophylaxis and treatment of simple goiter was implemented late in 1970 in the mainly-affected schoolchild population of the area. Other special problems among schoolchildren which are under investigation are the prevalence of helminthes infestation in Gaza and the West Bank and the feasibility of employing routine "blanket" therapy to maintain the prevalence at low levels. A pilot study carried out in the Gaza Field has yielded encouraging results. A combined study of helminthes prevalence and anemia in schoolchildren has been completed in Syria. The east Jordan and Syria Fields are conducting studies of heights and weights of schoolchildren.

Health education

90. The health education program continued to be comprehensive and to be integrated into all aspects of the UNRWA health services. There was continuing emphasis on educating mothers in maternal and child clinics, children in schools, special groups in social welfare centers, and the refugees generally in the basic elements of health, the prevention of disease and in individual and community responsibility for the protection of health. In each Field, teams of health education workers work closely with health center staff, school-teachers and school staff, health committees, social welfare and leaders in the community in developing effective programs. The theme selected for special attention for the calendar year 1971 was "the pre-school child - his growth and development, needs and care". On this theme, highlighted in the health calendar, monthly subjects are developed in all the educational situations mentioned above. Besides the health calendar, other visual aids, such as monthly leaflets, posters and flannelgraphs, were produced and distributed widely in all Fields. The World Health Day theme for 1971, "a full life despite diabetes", was given special attention in April and a special poster and sets of information papers, including a special issue of the Bulletin of the Department of Health, were distributed for the purpose.


91. The problem of cholera in the latter half of 1970 demanded a sustained, intensive educational effort on the part of the health education workers and health staff in general. Much effort was directed to achieving adequate standards of personal and food hygiene, securing public co-operation in maintaining a sanitary environment and motivating people to take full advantage of immunization and other health protective measures. With the possibility of further outbreaks of cholera is again being focused on the problem from the month of June. A poster and other aids are being produced for this purpose. cholera has necessitated a special educational emphasis in all Fields, the individual Fields, continued to develop programs on subjects based upon their own particular interests. Several Fields were using health exhibitions, among other media, as an aid in conveying their message to the public. Among the special educational activities, mention should be made of the continuing success of the course on family life and child care which is being conducted in the third year preparatory classes of 16 UNRWA/UNESCO girls' schools in Gaza.
Nursing services

92. As at 30 June 1971, UNRWA was employing 168 graduate nurses and midwives. 290 auxiliary nurses and 59 traditional midwives (dayahs). The nursing staff make a most important contribution to the preventive and curative health programs, having considerable responsibility for the following activities: maternal and child health clinics, layette distribution (including the provision of extra layettes for babies born in the emergency camps and of woolen blankets for the same category born during the winter period), home visiting, supervision of infant feeding, certification of expectant women and nursing mothers for supplementary ration distribution purposes, school health, health education, individual and mass immunization, tuberculosis and venereal disease control, care of the sick in clinics, hospitals, rehydration/nutrition centers, and midwifery services in the home, in camp maternity centers and in one hospital. They also provide nursing services after normal clinic working hours in the Gaza Field and in the emergency camps in east Jordan. Because of the shortage of graduate nurses in Gaza, it was necessary to recruit abroad a number of nurses. In east Jordan, the two graduate nurses provided for the Agency by the French Government through the French Red Cross returned to their country in December 1970. Full credit must also be given to the nursing staff of the various hospitals and clinics subsidized by the Agency for part they play in the medical care program for refugees.

Nutrition

93. General surveillance of the health and nutrition of the refugees is maintained through the Agency's preventive and curative services. Of particular importance in this respect are the regular periodic returns of the number and proportion of a underweight infants under two years of age, as well as the quarterly reports of the school health officers.

94. Although no full-scale nutrition survey has been made during the period of the report, because it would have been difficult to carry out and very costly, a few studies on a limited scale were undertaken in certain Fields for a general assessment of the nutritional state of certain groups or for certain specific nutritional aspects, for example, prevalence of anemia among pregnant and lactating women or prevalence of goiter among schoolchildren.

95. The aim of the supplementary feeding and milk distribution program is to protect the most vulnerable groups of the population (infants, pre-school and schoolchildren, pregnant and nursing women and selected medical cases). Details of this program, which is administered and operated by the Agency's Health Department, are given in paragraphs 47 to 54 above. Included is a description of the normal program in operation in all five Fields and of the emergency feeding program, which provides additional assistance for the newly displaced refugees in east Jordan and Syria as well as for certain hardship cases elsewhere.

Environmental sanitation

96. The environmental sanitation service continued to have as its objective the provision, within the limited resources of the Agency, of basic community sanitation in the refugee camps, including safe water supply, removal and disposal of wastes storm water drainage, latrine facilities, control of insect and rodent vectors, and provision of ancillary facilities, for example, public baths and slaughter houses. In general, this objective was satisfactorily achieved.

97. In the emergency camps in Syria, the replacement of family tents by concrete block shelters has now begun and will be completed as funds become available. Replacement of pit privies by the water-seal septic-tank-type of public latrine and the construction of surface drains as has improved considerably the sanitary conditions in the emergency camps. Two tractor-trailers for the Jordan Field and one additional tractor-trailer for the Gaza Field have been purchased in order to facilitate and improve further the collection and disposal of refuse. In the Gaza Field, as a result of the widening of roads in certain refugee camps carried out by the Israeli authorities, a number of shelters, public latrines and water points were demolished, but are being replaced by the Agency at the expense of the Israeli authorities. At Nairab, the Syrian local authorities have provided a community water supply system allowing domestic connections.

98. Overcrowding in shelters and camps, especially in the old camps located near urban centers, is becoming an acute problem. In Gaza, the local public health authorities have assumed responsibility for the vector control aspect of the malaria control program. As the living conditions in the emergency camps improve, the sanitation labor strength is being gradually reduced and will eventually reach a level giving a ratio of 1.7 laborers per 1,000 population, as presently applied in the old established camps.

Medical education and training

99. In the field of health sciences, 386 refugee students are holders of Agency university scholarships (see paragraph 145 below). Of these, 312 are studying medicine, 20 dentistry, 48 pharmaceutical chemistry, five veterinary medicine and one public health. In addition, 62 students are receiving training in basic nursing, 15 in midwifery, 64 as assistant pharmacist, 29 as laboratory technicians, six as X-ray technicians, and six as physiotherapists. One staff member, a dental surgeon, who is undergoing a course of training in periodontology abroad, has been granted an extended period of study leave. A program of in-service training of staff, including doctors, nurses and environmental sanitation staff, was continued. During the period of review, 149 students have either completed successfully their courses of education or are expected to pass their final qualifying examination: 77 in medicine, six in dentistry, 12 in pharmaceutical chemistry, one in basic nursing, 13 in midwifery, 21 as assistant pharmacists, 16 as laboratory technicians and three as physiotherapists.

C. Education and training services

100. Total enrolments in 1970-1971 amounted to 231,803 in Agency schools at the elementary and preparatory levels of general education, 3,395 in Agency vocational and pre-service teacher-training centers, and 1,392 in the UNRWA/UNESCO Institute of Education for the in-service training of Agency staff members. In addition there were 64,580 refugee students in government and private schools in the host countries, at the elementary, preparatory and upper secondary levels of general education. The UNRWA university scholarship program in 1970-1971 comprised a total of 872 awards in various Middle Eastern universities, and there were 250 vocational training graduates in Europe on training-in-industry schemes, mainly in the Federal Republic of Germany. A further 127 vocational and teacher-training students were sponsored in government and private institutes. Details of enrolments by educational level, type of training and location are given in tables 14 to 17 below.

101. A comparison of these figures with the corresponding statistics given in paragraph 91 of last year's report will show that the steady growth pattern in general education which, as a result of population increase, for years past has been a significant feature of the UNRWA/UNESCO education system, ran true to form: enrolment of refugee students in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools increased by 5.7 per cent in consequence, the total teaching force employed by the Agency rose to slightly over 7,000 and the number of Agency schools and training centers passed the 500 mark. The Agency's expenditure on its education services rose this year to very nearly one half of its total budget - in round figures, 21 million dollars out of a total of 47 million dollars.

103. It had been emphasized earlier in this report how grave a threat the financial crisis now facing the Agency poses, not only to the continued expansion of the educational service, in order to accommodate the natural increase in the number of children of school age for grades 1 to 9, but even to its very existence on its present scale. The education services are largely dependent on cash contributions unlike the relief services which mainly use donations in kind; consequently a cash deficit has more significance for the education sector, in which over three quarters of the total annual expenditure is on teachers' salaries and which accounts for half the total number of Agency staff, even with a high pupil-teacher ratio. Conscious of this threat and of the need to support the fund-raising efforts of UNRWA, the Director-General of UNESCO followed up the stirring appeal he had made the Marrakesh Conference in early 1970 (see para. 94 of last year's report) by launching, on 1 January 1971, at the request of this Executive Board world-wide appeal for "Educational aid for the Palestine refugees". Mr. Maheu appointed a special representative, Ambassador Mansour Khaled of the Sudan, to carry out a series of fund-raising visits to various capitals in the Middle East, North Africa, Europe, North America and the Far East.

103. Despite this background of uncertainty about the future, the UNRWA/UNESCO education services continued to operate and even to expand in all five operational areas of the Agency during 1970-1971, in what might be termed a normal manner, except for the East Bank area of Jordan, Gaza and, for some months at the beginning of the year, the Lebanon also. In Jordan, the confrontation between the Army and the Palestine fedayeen during the first half of 1970-1971 interrupted the work of the UNRWA/UNESCO schools in various arts of the East Bank on a number of occasions, especially in the Amman and Irbed districts. Both in September and again in mid-January, the situation led to a high degree of absenteeism, and in Irbed there was subsequently a movement of refugee families back to the north Jordan valley, where cultivation the area irrigated by the Ghor Canal was resumed. This move has led to pressure for the re-opening of Agency schools in the valley. The Jordanian Ministry of Education lengthened the school year on the East Bank by one month in an attempt to make up for lost time, and reasonably good progress was made throughout the second half of the school year. In the Gaza Strip, the general situation continued to be tense, worsened in January, and led to prolonged curfews and restrictions on movement that disrupted the work of the schools.

104. Owing to a distinct improvement in the text-book situation, which is reported upon in the following section on general education, this was a better year for the West Bank schools, and generally quiet conditions in the area have also been reflected in the good work accomplished in the Agency's three training centers at Ramallah and Kalandia. Gaza also benefited from the arrival of school texts, but to a lesser extent because of shipping delays in the delivery of half of the supplies ordered. The security situation made it desirable for the Gaza Vocational Training Center to be put on a day-school basis in mid-1970. It continued to operate throughout 1970-1971, quite satisfactorily, as a double--shift day-school. A serious problem faced by the Agency in the Strip since 1967 has been, and continues to be, the placement of the refugee students from Gaza rained in the Agency's Gaza and West Bank training centers. The situation is worse for the graduates of the vocational and technical courses, as so far the Agency has been able to find places in its own schools or in government and private schools for the graduates of its teacher-training colleges. Even here, however, the placement prospects for primary teachers are deteriorating, and the choice now lies between switching some capacity to the training of specialist teachers and reducing the number of trainee's enrolled in Agency centers.

105. Funds provided by both government and non-government sources for capital expenditure have enabled the Agency, despite operational deficits, to complete in the three-year period from 1967 to 1970 for its general education services the impressive total of 378 new classrooms, 31 science laboratories, six multi-purpose rooms and 35 administration rooms. During 1970-1971, construction either continued, or was begun, on an additional 255 classrooms, 12 science laboratories, ii multi-purpose rooms and 26 administration rooms, although there were delays, either because sites were unavailable or because of the security situation in east Jordan. The approved school building program for the coming two school ears, mainly designed to avoid triple-shifting of classes (almost half are already on double-shift), but also intended to replace the more unsatisfactory rented premises, envisages the construction of 141 classrooms, five science laboratories, four multi-purpose rooms and 15 administration rooms.

106. In summary, looked at as an Agency-wide operation, the education and training program functioned reasonably well in 1970-1971, despite a political environment that continued to be disturbed and the uncertain financial future. This record adds poignancy to the Secretary-General's statement to the Working Group on the Financing of UNRWA on 5 January 1971, in the course of which he said:

"Curtailment of education for the refugee students would be particularly cruel for these young people and their families. They would suffer for at least a generation, and the whole Middle East would feel the consequences of losing the potential benefit of this human resource". 22/

General education

107. In 1970-1971, under pressure of numbers, the UNRWA/UNESCO school system further expanded to accommodate an enrolment of 231,803 registered refugee students and a teaching force of 6,706 teachers and head-teachers in a total of 497 elementary and preparatory schools. In addition, 44,270 children were enrolled in government and private schools in these two cycles, which cover the first nine years of general education. In the upper secondary cycle of government and private schools, there were 20,310 students. The Agency's teaching staff is reinforced by a total supervisory staff of 59 elementary and subject supervisors for the five Field Offices, each of which has its own educational administrative staff headed by a Field Education Officer. Co-ordination and technical control over these largely autonomous Field education systems are achieved through the Agency headquarters of the UNRWA/UNESCO Department of Education, to which is attached a team of specialists provided by UNESCO on secondment to the Agency.

_______________

22/ United Nations press release SG/SM/1404 - PAL 1188 of 5 January 1971.


108. Previous annual reports deal in some detail with the text-book problem, which has been a major preoccupation of UNESCO and the Governments concerned since the occupation of the West Bank and Gaza by Israel in the course of the 1967 hostilities. During the year under review, this issue was again examined by the UNESCO Executive Board, first in October 1970 and a 'gain in May 1971. The resolutions passed by the Board on these occasions are reproduced in annex III below. Resolution 4.1.2, while expressing satisfaction at the measure of success already achieved by UNESCO, once again called upon the Government of Israel to authorize the admission into the occupied territories of all textbooks immediately after they had been approved by the Director-General. The same resolution asked the Director-General to launch an international appeal for voluntary contributions to UNRWA.

109. On conclusion of the first Executive Board debate, the Director-General of UNESCO resumed his correspondence and discussions with Israel and the Arab States concerned, and reported progress in papers dated 14 April and 4 May 1971, which summarized the situation as follows: of 58 textbooks authorized by him for use in UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the Gaza Strip in the 1970-1971 school year, Israel had granted permission for the importation of 51. The Agency placed the necessary orders in the United Arab Republic and delivered to its schools in Gaza in two consignments, via Cyprus, a total of 367,000 copies. Of the 71 textbooks authorized by the Director-General for use in UNRWA/UNESCO West Bank schools, UNRWA had placed orders in Amman for 63 texts; Israel allowed the importation of 61-, and by April, 103,750 copies of these had been distributed by the Agency to its West Bank schools. In the Syrian Arab Republic, the Minister of Education confirmed to the Director-General of UNESCO his Government's concern that its books should embody the principles forming the basis of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Charter of the United Nations and the Constitution of UNESCO, of which the Committee responsible for the publication and distribution of school textbooks had always been mindful. The Minister subsequently informed the Director-General that, to the same end, a sub-committee of specialist teachers had been established to examine the content of the textbooks used in schools throughout the Republic before publication of the textbooks for the 1971-1972 school-year.

110. UNESCO's Executive Board resumed its debate on co-operation with UNRWA on 11 May 1971, and approved resolution 4.2.4. Part I of this resolution expressed satisfaction at the co-operation of Jordan, Lebanon and the United Arab Republic with the Director-General in the implementation of previous Executive Board decisions; noted the declaration of the Syrian Arab Republic, expressed its grave concern at the failure of Israel to comply with decision 4.1.2 by refusing or delaying the granting of import permits for 12 of the textbooks approved by the Director-General, and again called on Israel to authorize immediate admittance of all approved textbooks into the occupied territories. Part II of the resolution, which was approved unanimously by the Board, called for continued efforts to cover the deficit in UNRWA's resources for the education of Palestine refugees.

111. For the second year running, UNESCO organized, after consultations with the Israeli and United Arab Republic authorities, the holding of the United Arab Republic secondary school leaving certificate examination in the Gaza Strip. During the period from 22 to 28 September 1970, a total of 9,051 candidates, 3,199 of them girls, sat for the examination, supervised by over 1,000 local teachers from the schools of the Agency and of the Gaza Directorate of Education and by 28 international specialists appointed by the Director-General. Logistical support and other essential facilities were provided by the Gaza Directorate of Education and Culture and by the UNRWA Field Office in Gaza. It was subsequently announced by the United Arab Republic Ministry of Higher Education that 6,859 Gaza students had obtained pass certificates, and 1,030 of the best students were awarded scholarship places by the Ministry in universities in the United Arab Republic, for the 1971-1972 academic year. They are still in Gaza but are expected to reach Cairo in August 1971 after crossing the Suez Canal in convoys sponsored by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Lebanon

112. The UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the Lebanon began the new school year on 1 September 1970. Of the 61 elementary and preparatory schools operating, 25 schools worked on a double-shift system involving 321 class sections. The total enrolment in all schools was 32,773.

113. The history and geography of Palestine, taught in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools in other host countries as part of the government curriculum, was introduced as a subject last year with the agreement of the Lebanese Government and the Director--General of UNESCO, and the innovation is proceeding smoothly. Teaching materials prepared by the UNRWA/UNESCO Institute of Education are approved by the Director--General and the Lebanese Minister of Education before distribution to the schools concerned. Five assignments for the lower elementary grades and eight for the preparatory grades have been completed.

114. As a reaction of sympathy to the events in Jordan in September 1970, Agency schools in the Lebanon were on strike during the period from 17 September to 5 October 1970.

Syria

115. UNRWA/UNESCO schools in the Syrian Arab Republic resumed work on 3 October 1970. This delay in the start of the official school year was due to the Government's decision to hold a general census during the month of September, which involved the use of practically all school buildings.

116. The number of elementary and preparatory schools operated by the Agency during the period under review was 89 with a total enrolment of 31,772. The number of schools on a double-shift system was 48, involving 454 class sections.

East Jordan

117. The UNRWA/UNESCO schools in east Jordan began the new school year on 22 August 1970 and were closed again from the middle of September until 7 November 1970 in consequence of the serious conflicts between the Palestine fedayeen and the Army. The heaviest fighting centered on Amman. Extensive damage was caused to refugee shelters and Agency installations in two camps and in particular to the schools, which suffered both from structural damage and from the looting of supplies and equipment. When classes resumed, they were accommodated for some time in tents while repairs were being carried out to the most badly damaged schools. Fighting broke out again in mid-January 1971, with consequent absenteeism in the Amman and Irbed area schools. At the same time, refugee families began to move from the Irbed camps to the north part of the Jordan valley. This movement and the resumption of cultivation in the area irrigated by the Ghor Canal has led to a request for the re-activating of certain UNRWA/UNESCO valley schools. The east Jordan area continued to be disturbed in February and March, but the security situation gradually improved and could be regarded as normal by the end of May. To make up for time lost, the school year was extended by the Government till 30 June 1971 and, in accordance with normal practice, Agency schools followed suit.

118. The number of elementary and preparatory schools operated by the Agency during the period under review was 153 with a total enrolment of 77,855 pupils.
The number of schools on double shift was 124, involving 1,377 class sections.
West Bank

119. The school year has been relatively undisturbed in so far as work and attendance are concerned, apart from some absenteeism in September 1970 attributable to reactions to the events in east Jordan.

120. The UNRWA/UNESCO schools began the new school year on 1 September 1970. Of the 86 elementary and preparatory schools operated, 24 schools worked on a double-shift system involving 146 class sections. The total enrolment in all schools was 29,362.
Gaza

121. In Gaza, the education program suffered interruptions throughout the year as a result of a disturbed situation, culminating in an intensification of curfews and other security measures in January. On the credit side, the textbook situation has been greatly improved, as has been reported upon elsewhere in this chapter.

122. The UNRWA/UNESCO schools began the new school year on 1 September 1970. Of the 108 elementary and preparatory schools operated, 34 schools worked on a double-shift system involving 316 class sections. The total enrolment in all schools was 60,041.

Youth activities program

123. The World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations continued to co-operate with the Agency in a joint program to train young refugee men in leadership and community service. The Agency operates 29 Youth Activity Centers which serve around 3,000 refugee youths and these are now well established community institutions much appreciated by the young people where they can meet for recreation, sport and instructive lectures. In the West Bank, the Summer Camp was repeated and an innovation was the establishment in the Jericho area of a Youth Activities Center for Girls in response to a felt need.

124. The increased interest shown by the young people in assisting members of their community is most encouraging. They were of considerable assistance during the mass inoculation of the refugee population against cholera which became essential during the year and, in many centers, they assumed responsibility for maintaining orderly queues and recording the names of those receiving injections. They have also contributed to the improvement of the amenities in some camps by erecting walls round installations, making and tending gardens, and helping in the construction of playgrounds, buildings, paths and other projects.

Pre-school children's activities

125. The objective of this program is to provide rudimentary training for children three to six years of age through the medium of supervised educational play periods and to keep them under medical supervision so that their special needs can be quickly met. They are provided with a hot meal and milk to ensure that they are well nourished. Unfortunately, these activities cannot be included in the Agency's program unless they can be financed from special contributions. However, a number of voluntary agencies co-operate with the Agency in the program, which now serves 3,800 children in 26 centers. In Gaza, the Agency entered into an agreement in 1970 with the American Friends Service Committee, which undertook to provide funds and supervisory staff to take over and expand the Agency's program. During the year, they have increased the centers in Gaza from eight to twelve, improved the training of the staff and the amenities in the centers and considerably raised the standard of the program.

Women's activities

126. There are 13 centers where 502 young women attended and participated in afternoon programs of women's activities. Through a variety of cultural, social and recreational activities, the objective of the training at these centers is to raise the standard of living of the women and girls by developing their initiative. It includes literacy classes, remodeling of second-hand clothing, the teaching of embroidery, needlework, knitting, first aid, child care and household skills. In addition, cooking courses were organized to teach these young women how to prepare simple meals based on UNRWA rations. The continuation of these activities is dependent on the receipt of special donations.
Teacher training

127. Compared with 1969-1970, the Agency's efforts in the field of teacher--training, both pre-service and in-service, were relatively little affected during the 1970-1971 academic year by the disturbances in Jordan. For security and disciplinary reasons, the teacher-training sections at Wadi Seer, near Amman, and at Siblin, near Beirut, operated on a day basis. The temporary center for women in Amman had to seek new accommodation after the fighting in September 1970, during which the rented quarters it had occupied since 1967 were shelled and looted. However, both the men and women trainees of the Agency in Amman surmounted these difficulties and successfully completed their year's work. The residential centers for men and women trainees at Ramallah near Jerusalem, on the West Bank, had an uneventful and academically satisfactory year. Details of the Agency's in-service training program for its own staff are given in the following paragraphs, which reveal both consolidation and expansion of this interesting and, in many respects, novel project.

Pre-service

128. The Agency's pre-service teacher-training program provides a two-year course of training for both men and women of post-secondary school level. In the school year 1970-1971, the Agency continued to operate five centers: two of a temporary nature in the Amman area of east Jordan, two on the West Bank and one in Lebanon.

129. At the beginning of the coming school year, the two temporary centers in east Jordan will be replaced by the newly constructed Amman Training Center. This center is planned to operate on a residential basis with a total enrolment of 700 students: 300 men and 250 women following courses in teacher education, and 150 women following vocational courses. The center will have a central administration unit, with shared library, stores, kitchen and laundry facilities, but with separate dining rooms, reading rooms, class rooms, and dormitory facilities for the men and women students. The capital cost of its construction has been financed by NEED, and the first year's operating costs are expected to be covered by a special donation from the United States Government.

130. So far, the five Agency pre-service teacher-training centers have concentrated on training teachers for the six grades of the primary (elementary) education cycle. Some aspects of the curricula are, however, based on the -assumption that the center graduates may also be called upon to teach classes in the preparatory cycle.

131. Towards the end of 1970-1971, the Agency began consultations with the Jordanian Ministry of Education on the establishment of a three-year training course at post-secondary level to prepare subject teachers for the preparatory classes (that is, the three upper classes of the Jordanian Government's nine-year compulsory cycle). If agreement can be reached in time, it is the Agency's intention to begin the new courses at its two centers in Ramallah and at the new center in Amman in the 1971-1972 academic year.

132. The total number of refugee trainees enrolled in the UNRWA/UNESCO pre-service teacher-training centers in 1970-1971 was 1,074 compared with 1,153 in 1969-1970 and 1,162 in 1968-1969.

In-service

133. The UNRWA/UNESCO Institute of Education now provides four major types of in-service training for the various categories of staff employed in the Agency's teaching services. These are:

(a) Basic courses for training elementary teachers;

(b) Specialized courses for training preparatory teachers;

(c) Courses for training key education personnel;

(d) Ad hoc courses for the further training of qualified teachers to meet special needs.

134. The Institute's basic program for the in-service training of elementary teachers, which started in October 1964, continued in the school year 1970-1971, but with decreased enrolment figures. By the end of the school year 1969-1970, the Institute had completed eight editions of its course for elementary teachers. Out of a total initial intake of 3,189 elementary teachers enrolled between 1964-1965 and 1968-1969, 2,328 (about 73 per cent) have successfully completed all the requirements of their training program and have been recognized by the Agency as professionally certificated elementary teachers. In addition, 458 elementary school teachers are still undergoing training with the Institute, having begun their training in 1968, 1969 or 1970. Of these, 256 will complete their training in 1971, 161 in 1972 and 41 in 1973. The total number of elementary school teachers who have so far been involved in this on-the-job training program is 3,647. This represents about 8 per cent of the total number of elementary school teachers (excluding head-teachers) in the school year 1970-1971. When the Institute started in October 1964, it was estimated that only about 10 per cent of the total of elementary teachers were professionally qualified. The first phase of the Institute's task, that is the upgrading of elementary teachers, has been running down in the past three school years, but is not likely to be eliminated completely because the Agency may still have to continue to recruit small numbers of uncertificated teachers, particularly women teachers.

135. The program of in-service training for preparatory-level teachers, which started in October 1967, continued to expand in the school year 1970-1971. By the end of the school year 1969-1970, 334 preparatory school teachers, out of an initial intake of 678 (about 49 per cent), had successfully completed all the requirements of their training courses and have been certificated as qualified Agency teachers for the preparatory level. In addition, 722 teachers are still undergoing training with the Institute in preparatory-level courses of different specialization's: mathematics, science, Arabic, social studies and English. Of these, 516 will complete their training in 1971, 187 in 1972 and 19 in 1973. The duration of the preparatory-level courses varies according to the teachers' academic background and the level of their teaching duties. The total number of preparatory school teachers who have so far been involved in the program of on-the-job professional and academic training is 1,400, which represents about 73 per cent of the total number of preparatory teachers (excluding head-teachers) in the school year 1970-1971. The in-service training of preparatory teachers represents the second phase of the Institute's operation, and is expected to continue at the same level in the school year 1971-1972.

136. In the school year 1969-1970, the Institute introduced, on a limited and experimental basis, its first course in school administration for 52 head-teachers employed in UNRWA/UNESCO schools in east Jordan and Syria. In 1970-1971, following the success of the first experiment, the Institute extended this course to all five Fields. This year the Institute also introduced an experimental course for the training of 10 general and subject supervisors in the Lebanon Field. The training of key education personnel marks the third phase of the Institute's operation, and the following table shows its development since its inception in 1969-1970:


1969-1970
1970-1971
Courses for head-teachers
52 (Syria and east Jordan)
132 (all Fields)
Courses for supervisors
-
10 (Lebanon only)
52
142


137. Along with the third phase of its operation, the Institute has in the past two years organized ad hoc courses for trained teachers to meet special needs. These have so far been restricted to Syria, where the program of in-service training for both elementary and preparatory teachers is running down. The
courses so far organized are:



1969-1970
1970-1971
Global method course for first elementary teachers
75
49
Art education course
-
21
75
70


138. In view of the increased variety and complexity of the in-service training program, the Institute's training capacity slightly decreased in the school year 1970-1971 after having been maintained for several years at the level of 1,500 trainees per year, as can be seen from the following table:


1964-1965
1965-1966
1966-1967
1967-1968
1968-1969
1969-1970
1970-1971
Courses for training elementary teachers
862
1506
1552
1389
927
653
458
Courses for training preparatory teachers
-
-
-
190
620
685
722
Courses for head-teachers and supervisors
-
-
-
-
-
52
142
Ad hoc courses to meet special needs
-
-
-
-
-
75
70
862
1506
1552
1588
1547
1465
1392


139. The Institute continued in 1970-1971 to conduct experiments in production techniques and procedures for the closed circuit television unit donated by UNESCO, as well as in field utilization and the training of personnel. As a result of the success of the initial experiments, UNESCO provided funds for the purchase of additional equipment to extend the use of closed circuit television and of video tape recording to all the fields of the Institute's operation. The Institute also continued to produce instructional material on the history and geography of Palestine for use in UNRWA/UNESCO schools in Lebanon.

140. The Institute continued its plans for the further training of its professional staff at both the headquarters and field levels. The annual seminar for Field Representatives and subject supervisors was held in Beirut from 30 January to 3 February 1971. Two of the 20 Institute Field Representatives completed a UNESCO-sponsored three-month fellowship course in India, Ceylon and Pakistan late in 1970.

141. A noteworthy development this year has been the decision of the Jordanian Ministry of Education to adopt, with minor variations, the in-service teacher-training techniques developed by the Institute. The Agency has offered to put the material developed by the Institute at the disposal of the Government and is providing the necessary basic training at the Institute for the team selected by the Government to launch its program. Pending the provision of the funds needed to carry out a major training program over a decade or more, plans are under way to start a pilot scheme, largely financed by UNICEF, in east Jordan in 1971-1972 as soon as the training of the Government team has been concluded.

University scholarships

142. A total of 872 scholarships were awarded by UNRWA to Palestine refugees for university-level study during the academic year 1970-1971. Of these, 773 were continuing scholarships and 99 were new awards. Sixty-four of the latter were granted to school leavers and 35 to students already enrolled in university. The UNRWA scholarships, which are funded from various sources, are awarded for only one year at a time, but are renewable from year to year for the duration of the course of study, provided the student satisfactorily passes the end-of-year examination held by his faculty.

143. In 1968, the Federal Republic of Germany generously agreed to assist Palestine refugee students whose university studies had been affected by the hostilities of 1967, by sponsoring a five-year program through the provision of funds which will amount to $850,000. Of this total, an amount of $187,000 for 381 scholarships was allocated for the school year 1970-1971.

144. Several Governments, including the Governments of the Arab host countries, have also granted scholarships to refugee students; in particular, the United Arab Republic offered 1,030 subsidized places to students from Gaza (both refugees and non-refugees) who had done well in the 1970 United Arab Republic secondary school leaving certificate examinations held in the Strip under the supervision of UNESCO. It did not prove possible to place these students in United Arab Republic universities during the 1970-1971 academic year, but places are being reserved for them in 1971-1972 academic year;

145. The distribution of university scholarship holders is shown in the following table:
University scholarship holders by course of study and country of study during the academic year 1970-1971

Course of study
United Arab Republic
Lebanon
Syria
Jordan
Iraq
Turkey
Total
East Bank
West Bank
Medicine
212
12
77
-
-
11
-
312
Pharmacy
24
2
17
-
-
5
-
48
Dentistry
7
-
8
-
-
5
-
20
Veterinary medicine
4
-
-
-
-
1
-
5
Public health
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
Engineering
104
25
43
-
-
36
3
211
Agriculture
11
1
4
-
-
-
-
17
Teacher training
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
Commerce and economic
7
4
4
35
-
-
-
50
Arts
23
15
32
21
1
1
-
93
Science
10
33
16
26
5
17
-
107
TOTAL
410
93
201
82
6
77
3
872


Vocational and technical education

146. In last year's report, reference was made to the difficulties caused by strikes, protests, demonstrations, curfews, damage to Agency school buildings and equipment and other prejudicial local circumstances. Three training centers were affected in one way or another: Wadi Seer Training Center in east Jordan, Siblin Training Center in Lebanon and Gaza Vocational Training Center. It was possible to finish the scholastic year 1969-1970 (which ended in mid-August) with an acceptable training standard, but for 1970-1971, it was decided to operate the Gaza Vocational Training Center on a day basis and, on disciplinary grounds, the same measures were taken at Wadi Seer and at Siblin. In addition, at Siblin the numbers were also reduced by accepting no new students for one year. These measures had the desired effect and no further disturbances of the training occurred.

147. Progress in the construction of the Agency's new combined teacher and vocational training center in Amman, training already delayed by events in June 1970, came virtually to a standstill after the more serious outbreak of fighting in September. In consequence, its entry into operation, forecast for November 1970, was again delayed and cannot now take place until the new scholastic year 1971-1972.

148. Completion of the extension of the Wadi Seer Training Center, financed by the Federal Republic of Germany, was also delayed; but it was possible to arrange for an increase of vocational and technical training capacity, although 210 teacher trainees, who should have been transferred to the new Amman Training Center, had to stay on another year at Wadi Seer.

149. The extension of the Ramallah Women's Training Center, financed by NEED, has been completed. The Center now has a training/boarding capacity for 620 young women, 300 in teacher training and 320 in vocational and technical education. In addition, 20 training places have been made available for young men in two para-medical courses for medical laboratory technicians and assistant pharmacists. These are the first training courses to be operated on a co-educational basis by the Agency in its vocational and technical program. Boarding facilities for the male trainees at the Ramallah Women's Training Center are provided at the nearby Ramallah Men's Teacher Training Center.

150. Planning of the extension of the Kalandia Vocational Training Center, near Jerusalem, which is being financed from a special donation of $1 million from the United States Government for the expansion of vocational training, is well advanced. Construction will start in September 1971. By means of improvised arrangements, 32 of the 120 additional training places planned have already been provided in 1970-1971.

151. The Federal Republic of Germany had again agreed for 1970-1971 to give 160 male graduates of Agency vocational training centers the opportunity to acquire work experience in the Federal Republic of Germany in modern industrial conditions. Unfortunately, owing to the September crisis in east Jordan, this arrangement had to be cancelled as it was impossible to assemble the trainees from the various countries for the scheduled charter flight. It is hoped that this valuable program will be resumed in 1971-1972.

152. Employment proves no serious difficulty for graduates of Damascus Vocational Training Center, Kalandia Vocational Training Center and Ramallah Women's Training center; and, though less good, prospects are still satisfactory for Siblin Training Center and Wadi Seer Training Center. There are indications that the employment possibilities for graduates of Gaza Vocational Training Center, which have been very unsatisfactory since 1967, may gradually improve.

153. Details of training courses operated in 1970-1971, center by center, are given in table 17 of annex I below.

Adult training courses


154. The Agency continued to provide training through its handicraft courses for many refugees who lack the academic qualifications necessary for admission to vocational training centers. Forty-five young men attended one-year carpentry courses organized in three centers in the West Bank and were thus enabled to acquire a skill and improve their prospects of employment. One thousand eight hundred and one girls completed six months' training in 36 sewing courses, six of which were run by voluntary agencies, in which they also received instruction in cooking, home management and hygiene.
Training of the handicapped

155. The UNRWA program for the rehabilitation of the physically disabled include the blind, the deaf and the crippled and aims, through education and training, to enable them to become self-supporting and integrated in the community.

156. During the year, 222 disabled boys and girls were placed in institutes in the Middle East, including 60 accepted free of charge. In addition, 71 blind children and adults received training from the Center for the Blind in Gaza, which is financed by the Pontifical Mission for Palestine and administered by the Agency. The Center also operates a home unit section which serves some 40 adult refugees residing in Agency camps and provides them with work.

D. Common services and general administration


157. The numbers of staff on the Agency's manning-table at 30 June 1971, as compared with 30 June 1970, are given in table 23 of annex I below.

158. There was an increase of 283 local staff posts, the addition of 403 teachers' posts being partially offset by a reduction of 69 manual service and 51 other posts.

159. On the international manning-table, there was a net reduction of 6 posts and the number of non-reimbursable posts provided by other United Nations organization rose to 36 out of a total of 127 international posts.

160. As indicated in earlier annual reports, the Agency's salary policy for locally recruited staff has been to take into account the remuneration offered by the Governments of host countries in each field for comparable groups of employees and to adjust remuneration within the limits set by the Agency's financial situation when government rates are improved in response to upward movements of the cost of living. With effect from 1 September 1970, a 4 per cent cost of living allowance was granted to general service staff and manual workers serving in Syria. With effect from the same date, and with a further adjustment on 1 April 1971 in view of the subsequent sharp rise in the cost of living in the occupied territories, fixed-amount cost-of-living allowances were granted to manual workers and general service staff serving in Jordan (West Bank). In Gaza, adjustments in remuneration on 1 September 1970 and 1 April 1971 for manual workers and general service staff to meet the increase in the cost of living took the form of revised salary scales and fixed-amount cost-of-living allowances. The Agency also approved the introduction for general service and manual service staff serving in Syria, with effect from 1 July 1971, of a revised dependency allowance in respect of a wife. After reviewing the cost to the Agency and the advantage to staff of the Service Benefit for manual workers, the Agency came to the conclusion that it would be justified in acceding to the request made by manual workers in the Jordan Field that they should participate in the Agency's Provident Fund. As a result, with effect from 1 July 1971, participation in the Agency's Provident Fund has become mandatory for all newly appointed manual workers and optional for all manual workers who were in the service of the Agency on 30 June 1971. The Agency also approved in principle an Agency contribution at the rate of 50 per cent of the total cost, up to a maximum contribution of 2.50 per cent of the annual salary costs of the participants, to a commercial health insurance scheme for locally recruited staff on the basis of a pilot plan under consideration for staff at Headquarters.

E. Legal matters
The Agency's staff - detention

161. In Gaza, there were 36 cases of arrest and detention of members of the Agency's staff (for various periods - more than six months in one case) without their being charged with any criminal offence. Of these, three persons were still under detention on 30 June 1971. The corresponding number of arrests and detentions in the West Bank is 19 (two persons were detained for more than six months) and, of these, one person was still under detention on 30 June 1971. In addition, eight staff members in the West Bank and two staff members in Gaza were brought to trial and convicted by military courts in the year under report. (The figures show an improvement in Gaza over the position last year.) 23/

162. The then Acting Commissioner-General wrote to the Deputy Director-General in the Israeli Foreign Ministry on 12 December 1970 expressing the Agency's continued concern at the detention of its staff members. A reply was received on 29 December 1970, in which the Deputy Director-General stressed the security aspects of the matter.

163. In response to the Agency's request, the Israeli authorities conveyed, by letter of 6 August 1970, some general information as regards five Agency staff members who had been deported, 24/ but without giving details. By letter of 8 October 1970, the Commissioner-General expressed his disappointment that no specific information had been given. If not given sufficient information, the Agency is unable to assess, on the one hand, whether the facts call for an assertion by the Agency of the privileges and immunities provided for in the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations or, on the other hand, whether action against the staff member is called for under the Agency's staff regulations and rules. The Agency also sent a note verbal to the Israeli Foreign Ministry on 8 October 1970 on this subject, in which attention was drawn to Articles 100 and 105 of the Charter of the United Nations and to article 49 of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. The Israeli authorities replied on 4 January 1971 to the effect that the measures were unavoidable and that "there is no possibility of compromising at the cost of the security of the population".

164. As regards the two staff members who were "rusticated" last year, 25/ the Agency was informed, by a note of 20 August 1970, that the action had been taken on the ground that they were fomenting strikes among their pupils The Agency has been unable to obtain evidence to substantiate this charge against the staff members in question and has so informed the Israeli authorities by a note dated 30 December 1970. As mentioned in last year's report 26/, these staff members had been released on 12 June 1970. Two other staff members were rusticated to the Sinai desert in the year under report.

165. In east Jordan, there have been 73 recorded cases of arrest and detention of Agency staff members, for varying periods, without any criminal charges having been brought against them. One person was detained for more than six months. Twenty-two persons were still under detention on 30 June 1971. The Agency has asked for the reasons for the arrests and detentions and made protests when appropriate. The information conveyed to the Agency
____________

23/ Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/8013), para. 147.

24/ Ibid., para. 149.

25/ Ibid., para. 143.

26/ Ibid., para. 148.

by the Government in all these cases is to the effect that the arrests and detentions were on grounds of public security, and further that the staff members' official functions were not involved. These are very large numbers and nearly all of the cases have occurred since the disturbances in east Jordan in September 1970.

166. The Agency's Area Maintenance Officer in Central Lebanon was removed by unidentified armed elements from an Agency vehicle on 14 December 1970, and is still missing. The matter was taken up with the authorities, who have so far been unable to trace him.
The Agency's staff - movement and functioning

167. The Syrian authorities have recently required detailed particulars regarding all "foreigners" employed by the Agency in Syria. The Agency, in the interests of co-operation with the Government, has provided most of the particulars requested concerning such staff members, and has also drawn the attention of the authorities to section 18 (d) of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations relating to the right of the Agency's officials to enter and reside in Syria for the performance of their official functions. Notwithstanding this, the Syrian authorities subsequently required that the same particulars be given in advance by all headquarters international officials (even if they were holding proper travel documents, with Syrian visas) who wished to visit any of the Agency's premises in Syria, including the Field Office in Damascus. The Agency was unable to agree, as this would have amounted to control by the Government of visits by Agency officials to Agency installations and, as a consequence, suspended travel on official duty to Syria by international officials from the Agency's headquarters. Discussions have taken place with the Syrian authorities and it is hoped that a solution to this problem will soon be found.

168. The difficulties concerning the official travel of Syrian or Palestinian staff on the United Nations laissez-passer to and from Syria, mentioned in last is report, 27/ continue. The matter has been taken up with the Syrian authorities and a further note verbal was sent on 4 November 1970.

The Agency's premises and refugee shelters

169. The disturbances in Jordan in the latter half of 1970 have had adverse effects on the Agency. In August 1970, armed members of a Palestinian organization regularly took up positions on top of the Agency's Field Offices in Ammen at night for a period of 20 days. The Agency protested at these developments, by a note dated 1 September 1970, and requested the Government to take steps to prevent the recurrence of such situations. There have been various her occasions on which Agency premises and other installations in Jordan have been entered without authorization, and even occupied for various periods by either the military
___________

27/ Ibid., para. 155.

authorities or Palestinian organizations during the disturbances, especially in the period from 17 September to 3 October 1970. The Agency staff were unable to report for duty during this period, and it was later found that a large number of Agency premises and installations, including the Field Office in Amman, had been broken into and occupied, with damage caused to buildings and to other items of both movable and immovable property. In several cases damage was also caused by gunfire or shelling. A large number of items of property were looted during the disturbances (see also paragraph 180 below). Damage to and loss of property has also occurred outside the period from 17 September to 3 October 1970, and claims in respect of all damage to and loss of property will be submitted in due course.

170. In the Lebanon, government authority remains absent from the refugee camps. The occupation by Palestinian organizations of certain Agency installations in the camps continues, notwithstanding numerous representations to the authorities. 28/

171. The demolition by the Israeli authorities of shelters and other structures in the occupied territories, particularly in Gaza, by way of deterrent or punitive action, continues to be a matter of serious concern. 29/ These demolitions also often cause damage to adjacent shelters. By a note verbal dated 17 April 1971, the Agency reiterated its protests and asked for a cessation of this practice, as well as for the settlement of its claims for compensation arising from such demolitions. The Israeli authorities, in a note dated 20 May 1971, have agreed that the reconstruction of intentionally demolished shelters will henceforth be permitted and that, as in the West Bank, claims arising in Gaza regarding damage to shelters or other structures adjacent to those demolished will be promptly settled. But they have not agreed to stop the practice of demolishing shelters or to pay compensation for such shelters, and have referred, is in this context, to certain provisions of "The Defense (Emergency) Regulations 945". This position is unacceptable to the Agency and the matter is being pursued.

172. In respect of the demolition by the Israeli authorities of shelters in Gaza refugee camps for the purpose of widening and surfacing roads, 30/ prior notification was invariably given during the year under report and the Agency has been reimbursed with the cost of constructing in the same camps the replacements in which some improvements have been incorporated.

173. There have been numerous instances in Gaza of intrusion by the Israeli military and police authorities in the execution of security measures into various Agency installations, particularly schools. 31/ In several cases, minor damage has been caused to property and the class work interrupted. The Israeli military and
_______________

28/ Ibid., para. 164.

29/ Ibid., paras. 165 and 166.

30/ Ibid., para. 167

31/ Ibid., para. 169

police authorities have forcibly removed Agency records from schools and other installations and have also demanded from the Agency's employees information contained in Agency records, which they are not authorized to give without prior permission from the Agency. The Israeli authorities again used Agency schools and other premises in Gaza on a number of occasions for screening camp inhabitants. 32/ On the West Bank, on one occasion, they entered the Agency's area office in Nablus at the close of the working day and required all but two of the employees present to accompany them for interrogation. All of these actions are contrary to the relevant provisions of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations and have been the subject of prompt protests to the local Israeli authorities.

The Agency's transport operations

174. The difficulties regarding the Agency's transport operations still persist. The question of reimbursement of charges for internal transport in Syria, referred to in paragraph 171 of last year's report, has been taken up repeatedly with the Syrian authorities in Damascus, and also in New York during the twenty-fifth session of the General Assembly in 1970. An amount of LS.374,627 is due (transport charges up to 30 June 1971: LS.237,523.81; portage charges up to 30 June 1971: LS.127,103).

175. No response has yet been received from the Syrian authorities to the Agency's note verbal of 28 June 1970 requesting the removal of restrictions on freedom of transport. 33/ A reminder was sent on 9 November 1970. The extra expense incurred by the Agency as a result of the requirement to use Syrian trucks represents an increase of approximately 20 per cent in the normal charges for this transport.

Education and health subsidies

176. The Government of Jordan has repeated its request for the payment of the education and health subsidies withheld by the Agency on account of its critical financial position. 34/ The Government has been informed that the Agency is unable, in its present position, to comply with this request and that the resumption of any payment of subsidies depends upon whether the Agency is financially able to pay them.

_____________

32/ Ibid., para. 170

33/ Ibid., para. 172

34/ Ibid., para. 173
The Agency's claims against Governments
Lebanon

177. No settlement has been made of the Agency's claims of approximately LL.594,000, pertaining to the reimbursement of taxes in the Lebanon. 35/ The Lebanese authorities have requested further particulars in relation to one of these claims. More information is being provided by the Agency, and it is hoped that an early settlement will be effected, especially since the validity of these claims has been recognized.

Syria

178. The Agency's claim of LS.272,577 is still outstanding. 36/ This matter, among others, was referred to the Permanent Representative of Syria to the United Nations during the twenty-fifth session of the General Assembly in New York. The claim of LS 2,767, in respect of damage caused by an intrusion into the Agency's Vocational Training Center and the Supply Compound, Damascus, in 1969, has also not yet been met. 37/

Jordan

179. The matters referred to in paragraphs 176, 177, 178 and 179 of last year's report are still outstanding. These relate to an over-all settlement of certain claims which would result in a net payment by the Agency to the Government, claims in respect of four contractors who had been required to cease work, a claim arising out of the hostilities of June 1967, and a claim for compensation for damage done during disturbances in November 1968.

80. The Agency's protest of 5 July 1970 in relation to the effects of the June 1970 disturbances 38/ was rejected by the Government by a note of 20 July 1970. The Government denied its liability in principle. This is not acceptable to the Agency and the matter is being pursued. As indicated in paragraph 169 above, the Agency has suffered extensive loss and damage as a result of the disturbances in Jordan in the latter half of 1970. A preliminary claim (subject to revision) covering loss and damage in the period from 17 September to 3 October 1970 has been lodged in the amount of $554,843.06. Further claims will be made after completion of the loss surveys.

____________

35/ Ibid., para. 174.
36/ Ibid., para. 175.
37/ Ibid., para. 163.
38/ Ibid., para. 162.

The claim against Lebanon, Syria and Jordan jointly in respect of excess rail charges

181. There has been no progress with regard to this claim in respect of excess costs paid by the Agency for the transport of supplies from Beirut to Jordan via rail. 39/ It is hoped that the Governments concerned will find it possible to respond positively to the Agency's proposal for a joint meeting to consider the claim, or, alternatively, propose other means of approaching the matter.
United Arab Republic (including claim against the Bank of Alexandria)

182. No settlement has yet been reached on the Agency's claims amounting to $80,637.67 and LE 40,401.854, respectively. 40/

Israel

183. The Agency's outstanding claims against Israel, in respect of damage to and loss of Agency property as a consequence of the hostilities of June 1967 41/ are it is understood, still under consideration by the Israeli authorities. The claims relating to damage caused by military exercises and other activities by the Israeli military authorities in the West Bank 42/ have not yet been met.

184. The Agency has not received a response from the Israeli authorities, satisfactory to it, on the question of compensation for the demolition of the buildings put up by the Agency at El Hubeileh, in the West Bank. 43/ The Agency pressed the matter again by a note of 23 December 1970, in which it drew attention to the position under international law and to the responsibility of the Government of Israel in the matter. The Israeli Foreign Ministry, by note verbal of 3 March 1971, reiterated its earlier views.
Other legal matters

185. A substantial revision has been made of the Agency's directive on contracting matters.


__________

39/ Ibid., para. 180.
40/ Ibid., paras. 181 and 186.
41/ Ibid., para. 182.
42/ Ibid., para. 183.
43/ Ibid., para. 185.
F. Financial operations

186. The financial accounts of UNRWA are published separately, together with the related report of the Board of Auditors.44/ This section, therefore, presents in summary form the Agency's actual financial operations in 1970 and its estimated financial operations in 1971. (UNRWA's fiscal period is the calendar year, whereas the present report covers the period 1 July 1970 to 30 June 1971.) 45/

181. The following summary table reflects the Agency's financial operations in 1970:



Millions of US dollars
Income received in 1970:
Contributions by Government
41.0
Contributions by intergovernmental organizations 46/
0.6
Contributions from non-governmental sources
0.9
Miscellaneous income
0.6
Total income
43.1
Expenditure in 1970:
Recurrent operations
Non-recurrent operations
Total
$
$
$
Releif services
18.4
0.9
19.3
Health services
6.1
0.2
6.3
Education services
20.6
1.2
21.8
costs due to disturbances
-
0.6
0.6
Total expenditure
45.1
2.9
48.0
Excess of expenditure over income (deficit(4.9)
Add working capital at 1 January 1970
(after adjustment of prior year's accounts)
10.5
Working capital at 31 December 19705.6
_________________________________________________________________



44/ Ibid., Twenty-sixth Session, Supplement No. 7C (A/8407/Add.3).

45/ Figures for income, expenditure and working capital and details of income from all sources since the establishment of UNRWA are shown in tables 19 and 20 of annex I. Table 21 lists contributions from non-governmental sources for the year 1970 and the first six months of 1971. Chapter II provides more detailed information with respect to the Agency's financial operations for 1970 and 1971 and the budget for 1972.

46/ In previous reports these two categories of contributions were included in the heading "Other contributions" (see tables 19 and 20 in annex I for details).

188. The foregoing summary distinguishes between expenditure on "recurrent operations" (salaries, supplies, rentals, subsidies and other costs incurred on a regularly recurring basis) and expenditure on "non-recurrent operations" (capital improvements, such as shelters and schoolrooms, replacement of worn--out equipment and other essentially non-repetitive costs). The significance of this distinction lies in the facts (a) that the cost of recurrent operations is a measure of the Agency's basic program, which it cannot easily reduce; and (b) that non-recurrent operations are largely financed by special contributions which cannot be used for recurrent operations.

189. The category of costs labeled "costs due to disturbances" includes the repair or replacement of Agency property damaged or lost as a consequence of local disturbances (principally those in Jordan) and such other costs as the evacuation of staff and their dependents. These extraordinary costs were only partially covered by special contributions received for the purpose, and appropriate claims for reimbursement have been made to the Governments concerned.

190. The most significant feature of the foregoing summary is that the Agency again - for the seventh tine in eight years - incurred a large deficit on its program, amounting to $4.9 million compared with $3.9 million in 1969), which reduced working capital to only $5.6 million, or less than the Agency's "pipeline" of supplies. Although income in 1970 increased by $0.8 million over 1969, expenditure increased by $1.8 million, so that the deficit increased by $1 million.

191. Unliquidated budget commitments carried forward from 1970 (or prior years) to 1971 totaled approximately $2.9 million, compared with $3.0 million carried forward from 1969 to 1970. During 1970, savings on liquidation of budget commitments from prior years totaled $99,182 (the savings were credited to working capital).

192. At the end of 1970, unpaid pledges from Governments related to 1970 (or prior years) totaled $10.6 million, the same amount as at the end of 1969. Of this amount, $9.1 million was payable in cash and $1.5 million in supplies of various kinds. Inventories of supplies and advances to suppliers (the Agency's supply "pipeline") at $5.8 million were slightly lower than at the close of 1969 ($6.0 million). Accounts and advances receivable also had been somewhat reduced, from $1.5 million at the close of 1969 to $1.2 million at the close of 1970. The most significant change in assets during 1970, however, was in cash, which dropped from $5.5 million to only $2.1 million, or less than the requirements for a single month's expenditure. So critical had the cash position become by December that the Agency was in doubt whether it could meet its December and January payrolls. Fortunately a number of pledges have since been paid and the cash balance temporarily restored.

193. The foregoing figures do not include those related to the receipt and expenditure of funds made available by NEED (Near East Emergency Donations, Inc.) mentioned elsewhere in this report. For technical and legal reasons, these funds cannot be regarded as part of the Agency's funds. Up to 30 June 1971, the Agency had received a total of $6.75 million of NEED funds (including interest) and by that date had expended or committed $6.0 million, largely for the provision of emergency shelter and the infrastructure of environmental sanitation for refugees end other displaced persons in east Jordan and Syria and for school and vocational training facilities in east Jordan, the West Bank, Gaza and Lebanon. The unexpended balance of funds available was largely earmarked for the provision of schoolrooms to accommodate a growing refugee school population and avoid triple shifting of classes.

194. The financial prospects for the Agency in 1971 regrettably indicate another deficit year (the eighth in nine years), though on a smaller scale, as the following summary table clearly shows:



Millions of US dollars
Income received in 1971:
Contributions by Government
42.5
Contributions by intergovernmental organizations
2.1
Contributions from non-governmental sources
0.9
Miscellaneous income
0.7
Total income
46.2
Expenditure in 1971:
Recurrent operations
Non-recurrent operations
Total
$
$
$
Releif services
18.9
0.3
19.2
Health services
6.3
0.1
6.4
Education services
22.4
0.5
22.9
Costs due to disturbances
-
0.1
0.1
Total expenditure
47.6
1.0
48.6
Estimated excess of expenditure over income (deficit(2.4)
Add working capital at 1 January 1971
(after adjustment of prior year's accounts)
5.6
Estimated working capital at 31 December 19713.2
195. In 1971, expenditure on recurrent operations is expected to increase by $2.5 million (due largely to a higher school population and to increased staff salaries to meet rises in the cost of living). Non-recurrent operations expenditure, however, which, as mentioned above, is very largely financed by special contributions, is expected to decrease by $1.9 million, so that total expenditure is expected to be only $0.6 million greater than in 1970. On the other hand, income is expected to be $3.1 million greater than in 1970, so that the deficit should decrease to $2.4 million (compared with $4.9 million in 1970 and $3.9 million in 1969).

196. A comparison of the summary tables for 1970 and 1971 reveals the continuing and even increasing prominence of education in the Agency's programs. Recurrent expenditure on education services is expected to increase by $1.8 million, while for relief and health services together the increase is expected to be only $0.7 million. Recurrent annual expenditure on education services now exceeds recurrent annual expenditure on relief services by well over $3.0 million. Expenditure on capital improvements for education is also expected to be somewhat larger than that for relief services, but this relationship will depend on the amount of special contributions ultimately received to finance capital improvements under either program in 1971.

197. A deficit of $2.4 million in 1971 will, as shown in the summary table, reduce working capital to approximately $3.2 million, that is, far less than the Agency requires even to finance its "pipeline" of supplies (nearly $6.0 million). Even this estimate is subject to a number of assumptions, the more important of which are (a) that unit costs (in particular staff costs) will not increase further; (b) that some $12.0 million of expected pledges by Governments and intergovernmental organizations will be forthcoming; and (c) that contributions from non-governmental sources for recurrent operations will continue at the same high rate as in 1970. While the latter two seem reasonably safe assumptions, the first may well prove to be seriously wrong, particularly in respect of staff salaries affected by increases in the cost of living.

198. With a cash balance of only $2.1 million at 1 January 1971 and an expected deficit of 6~22.4 million or more in 1971, the Agency will be fortunate if it does not find itself faced with an insufficiency of cash to meet its payrolls, rentals suppliers' bills etc. at some point towards the end of 1971. At the close of 1971, the Agency's accounts payable, its obligations for separation costs of staff and other liabilities not separately funded will be covered virtually only by unpaid pledges (not all of which will be payable in cash), accounts receivable and other non-cash assets. It is even possible that the Agency will be insolvent at the end of 1971, that is, that it would be unable to meet its current obligations in full if called upon to do so immediately. (It would also, of course, be unable to meet its total obligations, if called upon to do so at that time, until and unless it could collect all unpaid cash contributions an! convert its non-cash assets, including unpaid pledges in kind, into cash.)

199. While liquidity is not affected, thereby, it ought to be observed that the expenditure figures both for 1970 and for 1971 include amounts ($1.1 million in 1970 and $1.4 million in 1971) for subsidies to Governments in reimbursement of certain services rendered to Palestine refugees registered with the Agency. Since June 1967, these subsidies have not been paid in respect of the West Bank of Jordan and Gaza, where they relate to education and health services. Claims which the Agency's financial situation would have made it difficult to meet were made by the Government of Jordan and the Government of Israel, on different grounds, in respect of the West Bank of Jordan, and by the Government of Israel in respect of Gaza, but the Legal Counsel of the United Nations, to whom the matter was referred by the Commissioner-General, advised that, in present External Auditors, who drew attention to the subsidies in their reports on the 1968 47/ and 1969 accounts, 48/ have recommended in their report on the 1970 accounts 49/ that serious consideration should be given to deletion of these subsidies in respect of the West Bank of Jordan and Gaza from the Agency's liabilities and their re-crediting to the working capital reserve.

200. The other subsidies included in the expenditure figures for 1970 and 1971 (and forming part of the amounts shown in parenthesis in the first sentence of the preceding paragraph) relate to education and health services rendered by the Government of Jordan in east Jordan, a very small amount for hospital services rendered by the Government of Syria, and assistance to displaced refugees from Gaza in the United Arab Republic under a year-by-year agreement, which the Commissioner-General informed the Government of the United Arab Republic he could not extend beyond 31 December 1969. The grounds for withholding these subsidies were purely financial. The Commissioner-General told the Special Political Committee on 1 December 1970 that he proposed to regard all the subsidies as indefinitely discontinued, and, unless the General Assembly directed otherwise, to reduce the 1971 estimates and adjust the 1970 accounts accordingly. 50/ In view of the establishment by the General Assembly of the Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, the Commissioner-General subsequently deferred action on his proposal.


_______________

47/ Ibid., Twenty-fourth Session, Supplement No. 7C (A/7607/Add.3), section B.

48/ Ibid., Twenty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 7C (A/8007/Add.3), section B.

49/ Ibid., Twenty-sixth Session, Supplement No. 7C (A/8407/Add.3), section B, para. 9.

50/ A/SPC/SR.738.
CHAPTER II

BUDGET FOR 1972 AND REVISED BUDGET FOR 1971


A. Introduction

201. This part of the report presents both the budget estimates for 1972 and the adjusted budget estimates for 1971. The original budget estimates for 1971 were presented to the General Assembly in the report for 1969-1970, but these estimates have since had to be revised, mainly to incorporate cost-of-living adjustments approved for local staff stationed in Gaza and West Bank and revised salary scales for international staff and to provide for the use of special contributions subsequently pledged for capital improvements not included in the original estimates.

202. The total budget estimates for 1972 amount to $51,117,000 compared with adjusted budget estimates of $48,559,000 for 1971 and actual total expenditure of $47,938,000 in 1970. These totals comprise both recurrent and non-recurrent cost; the budget presentation which follows deals separately with each type of cost. 51/

203. The budget for recurrent costs in 1972 is set at $50,157,000, compared with the adjusted budget of $47,556,000 for 1971 and actual expenditures of $45,097,000 in 1970. The increase of $2.6 million in recurrent costs for 1972 is attributable mainly to three factors: an increase in the cost of flour ($1.1 million); an increase in the numbers of students and trainees in the Agency's schools and training centers ($1.1 million) and normal staff cost increases - annual increments, balance of annual effect of cost of living adjustments implemented on 1 April 1971 in West Bank and Gaza, etc. - ($0.7 million), offset somewhat ($0.3 million) by a reduction in the Agency's university scholarship program, by a decrease in the price of cooking oil and by other miscellaneous savings.

204. The budget for non-recurrent costs in 1972 is established at $960,000, compared with the adjusted budget of $1,003,000 for 1971 and actual expenditure of $2,841,000 in 1970. The estimate for 1972 includes some $0.35 million for replacement of unserviceable equipment and other non-recurrent items essential to maintenance of even minimal efficiency and $0.61 million for capital improvements such as additional schoolrooms etc., which are badly needed, but which cannot be provided unless special contributions are received for the purpose, as in 1971 and 1970. The major items involved are described under each of the main activity headings in the paragraphs which follow.

_____________

51/ "Recurrent costs" include salaries, supplies, rentals, subsidies and other costs incurred on a regularly recurring basis. "Non-recurrent costs" include construction and equipment and other costs not regularly incurred. Such costs are to a considerable extent a function of special contributions, whereas recurrent costs are a measure of the Agency's basic program which it cannot easily reduce.

205. No provision has been made for possible emergency costs in 1972 (that is, for losses and damage to Agency property resulting from local disturbances), although the expenditure under this heading was quite large in 1970 and some provision has had to be made in the adjusted budget for 1971.

206. In relief services, no provision has been made for expansion of services in 1972 and only a minimal provision has been made for improvements in supplementary feeding facilities (provided special contributions are received), but costs are expected to increase materially over those of 1971 because of the increase in the price of flour and in staff costs mentioned in paragraph 203 above.

207. Similarly, in health services no provision has been made for expansion of services in 1972, but some provision has been made for highly desirable improvements in clinics and camp sanitation facilities, in case special contributions are received. The expected increase in recurrent costs in 1972 for health services is not material in amount.

208. In education services, a very large increase in costs is expected in 1972 because of the factors mentioned in paragraph 203 above. In 1972, education services will account for 47.7 per cent of the total budget, compared with 39.1 per cent for relief services and 13.2 per cent for health services (comparable figures for the 1971 adjusted budget are 47.2 per cent for education services, 39.6 per cent for relief services and 13.2 per cent for health services).

209. The estimates include provision for the payment of approximately $1.4 million of relief, health and education subsidies to Governments. Payment of these subsidies, however, has in fact been suspended on various grounds and to the extent that this suspension is continued or a decision taken to cease payment of part or all of these subsidies, the budgetary provisions therefore may be excessive.

B. Budget estimates

General

210. The following tables present in summary the budget estimates for 1972 together with comparative data of the adjusted budget for 1971 and actual expenditure in 1970, table A presenting the total estimates and tables B and C the estimates of recurrent and non-recurrent costs, respectively. The estimates for 1972 are briefly described in the paragraphs following the tables.
Table A
Total costs
(In thousands of US dollars)
1972
budget estimates
1971 adjusted budget estimates
1970
actual expenditure
Part I Releife services
Basic rations
13,209
12,287
12,151
Supplementary feeding
2,387
2,331
2,195
Shelter
279
555
928
Special hardship assistance
521
516
502
Share of common costs from Part IV
3,602
3,521
3,476
Total, Part I
19,998
19,210
19,252
Part II - Health Services
Medical services
3,983
3,823
3,719
Environmental sanitation
1,601
1,462
1,456
Share of common costs from part IV
1,155
1,134
1,113
Total, Part II
6,739
6,419
6,288
Part III Education services
General education
17,514
16,316
15,121
Vocational and professional training
4,005
3,763
3,888
Share of common costs from Part IV
Total Part III
2,861
24,380
2,812
22,891
2,754
21,763
Part IV Common costs
Supply and transport services
3,495
3,391
3,384
Other internal services
2,641
2,606
2,523
General administration
1,482
1,470
1,436
Total, Part IV
7,618
7,618)
7,467
(7,467)
7,343
(7,343)
Costs allocated to operations
Part V - Emergency costs
Extraordinary costs due to local disturbances
-
39
635
Total, Part V
-
39
635
Grand Total
51,117
48,559
47,938



Table B
Recurrent costs
(In thousands of US dollars)
1972
budget estimates
1971 adjusted budget estimates
1970
actual expenditure
Part I Relief services
Basic rations
13,206
12,285
12,148
Supplementary feeding
2,349
2,318
2,174
Shelter
276
277
252
Special hardship assistance
521
516
502
Share of common costs from Part IV
3,500
3,457
3,341
Total, Part I
19,852
18,853
18,417
Part II - Health Services
Medical services
3,848
3,787
3,691
Environmental sanitation
1,458
1,409
1,308
Share of common costs from part IV
1,132
1,118
1,079
Total, Part II
6,438
6,314
6,078
Part III Education services
General education
17,083
15,897
14,735
Vocational and professional training
3,969
3,714
3,186
Share of common costs from Part IV
Total Part III
2,815
23,867
2,778
22,389
2,681
20,602
Part IV Common costs
Supply and transport services
3,339
3,301
3,195
Other internal services
2,626
2,587
2,482
General administration
11,482
1,465
1,424
Total, Part IV
7,447
(7,447)
7,353
(7,353)
7,101
(7,101)
Costs allocated to operations
Part V - Emergency costs
Extraordinary costs due to local disturbances
-
-
-
Total, Part V
-
-
-
Grand Total
50,157
47,556
45,097
Table C
Non-recurrent costs
(In thousands of US dollars)

1972
budget estimates
1971 adjusted budget estimates
1970
actual expenditure
Part I Relief services
Basic rations
3
2
3
Supplementary feeding
38
13
21
Shelter
3
278
676
Special hardship assistance
-
-
-
Share of common costs from Part IV
102
64
135
Total, Part I
146
357
835
Part II - Health Services
Medical services
135
36
28
Environmental sanitation
143
53
148
Share of common costs from part IV
23
16
34
Total, Part II
301
105
210
Part III Education services
General education
431
419
386
Vocational and professional training
36
49
702
Share of common costs from Part IV
Total Part III
46
23,867
34
22,389
73
20,602
Part IV Common costs
Supply and transport services
156
90
189
Other internal services
15
19
41
General administration
-
5
12
Total, Part IV
171
(171)
114
(114)
242
(242)
Costs allocated to operations
Part V - Emergency costs
Extraordinary costs due to local disturbances
-
39
635
Total, Part V
-
39
635
Grand Total
960
1,003
2,841



Relief Services

Basic rations

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
13,209,00
13,206,000
3,000
1971 adjusted budget estimate
12,287,000
12,285,000
2,000
1970 actual expenditure
12,151,000
12,148,000
3,000


211. The components of the basic ration have been briefly described in paragraph 46 above and in table 4 of annex I. The costs included under this heading cover both the purchase and the final distribution of all basic food and soap rations (the latter being restricted since 1 March 1970 to refugees living in the emergency camps in east Jordan and the Syrian Arab Republic). The costs of transportation and warehousing of rations within the UNRWA area of operations are reflected under "supply and transport services" in paragraphs 232 and 233 below. The budget estimate for 1972 provides for the issue of rations throughout the years to approximately the same number of beneficiaries as in 1971.

212. The large increase of $921,000 in the recurrent costs estimate for 1972 compared with the adjusted budget for 1971 is almost entirely due to the higher cost of flour in 1972, slightly offset by a decrease in the cost of cooking oil. Prices for sugar and rice have been budgeted for at current levels. Marine insurance rates are expected to be maintained at approximately the same level as for 1971.

213. The provision in the 1972 budget estimate for non-recurrent costs is the minimum amount required to replace unserviceable essential equipment. Once again, the estimates exclude provision for desirable improvements to existing ration distribution centers.

Supplementary feeding

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
2,387,000
2,349,000
38,000
1971 adjusted budget estimate
2,331,000
2,318,000
13,000
1970 actual expenditure
2,195,000
2,174,000
21,000


214. This program is described in paragraphs 47 to 54 above and in tables 5 and 6 of annex I. In this activity also, as for basic rations (see paragraph 211 above) the costs of transportation and warehousing within the UNRWA area of operations are charged to "supply and transport services". The budget for 1972 has been established on the assumption that the nutritional value of the various supplementary rations (which are essential to provide minimum dietary requirements to particularly vulnerable categories of the refugee population) will be maintained at approximately the same level as for 1971 for approximately the same number of beneficiaries.

215. The minor increase in recurrent costs for 1972 is largely due to staff cost increases described in paragraph 203 above. The estimate makes no provision for the possibility of increases in the prices of fresh foodstuffs. Should prices increase, the extra costs involved will have to be offset by a reduction in numbers, which would present difficulties of selection, or in the nutritional value of the hot meal ration, although this is already no more than the minimum required.

216. The 1972 estimate for non-recurrent costs provides for the construction of milk and feeding centers to replace highly unsatisfactory premises in the three emergency camps at Jaramana, Sbeineh and Qabr Essit in the Syrian Arab Republic ($30,000), the construction of a sub-center at Marka camp in east Jordan to serve refugees living at a considerable distance from the existing center ($3,000) and provision for the replacement of essential unserviceable equipment ($5,000). The improvements can be carried out, however, only if special contributions are received for this purpose.

Shelter
Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
279,000
276,000
3,000
1971 adjusted budget estimate
555,000
277,000
278,000
1970 actual expenditure
928,000
252,000
676,000


217. This program is described in paragraphs 55 to 64 above and in tables 7 and 8 of annex I. No provision has been made in the 1972 estimates for either the maintenance of existing shelters or the construction of additional shelters.

218. The recurrent costs estimate for 1972 includes $227,000 for the rental value of camp sites (most of which are made available as contributions by Governments), and a minimal amount of $33,000 for the essential upkeep of roads and paths within the camps. A limited sum is also provided to cover the direct costs of administration and control of shelters. The increase of $25,000 in 1971 compared with actual expenditure in 1970 is due principally to an adjustment in the assessed rental values of camp sites provided by the Government for the emergency camps in east Jordan.

219. Only a minimal provision is included in the 1972 budget estimate to meet requirements for non-recurrent costs (minor camp improvements). No provision has been made for additional shelters in view of the programs of shelter construction carried out in east Jordan and Syria in 1970 and 1971 and financed by special contributions.
Special hardship assistance

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
521,00
521,000
-
1971 adjusted budget estimate
516,000
516,000
-
1970 actual expenditure
502,000
502,000
-



220. This budget estimate provides for additional relief assistance to refugees who suffer from special hardship. This assistance is limited to welfare casework and the distribution of donated used clothing and layettes and of blankets and kerosene. The program is described in paragraphs 65 to 67 above. The Agency, in its present financial position, can do little extra for the special needs of the aged, widows with minor children and the chronically ill. Only the most urgent cases can be considered for some form of assistance.

Health services

Medical services
Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
3,983,00
3,848,000
135,000
1971 adjusted budget estimate
3,823,000
3,787,000
36,000
1970 actual expenditure
3,719,000
3,691,000
28,000


221. The Agency's program of preventive and curative medical services is described in paragraphs 68 to 92 above and in tables 9 to 12 of annex I. The minimum objective of the Agency has always been that its health services should not fall below the level of those provided by the Governments of the host countries for their own indigent citizens. In recent years, however, the level of local governmental health services has shown a marked rise, while the continuing deterioration in the Agency's financial position has made it increasingly difficult for the Agency to match the improvements made by the host Governments. In these circumstances, the most the Agency can hope to achieve is to maintain its health services program at its existing austere levels; any lowering of standards would inevitably be detrimental to the state of health of the refugees and could involve a risk to public health generally.

222. The increase in the 1972 budget estimate for recurrent costs is due entirely to staff cost increases described in paragraph 203 above, no provision having been made for expansion of services.

223. The 1972 budget estimate for non-recurrent costs provides for the construction of a new health Center at Irbed in east Jordan to replace unsatisfactory rented premises ($49,000), the construction of a health Center and rehydration/nutrition center at Neirab in the Syrian Arab Re-public to replace the present health center, which is accommodated in converted bar-racks built some 30 years ago ($30,000), the construction of a new health center at Dera'a in the Syrian Arab Republic to replace unsatisfactory rented premises located outside the camp perimeter ($25,000), other minor improvements and the replacement of two over-age ambulances and certain essential unserviceable equipment ($31,000). Improvements in existing health facilities will, however, be carried out only if special contributions are received for the purpose.

Environmental sanitation

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
1,601,00
1,458,000
143,000
1971 adjusted budget estimate
1,462,000
1,409,000
53,000
1970 actual expenditure
1,456,000
1,308,000
148,000


224. The programs under this heading are described in paragraphs 96 to 98 above. The 1972 estimate provides only for the minimum basic requirements considered necessary to maintain essential community sanitation services at reasonably safe levels. The Agency is at present unable to raise its standards of sanitation to more desirable levels because of the critical shortage of funds, and the increase in recurrent costs for 1972 is attributable almost entirely to staff cost increases described in paragraph 203 above.

225. The 1972 budget estimate for non-recurrent costs provides mainly for essential capital improvements to minimize the risk of serious outbreaks of intestinal diseases (particularly cholera) amongst refugee camp populations. The items budgeted for under this heading are the construction of a sewerage system at Neirab camp in the Syrian Arab Republic ($36,ooo); the construction of family latrines in east Jordan, Lebanon and the Syrian Arab Republic to help prevent the spread of communicable diseases in general and cholera in particular ($33,000); the construction of water reservoirs in east Jordan and West Bank to assist in overcoming chronic problems of water shortages during the dry summer months ($12,000); and other essential miscellaneous improvements ($9,000). Most of the, capital improvements will not be executed, however, unless special contributions are received for the purpose. The remaining provision of $53,000 is required to replace unserviceable essential equipment including two vacuum tankers (for voiding septic tanks), one water tanker, corroded water pipes and garbage carts.
Education services

General education

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
17,514,00
17,083,000
431,000
1971 adjusted budget estimate
16,316,000
15,897,000
419,000
1970 actual expenditure
15,121,000
14,735,000
386,000


226. For a description of the Agency's general education program, see paragraphs 107 to 122 and 133 to 141 above and tables 13 to 16 of annex I. Other minor activities conducted outside the UNRWA/UNESCO schools are also included under this heading, namely, youth activities (paragraphs 123 and 124), pre-school play-centers (paragraph 125) and women's activities (paragraph 126). Although the two latter activities are considered as a part of the Agency's general education program, they are carried on only to the extent special contributions are received for the purpose (the 1972 budget estimate assumes the same level of contributions as in 1971).

227. The increase in the 1972 budget estimate for recurrent costs is largely a reflection of the continuing growth in the school population, which is currently expanding at the rate of some 15,000 pupils annually. Approximately $825,000 of the $1,186,000 increase in recurrent costs projected for 1972 is directly related to the natural increase in school population. The remaining $361,000 for 1972 is largely attributable to staff cost increases described in paragraph 203 above.

228. The 1972 budget estimate for non-recurrent costs includes provision for a school construction program ($379,000) designed to avoid impossible triple--shifting of classes in existing schools, to replace some of the more unsatisfactory and uneconomical rented school premises and to reduce the amount of existing double-shifting of classes in areas where there are large concentrations of pupils; for the procurement of additional library books, manuals and reference books ($24,000); and for a minimal amount of replacement of essential unserviceable equipment ($28,000). Again, most of these capital improvements can be carried out only if special contributions are received for the purpose.

Vocational and professional training
Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
4,005,00
3,969,000
36,000
1971 adjusted budget estimate
3,763,000
3,714,000
49,000
1970 actual expenditure
3,888,000
3,186,000
702,000


229. Details of the Agency's vocational and professional training programs are given in paragraphs 128 to 132 and 142 to 156 above and table 17 of annex I. The budget under this heading covers mainly the costs of trades, technical and teacher training courses conducted in the Agency's own training centers and provides for a total enrolment of 3,840 trainees during the 1971-1972 academic year, with a further increase to 4,314 trainees projected for the 1972-1973 academic year. Although no provision has been made for further construction of training facilities in 1972, a larger number of trainees will be accommodated after the completion of the New Amman Training Center (for teacher training as well as trades and technical training) and expansion of existing facilities at Wadi Seer, Kalandia and Siblin Training Centers. All this expansion has been financed from funds not available for other purposes and in every case, except for the Siblin Training Center, special contributions have also been obtained to meet all or most of the associated recurrent costs for one or more years.

230. The estimate also includes provision for vocational training subsidized by the Agency in centers operated by the Governments of the host countries and certain private organizations and for the Agency's university scholarship program (described in paragraphs 142 to 145 above). The latter program has had to be reduced in recent years as special contributions have declined, and a further reduction has been assumed for 1972, although assistance will be provided to all continuing scholarship beneficiaries.

231. The provision for non-recurrent costs is principally for the replacement of unserviceable essential equipment in the Agency's training centers.
Common costs

Supply and transport services

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
3,495,00
3,339,000
156,000
1971 adjusted budget estimate
3,391,000
3,301,000
90,000
1970 actual expenditure
3,384,000
3,195,000
189,000

232. The services provided for under this budget heading cover the procurement, control and warehousing of supplies and equipment, port operations and the provision of passenger and freight transport within the Agency's area of operations.

233. The projected increase in recurrent costs for 1972 is attributable mainly to staff cost increases described in paragraph 203 above, increases in the cost of port, freight and transport services being off-set by economies in other types of recurrent costs. The provision for non-recurrent costs in 1972 is required to replace over-age passenger and freight vehicles ($150,000), motor transport workshop equipment ($4,000) and other unserviceable equipment ($2,000).
Other internal services

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
2,641,00
2,626,000
15,000
1971 adjusted budget estimate
2,606,000
2,587,000
19,000
1970 actual expenditure
2,523,000
2,482,000
41,000

234. The estimate under this heading provides for the following costs: investigation and determination of eligibility of refugees for Agency assistance; personnel and administrative services; translation, legal, financial and data processing services; internal and external audit services; technical (architectural and engineering) services and protective services.

235. The increase in recurrent costs for 1972 is due to the staff cost increases described in paragraph 203 above, partially offset by an expected small reduction in the Agency's International staff. The provision for non-recurrent costs in 1972 is required to replace unserviceable office furniture and equipment and audio-visual equipment.

General administration

Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
1,482,00
1,482,000
-
1971 adjusted budget estimate
1,470,000
1,465,000
5,000
1970 actual expenditure
1,436,000
1,424,000
12,000


236. The costs of general administration services at Agency headquarters in Beirut and the five Field Office headquarters (as well as the costs of co-ordinating and administering Agency services at the area and camp levels), of the liaison offices in New York, Geneva and Cairo and of public information services are included under this budget heading.

237. The minor increase in recurrent costs for 1972 is due entirely to staff cost increases described in paragraph 203 above. No provision is included in the estimate for non-recurrent costs.
Allocation of common costs

238. The summary tables under paragraph 210 above reflect the allocation of common costs to the three main categories of Agency services - relief, health and education. Such an allocation is subject to the exercise of judgment, but the percentages applied have been evolved and re-tested periodically on the basis of a detailed study of all Agency operations in all offices and extracted as weighted averages. They are believed to be an accurate assessment.

Emergency costs
Total
$
Recurrent
$
Non-recurrent
$
1972 budget estimate
-
-
-
1971 adjusted budget estimate
39,000
-
39,000
1970 actual expenditure
635,000
-
635,000

239. As mentioned in paragraph 205 above, no provision has been made in the 1972 estimate for emergency costs due to local disturbances, as it is impossible to predict such costs. It should be noted that these costs were very high in 1970, and the risk clearly faces the Agency at all times.

C. Financing the budget - 1971 and 1972

240. The problems facing the Agency in financing the adjusted budget for 1971 and the proposed budget for 1972 are summarized below:
(In thousands of US dollars)

1971
1972
Estimated expenditure per budget
48,559
51,117
Estimated income available from:
Contributions by government
42,500
?
Contributions by inter-governmental organizations
2,100
850
Contributions from non-governmental sources
900
900
Miscellaneous income
650
600
Total estimated income
46,150
?
Estimated deficit
(2,409)
?


241. Thus, at the time this report was prepared, the Agency still faced a deficit for 1971 in excess of $2.4 million. 52/ As working capital at the start of the year was only $5.6 million, it appeared probable that the Agency would end the year with less than $3.2 million of working capital, barely half what the Agency requires to finance its "pipeline" of supplies alone, leaving nothing to meet temporary delays in receipt of income.

242. For 1972, although a question mark has been shown for contributions from Governments, it is obvious from the foregoing table that, even if these attained the level of such contributions estimated for 1971, the deficit in 1972 would exceed $6.25 million. 52/ On this basis, the Agency clearly would find its financial resources exhausted well before the end of the year.

243. The implications of the probable deficit in 1971 and of a possible further deficit in 1972 are further examined in the introduction to this report.


____________

52/ These figures take account of the inclusion in expenditure of provision for subsidies to certain governments in regard to which see paragraphs 199 and 200 of section F in Chapter I.

ANNEXES

A 8413 Tables pages 67-69.pdf

RELIEF SERVICES

Table 4

Basic rations and other supplies distributed by UNRWA

1. Basic dry rations

A monthly ration for one person consisting of the commodities listed below was issued to refugees for the months April-October.

10,000 grams of flour

600 grams of pulses (or approximate calorific value in
flour or rice)

600 grams of sugar

500 grams of rice

375 grams of cooking oil

This ration continued to provide about 1,500 calories per day.

In the winter months November-March, the monthly ration was increased to bring the calorific content of the ration to about 1,600 per day.

2. Other supplies distributed

As in the latter part of the previous year of report, the issue of soap was restricted to ration beneficiaries in the emergency camps in east Jordan and Syria, who received one piece of soap (150 grams) per month.

As in previous years, 1 1/2 liters of kerosene were allocated to ration beneficiaries and to babies and children registered for services, in camps in east Jordan, the West Bank, Lebanon, and Syria during five winter months. In Gaza, 1 liter was allocated to these beneficiaries, whether or not they lived in camps, during five winter months.
Table 5

Normal supplementary feeding program

Number of issuing centers and beneficiaries
1 July 1970-30 June 1971

A. Hot meal program
_________________________________________________________________

Beneficiaries
Daily average for the period______
Number of
feeding 0-2 2-15 years and 0-15
Field centers years special cases years___

East Jordan 17 251 3,069 3,320

West Bank 28 434) 9,223) 10,022
4a/ 154) 211)

Gaza 24 1,243 15,408 16,651

Lebanon 16 287 4,327 4,614

Syria 19 183 3,842 4,025

108 2,552 36,080 38,632
_________________________________________________________________

B. Milk program
_________________________________________________________________

Daily number of beneficiaries
Average for the period_______
Number of Orphanages,
milk Milk Medical pre-
Field centers centers Schools scriptions Total_

East
Jordan b/ 18 3,100 21,314 63 24,477

West Bank 28 3,075 12,179 0 15,254

Gaza 24 24,554 31,675 0 56,229

Lebanon 20 14,348 6,260 274 20,882

Syria 20 13,805 15,696 77 29,578

110 58,882 87,124 414 146,420
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Centers operated by voluntary societies.

b/ In view of the outbreak of Cholera in the region, skim milk distribution was suspended for three months in East Jordan and two months in Gaza. Whole/skim milk to infants below one year were distributed in dry form.
Table 5 (continued)

C. Extra-dry ration program

_________________________________________________________________

_ Beneficiaries_______
Monthly average for the period
____________________________________________________

Pregnant Nursing TB out- 6-10 years
Field women mothers patients CSM c/ Total
_________________________________________________________________

East Jordan 936 3,142 251 36,487 40,816

West Bank 1,220 4,687 379 27,414 33,700

Gaza 3,127 7,387 401 38,400 49,315

Lebanon 864 2,324 206 23,629 27,023

Syria 740 1,795 82 20,739 23,356

6,887 19,335 1,319 146,669 174,210
_________________________________________________________________

c/ Mixture of cornflour, soya and milk.
Table 6

Emergency supplementary feeding program

Number of
beneficiaries
A. Hot meal program (daily average)

Categories by Field

East Jordan - displaced refugees
1-15 years 11,987

- non-refugees displaced persons
1-15 years 7,039

Syria - displaced refugees
1-15 years 5,819
24,845
B. Milk program

Categories by Field

East Jordan - displaced refugees
1-15 years 2,554

- non-refugee displaced persons
1-15 years 1,326

Syria - displaced refugees
1-15 years 7,178
11,058

C. Other emergency supplements

Protein supplement a/

(Consists of a twelve-ounce tin of meat and
500 grams CSM per month.)
Number of
beneficiaries
Field (monthly average)

East Jordan 35,925
West Bank b/ 6,931
Gaza 10,915
Lebanon 0
Syria 16,839
70,610
____________

a/ Authorized for issue to all displaced refugees in Syria, to those living in emergency camps in East Jordan and to pregnant and nursing mothers and tuberculosis out-patients in West Bank and Gaza, and to those in this category living outside the emergency camps in East Jordan.

b/ Average for July and August only as the program was suspended effective September 1970.
Table 7

Population of established camps
by country, as at 30 June 1971

_________________________________________________________________

Number Number of persons Number of persons
Area of officially registered actually living
camps in camps a/ b/ in camps c/
_________________________________________________________________

East Jordan 4 74,455 108,277
West Bank 20 66,060 70,387
Gaza 8 195,341 201,670
Lebanon 15 85,240 92,987
Syria 6 26,070 28,532
_________________________________________________________________

Total 53 447,166 501,853
_________________________________________________________________

a/ This table does not include displaced persons and registered refugees in the emergency camps (see table below).

b/ Persons officially registered in these camps are refugees eligible for UNRWA assistance who are shown in UNRWA records as living in camps, irrespective of their category of registration (R.S.N.), although some may have moved to villages, towns or cities in other parts of the country and their removal has yet to be given shelter by UNRWA but benefit from sanitation services only.

c/ Persons actually living in these camps include 494,827 UNRWA registered refugees and 7,026 who are neither registered with UNRWA nor eligible for UNRWA assistance. Also included are so-called refugee "squatters" who live in or on the fringes of the camps, although never officially admitted to or registered in the camps.
Table 8

Population of emergency camps by
country, as at 30 June 1971

_________________________________________________________________

Number of persons
Area Number of camps actually living
in camps a/
_________________________________________________________________

East Jordan 6 103,223
Syria 4 15,148
_________________________________________________________________

Total 10 118,371
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Persons actually living in these camps comprise 78,403 UNRWA registered refugees and 39,968 other persons, all of whom became displaced in 1967 and 1968.

N.B. Total population of persons living in established and emergency camps is 620,224.
HEALTH SERVICES

Table 9

Out-patient medical and dental care

Number of patient-visits according to services rendered, UNRWA and UNRWA-subsidized clinics, 1 July 1970-30 June 1971.
_________________________________________________________________

Number of visits (first and re-visits combined)
_______________________________________________

East West All
Type of service Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Fields
_________________________________________________________________

Medical
consultation 504,307 251,471 529,014 410,482 370,279 2,065,553

Injection 363,344 189,026 525,440 230,339 181,851 1,490,000

Dressing and/
or skin
treatment 228,477 162,865 337,446 190,926 96,691 1,016,405

Eye treatment 153,916 130,796 357,858 90,580 34,164 767,314

Dental treatment 13,823 13,713 21,973 30,545 9,807 89,861
___________________________________________________

All types 1,263,867 747,871 1,771,731 952,872 692,792 5,429,133
_________________________________________________________________
Table 10

In-patient medical care

A. Hospitals providing services to Palestine refugees, as at
30 June 1971
Number of
Administering body Institutions
Government and local authorities 34
Voluntary societies or private 38
UNRWA 3 a/
75

In addition, there are nine maternity centers: one in Syria, two in West Bank and six in Gaza.
_________________________________________________________________

C. Hospital beds by type of service and Field as at 30 June
1971
___________Number of beds available_____________

East West All
Type of service Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syrian Fields
_________________________________________________________________

General medical
and surgical 221 222 348 166 79 1,036

Tuberculosis 23 0 84 32 20 159

Maternity 25 33 87 9 7 161

Pediatrics 40 55 60 22 0 177

Mental 21 75 0 57 2 155

All services 330 385 579 286 108 1,688
_________________________________________________________________

C. Rehydration/nutrition centers

East West All
Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Fields

Number of
centers 9 1 6 3 b/ 3 22
Number of cots 84 10 98 30 21 243
_________________________________________________________________

a/ These are: Kalkilya Hospital, West Bank; the pediatric ward in UNRWA/ Swedish Health Center, Gaza, and the Bureij Tuberculosis Hospital in Gaza, operated jointly with Government Public Health Authority.

b/ Three centers in east Jordan and one in Lebanon were out of operation for part or all of the year because of circumstances beyond the Agency's control-. Two centers came into operation in east Jordan early in 1971.
Table 12

Maternal and child health

(1 July 1970 - 30 June 1971)

_________________________________________________________________

East West
Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Total
_________________________________________________________________

A. Ante-natal
services

Number of ante-
natal clinics 11 24 9 18 19 81

Pregnant women
newly
registered 7,221 4,384 10,485 3,997 2,751 28,838

Average monthly
attendance 1,622 1,333 3,502 1,110 802 8,369

Serological
tests 1,122 1,123 6,271 668 948 10,132

Tests positive 0 0 20 7 8 35

Home visits 1,277 0 139 594 357 2,367

B. Infant health care

Number of infant
health clinics 11 23 9 18 19 80

Infants 0-1 year
registered
(average) 6,274 3,569 8,896 3,945 2,670 25,354

Number attended
(monthly
average) 4,391 3,033 8,076 3,083 2,088 20,671

Infants 1-2 years
registered
(average) 6,064 3,588 8,438 4,113 3,077 25,280

Number attended
(bi-monthly
average) 4,050 2,671 3,642 2,472 1,917 14,752

Infants 2-3 years
registered
(average) 3,333 2,896 1,646 643 1,996 10,514

Number attended
(tri-monthly
average) 1,309 2,066 473 297 1,100 5,245
Table 12 (continued)


_________________________________________________________________

East West
Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Total
_________________________________________________________________

Smallpox
vaccinations 3,262 1,931 6,337 3,323 2,438 17,200

TAB immunizations
(full) 1,595 3,295 6,736 2,608 2,431 16,665

DPT immunizations
(full) 4,409 3,737 8,247 3,823 3,149 23,365

BCG vaccinations 5,202 3,423 6,752 3,665 3,268 22,310

Polio
vaccinations 5,153 3,643 8,233 3,357 2,795 23,181

Home visits 7,613 10,542 8,718 13,472 9,567 49,912

C. School health
services

Number of health
teams 2 1 1 a/ 1 1 6

School entrants
examined 7,518 3,547 6,742 3,963 3,442 25,212

Other pupils
examined 4,822 9,695 0 1,040 27,408 42,965

Follow-up
examinations 2,214 524 0 1,144 5,099 8,981

Teachers and
attendants
examined 1,439 539 224 165 924 3,291

School
inspections 427 517 1,008 93 329 2,374

TAB boosters 651 6,125 30,851 0 11,110 48,737

Diphtheria or
diphtheria/
tetanus
boosters 8,763 4,464 6,678 4,243 4,491 28,639

DPT immunizations
(full) 0 0 0 0 328 328

Smallpox
re-vaccinations 0 6,995 0 1,606 12,462 21,063
Table 12 (continued)


_________________________________________________________________

East West
Jordan Bank Gaza Lebanon Syria Total
_________________________________________________________________

BDG vaccinations 5,866 1,493 7,746 2,771 17,876

Cholera
vaccinations 42,850 17,620 69,833 27,103 32,204 189,610
_________________________________________________________________

a/ Post of School Medical Officer was vacant because of the shortage of Medical Officers in Gaza.
EDUCATION

A 8413 Tables pages 80-84.pdf
OTHER ASSISTANCE TO REFUGEES


Table 18

Voluntary agencies having operational programs for direct assistance to UNRWA-registered refugees 1970-1971

American Friends Service Committee

Baptist Mission (United States)

CARITAS

Catholic Relief Services

Commonwealth Save the Children Fund

Co-operative for American Relief Everywhere (CARE)

Lutheran World Federation

Mennonite Central Committee

Near East Council of Churches - World Council of Churches

Pontifical Mission for Palestine

Women's Auxiliary of UNRWA

World Alliance of YMCAs

Young Men's Christian Association

Young Women's Christian Association

FINANCE

Table 20
A 8413 Tables pages 86-88.pdf


Foot-notes for Table 20

a/ The figures in this table through 1970 are based upon the Agency's audited financial statements, modified to show for each year the Governments' contributions applicable to that year, regardless of when payment was actually made.

b/ The figures for 1971 are estimated.

c/ Includes $23,980 (FF 117,500) for 1969.

d/ Includes a late contribution of $3,000 for 1968.

e/ Includes special contributions for the emergency situation arising from the hostilities of June 1967 as follows:

from Governments $5,841,465 (in 1967) and $l,327,836 (in 1968);
from others $1,309,928 (in 1967) and $1,454,136 (in 1968).





Table 21

Statement of income from non-government sources
1 January 1970 to 30 June 1971

(In US dollars)
_________________________________________________________________

First six
Name of contributor Year months
1970 of 1971
_________________________________________________________________

Australia

Australian Care for Refugees (AUSTCARE) 23,705 -
Australian National Advisory Committee 85 -
United Nations Association of Australia -
Victorian Division 551 551

Austria

Caritas 461 -
Robert Brunner and Franz Wieland 1,450 -

Belgium

Jacquet, Dr. E. - 220

Brazil

Reichert, Professor Rolf - 560

Canada

Baird, Dr. R.P. 475 543
Canadian Overseas Book Center 150 -
Canadian Red Cross Society 1,120 1,139
Canadian Red Cross Society-Quebec Division 951 -
Canadian Save the Children Fund 9,875 89
Edithville 99 59
United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees, Canada
Bartling, Miss H.D.H. 126 -
Greene, Miss Edith 24 -
Shokeir, Dr. M.H. 194 -
Unitarian Service Committee of Canada 20,610 10,766
United Nations Association of Canada -
Edmonton Branch 6,481 -
United Nations Association of Canada -
Oakville Branch - 1,980
Sundry donors 89 54

Cyprus

Sundry donors 36 -
Table 21 (continued)
_________________________________________________________________

First six
Name of contributor Year months
1970 of 1971
_________________________________________________________________

Denmark

Lutheran Aid Organization 8,379 5,154
Statens Seruminstitut 540 186

Federal Republic of Germany

Caritas - 7,384
Daimler - Benz, Stuttgart 1,093 1,093
Diakonische Werk 18,500 -
German Cultural Institute - Beirut 1,538 -
Index - Werke KG, Esslingen 546 564
Katholische Hauptschule 137 -
Near East representatives of German Banks 466 -
Sundry donors 67 -

Finland

Finnish Refugee Council 4,400 2,200
Sipila, Mrs. Helvi 1,100 -

France

Association de Solidarite Franco-Arabe 180 -
French Red Cross 21,578 27,186
Association de Cooperative Franco-
Algerienne du Faucigny 45 -

Gaza

Abu Abdalla Family 63 31
Abu Ayyad Family 23 12
Abu Ayyad and Awada Families 45 22
Abu Khusa Family 20 10
Abu Middain Family 1,241 620
Abu Omar Family and Khalil Khalil 23 12
Abu Salim Family 304 152
Abu Salah Nasr 17 9
Abu Sha'b Family 274 137
Abu Uriban Family 58 29
Abu Uriban and Abu Middain Families 30 15
Awada Family 973 486
Awada and Abu Middain Families 200 100
Daghma Family 69 34
El Mussaddar Family 174 87
Gaza Municipality 34 17
Mussaddar and Qur'an Families 232 116
Salah Ali Barbakh 29 14
Tarazi Family 71 36
Waqf Department 4,093 2,046

Table 21 (continued)
_________________________________________________________________

First six
Name of contributor Year months
1970 of 1971
_________________________________________________________________

Iran

Iranian Federation of Women Lawyers - 200

Japan

Hirashima, Y. 38 -
Japan Oil and Far Industries Federation,
Yokohama 4,167 -
Petroleum Association of Japan 278 -
Toyota Company 1,800 -

Jordan

Abu Shusheh, Subhi 280 -
Municipality of Beir Zeit - 286
Municipal Council - Qalqilia 616 308
St. Andrew's Scots Memorial Church 143 57
Anonymous 327 311

Lebanon

American Mission 978 489
Bassoul, Heneine and Co. 200 -
Cassis, Gabriel J. 154 -
Greek Orthodox Community 615 308
Heirs of Saadeddine Shatila 1,231 615
Middle East Audio Visual Center (Agents of
Colchester - Hughes Ltd., England) 192 -
Mneimneh and Bohsaly 1,385 692
Societe Libanaise de Telephone - 1,240
Syrian Lebanese Mission 1,846 923
United Nations staff in Lebanon 1,067 -
Anonymous 659 191
Sundry donors 39 -

Luxembourg

Association pour l'Aide aux Refugies
Palestiniens 500 -
Biermann, P 1,000 -

Monaco

Les Guides de Monaco 500 -

Netherlands

Stichting Clubhingen - Zwalle 54 -
Terre des Hommes 7,466 264
UNESCO Center - 1,045
Sundry donors - 15
Table 21 (continued)
_________________________________________________________________

First six
Name of contributor Year months
1970 of 1971
_________________________________________________________________

New Zealand

Council of Organizations for Relief
Services Overseas, Inc. (CORSO) 20,882 -

Norway

Norwegian Aid Society for Refugees and
International Development 2,200 -
Norwegian Refugee Council 31,798 -
Save the Children Fund 1,416 3,735

Portugal

Gulbenkian Foundation 15,000 10,000

Saudi Arabia

Arabian American Oil Co. (ARAMCO) 104,000 110,000

Sweden

Committee for Palestine Refugees 131 -
Swedish Organization for Individual
Relief 1,377 -
Swedish Save the Children Federation
(Radda Barnen) 206,916 75,873
Sundry donors - 41

Switzerland

Association de cooperatives franco-
algeriennes du Faucigny 45 -
Association Suisse - Arabe 349 1,095
Dubois, Mr. Jacques 83 -
Van Berchem, Mrs. M. Gauthier 550 -
Krbec, Miss Eva Marie 185 93
Swiss Pastors 162 -
Sundry donors 14 28

Syria

Syrian Local Authorities 1,969 977

United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland

Ardrossan Churches Group - Scotland 250 -
Catholic Women's League 1,200 -
Collegiate School for Girls - Blackpool 499 499
Iraq Petroleum Company 26,673 -
OXFAM 165,865 81,480
Table 21 (continued)
_________________________________________________________________

First six
Name of contributor Year months
1970 of 1971
_________________________________________________________________

United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland (continued)

Standing Conference of British Organizations
for Aid to Refugees:
Aitken, Mrs. E. 1,104 -
British O.S.E. Society 240 -
The Refugee Circle 984 -
Wings of Friendship 240 480
War on Want 2,672 3,125
Anonymous 12 -
Sundry donors 128 308

United States of America

American Council for Judaism Philanthropic
Fund 1,100 -
American Friends Service Committee 16,998 6,720
Americans for Justice in the Middle East 266 -
American Joint Distribution Committee 2,237 -
American Near East Refugee Aid Inc.
(ANERA) 2,500 550
American Middle East Rehabilitation (AMER)
(Division of ANERA) 17,399 6,517
Attiyeh, Dr. Albert 200 -
ESSO Middle East 550 -
Fisher, Mr. and Mrs. Harold W. 1,100 -
Holt, Dr. and Mrs. Emmett 50 550
Page, Mr. and Mrs. Howard 1,500 1,650
Piercy, G. 500 550
Shaheen, Said - 550
The Garry Owen Memorial Scholarship Fund - 2,750
Wausau - Wisconsin Chapter - 200
Baligh, Mustafa H. 200 -
Canate, Miss Ruth 50 -
Colleagues and friends of the late George
Bahouth 183 -
Co-operative for American Relief Everywhere
(CARE) 9,179 490
Forbush, Mr. and Mrs. D.R. 50 -
Gardner, Mrs. Cary B. - 100
Glover, Dr. M. and Jackson, Dr. P. 85 -
Hess, Mrs. Gertrude C. - 50
Hilton, E. Hanna 50 -
Johns, Leroy K. 50 -
Islamic Center of New York 127 -
Mennonite Central Committee 4,000 -
Munro6, Miss Gretel S. 100 -
NAJDA, (American Women for the Middle
East) 1,100 -
Schenkers International Forwarders, Inc. - 100
Schwittay, A.M. 50 -
Table 21 (continued)
_________________________________________________________________

First six
Name of contributor Year months
1970 of 1971
_________________________________________________________________

United States of America (continued)

Shelly, Javan - 52
Stedman, Miss B. Anna - 550
St. Mary's Syrian Orthodox Church of
Pawtucket - 100
Tahir, Miss Mary Elizabeth 50 -
United States Committee for Refugees 100 -
United States Peoples Fund for the United
Nations Inc. 60 -
World Confederation of Organizations of
the Teaching Profession - 100
Sundry donors 310 163

International organizations

Caritas International - 341
Catholic Relief Services 3,450 10,588
Church World Services Inc. 439 798
Federation of Business and Professional
Women:
International 182 -
Australia - 124
Canada 2,788 3,832
Denmark 57 -
Japan 100 279
New Zealand 550 550
Norway 550 -
Switzerland 550 550
United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland 1,051 1,113
United States of America 550 155
International Confederation of Free Trade
Unions 500 500
Lutheran World Federation 18,893 608
Near East Council of Churches 9,481 -
The Pontifical Mission for Palestine 4,324 360
United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees ("World Star Festival" record
sales) 60,000 -
Women's Auxiliary of UNRWA 5,769 3,077
Women's Royal Voluntary Services 1,059 -
World Alliance of Y.M.C.A. 1,000 -
World Council of Churches/Near East
Council of Churches 58,039 182
Zonta International 18,674 18,150
Sundry donors - 36
_______ _______

993,608 421,358
_______ _______

A 8413 Tables pages 96-97.pdf




ANNEX II

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE TWENTY-FOURTH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY

Health assistance to refugees and displaced persons in the Middle East

WHA24.32
18 May 1971



The Twenty-fourth World Health Assembly,

Recalling its resolution WHA23.52 on health assistance to refugees and displaced persons, operative paragraph 5 (b) of which requested its Director-General to take all effective measures to safeguard health conditions amongst refugees and the displaced persons in the Middle East;

Noting the United Nations General Assembly resolution 2656 (XXV) of 7 December 1970, which inter alia established a Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East;

Nothing further the United Nations General Assembly resolution 2728 (XXV) of 15 December 1970 by which the Assembly approved the first report of the Working Group and endorsed the Working Group's recommendations, thereby, inter alia, urging all organizations of the United Nations system to study ways by which they might assist or undertake activities helpful to the refugees;

Considering the Economic and Social Council resolution 1565 (L) of 6 May 1971, welcoming, inter alia, the contacts initiated with the World Health Organization with a view to obtaining services to the maximum extent possible, and requesting the executive heads of specialized agencies to continue to consider appropriate ways and means of rendering all possible assistance to the Palestine refugees;

Noting with appreciation the report of the Director-General contained in document A24/B/19 and the comments he has supplied on the means of financing outside the regular budget which night be used;

Recognizing the acute financial situation of the United Rations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East which endangers the minimum services provided to the Palestine refugees;

Mindful of the principle that the health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security; and

Realizing that more material and human aid is urgently needed to alleviate the sufferings of the refugees in the Middle East, in particular in the field of health:

1. REQUESTS the Director-General of the World Health Organization to intensify and expand its program of health assistance to the refugees and displaced persons in the Middle East to the amount of at least one million dollars; and

2. DECIDES that meanwhile emergency assistance to the maximum extent possible be given to the refugees and the displaced persons in the Middle East.

Sixteenth plenary meeting, 18 May 1971
A24/VR/16


Health assistance to refugees and displaced persons in the Middle East




WHA24.33
18 May 1971

The Twenty-fourth World Health Assembly,

Bearing in mind that the health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security;

Mindful of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights;

Recalling its resolutions WHA21.38, WHA22.43 and WHA23.52 on health assistance to refugees and displaced persons in the Middle East;

Having considered the report of the Director-General (A/24/B/29) and the annual report of the Director of Health of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA);

Further recalling resolution 9 (XXVII) of the United Nations Con-mission on Human Rights;

Noting that the Commissioner-General of UNRWA has drawn attention that any further lowering of the already austere provisions of health services to refugees under his mandate would jeopardize the health of refugees and of the general public with whom they live;

Recalling General Assembly resolution 2672 (XXV) in which attention was drawn to the continuing critical financial position of the UNRWA and the serious effects of this crisis on the health activities of UNRWA;

Noting further that the reports published by competent organizations reveal that the occupying authorities bar the distribution of medicaments by the International Committee of the Red Cross to the inhabitants of the Occupied Territories

1. REAFFIRMS that the protection of the life and physical and mental health of the refugees and displaced persons require that they immediately be afforded to return to their homes, in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the United Nations;

2. CALLS UPON Israel to abide by the Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949, which provides for essential safeguards for the protection of physical and mental health of the inhabitants of the Occupied Territories;

3. DRAWS THE ATTENTION that Israel's violations of basic human rights of the refugees, displaced persons and the inhabitants of the Occupied Territories constitute a serious impediment to the health of the population of the Occupied Territories, a matter the continuation of which would necessitate that the 0rganization should consider the application of Article 7 of its Constitution;

4. CALLS UPON Israel to refrain from any interference with the activities of the International Committee of the Red Cross in the Occupied Territories;

5. EXPRESSES its appreciation to the Director-General of the World Health Organization, the Director of Health of UNRWA and to the specialized and other organizations that provide assistance to the refugees, displaced persons and the inhabitants of the Occupied Territories in the Middle East; and

6. REQUESTS the Director-General of the World Health Organization:

(a) to take all other effective measures in his power to safeguard health conditions amongst refugees, displaced persons and the inhabitants of the Occupied Territories in the Middle East;

(b) to continue and strengthen his co-operation with the International Committee of the Red Cross to provide material and human aid to the population of the Occupied Territories;

(c) to submit a comprehensive report to the Twenty-fifth World Health Assembly on the conditions of physical and mental health of the population of the Occupied Territories;

(d) to bring this resolution to the attention of all governmental and non--governmental organizations concerned.

Sixteenth plenary meeting, 18 May 1971
A24/VR/16

ANNEX III

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE UNITED NATIONS
EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION


Item 4.1.2 - Co-operation with the United Nations Relief and
Works Agency (UNRWA) (85 EX/4)

The Executive Board,

1. Having examined the Director-General's Report (85 EX/4) on co-operation with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) and having heard his oral report on this subject,

2. Recalling its previous decisions on this question and in particular decisions 6.8, 4.2.5, 4.2.3 and 4.2.1 adopted at its 77th, 82nd, 83rd and 84th sessions respectively,

3. Having heard the debate,

4. Commends the Director-General on his dedicated, tireless and persistent efforts to implement its previous decisions in letter and spirit;

5. Expresses its satisfaction at the remarkable measure of success already achieved by UNESCO in this important endeavor;

6. Calls upon the Government of Israel to authorize the admittance of all textbooks immediately after they have been approved by the Director-General into the occupied territories for distribution and use in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools therein;

7. Asks the Director-General, in the event of the Government of Israel failing to permit the importation of these textbooks into the occupied territories, to report urgently to the Executive Board;

8. Also asks the Director-General to report at a future session of the Executive Board on the situation in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools, wherever they are situated.
II

The Executive Board,

1. Recalling its previous decision 4.2.1. adopted at its 84th session an the launching of an international appeal for voluntary contributions for UNRWA,

2. Reaffirming its belief of the urgent need for such an appeal,

3. Asks the Director-General to launch the appeal as soon as he deems the circumstances favorable;

4. Invites the Director-General to report to the Executive Board at the Spring session of 1971 on the implementation of this resolution

Executive Board
Eighty-fifth session
85 EX/SR.14, 15, 17.


Item 4.2.4 - Co-operation with the United Nations Relief and
Works Agency (UNRWA) (87 EX/9 and Add.1 and 2)
I

The Executive Board,

1. Having examined the Director-General's report (87 EX/9 and Add.1 and 2) on co-operation with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UVRWA) and having heard his, oral report on this subject,

2. Recalling its previous decisions on this question and in particular decision of its 85th session,

3. Commends the Director-General on his dedicated and tireless efforts to implement these decisions;

4. Expresses its satisfaction at the co-operation of the Governments of Jordan, Lebanon and the United Arab Republic with the Director-General to implement the Executive Board's decisions;

5. Takes note of the declaration of the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic according to which it "welcomes any collaboration with the Director-General of UNESCO to secure the education of the children of the refugees and to provide them with the textbooks they need in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools situated in Syrian Arab territory";

6. Expresses its concern at the failure of the Government of Israel to comply with the above-mentioned resolution by refusing or delaying the granting Of import permits to 12 of the textbooks approved by the Director-General;

7. Urgently calls again upon the Government of Israel to authorize the immediate admittance of all textbooks already approved, or to be approved, by the Director-General into the occupied territories for distribution and use in the UNRWA/UNESCO schools therein;

8. Invites the Director-General to report to the Executive Board at its 88th session on the implementation of this resolution.
II

The Executive Board

1. Recalling its previous decisions 4.2.1. and 4.1.2 adopted at its 84th and 85th sessions respectively on the launching of an international appeal for voluntary contributions to UNRWA,

2. Affirming its belief that the only real and effective justice for the Palestine refugees is that based on the recognition of their human rights,

3. Aware of the fact that the programs for the education of the Palestine refugees could be seriously impaired by the precariousness and insufficiency of the resources available to UNRWA,

4. Commends the Director-General on his dedicated and most appreciated efforts to implement the decisions of the Executive Board on this subject;

5. Expresses its thanks to Ambassador Mansour Khalid for the valuable and fruitful mission he has agreed to undertake on behalf of UNESCO;

6. Expresses the hope that the Member States who do not contribute to UNRWA will find it possible to contribute to UNESCO's deposit account for the education of the Palestine refugees;

7. Invites the Director-General to continue his efforts to achieve the goal of covering the deficit in UNRWA's resources for the education of Palestine refugees;

8. Further invites the Director-General to report to the Executive Board at its 88th session of the responses to his appeal.



Executive Board
Eighty-seventh session
87 EX/SR 8, 9.



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