OIT indique que le chômage parmi les Palestiniens est en hausse de plus de 25 pour cent - Communiqué de presse Français
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ILO: Unemployment among Palestinians up by over 25 per cent
Deteriorating employment prospects
The total number of unemployed Palestinians soared by more than 25 per cent in 2014 compared to the previous year to reach 338,300. This resulted in an average unemployment rate of 27 per cent throughout the occupied Arab territories. The corresponding rate for Gaza was more than double that of the West Bank.
Young jobseekers face an even more serious challenge as the youth unemployment rate reached almost 40 per cent for young men and 63 per cent for young women in 2014. More than 70 per cent of Palestinians are under 30 years of age and they are facing very serious difficulties in finding a job after completing their education.
Palestinian Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2014 experienced its first year-on-year decline since 2006. In Gaza, real GDP per capita was nearly 30 per cent lower than in 1999.
Palestinian workers in the Israeli economy
The report notes that a growing number of Palestinians have access to the Israeli labour market, with or without the required permits.
On the Israeli side, both employers and trade unions are ready to receive more Palestinian workers for work in conditions set out in collective bargaining agreements. Over 52,000 Palestinians work legally in Israel, with another estimated 26,000 in the settlements. Some restrictions on the access of Palestinians to the Israeli labour market have recently been relaxed, and this has given a degree of relief in a situation of high and growing Palestinian unemployment.
However, up to a third of the estimated 107,000 Palestinians who work in the Israeli economy, and increasingly in the settlements, do not enjoy the benefits from collective bargaining agreements. They work in unregulated conditions which can be precarious and exploitative. The report notes that due to the large amount of potentially precarious work outside the permit regime, the conditions of recruitment and employment of Palestinian workers should be addressed as a matter of urgency.
Working in Israel should be an option, not a necessity for Palestinians, the report declares.
The findings of the report are based on a mission that involved in-depth discussions and a number of field visits to the occupied Arab territories and Israel in March this year. Since 1980, the Director-General has been mandated to present an annual report to the International Labour Conference on the situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories, including the occupied Syrian Golan.