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Source: United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)
23 February 2017

occupied Palestinian territory

emergency appeal 2017

In 2016, Palestine refugees across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) faced continued Israeli occupation, repeated violations of human rights and high levels of violence. In Gaza, the political and security situation remains volatile. Two and a half years on from the 2014 hostilities, which caused unprecedented destruction and loss of life, 6,750 Palestine refugee families remain displaced and repairs to tens of thousands of homes have yet to be completed.The land, air and sea blockade of Gaza will enter its eleventh year in June 2017. With opportunities for employment stifled by the blockade - the unemployment rate remains among the highest worldwide - almost 1 million Palestine refugees are dependent on food assistance, a tenfold increase on the 100,000 that required such support in 2000.

The situation in the West Bank is increasingly precarious. Palestine refugees continue to experience difficult socioeconomic conditions rooted in occupation-related policies and practices imposed by the Israeli authorities. These include a recent rise in the number of house demolitions, including punitive demolitions, as well as access and movement restrictions. In addition, Palestinians continue to experience high levels of food insecurity, with those living in refugee camps particularly affected. The lack of progress on the political track and the continued expansion of Israeli settlements only add to this burden.

In 2017 UNRWA requires US$ 402 million to address the priority humanitarian needs of Palestine refugees in Gaza and the West Bank. The Agency's appeal is guided by the following four strategic priorities:

Food-insecure households and those facing acute shocks have increased economic access to food through food aid/food vouchers, cash assistance and Cash-for-Work.

Crisis-affected refugees enjoy their basic rights to services and assistance, including education; health; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); and shelter repair.

Protection of Palestine refugees from the effects of the conflict and violence through access to services and advocacy, awareness-raising and the provision of mental health assistance.

Effective management and coordination of emergency response, to improve the effectiveness, efficiency and neutrality of programme delivery.

Food AssistanceFood parcels distributed to 911,500 Palestine refugees in Gaza and 36,000 Bedouin/herders across Area C in the West Bank. A further 155,000 Palestine refugees in the West Bank will receive e-vouchers.
Cash-for-Work LivelihoodsTemporary employment opportunities for 53,193 Palestine refugees in Gaza and 8,000 in the West Bank.
HealthSelf-employment opportunities for 200 skilled women in Gaza.
Education in EmergenciesMedical assessments for 12,000 students in Gaza, while mobile health clinics will service 58 West Bank communities.
Emergency Environmental HealthBack-to-school materials for over 260,000 students in Gaza.
ShelterMaintenance of water and wastewater facilities in Gaza and the removal of 60,000 tons of waste from in and around refugee camps.
Psychosocial Support and Community Mental HealthRental assistance for over 6,500 refugee families who lost their homes in the 2014 hostilities and support for repairs for over 50,000 families.
ProtectionStructured psychosocial interventions for over 260,000 children in Gaza and access to psychosocial support for 10,300 Bedouins in the West Bank.
Explosive Remnants of WarMonitoring, documenting and reporting on violations of international humanitarian and human rights law affecting Palestine refugees.
Summer Fun Weeks/ Recreational ActivitiesTraining for 1,000 education staff.
NeutralitySummer recreational activities for 140,000 Palestine refugee children in Gaza and 2,120 in the West Bank.
Safety and SecurityFour or more neutrality inspections at all UNRWA installations in Gaza and the West Bank. Ensuring the safety and security of staff and beneficiaries.

united nations relief and works agency for palestine refugees in the near east

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