Bulletin mensuel de la DDP - Vol. XXVIII, No.8 - Bulletin du Comité pour l’exercice des droits inaliénables du peuple palestinien/DDP (août 2005) - Publié par la Division des droits palestiniens Français
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Israel has employed unilateral economic measures as a means of political and economic coercion in the occupied Palestinian territories. Such measures include movement restrictions, house demolitions, land confiscation and the erection of a barrier. These measures have had detrimental repercussions on the living conditions of the Palestinian people. World Bank estimates for overall economic performance show that in 2004, Palestinian gross domestic product (GDP) was lower by 20 per cent compared to 1999 while GDP per capita was lower by 37 per cent. In terms of United States dollars, GDP estimates dropped from $4.1 billion in 1999 to $3.3 billion in 2004, while GDP per capita fell from $1,493 to $934 over the same period. 1
1 The World Bank, “Disengagement, the Palestinian economy and the Settlements”, 23 June 2004 (table 1, p. 30).
23. Results: Despite the difficult conditions in the field, UNCTAD continues to successfully implement a diverse programme of technical cooperation with the Palestinian Authority (PA)/civil society, assisting it to develop its capacity and reform programme in several areas. Two secretariat reports on UNCTAD assistance to the Palestinian people were deliberated on widely and noted with satisfaction by the Trade and Development Board. The majority of the Board members echoed the reports' key themes and stressed the need to increase support for assistance to the Palestinian people in UNCTAD. The impact of advisory services provided by UNCTAD, in response to the PA requests, is manifested in the fact that eight of the PA's policy papers/draft laws are being reformulated in response to, or drawing on, these services. The secretariat activities, in the areas of technical cooperation, research and analysis, and training, continue to have a positive impact on PA policy-making and capacity in the area of customs, debt management, trade facilitation, private sector development and economic analysis and management. The selective and flexible mode of operations adopted by the secretariat in the past three years has effectively produced tangible results. This is reflected in the integration of UNCTAD's ideas and adoption of its recommendations at various levels, building of institutional, technical and human capacities, and the enrichment of public debate on related policy issues. The secretariat activities have helped the PA to maintain the focus on work on key institution-building projects, while addressing the urgent relief needs generated by the ongoing crisis.