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L'évaluation du partenariat pour la démocratie concernant le Conseil national palestinien – Projet de résolution de APCE/Document non-produit par l’ONU Français
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Source: Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly
28 January 2014

Resolution 1969 (2014)1
Provisional version

Evaluation of the partnership for democracy in respect of the
Palestinian National Council

Parliamentary Assembly

1. On 4 October 2011, the Parliamentary Assembly adopted Resolution 1830 (2011) on the request for partner for democracy status with the Parliamentary Assembly submitted by the Palestinian National Council, whereby it granted partner for democracy status to the Palestinian National Council (PNC). The PNC thus became the second parliament, after that of Morocco, to request and to be granted this status, introduced by the Assembly in 2009 to develop institutional co-operation with the parliaments of the Council of Europe’s neighbouring States.

2. Upon making its official request for this status, the Palestinian National Council declared that it shared the same values as those upheld by the Council of Europe and made political commitments in accordance with Rule 61.2 of the Rules of Procedure of the Assembly. These commitments are set out in paragraph 4 of Resolution 1830 (2011).

3. In addition, the Assembly stated in paragraph 12 of the aforementioned resolution that a number of specific measures were of key importance for strengthening democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in the Palestinian territories. It stressed that progress in taking forward reforms is the prime aim of the partnership for democracy and should constitute the benchmark for assessing its efficiency.

4. The Assembly supported the Palestinian bid for full membership of the United Nations in 2011. However, as the United Nations Security Council was not able to make a unanimous recommendation on the Palestinian bid, full membership was not achieved, although over 130 member States of the United Nations, amongs which 18 member States of the Council of Europe, have already recognised the State of Palestine.

5. The Assembly took note of Resolution 67/19 of the General Assembly of the United Nations granting Palestine “non-member State” status, which improves the possibilities for Palestine to join some international organisations and to accede to some international treaties and conventions, and decided, following that resolution, to use the name “Palestine” in the Assembly list and related documents.

6. The Assembly notes that since the adoption of Resolution 1830 (2011) an agreement on reconciliation has been reached between the Palestinian authorities and the de facto rulers in Gaza, but regrets that the agreement has not been put into practice, and that the formation of a Palestinian Government of national unity has not succeeded and, consequently, dates for the much needed parliamentary and presidential elections have yet to be agreed upon.

7. The Assembly welcomes the opening of new negotiations between the Governments of Palestine and Israel, also thanks to the efforts of the Government of the United States. Recognising that progress is slow, it urges all parties to support the negotiations and is optimistic that an agreement can be reached. It reiterates its support for a two-State solution, calls for an end to the illegal occupation of the Palestinian territories by Israel and regrets the ongoing construction of illegal settlements in the Palestinian territories.

8. Both the division between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and the ongoing Israeli occupation of the largest part of the Palestinian territories have made it impossible for the Palestinian National Council to comply with some of the political commitments entered into upon requesting partner for democracy status and to implement some of the reforms mentioned in Resolution 1830 (2011).

9. In this context, the Assembly:

10. The Assembly calls on the Palestinian National Council to speed up the implementation of its general commitment to the core values of the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and to address issues in these areas, including those reported by civil society organisations and the media. It is of the utmost importance that the lack of checks and balances, due to the current absence of an effective legislative power in Palestine, be overcome. The Assembly offers, where and when needed, its assistance to the Palestinian delegation to enable it to make full use of its rights to participate in the work of the Assembly.

11. The Assembly recalls that, when granting partner for democracy status to the Palestinian National Council, it had hoped that this would contribute to intensifying co-operation between Palestine and the Council of Europe. The reform of the judiciary, the promotion of good governance and the prevention of trafficking in human beings were identified as areas for co-operation, but unfortunately there has been no follow-up.

12. In this context, the Assembly notes that, due to the lack of a real legislative process in Palestine, there have so far been no grounds to mobilise the expertise of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission). It further notes with regret that participation of the Palestinian Authority in the intergovernmental activities of the Council of Europe has remained very limited and it encourages the Secretary General to take all necessary steps, together with relevant partners, to mobilise the Organisation's expertise to assist in the further development in Palestine of human rights, the rule of law and democracy, and to investigate future possibilities for Palestine to make more use of the relevant instruments of the Council of Europe.

13. The Assembly encourages the members of the Palestinian partner for democracy delegation to accelerate the implementation of the process of reform and to address remaining concerns with regard to the rule of law and respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms, in line with the political commitments entered into under the partnership.

14. In conclusion, the Assembly welcomes the progress achieved and resolves to continue to review the implementation of political reforms in Palestine and to offer its assistance to the PNC. It will make a new assessment of the partnership within two years from the adoption of the present resolution.

1. Assembly debate on 28 January 2014 (4th Sitting) (see Doc. 13382, report of the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy, rapporteur: Mr Tiny Kox). Text adopted by the Assembly on 28 January 2014 (4th Sitting).


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