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Assistance au peuple palestinien - Rapport du Secrétaire général

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        General Assembly
        Economic and Social Council

7 May 2009

Original: English

General Assembly
Sixty-fourth session
Item 71 (b) of the preliminary list*
Strengthening of the coordination of
humanitarian and disaster relief assistance
of the United Nations, including special
economic assistance
Economic and Social Council
Substantive session of 2009
Geneva, 6-31 July 2009
Item 9 of the provisional agenda**
Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the international institutions associated with the United Nations

Assistance to the Palestinian people Report of the Secretary-General

    During the period under review, the government of Prime Minister Salam Fayyad made progress on fiscal, monetary and security reforms. Donors disbursed about $1.8 billion to finance the recurrent budget, which is well above the amount pledged at the Paris donor conference. During the International Conference in Support of the Palestinian Economy for the Reconstruction of Gaza, held on 2 March 2009, donors pledged approximately $4.5 billion to support the needs of the Palestinian people.

    The overall economic and political situation was challenging. Increased isolation, internal Palestinian divisions and armed conflict led to substantial economic and humanitarian deterioration in the Gaza Strip, where Hamas continued its control. In the West Bank, although Israeli restrictions on movement decreased in some locations, the number of obstacles remained overall the same during the reporting period. Settlements and outposts have expanded and house demolitions have increased, in particular in East Jerusalem. Bilateral political negotiations between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization continued, but no agreement was reached. Despite various attempts mediated by Egypt, no real progress has been made on intra-Palestinian reconciliation, prisoner exchange or a sustainable ceasefire.

    The present report describes efforts made by United Nations agencies, in cooperation with the Palestinian Authority and donors, to support the Palestinian population and institutions.

I. Introduction II. Overview of the current situation A. Political context B. Humanitarian and socio-economic context Economic and fiscal developments Humanitarian and social-economic developments Movement and access Barrier III. United Nations response A. Human and social development Education Health Employment Targeted social assistance Cultural heritage Human rights, women, children and youth Environment B. United Nations system emergency assistance Emergency food and agriculture support Emergency education support Emergency health support C. United Nations system support to Palestinian institutions D. Private sector development E. Coordination of United Nations assistance Humanitarian access IV. Donor response to the crisis Budgetary and fiscal support Donor coordination V. Challenges VI. Conclusions Notes

1IMF: macroeconomic and fiscal framework for the West Bank and Gaza: third review of progress, February 2009.
3Report of the National Society of the International Red Cross Movement in Israel, January 2009.
3Gaza Ministry of Health figures. Independently verified figures not yet available.
4WFP Food Security and Market Monitoring Report Number 19, July 2008.
5The Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, February 2009.
6Consolidated Appeal Process 2009, p.1.
7Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Humanitarian Monitor, West Bank closure updates.
8Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Humanitarian Monitor, December 2008.

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