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        General Assembly
16 November 2001

Official Records
General Assembly
Fifty-sixth session
57th plenary meeting
Friday, 16 November 2001, 3 p.m.
New York

President:Mr. Han Seung-soo ................................................................(Republic of Korea)

The meeting was called to order at 3.05 p.m.

Agenda item 9 (continued)

General debate


The President : I now give the floor to His Excellency Mr. Ali Said Abdella, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Eritrea.

Mr. Abdella (Eritrea) (spoke in Arabic):


In the same vein, a just and durable solution to the problem in the Middle East must be found through the creation of a fully independent Palestinian State.


The President : I give the floor to Her Excellency Mrs. Antonieta Rosa Gomes, Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.

Mrs. Gomes (Guinea-Bissau) (spoke in Portuguese; English text provided by the delegation):


In the Middle East, the conflict between Israel and Palestine is at the crux of the situation. It is in that context that we appeal to the parties, in accordance with the Mitchell plan, to implement the accords without delay and reaffirm the fundamental principles established at Madrid and Oslo, as well as the subsequent agreements. This requires the parties to abstain from all actions that endanger the peace process and all activity that is contrary to international law.


The President : We have heard the last speaker in the general debate. Before making my own concluding remarks, I shall call on those representatives who wish to speak in the exercise of the right of reply.


Mr. Hussein (Ethiopia):


Amid widespread emphasis on the need for effective multilateral cooperation to address the immediate threats posed by terrorism, the importance of directly linking the wider goals of the United Nations with the fight against terrorism was also recognized. In this regard, it has often been stressed that terrorism can be eliminated only if the conditions creating a fertile breeding ground for it, such as poverty and social and economic marginalization, are removed. Some speakers also pointed out that a lack of democracy and persistent violations of human rights could lead to the emergence of terrorist movements, while others saw a link between acts of terrorism and the lack of progress in resolving long-standing disputes, particularly with regard to the Middle East conflict. As for the role of the United Nations in counter-terrorist activities, several specific ideas have been presented, including one to establish a centre for coordinating assistance to States in resolving crises caused by terrorist acts.


The meeting rose at 5.30 p.m.

This record contains the text of speeches delivered in English and of the interpretation of speeches delivered in the other languages. Corrections should be submitted to the original languages only. They should be incorporated in a copy of the record and sent under the signature of a member of the delegation concerned to the Chief of the Verbatim Reporting Service, room C-178. Corrections will be issued after the end of the session in a consolidated corrigendum.

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