The humanitarian context of oPt is unique amongst today's humanitarian crises and remains directly tied to the impact of occupation, now approaching its 50th year. While needs surged in Gaza since mid-2014 following a 51-day escalation of hostilities and substantial residual requirements remain one year later, the underlying challenges remain unchanged across oPt. First, is the need for protection measures for at least 1.8 million Palestinians experiencing or at risk of (by way of illustration) conflict and violence, displacement, denial of access to livelihoods, administrative detention, psycho-social distress or exposure to explosive remnants of war. Second, is the need to ensure delivery of essential services such as water and health care for the most acutely vulnerable households currently denied access. And third is the need to support vulnerable households to better cope with the prolonged nature of the humanitarian crisis and the recurrent cycle of shocks, natural and manmade. These dynamics are significantly magnified in the Gaza context, given the restrictions associated with the eight year blockade. Across the oPt, one in two Palestinians, roughly 2.3 million people, will need some form of humanitarian assistance in 2016.