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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
GENERAL
A/C.3/53/SR.29
17 November 1998

Original: English

General Assembly
Fifty-third session
Official Records

Third Committee

Summary record of the 29th meeting
Held at Headquarters, New York, on Friday, 30 October 1998, at 10 a.m.

Chairman: Mr. Hachani . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Tunisia)

Contents

The meeting was called to order at 10.20 a.m.

Agenda item 110: Human rights questions (continued)
(A/53/58, 74, 75, A/53/77–S/1998/171, A/53/79, 80, A/53/94–S/1998/309, A/53/99–S/1998/344, A/53/131–S/1998/435, A/53/165–S/1998/601, A/53/167, 203, A/53/205–S/1998/711, A/53/214, 215, A/53/225–S/1998/747, A/53/343, 404, 425, 489, 493, 494 and 497; A/C.3/53/4, 5, 7 and 9)

(a) Implementation of human rights instruments (continued)
(A/53/40 (vols. I and II), A/53/44, A/53/72–S/1998/156, A/53/95–S/1998/311, A/53/118, 125, 230, 253, 283, 339, 432 and 469)

/…

14. Mr. Najem(Lebanon) said that Lebanon continued to be oppressed by Israel’s direct occupation of southern Lebanon and the Western Bekaa, involving persistent, daily acts of aggression by the Israeli occupation forces in what was effectively a war against Lebanon’s sovereignty, prosperity and right to self-determination, waged in flagrant violation of United Nations resolutions.

15. The Israeli occupation forces controlling large parts of southern Lebanon and the Western Bekaa were inflicting a regime of cruelty on Lebanese citizens which flouted a number of United Nations resolutions concerning respect for human rights. The daily human rights violations perpetrated by the Israeli occupation forces, involving the torture and inhumane treatment of Lebanese citizens, contravened the provisions of the fourth Geneva Convention, The Hague Convention, international law, the Charter of the United Nations and human rights instruments. Innocent civilians in southern Lebanon were being detained without charge or due process and prisoners were not afforded even their most basic needs. The Israeli occupation forces were also carrying out random attacks on a daily basis against the villages of Lebanon, using aircraft and internationally proscribed weapons, including nail bombs and dumdum bullets, to kill innocent civilians and destroy public property. Few could forget the Israeli massacre of 106 innocent men, women and children at Qana in 1996, or the aerial attacks against civilian targets during Operation Grapes ofWrath, which had resulted in civilian fatalities and the destruction of essential water and electricity installations.

16. Israeli policy and practice meant that even the right to life of the citizens of southern Lebanon was a matter for debate, since Israel reserved the right to carry out daily land, air and sea attacks on Lebanese towns and villages. One had to wonder whether Israel accepted the need to respect human rights at all, given its disregard for the rights to life, work, security and self-determination.

17. Despite the Israeli occupation, Lebanon remained firmly convinced of the sanctity of human rights, a principle reflected in its legislation. It believed that a future of peace and prosperity in the region depended on respect for human rights and an end to the cycle of violence. In opposing the logic of occupation, it drew on the Charter and on human rights law, and it called on the international community to acknowledge its responsibilities and to put a stop to the practices of the Israeli occupation forces. Security Council resolution 425 (1978) called for Israel’s immediate and unconditional withdrawal from Lebanon. If Israel failed to withdraw, the human rights situation in Lebanon could only get worse.

/…

________________
This record is subject to correction. Corrections should be sent under the signature of a member of the delegation concerned within one week of the date of publication to the Chief of the Official Records Editing Section, room DC2-750, 2 United Nations Plaza, and incorporated in a copy of the record. Corrections will be issued after the end of the session, in a separate corrigendum for each Committee.



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