OCHA-oPt Protection of
Summary data tables
Reports to the end of October 2008
These data may be used freely for information and analysis purposes; however the source must be cited. The citation should include “United Nations OCHA-oPt” and the reporting period for the data. Usage should take into account the caveats and terminology defining the data. Summary statistics are available for the following Weekly Briefing Note themes:
3. Methods and sources
The information used to compile the Weekly Briefing Notes comes from a range of sources compiled by OCHA field teams1 in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Typically, the OCHA field teams receive an initial incident report from a source, which is verified through visits to the incident site in addition to further corroboration with a third source, such as an NGO.
Each week the following sources are used to compile the Weekly Briefing Notes:
� Physical protection: OCHA field teams, Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS), United Nations Relief Works Agency (UNRWA), World Health Organization (WHO), Israel Defence Forces (IDF) website, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) website, offices of Palestinian Authority (PA) governors, Palestinian District Civilian Liaison (DCL).
� Shelter and property: OCHA field teams, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL.
� Access and Movement for Civilians: Palestinian DCL, Christian Peacemakers Team (CPT).
� Curfews: OCHA field teams, Village Councils, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL.
� Additional Protection issues: OCHA field teams, UNRWA, United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS), UNSCO, Palestinian DCLs, Palestinian Governors’ offices, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, IDF website.
4. Reporting completeness
Reporting to the Weekly Briefing Notes is comprehensive but it is not exhaustive and occasionally some incidents may not be included. In some cases updated information is reported later and is included in the Protection of Civilians database retrospectively. For this reason there can be slight differences between the database and the figures published in the Weekly Briefing Notes.
5. Duplicate reports - died of wounds
Individuals who have been seriously wounded and who later die from their injuries are usually counted in both the injuries and the deaths tables. Between January 2005 and July 2007 the database includes 81 Palestinians, 3 Israelis and 1 foreign citizen who died from wounds some time after the incident in which they were injured. Twenty nine of these Palestinian deaths were caused by internal violence and conflict.
6. Reporting period
Casualty incidents and curfew reports are collated and published in the Weekly Briefing Notes according to the actual date on which they occurred. Monthly summaries for these are precise representations of the data, while the Weekly Briefing Note report period may overlap the end of one month and the start of the next.
Searches, arrests/detentions and flying (random) checkpoints are published as summary figures for a weekly reporting period (running from Wednesday to the following Tuesday). Weekly reports do not correspond precisely with calendar months. The monthly figures shown in these tables are calculated by adding the total figures from each Weekly Briefing Note period. Weeks that overlap the end of one month and the start of the next are counted towards the month that most of the reporting week falls in. Consequently some months show figures for five reporting weeks and some for four. Details of the actual reporting period and the number of reporting weeks for each month are given in Appendix 1.
Physical protection – concerns incidents where there were casualties. These include deaths and injuries in Palestinian, Israeli and foreign nationals who were killed or injured in the occupied Palestinian territories2 or in Israel in incidents related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The figures include civilians, members of the security forces and members of Palestinian militant groups. Reports of casualties resulting from accidents, or from violence in the context of criminal activities are not included.
Injuries – include injuries of different severity and the degree of injury is not recorded in the database. Injuries figures do not include cases of shock or tear gas inhalation.
Israeli security forces – are defined as any member of the Armed Forces, the Police and the Border Police. Private security personnel are not included and are considered to be civilians.
Children – are defined as individuals aged 0-17 inclusive. Reporting of child deaths has been verified against external data collected by Defence for Children - Palestine since July 2006, earlier reports may be an underestimate where age information has not been reported. Injuries figures for children are likely to be an underestimate as age information for injured individuals is often not available or reported.
Casualty incident type
Incidents where casualties (deaths and injuries) were reported have been divided into categories for analysis purposes. The casualties summary table published in each Weekly Briefing Note and the information cited in most published reports use figures for deaths and injuries resulting from “direct conflict”. Other conflict-related incidents are reported from the field and described in the Weekly Briefing Notes but not included in the weekly summary statistics. Deaths and injuries from these incidents have been recorded in the database and are summarised in these tables. The incident type classifications are:
� Direct conflict. These are casualties resulting directly from the conflict and occupation of the oPt. These include casualties caused in military operations, artillery shelling, search and arrest campaigns, demonstrations3, targeted killing, settler violence, Palestinian attacks on Israelis etc.
� Disputed circumstances. These are casualties resulting from incidents that are still under investigation and where the cause of the casualties remains disputed.
� Indirect conflict. These are casualties resulting indirectly from the conflict and occupation of the oPt. They include casualties caused by Unexploded Ordnance (UXO), traffic incidents4, “home made rockets” missing their target, deaths in prison, deaths from probable underlying medical conditions that occurred during military operations, or where access to medical care was denied.
� Internal violence and conflict. These include casualties caused by factional violence or family feuding, internal demonstrations (that are linked to the conflict/occupation) and shooting of alleged collaborators with Israel. These incidents began to be comprehensively reported from May 2006 and earlier figures will be underreported.
� “Reckless handling of explosives or weapons”. These include those injured or killed while preparing or handling explosives and all those injured or killed in the vicinity.
Searches and arrests/detentions
Searches refer to operations by the Israeli security forces to search houses or other properties. During these operations individuals are often detained or arrested. Detentions (without arrest) typically last for a few days but can extend for a period of three months or longer.
The duration of a curfew is counted once for each curfew incident. A single curfew affecting multiple neighbouring locations is counted as one incident. A curfew that is lifted and re-imposed in the same place on a single day is counted as two incidents. A single curfew incident may last for several days.
For the context and details of specific incidents please refer to the source information, located in the Weekly Briefing Notes. The reports are available in the report centre of the OCHA-oPt website at http://www.ochaopt.org