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UNITED
NATIONS

Distr.
GENERAL
E/CN.4/1996/SR.49
6 June 1996

ENGLISH
Original: FRENCH

COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

Fifty-second session

SUMMARY RECORD OF THE 49th MEETING

Held at the Palais des Nations, Geneva,
on Thursday, 18 April 1996, at 3 p.m.

Chairman: Mr. VERGNE SABOIA (Brazil)

later: Mr. LEGAULT (Canada)
(Vice-Chairman)

later: Mr. VASSYLENKO (Ukraine)
(Vice-Chairman)


CONTENTS

/...

QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS IN ANY PART OF THE WORLD, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO COLONIAL AND OTHER DEPENDENT COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES, ...

/...



This record is subject to correction. Corrections should be submitted in one of the working languages. They should be set forth in a memorandum and also incorporated in a copy of the record. They should be sent within one week of the date of this document to the Official Records Editing Section, room E.4108, Palais des Nations, Geneva. Any corrections to the records of the public meetings of the Commission at this session will be consolidated in a single corrigendum, to be issued shortly after the end of the session.



The meeting was called to order at 3.15 p.m.


QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS IN ANY PART OF THE WORLD, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO COLONIAL AND OTHER DEPENDENT COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES, ...

/...

13. Mr. MADADHA (Observer for Jordan) said that Jordan was well known for the moderation it always displayed, even in the most difficult of circumstances. At the beginning of the session, his delegation had requested Israel to show restraint in combating terrorism and to take into account the rights of the populations with which it had to coexist. Unfortunately, the world was witness to the alarming events in Lebanon, which posed a serious threat to peace in the region. The killing of Lebanese children and civilians during indiscriminate bombardments by the Israeli army was as despicable as the killing of Israeli civilians in blind attacks.

14. Most of the peoples in the Middle East had been living in terror for decades and wanted the conclusion of a just and comprehensive peace between the Arab countries and Israel. Only the end of the occupation, within the framework of a comprehensive settlement, could put an end to the violence. For that reason, Jordan, which had always been in the forefront of those demanding a just and lasting peace settlement with Israel, believed that negotiations should be continued at the highest level.

15. Mr. NSEIR (Observer for the Syrian Arab Republic) said that, at its previous sessions, the Commission had adopted resolutions on human rights in southern Lebanon and the western Bekaa, condemning Israel and requesting it to put an end to its oppressive practices, in conformity with Security Council resolution 425 (1978). Clearly, Israel was continuing to turn a deaf ear. Since 11 April 1996 it had even begun a vicious large-scale war against Lebanon, involving the bombardment of numerous civilian targets. Even more than in the past, the Commission should condemn Israel for its continual and premeditated violations of human rights, of international law and of international humanitarian law, not only in southern Lebanon but throughout Lebanese territory. The aggression was proof of Israel’s expansionist ambitions in southern Lebanon and of its intention definitively to occupy that part of the country. The Commission should request Israel to comply with the Fourth Geneva Convention, to implement Security Council resolution 425 (1978) and to respect the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Lebanon. There would be no security in the Middle East until Israel had withdrawn from all the occupied Arab territories. Lastly, it was unfortunate that in its statement on behalf of the European Union, the delegation of Italy had at no point referred to the tragic situation in Lebanon.

/...

29. Mr. LAMDAN (Observer for Israel) said that his statement would focus exclusively on the situation in Lebanon, which was going through an acute phase.

30. The Government of Israel demanded that the Government of Lebanon take control of the Hizbollah terrorists and prevent them from attacking Israeli civilians in the towns and villages on Israel’s northern border. Israeli operations would cease when Hizbollah permanently ended its attacks, which, since 1 February 1996, had killed eight Israelis and wounded many more. Israel had initially endeavoured not to respond to the provocations. It should be pointed out that Hizbollah was inspired, financed and equipped by the Government of Iran, whose sole objective was to undermine the peace process and, if possible, the very existence of Israel. The Government of Israel had sent several warnings, through political and diplomatic channels, to the Government of Lebanon as well as to the Government of Syria, which exercised considerable influence over the situation. Those messages had all been ignored and the Israeli authorities had been obliged to take measures to protect the population in the north of Israel.

31. He wished to clarify a number of points: the Government of Israel was exercising its right to self-defence under Article 51 of the Charter; its wider objective was to protect the peace process and to conduct peace negotiations with Lebanon and Syria; it had no territorial claims on Lebanon and no intention of engaging with either the Lebanese or the Syrian armies; Hizbollah had breached all previous understandings and agreements; although the world’s leaders had declared war on terror at the Sharm al-Sheik Conference, Hizbollah was plunging further into terrorism. The Israeli authorities would not permit Hizbollah to pursue its murderous activities behind the shield of Lebanese civilians. Their purpose was not to injure Lebanese civilians but to destroy Hizbollah targets. Hizbollah’s infrastructure throughout Lebanon, including Beirut, would not enjoy immunity; if Israeli facilities were attacked, corresponding facilities in Lebanon would be hit with superior force. Israel’s operation was not limited in time but defined by the achievement of its aims.

32. Under international law, no State could allow its territory to be used for acts which threatened or harmed the territorial integrity or political independence of another State. The Government of Lebanon had abdicated its international responsibilities. It bore the responsibility for demonstrating that it was capable of guaranteeing the security and stability of the border between Lebanon and Israel.

/...

51. Mr. ADIB AL JADIR (Arab Organization for Human Rights) said that his organization forcefully condemned the current aggression against Lebanon by the Israeli army, which was attacking unarmed civilians, firing at ambulances and destroying housing and civilian infrastructures, including power stations, which clearly did not belong to Hizbollah. The international community should first of all demand that Israel immediately cease its aggression and implement Security Council resolution 425 (1978) and, secondly, provide humanitarian assistance to the 400,000 civilians who had been compelled to flee the bombardments.

/...

54. In the case of Egypt it had been proved that Egyptian prisoners-of-war had been executed by Israel during the conflicts between the two countries in 1956 and 1967. Lastly, in Palestine, the occupied Palestine territories continued to be subjected to blockades and the Palestinians were unable to travel to Jerusalem.

/...

89. Mr. GEBRIEL (World Federation of Democratic Youth) ...

/...

91. In Lebanon, Israel should immediately cease all acts of aggression. The indiscriminate bombardment of civilian targets had caused many victims, including children, and had compelled at least 450,000 people to leave their homes. In conformity with Security Council resolution 425 (1978) the restoration of peace required the withdrawal of Israel from those areas it was occupying in southern Lebanon.

/...
The meeting rose at 6.05 p.m.

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