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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
21 May 2007


The cease-fire between Fatah and Hamas announced on 19 May that ended the week long internal violence still holds.

During the last week, 55 Palestinians were killed and 243 were injured as a result of the internal violence. Since the beginning of this year, more than 150 Palestinians were killed due to factional violence and over 750 injured compared to 146 killed in 2006 and just 19 in 2005.

All roads in Gaza City have now been cleared from barricades, snipers and military installations which has improved movement and access and delivery of services.

However, there has been a marked escalation in Palestinian - Israeli violence. Palestinian militants fired 173 Qassam rockets towards Israel. The Israeli Air Force (IAF) conducted 26 air strikes mainly against groups and installations linked to Hamas including the Executive Support Force (ESF). The IDF fired 37 artillery shells.

The strikes and shooting from the border have killed 36 Palestinians, including seven children, and more than 133 injured including 27 seriously.

During the last week one Israeli woman was killed in Sderot, the first death from Qassam fire since November 2006. An additional 13 Israelis and two IDF soldiers were injured during the same period.

Hundreds of Sderot residents have been relocated by the Israeli government to safer places inside Israel as the Israeli Government declared a state of emergency in Sderot, the Gaza envelope areas and four additional villages within the Qassam firing range.

Qassam rockets firing had previously declined to two to three a week at the beginning of May this year after a Palestinian-Israeli ceasefire announced on 26 November 2006.

Damage to Property and Infrastructure

Electricity for about 50,000 people was cut off on 21 May during an IAF air strike on a workshop East of Gaza City.

At least three structures were completely destroyed and several houses were damaged in Rafah and Gaza City during IAF air strikes on Hamas linked targets. The IAF has also attacked and destroyed six metal workshops alleged to be involved with manufacturing Qassam rockets.

Access and Movement

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