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About the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People
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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
LIMITED
A/AC.183/L.21
15 April 1976

ENGLISH
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH/FRENCH

COMMITTEE ON THE EXERCISE
OF THE INALIENABLE RIGHTS
OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE


NOTE BY THE CHAIRMAN

1. At its second meeting, on 27 February 1976, the Committee authorized the Chairman to request the Secretary-General to invite all States Members of the United Nations, permanent observers to the United Nations and intergovernmental regional organizations to participate in the work of the Committee as observers and to inform them that the Committee was ready to receive from them, orally or in writing, suggestions and proposals, and to study them. This invitation to participate in the work of the Committee was to be brought to the notice particularly of all those States directly interested in the Middle East crisis, the representative of the League of Arab States, the Organization of African Unity and members of the Security Council, especially its permanent members.

2. In compliance with that request, the Secretary-General, on 1 March 1976, addressed those States and organizations.

3. To date replies have been received from France, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. The substantive portions of those replies are reproduced below. Further replies be issued in an addendum to the present document.


FRANCE
[Original: French]
[22 March 1976]

The Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People was established by General Assembly resolution 3376 (XXX), on which the French delegation abstained. The reasons for this attitude were explained at the 2399th meeting of the General Assembly by the Permanent Representative of Italy, in his capacity as representative of the country which, at the time, was President of the European Community, speaking on behalf of the nine States members of the Community (A/PV.2399, pp 43-45 and 46).

In view, however, of the importance which the French authorities attach to the implementation of the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, as one of the principal elements to be taken into consideration in order to achieve a just and lasting settlement in the Middle East, the Mission requests the Secretary-General to suggest that the Committee should refer to the following statements in which the position of France was defined:

(a) Statement "by the Permanent Representative of France at the 2292nd meeting of the General Assembly on 20 November 1974 (A/PV.2292, pp. 44-45 to 48-50);

(b) Statement by the Permanent Representative of Italy, in his capacity as representative of the country which, at the time, was President of the European Economic Community, speaking on behalf of the nine States members of the Community, at the 2393rd meeting of the General Assembly on 5 November 1975 (A/PV.2393, pp. 48 and 49-50);

(c) Statement by the Permanent Representative of France at the a 2394th meeting of the General Assembly on 5 November 1975 (A/PV.2394, pp. 26 to 31);

(d) Statement by the Permanent Representative of France at the 1872nd meeting of the Security Council on 14 January 1976 (S/PV.1872, pp. 26-31);

(e) Explanation of vote by the Permanent Representative of France at the 1879th meeting of the Security Council on 26 January 1976 (S/PV.1879, pp. 17-20 and find 48-50).

ITALY

[Original: French]
[30 March 1976]

The Italian delegation abstained on resolution 3376 (XXX), which established the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People The reasons for the attitude of the Italian delegation were explained at the 2399th meeting of the Assembly (A/PV.2399, pp. 43-45 and 46) when the Permanent Representative of Italy spoke in his capacity as representative of the country which, at the time, was President of the European Community, and on behalf of the nine States members of the Community.

Moreover, the Permanent Representative of Italy defined the position. of the Italian Government on the question of the rights of the Palestinian people in the following statements:

(a) 5 November 1975, at the 2393rd meeting of the General Assembly, in his capacity as representative of the country which, at the time, was President of the European Community, and on behalf of the nine States members of the Community (A/PV.2393, pp. 48 and 49-50);

(b) 19 January 1976, at the 1876th meeting of the Security Council (S/PV.1876, pp. 12-20);

(c) 26 January 1976, at the 1879th meeting of the Security Council (S/PV.1879, pp. 68-72).

The Permanent Representative of Italy wishes to stress that his Government is well aware of the importance of the implementation of the national rights of the Palestinian people as one of the principal elements to be taken into consideration in order to achieve a settlement and a just and lasting peace in the Wear East.

JAPAN


[Original: English] [6 April 1976]


The Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations has the honour transmit herewith a summary of the basic position of the Government of Japan the Middle East problem, including the Palestine question.

The Permanent Representative of Japan has further the honour to state that the Japanese delegation abstained on General Assembly resolution 3376 (XXX), by which the Assembly decided to establish the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.


Attachment


1. The basic elements of the policy of the Japanese Government on the solution of the Middle East problem, including the Palestine question, as indicated in the Chief Cabinet Secretary's statement of 22 November 1973, are as follows:

The Government of Japan is of the view that the following principles should be adhered to in achieving a peace settlement:

(a) The inadmissibility of the acquisition and occupation of any territories by the use of forcer;

(b) The withdrawal of Israeli forces from all the territories occupied in the 1967 war;

(c) Respect for the integrity and security of the territories of all countries in the area and the need of guarantees to that end;

(d) Recognition of and respect for the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations in bringing about a just and lasting peace in the Middle East.

2. The Government of Japan has consistently hoped that a just and lasting peace in the Middle East will be achieved through the prompt and complete implementation of Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973), as well as through the recognition of the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, and has sought to encourage efforts by the parties and countries concerned to achieve a solution by peaceful negotiations.

3. When the Security Council was convened on "The Middle East Problem including the Palestinian question" in January 1976:

(a) Japan supported the participation of the representative of the PLO in the debate ;

(b) Japan supported draft resolution S/11940, presented by non-aligned and other States for the reasons that, thanks to the efforts of the co-sponsors, the final text reflected the views of other Council members and, supplementing Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973), appeared to provide a basis for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East. Although the draft resolution was not adopted, the fact that many members of the Security Council were able to agree on a formula aimed at solving the problem of the Middle East was, in itself, considered by the Government of Japan a point of departure for future fruitful discussions;

(c) At the meeting of l4 January 1976, H.E. Ambassador Shizuo Saito elaborated on that position as follows:

"It is the view of my delegation that our discussions here on the Middle East problem should take into account the following considerations:

"First, the Palestinian Question is the central issue of the Middle East problem. Without a solution of this question, therefore, there can be no true solution of the Middle East problem.

"Secondly, a solution of this problem should be based on Security Council resolution 242 (1967) and 338 (1973). However, concerning the Palestinian people, since these resolutions deal with the problem solely in terms of refugees, it is equally necessary for the Council, while reaffirming the above resolutions, to acknowledge the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.

"Thirdly, parties to the negotiations should utilize the forum of the Geneva Conference, which should be reconvened at the earliest possible date.

"Fourthly, Israel and the. Palestine Liberation Organization should conduct a dialogue in whatever form it may be, with a view to facilitating a peaceful solution of the question."

UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND

[Original: English]

[5 April 1976]

The Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People was created by resolution 3376 (XXX) of the General Assembly, which the United Kingdom delegation voted against. The reasons for this were explained at the 2399th session of the Assembly by the Permanent Representative of Italy in his capacity as representative of the State exercising the Presidency of the European Community at that time, in the name of the nine member States of the Community (document A/PV.2399, pp. 43-45 and 46).

The position of the United Kingdom Government on the question of Palestine has been set out on a number of occasions. In this connexion, I would like to draw your attention and that of the Committee to the following statements:

(a) The statement of the Permanent Representative of Italy in his capacity as representative of the State exercising the Presidency of the European Community at the 2393rd session of the General Assembly on 5 November 1975 (A/PV.2393, pp. 48 and 49-50);

(b) The statement by the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom in the Security Council on 15 January 1976 (S/PV.1873, p. 31).


UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
[Original: English]
[17 March 1976]

The United States voted against General Assembly resolution 3376 (XXX) of 10 November 1975, which created the Committee, just as we voted against General Assembly resolution 3236 (XXIX) on 22 November 1974, which General Assembly resolution 3376 (XXX) seeks to implement. The United States, therefore, does not plan to submit suggestions and proposals to this Committee.

United States policy on the Middle East has been set forth by the President and the Secretary of State. Most recently, our views were presented during the January Security Council debate on the Middle East in the remarks of Ambassador Moynihan, in the statement released by the Department of State at the conclusion of that debate and in the recent exchange of letters with you about the current Middle East situation.


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