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33. Ms. Rasheed (Observer for Palestine), referring to the report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967, regretted that human rights violations had continued and even increased over the past year. Israel’s occupation of Palestine was the source and cause of all the violations committed against the Palestinians. Pursuant to countless United Nations resolutions and the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice dated 9 July 2004, any examination of the situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory should be guided by the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, the first Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions, the Hague conventions, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
34. The violence had caused hundreds of deaths and injuries among Palestinian civilians; she deplored the continuing colonization and confiscation of Palestinian land and the destruction of homes and agricultural land, which had caused the displacement of hundreds of persons and the detention of almost 11,000 Palestinians by the occupying Power, including over 400 children and 100 women, in deplorable conditions. She also regretted the fact that Israel was continuing the illegal construction of the separation wall, which, together with the settlements and numerous checkpoints, destroyed Palestinian territorial integrity, and the Palestinian economy and social fabric, further delaying any possibility of achieving a two-State solution.
35. The continuing siege of Gaza since June 2007 was an act of collective punishment that violated article 33 of the Fourth Geneva Convention. Israel’s obstruction of the population’s access to humanitarian assistance had led to a steady deterioration in the economic, health and food situation. She called on the international community to compel Israel to lift its siege and to respect its obligations as an occupying Power under international law.
36. Mr. Pak Tok Hun (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), criticizing the “war on terror” that was being waged by the United States in Iraq, Afghanistan and the Occupied Palestinian Territory, said that acts of aggression and war that caused the deaths of innocent people, social chaos and poverty constituted the most serious violations of human rights. The best way to protect human rights was to safeguard State sovereignty and ensure social security and stability. It was also important to avoid politicization, selectivity and double standards and to put an end to resolutions submitted by Western countries attacking specific developing countries, a practice which had been condemned in the final document adopted at the meeting of foreign ministers of the Non-Aligned Movement.
The meeting rose at 1.05 p.m.
This record is subject to correction. Corrections should be sent under the signature of a member of the delegation concerned within one week of the date of publication to the Chief of the Official Records Editing Section, room DC2-750, 2 United Nations Plaza, and incorporated in a copy of the record.
Corrections will be issu ed after the end of the session, in a separate corrigendum for each Committee.