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        General Assembly
18 November 1998

Fifty-third session
Agenda item 46
Fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

[Original: Arabic]

(a) Prohibition of direct attacks against the civilian population (referred to as the "basic rule" of the principle of distinction)

(b) Prohibition of indiscriminate attacks:

Specifications of internationally proscribed weapons
Type of weaponApplicationEffects
Nail bombsUsed extensively by Israeli M60 and Merkava tanks.Nail-shaped shrapnel with a four-finned tail section penetrates the human body and tears flesh and bone, inflicting permanent disability. Hospitals report hundreds of cases.
Phosphorous bombs and bombs known as al-Tarmid and al-TarasidUsed in Israeli 81/120/160-mm mortars and shells of various calibres, including 122/155/ 175-mm shells.Classified as chemical weapons, they cause burns and injuries. The bombs, which burn the victim's flesh, are also used to torch houses, cultivated fields and forests.
Fragmentation bombs and missilesUsed by Israeli field artillery and in surface-to-surface and ground-to-air missiles.They scatter the largest possible number of lethal, exploding bomblets.

Role and means of delivery: Air-to-ground, using fighter aircraft

Shell weight: 15 kilos


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