"As is" reference - not a United Nations document
THE CAUSE OF PALESTINE,
THE CITY OF AL-QUDS AL-SHARIF, AND
THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT
THE ELEVENTH SESSION
THE ISLAMIC SUMMIT CONFERENCE
REPUBLIC OF SENEGAL
6-7 RABIUL AWWAL 1429H
(13-14 MARCH 2008)
THE CAUSE OF PALESTINE AND
THE CITY OF AL-QUDS AL-SHARIF
Having considered the Report of the Secretary-General on the Cause of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (Document No. OIC/SUMM-1 1/2008/PAL/SG.REP);
Proceeding from the principles and objectives enshrined in the Charter of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC);
Based on the Islamic resolutions on the Cause of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict;
Recalling the resolutions adopted by the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council, particularly Resolutions No. 242 (1967); No. 252 (1968); No. 338 (1973); No. 425 (1978); No. 465 (1980); No. 476 (1980); No. 478 (1980); No. 681 (1990); No. 1073 (1996); No. 1397 (2002); No. 1435 (2002); and 1515 (2003), as well as UN General Assembly Resolution No. 194 on refugees and Resolution No. ES-10-10 adopted by the 10th Emergency Extraordinary Session of the UN General Assembly in 2002 on illegal Israeli practices in occupied East Jerusalem and the other occupied Palestinian territories, in addition to UN General Assembly Resolution No. ES-10/15 on the apartheid wall which Israel is building on Palestinian land;
Referring to the resolutions issued by the Human Rights Council regarding the violations of human rights in the occupied Arab and Palestinian territories and the resolutions issued by the Non-Aligned movement, the African Union and the Arab League;
Maintaining the momentum of the negotiation resumed in Annapolis and the agreement thereon;
Expressing its strong condemnation of Israel’s persistence in its crimes and massacres as well as repressive and terrorist practices against the Palestinian people, committing aggression against their holy places and national institutions, and continuing to implement its policy of colonialist settlements and to build the apartheid wall, along with the expansion of settlements, the confiscation of land and property, the demolition of homes, and the perpetuation of the policy of collective punishments and assassinations against Palestinian citizens in all the occupied Palestinian territories, in addition to the siege and isolation of the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, violating the sanctity of holy places, desecrating both Muslim and Christian shrines; imposing the unjust siege on the Gaza Strip; and disrupting supplies, food, and medication intended for its population;
Hailing the steadfastness of the Palestinian people and their valiant struggle to regain their inalienable national rights;
Affirming its determination to support the Palestinian people in order to recover their inalienable national rights through all possible ways and means,
1. Reaffirms the centrality of the cause of Al-Quds Al-Sharif for the whole Muslim Ummah. It affirms the Arab character of Occupied East Jerusalem and the need to defend the sanctity of Islamic and Christian holy places. Reiterates its strong condemnation of Israel, the occupying power, for its persistent aggression against Islamic and Christian holy places in and around Al-Quds Al-Sharif, for its illegal excavations beneath Al-Haram Al-Sharif and Al-Aqsa Mosque, and for all such illegal and provocative measures carried out by Israel with the intention of changing the Holy City’s legal status, demographic composition, and character, in particular its illegal colonization practices, including, inter alia, its settlement activities and its construction of the Wall in and around the City in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.
2. Condemns the ongoing and escalating Israeli military campaign against the Palestinian people through which Israel, the occupying power, continues to commit grave human rights violations and war crimes, including the killing and injuring of Palestinian civilians, including children, women, and the elderly; through the use of excessive, indiscriminate, and lethal force, as well as the continued practice of extrajudicial executions, the wanton and widespread destruction of Palestinian homes, properties, infrastructure, agricultural lands, and other sources of livelihood, as well as the detention and imprisonment of thousands of Palestinians, including hundreds of women and children. Expresses grave concern over the most recent Israeli military incursions and assaults in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, particularly in the Gaza Strip, which have left in their wake hundreds of Palestinian victims and which constitute gross human rights violations exacerbating the already-dire humanitarian conditions. It demands that Israel cease forthwith all such violations of international law, including international humanitarian and human rights law, and abide by its legal obligations in this regard.
3. Condemns Israel’s continued unlawful and inhumane collective punishment of the Palestinian people, including in particular by means of its imposition of severe restrictions on the movement of persons and goods into and out of, as well as throughout, the Occupied Palestinian Territory via prolonged closures and hundreds of checkpoints and roadblocks. Stresses that such illegal Israeli practices continue to undermine and destroy the Palestinian economy and to cause socio-economic and humanitarian hardships for the Palestinian civilian population.
4. In this regard, the Summit expresses grave concern over the deteriorating socio-economic conditions and the intensification of the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip, in particular, due to Israel’s continuing illegal closure, siege, and blockade and other illegal measures against the Palestinian people there. The Summit was alarmed by the rising poverty, unemployment, and hunger, as well as by the declining state of health among the Palestinian civilian population, including widespread malnutrition and anemia among children, due to Israel’s deliberate obstruction of access to adequate food, medical supplies, and health care, added to its reduction of fuel and electricity supplies. It considers that such collective punishment of the civilian population by Israel as tantamount to a grave breach of international humanitarian law and that the occupying power should be held accountable for such war crimes. The Summit thus called upon Israel, the occupying power, to cease forthwith its siege, imprisonment, and collective punishment of the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip by lifting the siege and opening all of Gaza’s border crossings in order to allow the movement of persons and goods into and out of the Gaza Strip, including unfettered access to humanitarian aid and personnel and movement of ill persons requiring medical treatment outside of Gaza.
5. Reiterates the call upon the Secretary-General, in coordination with the Chairs of the Summit and of the Foreign Ministers Conference and Palestine, to take the necessary steps to contact influential stakeholders and the United Nations with a view to lifting the blockade imposed on the Gaza Strip and resolving the ensuing humanitarian crisis. In this regard, calls upon the parties to resume the application of internationally-agreed arrangements to ensure the reopening of the crossings, including the Rafah crossing, and ease the humanitarian suffering of the civilian population.
6. Expresses its deep disappointment at the failure of the UN Security Council to assume its responsibility to address the humanitarian plight of the Palestinian people in Gaza; calls once again upon the international community to rapidly act to provide protection to the Palestinian civilian population in the Occupied Palestinian Territory; and, in this regard, calls upon the OIC Group at the United Nations to pursue the necessary steps to secure adequate United Nations action to address this crisis. Further, the Summit reiterates the call upon Member States, the Islamic Development Bank (IDB), and private financial institutions to provide urgent humanitarian assistance to the Palestinian people in order to alleviate their hardships. It also calls upon the international community to provide immediate assistance.
7. Reiterates its grave concern and strong condemnation regarding Israel’s continuing, intensive, and illegal campaign of settler colonialism, including vast land confiscations and the construction and expansion of settlements. The Summit also reiterates its condemnation of Israel’s continuing construction of the Wall throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, in flagrant breach of international law, including the Fourth Geneva Convention, and in total disrespect of the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) of 9 July 2004 and UN General Assembly Resolution No. ES-10/15 of 20 July 2004. In this connection, the Summit expresses concern over the vastly detrimental impact of such unlawful actions on the Holy City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, which is being isolated from the rest of the Palestinian Territory through the settlements and the Wall built in and around the city and through the severe restrictions obstructing the movement and access of Palestinians to the city, including for worship at holy sites, and whose Palestinian residents continue to suffer from home demolitions, revocation of residency rights, and declining socio-economic conditions.
8. Stresses that Israel’s illegal settlements and Wall are destroying the territorial contiguity and integrity of the Palestinian Territory and jeopardizing the establishment of a sovereign, viable, and independent Palestinian State with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital. In this regard, the Summit reaffirms that the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, namely the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip, constitute one geopolitical unit. Demands that Israel, the occupying power, cease forthwith its illegal construction of settlements and the Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and that it dismantle them forthwith, as demanded by relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions and by the ICJ Advisory Opinion.
9. Calls once again for urgent efforts by the Quartet and the entire international community, including the Security Council, to address the current political and humanitarian crisis. It also calls for efforts to support the peace process, the resumption of the bilateral negotiations between the two sides, and building on the momentum of the negotiations which were resumed at the anapolis meeting and agreements reached thereon and the full implementation of the Road Map towards ending the occupation of the Palestinian Territory that was occupied in 1967, including East Jerusalem, and thus realizing the two-State solution, based on the relevant United Nations resolutions and the terms of reference and principles of the Middle East peace process. The Summit welcomes the revival of the peace process; takes note of the recent convening of two important international conferences, held respectively in Annapolis in November 2007 and Paris in December 2007; and calls for serious efforts to be exerted by all concerned parties in order to advance the process towards the achievement of a just, lasting, and comprehensive solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and to the Arab-Israeli conflict as a whole. In this regard, it also reaffirms the importance of the decisions of the Arab Summit in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in March 2007, especially the reinvigoration of the Arab Peace Initiative adopted in Beirut, Lebanon, in March 2002.
10. Expresses concern over the continuing divisions between the Palestinian political factions. It reiterates the demand that the situation that exists on the ground in the Gaza Strip be restituted to that which existed prior to the events of June 2007, to allow for the restoration of the legitimate authority’s role in the Gaza Strip and for the maintenance and preservation of the unity of the Palestinian people and land. In this connection, the Summit stresses the need for national dialogue among Palestinians to achieve national reconciliation and restore unity in order to serve the Palestinian people’s higher national interests. It reaffirms its full support for the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, and the Palestinian Authority, under the leadership of President Mahmoud Abbas; and reaffirms its support for all democratically-elected Palestinian institutions.
11. Reaffirms the permanent responsibility of the United Nations towards the question of Palestine until it is resolved in all of its aspects. It calls upon the United Nations to increase its efforts towards the achievement of a just, comprehensive, and lasting peace based on international law and relevant United Nations resolutions—including UN Security Council Resolutions No. 242 (1967), No. 338 (1973), No. 1397 (2002), and No. 1515 (2003)—as well as agreed principles, which call for Israel’s complete withdrawal from the Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, occupied since 1967, and from all other occupied Arab territories; the achievement of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to exercise self-determination and sovereignty in their independent and viable State of Palestine, with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital; and a just resolution to the plight of the Palestinian refugees in accordance with UN General Assembly Resolution No. 194 (III) of 11 December 1948.
12. Stresses the need to find a just solution to the problem of Palestinian refugees in accordance with the resolutions of international legitimacy, including in particular UN General Assembly Resolution 194 of 1948; reaffirms the United Nations' responsibility toward the Palestinian cause and the continuous role of UNRWA in this regard; and calls upon States to provide the Agency with more support in order to cover its budget and enable it to continue to render its services.
13. Recalls UN General Assembly Resolution No. 85/292 of 6 May 2004, on the “Status of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem”, and reiterates the need for follow-up to ensure that Israeli credentials to the United Nations do not cover the territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including East Jerusalem.
14. Requests the Secretary-General to follow-up the implementation of the present resolution and report thereon to the Twelfth Session of the Islamic Summit Conference.
THE CITY OF AL-QUDS AL-SHARIF
Having considered the Report of the Secretary-General on the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif (Document No. OIC/SUMM-1 1/2008/PAL/SG.REP);
Proceeding from the principles and objectives of the Charter of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC);
Pursuant to the Islamic resolutions and decisions affirming that the issue of Al-Quds Al-Sharif is the core of the Palestinian cause, which, itself, is the essence of the Arab-Israeli conflict; and that there can be no comprehensive and just peace without the return of the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif to Palestinian sovereignty, as the capital of the State of Palestine;
Recalling the relevant UN General Assembly and UN Security Council resolutions, particularly Resolutions No. 242 (1967); No. 252 (1968); No. 338 (1973); No. 465, No. 476, and No. 478 (1980), and No. 1073 (1996), pertaining to the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif;
Affirming the two resolutions adopted by the 10th Emergency Extraordinary Session of the UN General Assembly in 2002, namely Resolution No. ES 10/2 dated 24/4/1997 and No. ES 10/3 dated 15/7/1997, on illegal Israeli practices in occupied East Jerusalem and the other occupied Palestinian territories;
Strongly condemning the continuing and escalating Israeli aggressions on the holy places in the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and other Palestinian cities and the desecration of sacred shrines;
Reaffirming all the UN Security Council resolutions on Al-Quds, including Resolution No. 681 dated 20/12/1990 stipulating that all the provisions of the 4th Geneva Convention of 1949 on the Protection of Civilians in Times of War apply to the Palestinian people in the occupied Arab territories, including the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif;
Strongly denouncing Israel’s illegal measures and practices, which are contrary to all international resolutions and laws, undertaken by the Israeli occupation authorities in the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and designed to Judaize the Holy City and obliterate its Arab and Islamic landmarks;
Strongly condemning Israel’s efforts to isolate the City of Al-Quds from its Palestinian environs, and its erection of perimeter walls around the city, thus preventing Christian and Muslim worshippers’ access to their places of worship in Al-Quds Al-Sharif and Bethlehem,
1. Reaffirms all the relevant resolutions and decisions adopted by the Islamic Conferences, including those of previous sessions of Al-Quds Committee, particularly the 19th Session.
2. Emphasizes that there can be no just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East region unless Israel withdraws from all the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967, foremost among which is the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, in implementation of UN Security Council Resolution No. 242 (1967).
3. Affirms its support of the stand of the State of Palestine based on the determination to regain sovereignty over Al-Quds Al-Sharif, including the Holy Haram in Al-Quds Al-Sharif and all Christian and Muslim holy places, which are part of the Palestinian territories occupied since June 1967. Also affirms that Al-Quds Al-Sharif is the capital of the independent State of Palestine, and, in this regard, underlines its rejection of any attempt to undermine Palestinian sovereignty over Al-Quds Al-Sharif.
4. Reaffirms that all occupation-related settlement measures and practices in Al-Quds and the rest of the occupied Palestinian territories are null and void, in line with the resolutions and decisions of international legality, as well as international covenants and conventions, which consider all Israeli legislative, administrative, and colonial settlement procedures and measures aimed at altering the legal, demographic, architectural, cultural, and heritage-related status of the Holy City as null and void and contrary to the resolutions and decisions of international legality and international covenants and conventions, and diametrically opposed to agreements signed between the Palestinian and Israeli sides. Requests the UN Security Council to revive the International Supervision and Monitoring Committee to Prevent and Prohibit Colonial Settlement in Al-Quds and the Occupied Arab Territories, in accordance with its Resolution No. 446.
5. Requests all states of the world to abide by UN Security Council Resolution No. 478 (1980), which calls on them not to move their diplomatic missions to the City of Al-Quds. Also invites them to avoid such dealings with the Israeli occupation authorities as may be construed as an implicit recognition of the fait accompli imposed by Israel, which claims that the City of Al-Quds is its capital. Calls for severing relations with any State that moves its embassy to Al-Quds or recognizes Al-Quds as Israel’s capital.
6. Requests all states and international institutions and bodies to abide by the international resolutions on the City of Al-Quds, which is considered an integral part of the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied in 1967, and not to take part in any meeting or activity serving Israel’s designs to consecrate its occupation and annexation of the Holy City.
7. Calls on the international community, especially the UN Security Council, to compel Israel to implement the resolutions of international legality, in order to prevent it from effecting any geographic or demographic alteration in the Holy City of Al-Quds, and to compel it to stop the building of the apartheid wall; remove the parts thereof being built around the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif; lift the siege off the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif; and put an end to the demolition of homes, withdrawal of identity cards of Palestinian citizens, and the process of purging the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif of its Arab nationals.
8. Condemns Israel for destroying Al-Maghariba Gate Hill; for carrying out the excavations around and beneath Al-Aqsa Mosque; for seeking to build a synagogue in its place; and for the deliberate destruction of the archeological and heritage sites in the cities of Al-Quds, Nabuls, and Al-Khalil. It calls upon the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to take the necessary steps in order to preserve the historical heritage of Al-Quds.
9. Strongly condemns Israel's continued attempts to impose its control on the Holy Haram of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and its repeated attempts to interfere in the management of Islamic Waqfs. It also condemns Israel's plans aimed at imposing a fait accompli by using force and allowing extremist Jewish groups to desecrate the precincts of Al-Aqsa Holy Mosque, to pray therein, and to occupy the adjoining buildings; and considers these acts deliberate and provocative and as an avenue to allow extremist Jewish organizations to continue their repeated desecration of the sanctity of Al-Aqsa Holy Mosque; establish their presence on its precincts; and continue their piracy acts against religious, historical, and cultural relics in Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the Palestinian territories.
10. Strongly condemns the Israeli authorities for their continued closures of the Palestinian institutions in Al-Quds Al-Sharif and considers such arbitrary measures as a continued violation of the accords signed between the PLO and Israel within the framework of the peace process, the Road Map, and international conventions and covenants, particularly the 4th Geneva Convention of 1949, as well as an infraction of the very principles and foundations on which the peace process was built in Madrid.
11. Strongly condemns Israel for its continued demolition of the homes of Palestinians and expropriation of their properties as part of its designs to Judaize the Holy City, alter its demographic composition, and purge it of its native inhabitants only to replace them with colonialists.
12. Appeals to the international community and the United Nations to intervene quickly and honor their responsibility for the implementation of the UN resolutions concerning the protection of civilians and holy places, and to put an end to the Israeli aggressions which fuel tension in the region and jeopardize international peace and security.
13. Stresses the need to continue work and coordination with international and regional organizations, especially UNESCO and the World Heritage Committee, for the implementation of international resolutions and decisions on the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif; and in this context requests the General Secretariat to organize an international symposium on the preservation of the Islamic historical and cultural character of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the means of confronting the persistent attempts of the Israeli occupation forces to alter the historical, cultural, and religious landmarks and demographic composition of the Holy City, in coordination with the international and regional organizations concerned.
14. Invites the Vatican, the Eastern Churches, and other churches and Christian religious orders to take action to resist the Judaization of the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, out of respect for the spiritual dimension of all the religions, as a safeguard for peaceful coexistence amongst them, and in observance of UN Security Council Resolution No. 242 of 22/11/1967, demanding Israel to withdraw from all the Arab territories occupied in 1967, including the City of Al-Quds, along with the other relevant United Nations resolutions. Also calls for extending support to the population of Al-Quds Al-Sharif in their resistance of Judaization measures and of their displacement from their city.
15. Strongly condemns Israel for its persistent assaults on Islamic and Christian holy places, particularly the threats to storm and damage the Holy Al-Aqsa Mosque, and holds Israel, the occupying power, fully responsible for the consequences of these assaults, which are being carried out in the sight and hearing, and under the protection of the Israeli occupation forces.
16. Condemns the project designed to build a metro in order to link the City of Al-Quds with the Israeli settlements set up by Israel in the West Bank and affirms that it is illegal. It calls upon the two French contracting companies to immediately withdraw, failing which the necessary measures should be taken against them, and also calls on the friendly French government to take the necessary steps in this regard.
17. Reaffirms the previous resolutions of the Islamic conferences supporting the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and consolidating the steadfastness of its people, and calls upon the Member States to support Beit Mal Al-Quds and Al-Quds Fund in order to enable them to fulfill their missions in safeguarding the Arab, Islamic, and civilizational character of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and strengthening the steadfastness of its people in resisting the continued Israeli measures aimed at Judaizing the Holy City.
18. Reaffirms the need to implement the important call launched by the 3rd Extraordinary Islamic Summit Conference exhorting every Muslim to donate one US dollar in favor of Al-Quds Endowment (Waqf) Fund.
19. Expresses its support for the efforts exerted by His Majesty King Mohamed VI, Chairman of Al-Quds Committee, to support the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, safeguard its Arab and Islamic identity, and champion the resistance of the population of Al-Quds in the face of the Judaization attempts beleaguering the city.
20. Requests the Secretary-General to follow up the implementation of the present resolution and to report thereon to the 12th Session of the Islamic Summit Conference.
THE OCCUPIED SYRIAN GOLAN
Having discussed the item titled "The Occupied Syrian Golan" and Israel's decision of 14/12/198 1 to impose its laws, jurisdiction, and administration on the Occupied Syrian Golan;
Having reviewed the oppressive measures to which the Syrian citizens in the occupied Syrian Golan are being subjected and Israel's continued attempts to force them to accept Israeli identity;
Recalling the relevant resolutions of previous Islamic Conferences, particularly Resolution No. 2/30-P of the 30th Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM) held in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; Resolution No. 3/9-P (IS) of the 9th Islamic Summit Conference held in Doha; Resolution No. 2/34-P of the 34th Session of the ICFM held in Islamabad; and Resolution No. 3/10-P (IS) of the 10th Islamic Summit Conference held in Putrajaya, Malaysia;
Recalling also UN Security Council Resolution No. 497 (1981) dated 17 December 1981 and the relevant UN General Assembly resolutions, latest of which was the one adopted by the 60th Session;
Noting that Israel, in violation of Article 25 of the United Nations Charter, has refused to accept and implement the resolutions of the UN Security Council, in particular Resolution No. 497 (1981), which considered null and void and with no legal consequence Israel’s decision to annex the occupied Syrian Golan;
Deeply concerned at Israel’s persistent attempts to defy the will of the international community and its reaffirmation of the annexation decisions considered null and void and illegal by the international community;
Affirming that the Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilians in Times of War (dated 12 August 1949) applies to the occupied Syrian Golan and that setting up settlements and bringing settlers to this area violates this Convention and destroys the peace process;
Affirming the fundamental principle of the inadmissibility of acquisition of territories by force;
Condemning Israel’s non-compliance with the will of the international community in failing to withdraw from the occupied Syrian Golan, which it occupies since 1967 contrary to the relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council and UN General Assembly, as well as international law;
Expressing concern over Israel's undermining of the Peace Process which was launched by the Madrid Conference on the basis of UN Security Council Resolutions No. 242 and No. 338, as well as the land-for-peace formula, and the risks resulting from Israel's reneging on the commitments and obligations reached,
1. Lauds the steadfastness of the Syrian Arab citizens in the occupied Syrian Golan against the occupation and their valiant resistance to Israel's repressive measures and against the continued attempts to undermine their attachment to their land and to their Syrian Arab identity, and declares its support for this steadfastness.
2. Strongly condemns Israel for its failure to comply with UN Security Council Resolution No. 497 (1981) and reaffirms that Israel's decision to impose its laws, jurisdiction, and administration on the Occupied Syrian Golan is null and void and has no legal validity whatsoever and that it constitutes a blatant violation of the UN Charter, relevant UN resolutions, and the OIC Charter and resolutions, as well as the Fourth Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilians in Times of War, dated 12 August 1949, the relevant provisions of the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, and the rules of international law, in particular the inadmissibility of acquisition of territory by force.
3. Strongly condemns Israel for its persistence in changing the legal status, demographic composition, and institutional structure of the occupied Syrian Golan, and for its policy and practices, particularly confiscating lands; appropriating water resources; building and expanding settlements and transferring settlers and immigrants thereto; exploiting their natural resources and establishing projects on them; imposing an economic boycott of the agricultural products of the local population; and prohibiting their exportation.
4. Strongly condemns also Israel's attempts to impose Israeli nationality and identity cards on the Syrian Arab citizens, as these measures constitute a flagrant violation of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, the 1949 Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilians in Times of War, and the relevant resolutions of the UN General Assembly and other international bodies.
5. Condemns the repeated Israeli threats against Syria aimed at wrecking the peace process and escalating tension in the region.
6. Strongly condemns Israel’s hostile breach of Syrian airspace on 6 July 2007, which constitutes a flagrant violation of international law and the United Nations Charter. It commends the balanced Syrian position vis-à-vis Israeli escalationist policies designed to undermine the genuine and comprehensive peace process in the region. It holds Israel responsible for this blatant breach of Syrian sovereignty and expresses its solidarity with the Syrian Arab Republic.
7. Reaffirms that Israel’s continued occupation of the Syrian Golan since 1967 and its annexation of it on 14 December 1981 constitute a permanent threat to peace and security in the region.
8. Reaffirms the need to compel Israel to comply forthwith with the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilians in Times of War, dated 12 August 1949, and to apply them to the Syrian detainees in the occupied Syrian Golan, who have been held for over 20 years now in Israeli occupation prisons in inhuman conditions that have led to the deterioration of their physical and psychological health and put their lives at risk, in a blatant contravention of all international and humanitarian conventions.
9. Reaffirms also the right of the Syrian Arab Republic to recover its full sovereignty over the occupied Golan.
10. Demands Israel to fully withdraw from all the occupied Syrian Golan to the line of the 4th of June 1967 in implementation of the relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council and to begin demarcating that line.
11. Also demands Israel to fully respect all the foundations of the peace process as initiated in Madrid, consistent with UN Security Council Resolutions No. 242 and No. 338 and the “land-for-peace” formula, and to abide by all the commitments and pledges reached so far.
12. Demands anew all states to stop providing Israel with any military, economic, financial, technological, or humanitarian assistance that may extend Israeli occupation of the Syrian Golan and encourage Israel to pursue its expansionist settlement policy.
13. Urges the Quartet and the international community to assume their responsibilities and compel Israel to implement the resolutions of international legality calling for the total Israeli withdrawal from the occupied Syrian Golan to the line of 4 June 1967 and from other occupied Arab lands, and to start to demarcate this line in order to achieve a durable and comprehensive peace in the region.
14. Declares its support for Syria’s firm position in its commitment to a durable and comprehensive peace in the region.
15. Requests the Secretary-General to follow up the implementation of the present resolution and to report thereon to the 12th Session of the Islamic Summit Conference.
THE CURRENT SITUATION OF THE PEACE
PROCESSIN THE MIDDLE EAST
Referring to the Islamic Conference resolutions;
Having examined the grave situation resulting from the continued policies of successive Israeli governments hostile to peace, and their persistent failure to abide by the resolutions of international legality and signed agreements,
1. Reaffirms its unwavering full solidarity with the Palestinian people for the recovery of their established and inalienable national rights, including their right to return, self-determination, and the establishment of their independent state on their national territory with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital.
2. Reaffirms the total solidarity of the Member States with Syria and Lebanon to confront the continuous Israeli aggressions and threats against them, and invites all the Member States to express this solidarity in a practical manner and by the use of all means, as well as to stand firm with Syria and Lebanon against any Israeli aggressions targeting them.
3. Reiterates its adoption of the Arab Peace Initiative for settling the cause of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict, which was adopted by the 14th Arab Summit held in Beirut, Republic of Lebanon, on 28 March 2002; decides to act by all ways and means to promote this initiative, explain its dimensions, and gain international support for its implementation; and welcomes the resolution of the 19th Session of the Arab Summit which was held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in March 2007 on affirming and implementing the Arab Peace Initiative.
4. Reaffirms also its commitment to a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East and emphasizes that the peace process is an indivisible task based on Israel’s implementation of the relevant resolutions of international legality, particularly UN Security Council Resolutions No. 242, No. 338, and No. 425, the principle of “land-for-peace”, and the Madrid Conference Terms of Reference, which guarantee Israel’s withdrawal from all occupied Arab and Palestinian territories, including Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the Syrian Golan, back to the 4th of June 1967 line and from the Lebanese territory still under occupation to the internationally-recognized borders as well as securing the Palestinian people’s inalienable national rights, including the right to return to their homes and properties in line with United Nations General Assembly Resolution No. 194 and to establish their independent state on their national territory with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital.
5. Invites the Quartet to resume its diligent action for the achievement of a just and comprehensive peace in the region on the basis of the peace process terms of reference, including the relevant UN resolutions and the two principles of land for peace and the inadmissibility of the appropriation of others’ land by the use of force, as well as on the basis of the Arab Peace Initiative and the Road Map.
6. Reiterates the Islamic stand rejecting the Israeli unilateral measures; and urges all States and international organizations not to recognize them or entertain any guarantees or promises that may entail any detraction from the Palestinian people’s legitimate rights or any reward for the Israeli occupation, which is trying to impose unilateral and segmented solutions through its persistence in expanding settlements and building the separation Wall in the occupied Palestinian territories, including Al-Quds Al-Sharif and its surroundings, in violation of the rules of international law and the fundamental terms of reference and foundations underpinning the peace process.
7. Holds Israel fully responsible for the stalemate in the Middle East peace process on all tracks as a result of the Israeli government’s intransigence, its reneging on the foundations of the peace process, especially UN Security Council Resolutions No. 242 (1967) and No. 338 (1973) and the “land-forpeace” principle, as well as its failure to honor all the signed agreements within this framework and to comply with the terms of the Road Map, in addition to wrecking the positive climate generated by the Annapolis Conference.
8. Requests the Secretary-General to follow up the implementation of the present resolution and to report thereon to the 12th Session of the Islamic Summit Conference.