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24 September 1985
24 September 1985
Agenda item 38
THE SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
Report of the Secretary-General
(in pursuance of General Assembly resolution 39/146)
1. The present report is submitted in the light of the reporting responsibility conferred upon the Secretary-General in resolutions 39/146 A to C, which the General Assembly adopted on 14 December 1984, at its thirty-ninth session, under the agenda item entitled “The situation in the Middle East”.
2. In resolutions 39/146 A and B, which deal with the search for a solution of the Middle East problem and the Israeli policies in the Syrian Golan Heights, the General Assembly, in paragraph 11 of resolution 39/146 A and paragraphs 13 and 14 of resolution 39/146 8, called upon all States to adopt a number of measure concerning military, economic, diplomatic and cultural relations with Israel.
3. In resolution 39/146 C, the General Assembly deplored the transfer by some States of their diplomatic missions to Jerusalem in violation of Security Council resolution 478 (1980), and called once again upon those States to abide by the relevant United Nations resolution, in conformity with the Charter.
4. In order to fulfil his reporting responsibility under the above-mentioned resolutions, the Secretary-General, on 7 June 1985, addressed notes verbales to the Permanent Representative of Israel and to the Permanent Representatives of the other Member States and requested them to inform h$m by 15 August 1985 of any steps their Governments had taken or envisaged to take concerning the implementation of the relevant provisions of those resolution. The replica received from Colombia, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, Kuwait, Maldives, Poland, Trinidad and Tobago, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Zambia are reproduced in the annex to the present report.
5. In paragraph 14 of resolution 39/146 A, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council periodically on the developments of the situation and to submit to the Assembly at its fortieth session a comprehensive report covering developments in the Middle East in all their aspects. That report will be submitted separately as a document of the General Assembly and the Security Council.
Replies received from Member States
16 August 1985
1. With respect to resolution 39/146 A, paragraphs 7 and 11, Colombia voted in favour, and has accordingly complied with the limitations imposed in these paragraphs, thus our country does not supply any military, economic or financial aid or human resources.
2. With respect to resolution 39/146 B, paragraphs 13 to 15, we abstained in the vote since we do not agree at all with the spirit of these paragraphs, which does not accord with our position in this matter. It is thus not possible for us to implement these provisions.
3. The provisions of resolution 39/146 C, paragraph 3, have always been Implemented by Colombia in accordance with its traditional respect for international law and responsibility in international affairs.
16 August 1985
The policy of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus is in accordance with the above and other relevant resolutions of the General Assembly of the United Nations, which it always votes in favour of.
15 August 1985
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic unequivocally condemns the aggressive expansionist policy of Israel. As early as after Israel's aggression in June 1967, Czechoslovakia discontinued diplomatic relations with the State of Israel as well as all other official contacts with that State in the economic, cultural, military and other fields. Czechoslovakia's foreign policy towards Israel is thus in full harmony with the relevant United Nations resolution.
[22 August 1985]
1. The Dominican Government, in accordance with its foreign policy of opposing all forms and vestiges of colonialism in any part of the world, considers that the violence which has reigned in the Middle East in recent decades has an adverse effect on stability and world peace. Accordingly, it believes that these conflicts cannot be solved without machinery which would assure the Palestinian people the exercise of their right to self-determination while maintaining the right of Israel to exist as a State.
2. In the light of these conflicts and tensions which exist in the Middle East, the Dominican Government reaffirms its view that the principle of the peaceful settlement of disputes must prevail, since this is an essential bests of the peaceful coexistence of peoples.
[16 August 1985]
Ghana's policy towards Israel conforms with the proviaions of General assembly resolution 39/146 A to C. No special measure therefore need to be adopted by the Government of Ghana to implement the relevant provisions of those resolutions.
[23 July 1985]
1. As an Arab country, Kuwait has repeatedly called upon the United Nations to adopt resolutions to force Israel to comply with Security Council resolutions 476 (1980) of 30 June 1980 and 478 (1980) of 20 August 1980 as well as General Assembly resolution 35/207 of 16 December 1980 and 36/226 A and B of 17 December 1980, which consider Israel's decision to annex Jerusalem and declare it as its capital, as well as all the arrangements which will change its material character, its demographic composition, its infrastructure and legal position as null and void.
2. Kuwait has repeatedly made diplomatic contacts with friendly nations particularly among the big Power calling upon them to pressure Israel to implement those resolution and take the necessary action in this respect.
3. As an Arab country, Kuwait has also called upon the concerned big Power, particularly the United States of America, through its diplomatic contacts with these countries, to comply with the resolution's call to put an end to the military. economic and financial aid to Israel.
4. Kuwait dose not recognize the Zionist entity and therefore has no political, economic or military relations with it, and thus it is only in the nature of things that it will not only implement this resolution but will also continue to contact various friendly nations, calling upon thee to implement this resolution and stop dealing with Israel in various spheres.
[12 July 1985]
The Republic of Maldives has no relations or dealings with the State of Israel.
[28 August 1985]
1. In the opinion of the Government of the Polish People's Republic the continuing Israeli occupation of Arab lands seized during the hostilities of 1967 and the prevention of the exercise of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people remain the main obstacle to the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East.
2. The annexation of the eastern part of Jerusalem, the extension of Israeli legislation, jurisdiction and administration to the Syrian Golan Heights, the aggression against Lebanon and interference in its internal affairs are tangible examples of Israel's expansionist policy and of its disregard for principles of international law and numerous resolutions of the United Nations.
3. The Polish Government has on many occasions made known its position regarding this policy, condemning in appropriate statements of its Ministry of Foreign Affairs the acts of aggression and annexation contrary to the Charter of the United Nations.
4. The Government of the Polish People's Republic deems the following questions to be of fundamental importance: return of all the Arab lands occupied by Israel, including the eastern part of Jerusalem, in accordance with the principle of inadmissibility of acquisition of territory through aggression; exercise of the inalienable rights of Palestinian people, including the right to self-determination and to the establiahment of their own independent State and respect for the right of all States of the Middle East, including Israel, to safe and peaceful existence within recognized international borders. Poland condemns all actions aimed against those just principles, including Israel's policy of planned conaolidation of ita presence on Jordan's West Bank, in the Gaza Strip and on the Golan Heights, which leads, in contravention of international law to a change of the demographical and economic character of those territories.
5. Poland consistently implements the relevant resolution of the United Nations concerning the Palestinian question and the situation in the occupied territories.
6. Poland persistently speaks out in favour of a lasting, just, political and comprehensive settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict. A practical way of reaching such a settlement would be in our opinion, an international conference on the Middle East, convened under the auspices of the United Nations with the participation of all parties concerned including the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people the Palestine Liberation Organization. The position of Poland concerning the principles and modalities of the settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict has been presented in detail in the statement of its Ministry of Foreign Affairs of 10 August 1984, in which
, Poland supported the proposals contained in the statement of the Soviet Union of 29 July 1984.
7. Poland remains convinced that it is impossible to settle the Middle East conflict by military force, partial agreements or imposition of unilateral settlement formulae which fail to take into consideration the interests of the Arab nations including those of the Palestinian people.
8. A tangible manifestation of Poland's political endeavours towards a peaceful settlement in the Middle East is its participation in the United Nations peace-keeping forces, such as the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
9. Poland has no diplomatic relations with Israel and in its bilateral contacts and attitude towards the State of Israel it is guided by the proviaions of relevant United Nations resolutions, including General Assembly resolution 39/146.
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
[22 July 1985]
The Government of Trinidad and Tobago wishes to reiterate that there are no arrangements/agreements of any kind between Trinidad and Tobago and Israel which could contribute to Israel's military capability or which could provide economic, financial or technological assistance to Israel.
UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS
[16 September 1985]
1. The Soviet Union fully supports the decisive condemnation as contained in this General Assembly resolution of the aggressive and expansionist policy of Israel against Arab countries and the Palestinian people which policy is responsible for the continuing explosive situation in the Middle East.
2. The course of events in the Middle East clearly justifies the conviction expressed in General Assembly resolution 39/146 that United States-Israeli strategic co-operation would encourage Israel to pursue its aggressive and expansionist policies, would have adverse effects on efforts for the establishment of a comprehensive just and lasting peace in the Middle East and would threaten the security of this region. Israel with United States support is intensifying its policy of State terrorism against Arab States and peoples, grossly violates the norms of international law and flouts the decisions of the Security Council. Israel's actions and the General Assembly rightly pointed this out confirmed that it is not a peace-loving State persistently violates the principles contained in the United Nations Charter and fails to carry out its obligations as a Member of the United National
3. The Soviet Union supports the condemnation of Israel expressed in the General Assembly resolution for Israel's refusal in violation of Article 25 of the Charter to carry out the decisions of the Security Council, and the Assembly's call for the adoption of appropriate measure against Israel. It may be mentioned in this connection that as far back as 10 June 1967 the Soviet Government announced it decision to sever diplomatic relations with Israel because of Israel's continued aggression against Arab States and its "rose violation of the decisions of the Security Council. To this very day the Soviet Union has no diplomatic trade or cultural relations with Israel. It does not supply Israel with any weapons or military equipment, does not acquire weapons or military equipment from Israel and does not provide it with any economic financial or technical assistance.
4. The Soviet Union is convinced that a comprehensive, Just and lasting settlement in the Middle East may be achieved only through the collective efforts of all parties concerned including the Palestine Liberation Organization through the convening of an International Peace Conference on the Middle East as called for by the General Assembly.
[17 July 1985]
As in the neat the Government of the Republic of Zambia has complied with resolution with regard to the question of Palestine. Zambia does not maintain diplomatic relations with Israel.