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        General Assembly
24 November 1987

Forty-second session


Held at Headquarters, New York,

on Wednesday, 18 November 1987, at 3 p.m.

Policies Of Apartheid Of The Government Of South Africa


The PRESIDENT (interpretation from Russian): I call on the Observer of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), in conformity with General Assembly resolution 3237 (XXIX), of 22 November 1974.

Mr. TERZI (Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)): who could better understand the plight of the people of South Africa and what they suffer through being deprived of their fundamental human, social and political rights, who could better understand the desire and desperation of the people of South Africa to live free at this time, the end of the twentieth century, who could better understand their struggle in pursuit of happiness, health and education, but, primarily, to be considered human beings - a status that they have been denied - than we Palestinian People? We not only understand, but share their aspirations, their plight and their suffering. What is more, we share not just their aspirations and hopes; but the joint struggle and determination to free ourselves from the practices of the dark mediaeval ages.

Racism and racial discrimination are the underlying factor and ideology in the Policies and practices of both régimes, the apartheid and the Zionist régime. Both are anachronisms, and it is high time that the international community represented here took concrete action against both. We believe it is fully within the powers vested in this Organization and its various organs to take such action.

Is it sufficient to reject the accreditation of the representatives of the apartheid racist régime and keep them out of this Assembly, when the Charter provides us with concrete means - comprehensive mandatory sanctions? But for an immoral régime in Pretoria it is not at all significant or relevant whether it is here or not. What hurts is what hits the pocket.

In May 1981, the International Conference on Sanctions against South Africa stressed the need to apply sanctions as the most appropriate and effective means to ensure South Africa's compliance with the decisions of the United Nations. It is the Only means to ensure respect for the international norms of civilized behaviour, including respect for the principles of the Charter, particularly. The Principle of self-determination, and for the provisions of the international covenants on social, political and economic rights.

The international community is duty-bound to demonstrate by deeds the universal abhorrence of apartheid and to demonstrate its solidarity with the legitimate aspirations and struggles of the peoples of South Africa and Namibia.

Could the racist apartheid régime survive without the concrete support of some very well-known States, Member States of the Organization? Some are even hypocritically carrying the banner of freedom and democracy. I wonder whether they know what that means. At least they claim that they do.

The imposition of comprehensive mandatory sanctions of necessity calls for safeguards and guarantees that they will be respected and enforced. Trojan horses must
be identified and dealt with.

Shopping for steel, timber, tobacco, hides, wool,
sugar, foodstuffs and paper products here in New York and other major cities - and not even major cities – in the United States, one “innocently" purchases so-called Israeli products. But how Israeli are they? They are produced by Koor, Iskoor or Mondi Paper Company and others. Such South African products will eventually be in United States markets through the free-trade agreement with Israel, as is currently the case in some European markets. Let us not be misled by the International Monetary Fund tables concerning commerce and trade between the two racist régimes.

The report of the Special Committee against Apartheid (A/42/22/Add.l) shows the total value of trade as approximately $265 million. But honesty Prevailed, and the report tells us that those figures exclude military sales, diamonds, gold and goods intended for re-export. The re-export of "Israeli" diamonds in 1983 totaled $1 billion, of which $800 million-worth were rough diamonds from, most probably, or almost certainly, occupied Namibia. The $200 million difference represents polishing.

We should not miss the point. It is through Israel that South Africa's racist régime can ensure that it has economic and financial resources. Here I reiterate that comprehensive mandatory sanctions will be meaningless without safeguards and guarantees ensuring respect for such sanctions by all Member States.

The General Assembly has heard s great deal about brutality, inhuman behaviour and discrimination based simply on the fact that one person looks black and another s not all that black. But maybe ’such people are more black at heart, or those with black skins are really clean at heart. The people of South Africa and their eaders have had enough of this situation. They have decided to adopt and advocate realistic policy aimed at achieving peace through democracy and the end of acts f State terrorism and the perpetuation of racism in all its forms. They are keen to ensure for the generations to come what they themselves have missed – happiness and prosperity.

We are alerted to beware of some manoeuvres by the Botha régime, which continues to spend millions of dollars on a propaganda campaign to promote numerous bogus groups being groomed for co-option. We in occupied Palestine, in those Palestinian territories occupied by Israel, have gone through that stage. The Israelis have their supporters, and millions of dollars flow from the United States to promote Quislings in our country. Our beliefs, our determination and our struggle have frustrated all those attempts by the Israelis and those supporting them and keeping them alive, particularly from the coffers of the United States and the funds raised in the United States, depriving the United States people of their dues and also depriving the people of the United Nations of their dues.

The Botha régime has neither the desire nor the intention to engage in any meaningful negotiations. We are told by our comrades-in-arms, our brothers in the struggle, that, on the contrary, everything the Botha régimes does is directed at the destruction of their national liberation movement. We are not surprised. We have the same enemy, with the same tactics, on Palestinian territory. In South Africa it is the suppression of the democratic movement and the entrenchment and perpetuation of the apartheid system of white domination; in our case it is an ideology and a narcissism of exclusivity. The Botha régime intends to impose its will on those it may be talking to and force them to accept its dictates. It is very clear that, as the representative of the African National Congress told us:

"The conflict in our country is between the forces of national liberation and democracy on the one hand, and those of racism and reaction on the other. Any negotiations would have to be conducted by those two forces, as represented by their various organizational formations…. we call on the international community to join the ANC in rejecting, without qualification, the proposed National Statutory Council which the Botha régime seeks to establish through legislation to be enacted by the apartheid parliament and on the basis of the constitution, which the General Assembly and the Security Council have declared null and void. The National Statutory Council seeks to entrench and legitimize the very structures of apartheid that our struggle seeks to abolish." (A/42/PV.72, p. 122)

Finally, we must pause for a moment to ask: Should the crime against humanity last forever or should we join forces to put an end to it?


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