Exchange of views (continued)
The meeting was called to order at 3.15 p.m.
Exchange of views (continued )
11. Mr. Othman (Syrian Arab Republic) said that it had been in the expectation of enjoying the benefits of the peaceful uses of atomic energy, in such fields as agriculture, medicine and industry, that the developing countries had joined with the nuclear-weapon States in agreeing to an indefinite extension of the NPT in 1995. Article IV of the Treaty stated clearly that all Parties, without discrimination, were entitled to develop atomic energy for peaceful purposes, and that all Parties would work to facilitate exchanges of materials, equipment and information to that end. It appeared, however, that some Parties, having obtained the indefinite extension of the NPT that they had wanted, were placing obstacles in the way of the implementation of article IV by, for example, denying the necessary training to scientists from developing countries or charging exorbitant fees for providing it.
12. The Syrian Arab Republic, for its part, had cooperated fruitfully with IAEA in the area of training in radiation protection, agricultural and industrial applications and non-destructive testing, in line with the Agency’s mandate to propagate atomic energy for exclusively non-military purposes. The developed countries should provide much more funding for such technical cooperation programmes, instead of focusing so strongly on safeguards, important as that system was.
13. Yet some countries, while placing severe restrictions on the transfer of nuclear technology to non-nuclear-weapon Parties, were simultaneously lavishing nuclear technology, both secretly and openly, on Israel, the only State in the Middle East that had not acceded to the NPT, in flagrant disregard of United Nations resolutions calling upon it to do so. As a result, Israel had acquired a nuclear weapons capability, with which it threatened its neighbours. The possibility that peaceful nuclear facilities might be attacked or threatened with attack, especially by States that were not parties to the NPT, was a source of concern, in view of the potentially harmful, even lethal, consequences of such an attack for human beings and the environment. Accordingly, the international community should put pressure on Israel to accede to the NPT without delay and to conclude a safeguards agreement with IAEA, for the sake of the universal application of the Treaty, the creation of a climate of confidence and the enhancement of the peace and security, not only of the Middle East but of the world as a whole.
The meeting rose at 5.30 p.m.
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