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Group of 77
16 June 2005
1. We, the Heads of State and Government of the Member Countries of the Group of 77 and China, gathered in Doha, Qatar for the Second South Summit, from 14 to 16 June 2005, fully convinced of the imperative to continue to act in solidarity and unity for a peaceful and prosperous world that responds to our aspirations, reaffirm our full commitment to the spirit and principles of the Group of 77 and China, and to the protection and promotion of our collective interests in genuine international cooperation for development.
58. We affirm the need for a just solution to the question of Palestine in all its aspects in accordance with International law and relevant United Nations resolutions for the achievement of a comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East. In this regard, we reaffirm the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, including the right to establish their independent State of Palestine, with East Jerusalem as its capital. We stress that Israel’s unlawful practices in colonizing Palestinian land through, inter alia, the construction of the Wall, which is intricately linked with the illegal Israeli settlement campaign in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, constitute breaches of international law and are an impediment to the establishment of a viable Palestinian State. In this regard, we recognize the importance of the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice, rendered on 9 July 2004, and demand the full implementation of General Assembly resolution ES-10/15 of 20 July 2004. We also call for the complete dismantlement and immediate end of all illegal Israeli settlement activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan. We also reaffirm our conviction that the Israeli occupation remains the main obstacle to the efforts to achieve a sustainable development and sound economic environment in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan. Further, we affirm the necessity of achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East in accordance with Security Council resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 425 (1978), the principle of land for peace, the terms of reference of the Madrid Peace Conference, the Roadmap, the Beirut Arab Peace Initiative and thus the withdrawal of Israel from all the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, the occupied Syrian Golan to the 4 June 1967 line, and the remaining occupied Lebanese territories.