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Source: World Food Programme (WFP)
31 July 2010

WFP oPt Situation Report, July 2010

Overview of WFP activities in oPt
WFP has been providing food assistance to the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 1991. The Country Office is located in Jerusalem, and is supported by an office in Gaza, two sub-offices (Nablus and Hebron) and one port office (Ashdod). WFP employs over 100 staff in the oPt, both national and international.

WFP currently meets the food needs of the most vulnerable non-refugees in the oPt through three operations:

1) A Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) in the West Bank (2007-2010);

2) An Urban Voucher Emergency Operation (EMOP) in the West Bank (2009-2010);

3) An Emergency Operation (EMOP) in the Gaza Strip (2009-2011).

A successor West Bank PRRO for the period 2011-2012 will be submitted for approval at the November 2010 session of the WFP Executive board. The PRRO will target a caseload of 454,500 beneficiaries, with a particular focus on priority areas such as Area C and the Seam Zone. Assistance will be provided through the following components: (i) Emergency relief for the destitute; (ii) Livelihood support for vulnerable households (general food distributions and vouchers); (iii) School Meals in the most food-insecure areas, and (iv) a new Voucher-for-Work and Voucher-for-Training component to contribute to and promote self-reliance by preserving agricultural assets to restore livelihoods.

Following its successful roll-out in the West Bank, the Urban Voucher EMOP will be integrated in the PRRO as of January 2011 as part of the livelihood support for vulnerable groups component in urban and semi-urban areas. The caseload will be gradually expanded to 90,000 beneficiaries by the end of 2011.

The Gaza EMOP will be running until April 2011. The EMOP currently targets 313,000 non-refugee beneficiaries through general food distributions and school feeding, i.e., 70 percent of the non-refugee population in Gaza, aiming at meeting the immediate needs of the population affected by the conflict as well as improving the food consumption of families and individuals in need. 15,000 beneficiaries are receiving vouchers in urban and semi-urban areas of the North Gaza, Gaza and Khan Younis Governorates. This enables them to access a range of various commodities including protein-rich food (dairy products and eggs) directly from small and medium-sized shop keepers while saving cash for other essential food and non-food commodities. WFP thrives to maintain the enrolment of children and enhance concentration levels in schools through the daily distribution of milk and biscuits to 92,000 schoolchildren, included in the total caseload.

Joint UNICEF/WFP summer project in Gaza

In June 2010, WFP and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reached an agreement to support the Ministry of Education and Higher Education’s (MoEHE) “Learning through Enjoyment” programme in the Gaza Strip, which aimed to provide remedial education classes to 10,000 low achieving students from grades three to six.

The programme was carried out during the 2010 summer holidays. A total of 400 teachers provided remedial education classes in 50 selected government schools, each catering to 200 students. The kids participating in the “Learning through Enjoyment” project received 24 hours of Arabic remedial classes and 24 hours of Mathematics remedial classes.

Extracurricular activities were also provided through sports and arts. To ensure the quality of the remedial education classes, 18 MoEHE supervisors from the department of supervision conducted daily monitoring of the classes. During the classes, the children received snacks and refreshments, including the high-energy date bars from WFP, also used in the School Feeding programme implemented in Gaza. WFP’s contribution to this project was able to increase the students concentration levels during the classes through the enhancement of their nutritional status. It also acted as an incentive for the children to participate in the project as the date bars have become quite popular.

The date bars, procured through regional purchase in Egypt, are stored in a WFP warehouse in Karni. During the project, UNICEF collected the date bars at the WFP warehouse and facilitated the delivery to the 6 directorates in the Gaza Strip. The directorate education departments then delivered the date bars to their respective centers, who were in charge of the distributions.

Roll-out of the Electronic Tracking System (ETS) in oPt

In collaboration with the Emergency Preparedness Integration Centre (EPIC), WFP successfully rolled-out the pilot Electronic Tracking System (ETS) in the oPt in July 2010.

For over a decade, Logistics Units in WFP offices worldwide are using a software application called COMPAS (Commodity
Movement Processing Analysis System), to store and monitor all information relating to the movement of the food commodities in the country.

Until the launch of the ETS, COMPAS data-collection relied on paper waybills to track commodity movement. ETS replaces the paper waybill system and provides real-time tracking of the movement of commodities in the oPt, from WFP warehouses to cooperating partner warehouses and distribution points.

The ‘E-Waybill’ is electronically generated, then printed and signed before being handed over to the truck driver. Upon receipt of the goods, the warehouse-keeper completes the process by entering the received condition of the cargo directly into the system. As a result, COMPAS is updated immediately.

The provision of real-time commodity tracking significantly reduces delays in information flow when previously, paper waybill copies needed to be physically returned to the main Office before manual uploading into COMPAS. Depending on the remoteness of the receiving warehouse location, this process could take time.

With ETS, tracking information concerning shipments can be accessed online in real-time, ensuring more accurate and efficient movement of goods. Staff on both sides can log-in to the system at any time and have immediate access to all information concerning the shipment such as what was sent, when it was sent, when it will arrive and the shipment’s condition.

Assessments & Surveys
The results of the studies and assessments conducted in 2009 have been compiled into a Comprehensive Food security and Vulnerability analysis, which was published in December 2009.

The 2010 Socio-Economic and Food Security Survey (SEFsec) is currently being carried out in the oPt. The report is expected in September 2010.

A Food Security Atlas, prepared by WFP in collaboration with the Applied Research Institute of Jerusalem, was launched in February 2010.

A Buffer Zone Rapid Assessment has been carried out in the Gaza Strip in partnership with OCHA in order to measure the impact of the Buffer Zone on the livelihoods of the populations living in and near the area, as well as quantify the damages and agricultural losses. The report will be published in August and the results presented on World Humanitarian Day, 19 August 2010.

A study on the impact of the tunnels on the market in the Gaza Strip has been carried out in the Gaza Strip in partnership with OCHA in order to assess the socio-economic impact of the tunnels in relation to the blockade. The report is expected in August 2010.

A Mid-Term Evaluation for the voucher component of the Gaza EMOP is planned in Sept/Oct 2010, and will guide future programme modalities starting May 2011.

All assessments and surveys are available on


Requirements and funding in 2010 (in USD)
The 2010 requirements for the West Bank PRRO have been fully met. There remains a funding shortfall for the Gaza EMOP and the West Bank Urban Voucher EMOP:

Gaza EMOP 10817.0: - 95% funded and a USD 2,129,027 shortfall
West Bank UVP EMOP 10774.0: - 70% funded and a USD 2,524,042 shortfall

Requirements in 2011 (in USD)

In view of the required lead time to procure and transport food commodities, the contributions to the 2011 EMOP in Gaza and the new PRRO in the West Bank should be confirmed within the next 2 months in order for WFP to enable a smooth transition between the 2010 and 2011 operations.

Governments are the principal source of funding for WFP worldwide; the organization receives no dues or portions of the UN assessed contributions. On average, over 60 governments underwrite the humanitarian and development projects of WFP. All government support is on an entirely voluntary basis.

On behalf of our beneficiaries, we thank our donor partners for their generous contributions to WFP operations in oPt

This report is updated monthly
Please send your comments or suggestions to Ancel Kats, Reports Officer
External Relations, WFP oPt, 00972(0)546773128

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