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REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST
Protection of Palestine refugees
Report of the Secretary-General
1. The present report is submitted to the General Assembly in pursuance of its resolution 45/73 I of 11 December 1990, entitled "Protection of Palestine refugees", the operative paragraphs of which read as follows:
"2. Calls upon all the High Contracting Parties to the Convention to take appropriate measures to ensure respect by Israel, the occupying Power, for the Convention in all circumstances in conformity with their obligation under article 1 thereof;
"3. Strongly urges the Security Council to consider the current situation in the occupied Palestinian territory, taking into account the recommendations contained in the reports of the Secretary-General dated 21 January 1988 and 31 October 1990;
"4. Urges the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, to continue his efforts in support of the upholding of the safety and security and the legal and human rights of the Palestine refugees in all the territories under Israeli occupation in 1967 and thereafter;
"7. Calls once again upon Israel to compensate the Agency for damages to its property and facilities resulting from the invasion of Lebanon by Israel in 1982, without prejudice to the latter's responsibility for all damages resulting from that invasion, as well as for other damages to the Agency resulting from the policies and practices of Israel, the occupying Power, in the occupied Palestinian territory;
"8. Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Commissioner-General, to report to the General Assembly, before the opening of its forty-sixth session, on the implementation of the present resolution."
3. In a note verbale dated 2 July 1991, the Permanent Representative of Israel replied as follows:
"The unabashed cynicism employed by the authors of this resolution reaches its pinnacle in the total disregard of the gruesome, ruthless and systematic campaign of assassinations carried out against, inter alia, the Palestinian Arab refugees in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza District, in which over 437 Palestinian Arabs have been murdered in cold blood by PLO and other terrorist death squads since December 1987. Notwithstanding innumerable appeals by the Government of Israel, including a letter of the Permanent Representative of Israel to the Secretary-General dated 2 April 1990 (A/45/189-S/21225) and repeated statements by the Permanent Representative of Israel to the Security Council, the latest being 24 May 1991 (S/PV.2989), the United Nations remains ominously silent in this regard.
"In the context of the operative part of this resolution, it is emphasized that in keeping with international law, Israel alone is competent to ensure full protection to all the inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza District."
5. Following the withdrawal of the Israeli forces from the Saida and Tyre areas in February and April 1985 respectively (see A/40/756, para. 5), there is nothing further to state regarding the Palestine refugees in Lebanon in the context of the present report.
6. Section IV.D of the annual report of the Commissioner-General of UNRWA to the General Assembly 1/ reviews the efforts UNRWA has made during the period to continue its programme for the repair of refugee shelters damaged and destroyed during the fighting in Lebanon.
7. There has been no progress on the claim by UNRWA against the Government of Israel regarding damage to its property and facilities resulting from the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982.