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"As is" reference - not a United Nations document

Source: Israeli Peace Initiative
6 April 2011

The Israeli Peace Initiative (IPI)

Proposal – April 6, 2011

The State of Israel,

Therefore Israel accepts the API as a framework for regional peace negotiations and presents the IPI as an integrated response to the API, and as a vision of the regional final-status agreements to be negotiated and signed between the Arab states, the Palestinians and Israel, based on the following proposed principles:


The key principle of all regional peace agreements shall be Israeli withdrawals, guaranteed security, normal relations and end of all conflicts, while recognizing the security needs of all parties, the water resources challenges, the demographic realities on the ground, and the interests and needs of the followers of the three monotheistic faiths; Furthermore, the Israeli Palestinian conflict shall be resolved on the principle of two states for two nations: Palestine as a nation state for the Palestinians and Israel as a nation state for the Jews (in which the Arab minority will have equal and full civil rights as articulated in Israel’s Declaration of Independence). On this basis, the following parameters are proposed:

1a) Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Resolution Parameters

1. Statehood and Security – A sovereign independent Palestinian state shall be formed in the West Bank and Gaza Strip on territories from which Israel withdrew. The state shall be demilitarized, exercising full authority over its internal security forces. The International community shall play an active role in providing border security and curbing terrorist threats.

2. Borders – The borders shall be based on the June 4, 1967, lines, with agreed modifications subject to the following principles: the creation of territorial contiguity between the Palestinian territories; land swaps (not to exceed 7% of the West Bank) based on a 1:1 ratio, including the provision of a safe corridor between the West Bank and Gaza, under de facto Palestinian control.

3. Jerusalem – The greater Jerusalem area shall include the two capitals of the two states. The line shall be drawn so that: Jewish neighborhoods shall be under Israeli sovereignty; the Arab neighborhoods shall be under Palestinian sovereignty; special arrangements shall be implemented in the Old City, ensuring that the Jewish Quarter and the Western Wall shall be under Israeli sovereignty; the Temple Mount shall remain under a special no-sovereignty regime (“God Sovereignty”), with special agreed-upon arrangements, ensuring that Islamic holy places shall be administered by the Moslem Waqf, and Jewish holy sites and interests shall be administered by Israel. The implementation of these arrangements will be supervised by an Israeli-International committee .

4. Refugees – The solutions for the Palestinian refugees shall be agreed upon between Israel, the Palestinians and all regional parties in accordance with the following principles: Financial compensation shall be offered to the refugees and the host countries by the international community and Israel; the Palestinian refugees wishing to return (as mentioned in UNGAR 194) may do so only to the Palestinian state, with mutually agreed-upon symbolic exceptions.

1b) Israeli-Syrian Conflict Resolution Parameters

1. Borders – Israel shall withdraw from the Golan to a border-line to be designed based on the June 4, 1967 status, with agreed minor modifications and land swaps based on a 1:1 ratio, reflecting the 1923 international border. The agreement shall be mutually implemented in stages, based on the Sinai model, over a period not to exceed 5 years.

2. Security Arrangements –A comprehensive security package shall be mutually agreed, defining, inter alia, the scope of demilitarized zones on both sides of the border and the deployment of peace keeping international forces.

1c) Israeli-Lebanese Conflict Resolution Parameters

1. Borders – Israel and Lebanon shall establish permanent peace based on UNSCR 1701, subject to which Israel concluded its withdrawal to the international border.

2. Lebanese Sovereignty – In addition to the full implementation of UNSCR 1701, Lebanon shall exercise full sovereignty over its territory through the Lebanese army.

1d) State of Peace

In each of the Israeli-Palestinian, Israeli-Syrian and the Israeli-Lebanese peace agreements the respective parties agree to apply between them the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law governing relations among states in time of peace; to settle all disputes between them by peaceful means; to develop good neighborly relations of co-operation between them to ensure lasting security; to refrain from the threat or use of force against each other and from forming any coalition, organization or alliance with a third party, the objectives or activities of which include launching aggression or hostility against the other party.


1. The parties will create regional security mechanisms, addressing shared threats and risks arising from states, terrorist organizations, marine pirate groups, and guerrilla organizations. to ensure the safety and security of the peoples of the region.

2. The parties shall build regional frameworks to jointly fight against crime and environmental threats.


Based on significant economic support by the international community, the parties shall implement wide-scale regional cooperation projects in order to ensure the stabilization, viability and prosperity of the region, and to achieve optimal utilization of energy and water resources for the benefit of all parties. Such projects will improve transportation infrastructure, agriculture, industry and regional tourism, thus addressing the rising danger of unemployment in the region. In the future, the parties shall create the “Middle East Economic Development Bloc” (inviting all Middle Eastern countries to join), aiming at reaching a special status in the EU, the US and the International Community.


Israel, the Arab States and the Islamic States commit to implement gradual steps towards establishing normal relations between them, in the spirit of the Arab Peace Initiative, which shall commence upon the launching of peace negotiations and shall be gradually upgraded to full normal relations (including diplomatic relations, open borders and economic ties) upon the signing of the permanent status agreements and throughout their implementation.

Yaakov PerryFormer GSS director (1995-1998). Chairman of the Board of Mizrahi
Tefahot and Chairman of Magal. Expert on defense and terror.
Amnon Lipkin-Shahak15th Chief of the General Staff, IDF (1995-1998). Former government minister (1999-2001).
Amram MitznaFormer Chairman of the Labor Party, Major General (IDF), Mayor of Haifa , Head of the Appointed Committee of Yeruham.
Danny YatomFormer director of the Mossad (1996-1998).
Former Commanding General of the Central Command, Military Secretary to PM Rabin and PM Peres, and Chief of Staff and security advisor to PM Barak. Former MK.
Ami AyalonFormer Director of the GSS (1996-2000).
Former government Minister (2007-2008).
Founding member of “Blue-White Future”./td>
Yuval RabinBusinessman and one of the Initiative’s authors.
Danny GillermanFormer Ambassador to the UN.
Head of the Markstone Fund.
Alik RonMajor General Israel Police (Ret.)
Dov TamariBrigadier General (res.) General Staff Reconnaissance Unit commander, first chief intelligence officer in the IDF.
Att. Moshe ShachalAttorney, former MK and minister.
Dr. Yehuda Ben-MeirDeputy Foreign Minister on behalf of Mafdal (1981-1983). Founder of Meimad. Dr. of Psychology, senior research fellow, Institute for National Security Studies (INSS).
Dr. Alon LielInternational relations researcher and Israeli diplomat who served as General Director of the Foreign Ministry (2000-2001). Ambassador to South Africa, and Chargé d’Affaires in Turkey.
Avi PrimorDeputy Rector, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya. Former Israeli Ambassador to Germany and EU, and Deputy Director General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Nathan SharonyPresident of the Council of Peace and Security. Major General (IDF). Former General Director of the Ministry of Industry, Tourism, and Trade.
Prof. Shimon ShamirMiddle East scholar and diplomat. Israeli Ambassador to Egypt (1988-1990) and Israel’s first Ambassador to Jordan (1994-1996).
Idan OferBusinessman, owner of Israel Corp., chairman of the board of Better Place.
Att. Dalia RabinChairperson of the Rabin Center.
Former MK (1999-2003).
Colette AvitalFormer MK and a diplomat, Director of the Berl Katznelson
Shlomo GurDeputy Director of the Claims Committee, former General Director of
the Ministry of Justice, deputy ambassador to the US.
Shaul GivoliBrigadier General (IDF), Major General (Israel Police). General
Director of the Council of Peace and Security.
Uri NeemanFormer head of the Mossad’s research wing (1989-1995).
Member of the Council of Peace and Security.
Prof. Yoram MeitalChairman of the Chaim Hertzog Center for Middle East Studies and
Diplomacy. Scholar of political and national processes in the Middle
Att. Oded DovratPresident of the Ramat Gan College.
Prof. Eli PodehMiddle East scholar, expert in the history of the Arab world. Islam and
Middle East Studies, Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace,
Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Dr. Efrat ElronOrganizational psychologist, expert on multi-national forces and Israeli
interfaces with the international community.
Prof. Aliza ShenharPresident of the Yizre’el Valley College. Former Israeli ambassador to
the Russian Federation (1994-1997).
Dr. Matti SteinbergMiddle East scholar, former advisor to GSS director. Lecturer at
Princeton University.
Dr. Ephraim LavieMiddle East scholar, Colonel (Res.), former senior
intelligence/research officer, Director of the Tami Steinmetz Center of
Peace Studies, Tel Aviv University.
Prof. Tamar HermanPublic opinion expert, expert on foreign policy and security, Open
University and the Israel Democracy Institute.
Prof. Yossi YonahProfessor of Philosophy of Education, Department of Education, Ben
Gurion University.
Prof. Moshe MaozProfessor Emeritus of Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies, expert on
Syria, Truman Institute, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Itamar Ya’arColonel (Res.). Management and national security advisor, former
Deputy Director of the National Security Council.
Bruno LandsbergFounder and chairman of the Sano Enterprises Ltd.
Alon SchusterHead of Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council.
Dr. Alla ShainskayaSenior scientist, Weizmann Institute of Science.
Merav MichaeliJournalist and media figure, a feminist activist.
Adina Bar ShalomFounder and President of the Haredi College of Jerusalem.
Prof. Eyal ZisserMiddle East scholar, Dean of the Faculty of Humanities, Tel Aviv University.
Shaul ArieliColonel (Res.), member of the Council for Peace and Security. Head of the Peace Administration in the Barak Administration.
Prof. Shifra SagiProfessor of Educational Psychology and head of the Conflict Resolution and Management Program, Ben Gurion University.
Israela OronBrigadier General (Res.). Former Deputy Director of the National Security Council.
Avremi AdamovBusinessman and entrepreneur.
Gilead SherColonel (Res.), attorney, former Head of the Prime Minister’s Bureau and Chief Negotiator with the Palestinians. Founding co-chairman of “Blue-White Future”.
Orny PetruschkaHi-tech entrepreneur and social activist. Founding member of “Blue-White Future”.
Avital GevaEducator, artist, social activist. Founder of the Ein Shemer Ecological Incubator.
Prof. Jimmy WeinblattProfessor of Economics, Ben Gurion University of the Negev. In 2010 appointed Rector of Sapir Academic College.
Danny KaravanInternational artist, recipient of the Israel Prize.
Mully DorChairman of the Executive Committee, Negev Institute for Strategies of Peace and Development (NISPED).
Dr. Eva BergerDean of the School of Communications, Academic Track, College of Administration.
Akiva EldarPolitical correspondent, member of the editorial board of Haaretz.
Prof. Eyal BenvenistiProfessor, Faculty of Law, Tel Aviv University. Expert in international law.
Att. Eti LivniFormer MK (Shinui), Deputy Speaker of the Knesset 2006–2008).
Prof. Alex MintzDean of the School of Government, Diplomacy, and Strategy, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya.
Rabbi Dr. Daniel HartmanPresident of the Shalom Hartman Institute, Engaging Israel project director.
Dr. Mark HellerPrincipal Research Associate Institute for National Security Studies.
Att. Aviv WassermanFounder and Director of the Lod Foundation.
Dr. Gershon BaskinFounder and co-director of IPCRI (Israel Palestine Center for Research and Information).
Yohanan BaynFormer ambassador to the UN between 1988-1990.
Prof. Dan JacobsonProfessor of Organizational Behavior at Tel Aviv University, an expert
in dealing with situations of individual unemployment, economic
and political insecurity.
Avner AzulayManaging Director The Rich Foundations in Israel.
Dr. Ilai AlonMiddle East scholar, expert on Islam at Tel Aviv University Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya.
Ophir Paz PinesFormer Knesset member and Minister in Israeli governments from 2005 to 2010.
Avner KatzPainter, illustrator and a writer, recipient of the Israel Prize.
Micha OlmanSculptor, recipient of the Israel Prize.
Oren MagnezyFounder and Chairman of the Laurus Consulting Group, served as Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s Advisor.
Dr. Anat KurtzSenior scholar at the INSS (Institute for National Security Studies), an expert on Islamist terrorism.
Prof. Gavriel SalomonProfessor of Education at the University of Haifa, recipient of the Israel Prize in education.
Dr. Yoram HarpazEditor in chief of “Educating Thinking”, expert in education.
Koby HubermanHi tech professional, specializes in business strategy. Social activist and one of the Initiative’s authors.
Nava Mashiach
Baruch Ovadia
Rafi & Tzvia Valdan
Yoram Yahav
David (Miko) Tzarfaty
Uri Dory

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