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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
A/62/2
1 January 2007

Official Records
Sixty-second Session
Supplement No. 2 (A/62/2)





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Introduction

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The Council continued to monitor the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question, on a regular basis, including through its monthly briefings. The question of Lebanon also dominated the attention of the Council. By its resolution 1701 (2006) of 11 August 2006, the Council called for a full cessation of hostilities and emphasized the need to address urgently the causes that had given rise to the crisis. The Council followed closely the implementation of resolution 1701 (2006) and other issues concerning Lebanon, including the implementation of resolution 1559 (2004), the International Independent Investigation Commission and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon.

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Middle East

The situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question

The Security Council continued to consider the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question, on a regular basis, with monthly briefings by senior Secretariat staff. The Council held seven open debates on the situation in the Middle East, two of which were at ministerial level.

On 11 November 2006, a draft resolution (S/2006/878) introduced by the delegation of Qatar was put to the vote, but was not adopted owing to the negative vote of the United States of America, a permanent member. There were 10 votes in favour of the draft resolution (Argentina, China, Congo, France, Ghana, Greece, Peru, Qatar, Russian Federation, United Republic of Tanzania) and 4 abstentions (Denmark, Japan, Slovakia, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland).

On 6 December, the Council issued a statement to the press in which it welcomed the agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority establishing a mutual ceasefire in Gaza and hoped that it would lead to a period of sustained calm.

On 12 December, subsequent to an open debate, the Council adopted a presidential statement (S/PRST/2006/51), in which inter alia it expressed deep concern over the situation in the Middle East and its serious ramifications for peace and security, and underlined the need to intensify efforts to achieve a just, lasting and comprehensive peace in the region, based on all relevant Council resolutions. It also reaffirmed the vital role of the Quartet.

In December, a comprehensive report of the Secretary-General on the situation in the Middle East and the peace process during the previous 10 years (S/2006/956) was before the Council. The Secretary-General reported to the Council that tensions in the Middle East were near the breaking point and that attaining a final settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict had defeated the best efforts of several generations of world leaders. He warned that the region was in a profound crisis owing to deep mistrust between Israelis and Palestinians. He stated that the failure to achieve a just and comprehensive solution to the long-festering Arab-Israeli conflict remained the main underlying source of frustration and instability in the region. He called on both parties to recognize in each other the desire to resolve the conflict.

The Council also received briefings from the Secretary-General on his visits to the region and was updated on the activities of the Quartet.

Lebanon

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On 18 July, in consultations of the whole, the Council heard two briefings, one by the United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, Michael Williams, on the Secretary-General’s latest report on the implementation of resolution 1701 (2006) (S/2007/392) and the report of the Lebanon Independent Border Assessment Team (S/2007/382), and the other by the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations on the work of UNIFIL. The members of the Council reiterated the importance of the full implementation of all provisions of resolution 1701 (2006) and expected all concerned parties to cooperate fully with the Council and the Secretary-General to achieve a permanent ceasefire and a long-term solution, as envisioned in the resolution.

Implementation of resolution 1559 (2004)

On 30 October 2006, in consultations of the whole, the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the implementation of Security Council resolution 1559 (2004), Terje Roed-Larsen, briefed the Council on the latest report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of that resolution (S/2006/832). Following the consultations, the Council adopted a presidential statement (S/PRST/2006/43), in which it reaffirmed its support for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, unity and political independence of Lebanon and commended the Government for extending its authority throughout the whole of Lebanese territory, particularly in the south.

On 11 June 2007, the Council held consultations of the whole with the Special Envoy. Following the meeting, the Council adopted a presidential statement (S/PRST/2007/17) reiterating its deep concern at mounting information by Israel and other States of illegal movements of arms into Lebanon, in particular across the Lebanese-Syrian border. The Council regretted that some provisions of resolution 1559 (2004) had yet to be fully implemented, particularly the disbanding and disarming of Lebanese and non-Lebanese militias and strict respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of Lebanon. The Council also condemned the ongoing criminal and terrorist acts in Lebanon, including those perpetrated by Fatah al-Islam, and underlined the need to protect and assist civilians, among them the Palestinian refugees.


Part II
Questions considered by the Security Council under its responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security



Chapter 1
Items relating to the situation in the Middle East


A. The situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question


Meetings of the Council

5515 (22 August 2006); 5530 (21 September 2006); 5552 (19 October 2006); 5564 (9 November 2006); 5565 (11 November 2006); 5568 (21 November 2006); 5624 (25 January 2007); 5629 (13 February 2007); 5638 (14 March 2007); 5667 (25 April 2007); 5683 (24 May 2007); 5701 (20 June 2007); 5723 (25 July 2007)


Consultations of the whole

7 September; 8 and 10 November; 5 and 6 December 2006; 9 and 25 January; 14 March; 5 April; 23, 24 and 30 May; 1, 8, 11 and 20 June; 25 and 26 July 2007


Reports of the Secretary-General


SymbolDate submittedIn response to
S/2006/74819 September 2006General Assembly resolution 60/39


Communications received from 1 August 2006 to 31 July 2007


S/2006/7181 August 2006Letter from the representative of Malaysia to the Secretary-General
S/2006/6083 August 2006Letter from the representative of Malaysia to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/6133 August 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/6237 August 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/6509 August 2006Letter from the representative of Azerbaijan to the Secretary-General
S/2006/64111 August 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/65916 August 2006Letter from the representative of Costa Rica to the Secretary-General
S/2006/66921 August 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/67621 August 2006Letter from the observer of Palestine to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/69425 August 2006Letter from the representative of El Salvador to the Secretary-General
S/2006/69628 August 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/70030 August 2006Letter from the observer of the League of Arab States to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/70431 August 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/78019 September 2006Letter from the representative of Cuba to the Secretary-General
S/2006/75221 September 2006Letter from the observer of Palestine to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/7983 October 2006Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/7884 October 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/80812 October 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/81816 October 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/82717 October 2006Letter from the observer of Palestine to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/84325 October 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/8581 November 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/8623 November 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/8686 November 2006Letter from the representative of Qatar to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/8697 November 2006Letter from the representative of Azerbaijan to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/8718 November 2006Letter from the representative of Cuba to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/8728 November 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/8738 November 2006Letter from the observer of Palestine to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/8769 November 2006Letter from the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Secretary-General
S/2006/8829 November 2006Letter from the representative of Cuba to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/88613 November 2006Letter from the observer of the League of Arab States to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/88714 November 2006Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/89115 November 2006Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/90420 November 2006Letter from the observer of Palestine to the President of the Security Council
S/2006/91622 November 2006Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/92529 November 2006Letter from the representative of the Russian Federation to the Secretary-General
S/2006/9415 December 2006Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/9497 December 2006Letter from the representative of the United Arab Emirates to the Secretary-General
S/2006/9598 December 2006Letter from the representative of Azerbaijan to the Secretary-General
S/2006/101612 December 2006Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/100018 December 2006Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2006/102925 December 2006Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/12 January 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/54 January 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/2318 January 2007Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/3523 January 2007Letter from the representative of Cuba to the Secretary-General
S/2007/3724 January 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/4925 January 2007Letter from the representative of Cuba to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/586 February 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/606 February 2007Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/759 February 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/769 February 2007Letter from the representative of Azerbaijan to the Secretary-General
S/2007/809 February 2007Identical letters from the representative of Kuwait to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/8312 February 2007Letter from the observer of Palestine to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/10312 February 2007Letter from the representative of Egypt to the Secretary-General
S/2007/10121 February 2007Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/10926 February 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/11727 February 2007Identical letters from the representative of Kuwait to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/1191 March 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/1297 March 2007Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/14613 March 2007Letter from the representative of Cuba to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/15720 March 2007Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/16120 March 2007Letter from the representative of Cuba to the Secretary-General
S/2007/1979 April 2007Letter from the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Secretary-General
S/2007/19210 April 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/35812 April 2007Letter from the observer of the League of Arab States to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/21717 April 2007Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/22819 April 2007Letter from the observer of Palestine to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/22523 April 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/23223 April 2007Letter from the observer of the League of Arab States to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/25224 April 2007Letter from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General
S/2007/23025 April 2007Letter from the representative

of Cuba to the President of the Security Council

S/2007/27010 May 2007Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/29215 May 2007Letter from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/28516 May 2007Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/29117 May 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/29318 May 2007Letter from the President of the Security Council to the Secretary-General
S/2007/29821 May 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/36023 May 2007Letter from the representative of South Africa to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/30824 May 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/30924 May 2007Letter from the representative of Pakistan to the Secretary-General
S/2007/31024 May 2007Letter from the representative of Cuba to the Secretary-General
S/2007/31629 May 2007Identical letters from the representative of Israel to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/31830 May 2007Identical letters from the representative of Lebanon to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/32230 May 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/3376 June 2007Letter from the representative of Cuba to the Secretary-General
S/2007/3457 June 2007Letter from the representative of Cuba to the Secretary-General
S/2007/34812 June 2007Identical letters from the representative of Lebanon to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/37320 June 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/38226 June 2007Letter from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/38727 June 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/39729 June 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/4053 July 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/4115 July 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/42810 July 2007Letter from the representative of France to the President of the Security Council
S/2007/43116 July 2007Identical letters from the representative of the Syrian Arab Republic to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
S/2007/43316 July 2007Letter from the representative of Cuba to the Secretary-General
S/2007/45926 July 2007Identical letters from the observer of Palestine to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council

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5. The situation in the Middle East


Meetings of the Council

5584 (12 December 2006)


Consultations of the whole

11 December 2006; 23 May 2007


Presidential statements

S/PRST/2006/51


Reports of the Secretary-General


SymbolDate submitted
S/2006/95611 December 2006

Communications received from 1 August 2006 to 31 July 2007


S/2006/96011 December 2006Letter from the observer of Palestine to the President of the Security Council

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