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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
UNRESTRICTED
A/C.1/394/Rev.2
30 November 1948

ORIGINAL: ENGLISH
Dual Distribution

Third session
FIRST COMMITTEE



PROGRESS REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS MEDIATOR ON PALESTINE

United Kingdom: Second Revised Draft Resolution


THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

Having adopted on 29 November 1947 resolution 181 (II) regarding the future government of Palestine and providing a plan for partition with economic union;

Having adopted on 14 May 1948 resolution 186 (S-2) empowering a United Nations Mediator in Palestine to exercise certain functions including the use of his good offices to promote a peaceful adjustment of the future situation in Palestine;

Having received and examined the Progress Report of the United Nations Mediator on Palestine (A/648) submitted by the late Count Folke Bernadotte;

Having taken note of the resolutions of the Security Council concerning the truce in Palestine and of the resolution of 16 November 1948 concerning the establishment of an armistice by means of negotiations conducted either directly or through the Acting Mediator on Palestine;

1. EXPRESSES its deep appreciation of the progress achieved through the good offices of the late United Nations Mediator in promoting a peaceful adjustment the future situation of Palestine for which cause he sacrificed his life; and EXTENDS its thanks to the Acting Mediator and his staff for their continued efforts and devotion to duty in Palestine;

2. ESTABLISHES a Conciliation Commission consisting of (three States Members of the United Nations) which shall have the following functions:

3. CALLS upon the Governments and authorities concerned to extend the scope of the negotiations provided for in the Security Council’s Resolution of 16 November 1948 and to seek agreement by negotiations conducted either through the Conciliation Commission or directly with a view to a final settlement of all questions outstanding between them;

4. INSTRUCTS the Conciliation Commission in pursuance of paragraph 2 (c) above to enter into consultations with the Governments and authorities concerned with a view to delimiting the frontiers in Palestine taking into account the following general considerations, without excluding any territorial settlement mutually acceptable to the parties;

5. ENDORSES the recommendation contained in paragraph 4 (c) of the Mediator’s conclusions concerning the disposition of the territory of Palestine now included within the boundaries of the Jewish State or the City of Jerusalem, and INSTRUCTS the Conciliation Commission, in full consultation with the inhabitants of Arab Palestine, to assist the Governments of the Arab States concerned to arrange for the disposition of this territory in accordance with the aforesaid recommendation;

6. RESOLVES that the Holy Places, religious buildings and sites in Palestine should be protected and free access to them assured, in accordance with existing rights and historical practice; that arrangements to this end should be under effective United Nations supervision; that the United Nations Conciliation Commission in presenting to the fourth regular session of the General Assembly its detailed proposals for a permanent international regime for the territory of Jerusalem should include recommendations conceding the Holy Places in that territory; that with regard to the Holy Places in the rest of Palestine the Commission should call upon the political authorities of the areas concerned to give appropriate formal guarantees as to the protection of the Holy Places and access to them; and that these undertakings should be presented to the General Assembly for approval;

7. RESOLVES that in view of its association with three world religions, the Jerusalem area, as defined in the General Assembly resolution of 29 November 1947, should be accorded special and separate treatment from the rest of Palestine and should be placed under effective United Nations control with the maximum feasible local autonomy for the Arab and Jewish communities; INVITES the Security Council to take further steps to secure the demilitarization of Jerusalem with the least possible delay; and INSTRUCTS the Conciliation Commission:

8. RESOLVES that, pending agreement on more detailed arrangements among the Governments and authorities concerned, unimpeded access to Jerusalem by road, rail, or air should be accorded to all inhabitants of Palestine; and INSTRUCTS the Conciliation Commission to report immediately to the Security Council for appropriate action by that organ any attempt by any party to impede such access;

9. INSTRUCTS the Conciliation Commission to seek arrangements among the governments and authorities concerned which will facilitate the economic development of the area, including arrangements for access to ports and airfields and the use of transportation and communication facilities; in this connection, the conclusions contained in Part I, Section VIII, Paragraph 4 (e) and (f) of the Progress Report of the United Nations Mediator should be taking into account;

10. RECOMMENDS to the Security Council that after the frontiers have been established in accordance with this resolution the Security Council consider, in conformity with the Charter, any attempt to alter these frontiers by force as a threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression;

11. ENDORSES the conclusions stated in Part I, Section VIII, paragraph 4(I) of the Progress Report of the United Nations Mediator in Palestine, and

RESOLVES that the refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbors should be permitted to do so at the earliest possible date, and that compensation should be paid for the property of those choosing not to return and for loss of damage to property which under principles of international law or in equity should be made good by the governments or authorities responsible; and

INSTRUCTS the Conciliation Commission to facilitate the repatriation, resettlement and economic and social rehabilitation of the refugees and the payment of compensation and to maintain close relations with the Director of the United Nations Relief for Palestine Refugees;

12. AUTHORIZES the Conciliation Commission to appoint such subsidiary bodies and to employ such technical experts, acting under its authority, as it may find necessary to the effective discharge of its functions and responsibilities under this resolution;

13. INSTRUCTS the Conciliation Commission to render progress reports periodically to the Secretary-General for transmission to the Security Council and to Members of the United Nations;

14. CALLS UPON all Governments and authorities concerned to co-operate with the Conciliation Commission and to take all possible steps to assist in the implementation of this resolution;

15. REQUESTS the Secretary-General to provide the necessary staff and facilities and to make appropriate arrangements to provide the necessary funds required in carrying out the terms of this resolution.

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