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UNITED
NATIONS
A S

        General Assembly
        Security Council
Distr.
GENERAL
A/55/621
S/2000/1089

13 November 2000

Original: English

General Assembly
Fifty-fifth session
Agenda item 26
Cooperation between the United Nations
and the Inter-Parliamentary Union
Security Council
Fifty-fifth year



Letter dated 8 November 2000 from the Chargé d’affaires
a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the
United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


I have the honour to transmit herewith the texts of four resolutions adopted by the 104th Conference of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, which was convened at Jakarta, from 15 to 21 October 2000 (see annex).* The annex is being circulated in the languages of submission only. These resolutions are entitled:

1. “The prevention of military and other coups against democratically elected Governments and against the free will of the peoples expressed through direct suffrage, and action to address grave violations of the human rights of parliamentarians”

2. “Financing for development and a new paradigm of economic and social development designed to eradicate poverty”

3. “Bringing an end to the tension and violence in the Middle East, protecting civilians in accordance with the Fourth Geneva Convention, and action to save the peace process in accordance with the relevant United Nations resolutions”

4. “Are embargoes and economic sanctions still ethically acceptable, do they still work, and are they suited to achieving their purpose in an ever more globalised world?”

I should be appreciative if you would circulate the aforementioned resolutions as a document of the General Assembly, under agenda item 26, and of the Security Council.

(Signed) Makmur Widodo
Ambassador
Deputy Permanent Representative
Chargé d’affaires a.i.


Annex to the letter dated 8 November 2000 from the Chargé d’affaires
a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the
United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
[Original: English and French]
/...

BRINGING AN END TO THE TENSION AND VIOLENCE IN THE
MIDDLE EAST, PROTECTING CIVILIANS IN ACCORDANCE
WITH THE FOURTH GENEVA CONVENTION, AND ACTION
TO SAVE THE PEACE PROCESS IN ACCORDANCE WITH
THE RELEVANT UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTIONS

Resolution adopted by the 104th Conference
by 987 votes to 61, with 131 abstentions
(Jakarta, 19 October 2000)

The 104th Inter-Parliamentary Conference,

Recalling its resolution on Jerusalem adopted in Seoul (97th Conference, April 1997) and its resolutions adopted in Amman (103rd Conference, April 2000),

Recalling also UN Security Council resolutions 476 (1980), 478 (1980), 672 (1990), 1073 (1996) and 1322 (2000), and all its other relevant resolutions,

Recalling further the internationally recognised principles of human rights law enshrined in various United Nations Declarations and Conventions and repeatedly endorsed by the Inter-Parliamentary Union,

Asserting the applicability of international humanitarian law, in particular the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,

Deeply concerned by the tragic events that have occurred in the Palestinian territories in particular since the provocative visit of Mr. Ariel Sharon to Al-Haram Al-Sharif in Jerusalem on 28 September 2000, and which have led to numerous deaths and injuries mostly among the Palestinians, due to excessive use of force by the Israeli army in the occupied territories,

Reaffirming that a just and lasting solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict must be based on UN Security Council resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973) and UN General Assembly resolution 194 (1948), and on an active process of negotiation which takes account of the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, including the right to self-determination and to the establishment of an independent State,

Expressing its support for the Middle East peace process and the efforts to reach a final settlement between the Israeli and Palestinian sides, and urging the two sides to cooperate in these efforts,

Taking into account the declaration of 17 October by the parties gathered at Sharm el-Sheik who have publicly stated their determination to stop the violence and undertake concrete measures to prevent a recurrence of recent events,

Reaffirming the need for roll respect by all of the holy places of the city of Jerusalem, and condemning any behaviour to the contrary,

1. Condemns all acts of provocation that threaten the peace process and international efforts to establish a just and comprehensive peace;

2. Deeply deplores the tragic events that have taken place in the Palestinian territories which have led to an alarming upsurge in the Arab-Israeli conflict since the provocative visit of Mr. Ariel Sharon to Al-Haram Al-Sharif in Jerusalem on 28 September 2000;

3. Denounces the acts of violence committed in the occupied territories by the Israeli military forces and their excessive use of force which have already resulted in over 120 deaths and more than 4,000 casualties, mostly among the Palestinians and including innocent civilians;

4. Urges Israel to fulfil its commitment to cease all military actions, to lift the blockade of the Palestinian territories and to restore the situation which existed prior to the current crisis;

5. Calls on the Israeli Government and the Palestinian National Authority henceforth to prevent any acts of violence;

6. Calls also on Israel, the Occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations and its responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, which is applicable to all the Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967;

7. Calls further on the parties to secure a return to normality so as to improve the prospects for the Middle East peace process in keeping with the principle of land for peace and UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338;

8. Welcomes and supports the intentions announced in the 17 October meeting in Sharm el-Sheik to establish an international commission of inquiry, with the support of the United Nations, for a speedy and objective inquiry into the tragic events of the past few days with the aim of preventing their recurrence;

9. Calls on the two parties to resume substantive negotiations and to do everything possible to achieve lasting peace;

10. Calls also on all forces for peace to mobilise internationally in order to turn the region into a zone of peace and shared prosperity;

11. Welcomes the encouraging results of the Sharm el-Sheik talks as an important step towards ending violence and resuming the political dialogue, and calls on both sides sincerely to fulfil their commitments.

/...

*****

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