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Source: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
23 March 2017



PARIS, 23 March 2017
Original: English

Item 39 of the provisional agenda

OCCUPIED PALESTINE


SUMMARY

    This document is submitted pursuant to 200 EX/25, by which the Executive Board decided to include the item entitled "Occupied Palestine" in the agenda of the 201st session. The present document provides a progress report on developments since the 200th session of the Executive Board.

    There are no financial or administrative implications.

    Action expected of the Executive Board: Proposed decision in paragraph 16.

I. Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls

1. The state of conservation of the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (site proposed by Jordan) is the subject of regular reporting to the Executive Board and to the World Heritage Committee. It was examined by the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session in Paris in October 2016. The 15th Reinforced Monitoring Report dated April 2016 on the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls was sent to all World Heritage Committee members.

2. Pursuant to 176 EX/Special Plenary Meeting and to the decisions of the Executive Board and the World Heritage Committee since 2007, the World Heritage Centre has spared no efforts to facilitate exchanges between Israeli, Palestinian, Jordanian and Waqf experts regarding the design of the Mughrabi Ascent in the Old City of Jerusalem, as well as to facilitate the UNESCO Reactive Monitoring Mission to the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls and a UNESCO experts meeting on the Mughrabi Ascent.

3. However, at the time of the preparation of this document, the monitoring mission and experts meeting requested by the Executive Board and by the World Heritage Committee could not be undertaken.

4. On 15 July 2016 and on 14 October 2016, the Director-General issued statements on the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls, recalling that as per its inscription on the World Heritage list, the Old City of Jerusalem is the sacred city of the three monotheistic religions — Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and that each of its communities has a right to the explicit recognition of their history and relationship with the city. She referred to the Al-Aqsa Mosque/al-Haram al-Sharif, holy site to Muslims, also revered by Jews as the Har HaBayit or Temple Mount, a few steps away from the Church of the Saint Sepulcher revered in Christianity, as testimony to the spiritual significance of Jerusalem as a microcosm of humanity's diversity and, in itself, "an appeal for dialogue, not confrontation".

5. By letters dated 10 and 22 November 2016, the Permanent Delegation of Palestine, referring to the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls, expressed concerns regarding reported modifications of monuments, streets and squares names as well as reported "damages to the Bab Al Rahma cemetery, adjacent to the eastern wall of the Al-Aqsa Mosque/al-Haram al-Sharif'. By letter dated 19 January 2017, the Secretariat has forwarded these concerns to the Permanent Delegation of Israel to UNESCO, and asked the latter to provide more information in this regard. By letter dated 14 March 2017, the Permanent Delegation of Israel refuted these complaints as "repetitive and falsified".

6. Following the agreement signed between UNESCO and the Norwegian Government in December 2011 on the project for "Ensuring the sustainability of the Centre for the Restoration of Islamic Manuscripts of the Haram al-Sharif in Jerusalem", UNESCO has deployed its assistance to build the Centre's staff capacities in the preservation of Islamic manuscripts. Since the outset of the project, five additional staff have been recruited for the Centre and 12 training sessions totalling 1,370 hours of teaching on conservation and restoration techniques have been held so far, in addition to study tours to restoration centres in Paris and Florence in 2013. The project also provided the Centre with conservation equipment and materials. UNESCO conducted four consultation missions in 2014/15. The stakeholders are currently discussing a possible new phase of the project to be implemented from 2017 onwards.

7. The refurbishment of the Islamic Museum in the Haram Al-Sharif and its Collection, funded by Saudi Arabia, is currently on hold pending additional funding to complete the proposed museographical and scenographical planning, which was approved in March 2015 by the Awqaf authorities. A follow-up mission took place in June 2015. The re-opening of the Museum will depend on the availability of additional funds, and is foreseen beyond 2017.

8. By letter dated 6 December 2016, the Permanent Delegation of Palestine to UNESCO expressed concerns following reports that part of the collections of the Rockefeller Museum located in East Jerusalem had been transferred to West Jerusalem. The Secretariat has forwarded these concerns to the Permanent Delegation of Israel to UNESCO, and asked the latter for more information. The Permanent Delegation of Israel refuted these complaints as "repetitive and falsified".

9. Should additional information become available to the Secretariat regarding the above-mentioned matters, the Director-General is prepared to publish an Addendum to this document before the 201st session of the Executive Board in order to inform the Members of the Executive Board of any new developments in that regard.

II.

A. Reconstruction and development of Gaza (July 2016 — January 2017)
Education

10. UNESCO continues to support vulnerable university students in Palestine in two Community Libraries in the Gaza Strip, funded by the Saudi Committee for the Relief of Palestinian People, through the provision of study and research library facilities, textbooks and other resource materials. Since the last reporting period, the libraries have continued to increase the number of beneficiaries to approximately 4000 students.

11. UNESCO also continued its support to inclusive and child-friendly education, through piloting child-led activities and innovative teaching/learning methods, targeting 19 additional schools benefiting an additional number of 772 children and 50 teachers and supervisors in the Gaza Strip.

Culture

12. UNESCO successfully completed the rehabilitation of the historic monument in Al-Khader shrine in Deir Albalah. The site is currently reused by a community children library benefiting more than 500 vulnerable children and providing community services for the neighbourhood. The site had been abandoned and partially damaged during the 2014 war in Gaza. The project contributed to the local development in the target community by generating 1500 working days and provided a highly demanded social service for children.

13. UNESCO continued to support the safeguarding and promotion of the archaeological site of

Tell um Amer/Saint Hilarion Monastery in Gaza Strip, which is included on the Tentative List of Palestine for possible nomination to the World Heritage List. Monitoring missions were carried out in September and in November 2016 to assess the state of conservation of the site after an attempted break into the site. The mission identified damage in the new protection fence around the site, which had been installed by UNESCO in Spring 2016, as well as in the retaining sand bags used to support the structures in the baptistery and the church areas. Minor damage to two mosaics panels was also reported. UNESCO is now carrying out relevant conservation and consolidation measures as well as site maintenance works. Information signs to highlight the archaeological features and the importance of the preservation of this unique site will be also installed. The site is suffering from gradual erosion and degradation due to climatic conditions and the lack of necessary protection. In addition, the lack of funds impedes the implementation of required overall conservation, management and promotion of the site. UNESCO continues its efforts to raise funds in this regard, with the preparation of relevant project proposal and the organization of field visits to the site and to other vulnerable cultural heritage sites in Gaza Strip.

B. The two Palestinian sites of al-Haram al-lbrahimi/Tomb of the Patriarchs in al-Khalil/Hebron and the BHA! ibn Rabat) Mosque/Rachel's Tomb in Bethlehem

14. This matter has been on the agenda of the Executive Board since its 184th session at the request of a number of Member States, in relation to the decision of the Israeli authorities, announced in February 2010, to include the two above-mentioned sites located in Hebron and Bethlehem in Israel's National Heritage Programme.

15. By letter dated 17 November 2016, the Permanent Delegation of Palestine to UNESCO expressed concerns regarding reported construction works in the Old City of Hebron, which may endanger the site. By letter dated 18 January 2017, the Permanent Delegation of Palestine to UNESCO expressed concerns regarding alleged illegal excavations in Tel Rumeida — Al Khalil/Hebron. The Secretariat forwarded these concerns to the Permanent Delegation of Israel to UNESCO, and asked the latter to provide more information in this regard. The Permanent Delegation of Israel refuted these complaints as "repetitive and falsified".

Proposed decision

16. The Executive Board may wish to adopt a decision along the following lines: The Executive Board,

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