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In the absence of the President, Miss Clarke (Barbados), Vice-President, took the Chair.
The meeting was called to order at 10.10 a.m.
Agenda item 11 (continued)
Report of the Security Council (A/57/2 and Corr.1)
Agenda item 40 (continued)
Question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and related matters
Report of the Open-ended Working Group
Mr. Gatilov (Russian Federation) (spoke in Russian ): ...
Over the past year, the Security Council, in close interaction with other organs of the United Nations system, has also made considerable progress in settling regional conflicts. Primary responsibility for any settlement, of course, lies with the parties to the conflict themselves. But multilateral mechanisms have more than once demonstrated their effectiveness in restoring peace and reaching agreements. We can all claim credit in helping Timor-Leste achieve independence, establishing, with United Nations support, provisional self-government institutions in Kosovo, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and the Transitional Administration in Afghanistan, as well as in adopting resolutions which have made a practical contribution to solving crises in a number of African countries through the concerted efforts of the United Nations and African organizations.
Nevertheless, there are many hot spots that remain as sources of instability in the world. The situation in the Middle East is still far from being resolved; the Iraq and Cyprus problems also remain unresolved; there are persistent problems on the African continent. Hence, the good deal of hard work that remains requires great efforts, first and foremost through the political will of States to comply strictly with the provisions of the United Nations Charter, one of which establishes the key role of the Security Council in maintaining peace and stability.
Mr. Šahovi? (Yugoslavia): ...
As the report of the Security Council states at the very beginning, the past year was one of the busiest in the history of the Council. Indeed, if we examine the report we can see that the Council’s agenda was very broad, ranging from acute crises, such as the one in the Middle East and those in some areas of Africa, to issues of a more general nature — for example, the role of the Security Council in the prevention of armed conflict and the subject of children in armed conflict. ...
Mr. Stanczyk (Poland): ...
Violence and loss of life marked yet another year in the continuation of the Middle East conflict, which was the focus of the Council’s attention on many occasions. Security Council resolution 1397 (2002), confirming the right of existence of both Israel and Palestine within secure and recognized borders, has been an important step taken towards lasting peace in the region. The Council has our full support in its efforts to achieve this goal.
The meeting rose at 1.15 p.m.
This record contains the text of speeches delivered in English and of the interpretation of speeches delivered in the other languages. Corrections should be submitted to the original languages only. They should be incorporated in a copy of the record and sent under the signature of a member of the delegation concerned to the Chief of the Verbatim Reporting Service, room C-154A. Corrections will be issued after the end of the session in a consolidated corrigendum.