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Agenda item 14
Report of the International Atomic Energy Agency
Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the International Atomic Energy Agency (A/58/312)
Draft resolution (A/58/L.10)
The Acting President (spoke in Spanish): I now call on Mr. Mohamed ElBaradei, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, to introduce the report of the Agency for the year 2002.
Mr. ElBaradei : ...
Pursuant to the mandate given to me by the IAEA General Conference, I have continued to consult with the States of the Middle East region on the application of full-scope safeguards to all nuclear activities in the Middle East and on the development of model agreements relevant to the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free-zone in the region. I regret to report that, due to the prevailing situation in the region, I have not been in a position to make any progress on the implementation of this important mandate, which is of direct relevance to non-proliferation and security in the Middle East. With the active cooperation of all concerned, I hope to move this mandate forward in the coming year. It is essential, in my view, that a comprehensive settlement in the Middle East be accompanied by a regional security structure that includes the establishment of the Middle East as a zone free from weapons of mass destruction. In my view, a durable peace will not be attained without an adequate security structure, which in turn is difficult to achieve without a peaceful settlement. The two must go hand in hand.
The Acting President ( spoke in Spanish ): I call on the representative of Spain to introduce draft resolution A/58/L.10.
Mr. Nuñez García-Saúco (Spain) (spoke in Spanish ): ...
We are all aware that, since 1990, the year in which the General Assembly adopted the last of the so-called procedural resolutions on the IAEA, the length of such resolutions has undergone rapid and unnecessary growth. The expansion reflected the understandable concern of some Members to highlight in the resolution those aspects of the Agency’s work that were of the greatest importance to them. The greater length of the text was inevitably accompanied by a lengthier and more difficult drafting process, frequently including the discussion of issues that had already been negotiated and decided upon at the IAEA General Conference.
Given those developments, and so as to enhance the efficiency of our efforts, we have decided this year to introduce a draft resolution that strikes a middle ground between the procedural resolutions of the past and the substantive appeal of recent years. By comparison with last year, we shall have a markedly shorter resolution — perhaps well less than half as long — which nonetheless retains the essential of the substance.
In any event, the draft resolution and the annual report together provide sufficient information to give an overall picture of the recent work of the Agency and to give a detailed account of activities in areas of specific interest. So as to focus the attention of the Assembly on the most significant activities of the Agency, the draft resolution does not refer to resolutions and decisions adopted at the most recent IAEA General Conference related to budgetary or procedural issues. This means that, of the 22 resolutions and 5 decisions adopted, only 14 substantive resolutions and 3 substantive decisions are mentioned. By paragraph 2 of the draft resolution, the General Assembly would take note of each of those resolutions and decisions, which, with the exceptions that I shall describe shortly, relate to one of the three pillars of the Agency’s activities: nuclear safety, technology transfer and verification of peaceful use.
Specifically, in the area of nuclear safety, which includes protection from nuclear terrorism, four IAEA resolutions were adopted: a resolution on cooperation in radiological material, transport and waste management (GC(47)/RES/7A); a resolution on the code of conduct on radioactive sources (GC(47)/RES/7B); a resolution on transport safety (GC(47)/RES/7C); and a resolution on progress on measures to protect against nuclear and radiological terrorism (GC(47)/RES/8).
In the area of technology transfer, six resolutions were adopted: on strengthening of the Agency’s technical cooperation activities (GC(47)/RES/9); on strengthening the Agency’s activities related to nuclear science, technology and applications (GC(47)/RES/10A); on nuclear knowledge (GC(47)/RES/10B); on the development of innovative nuclear technology (GC(47)/RES/10C); on the use of isotope hydrology for water resources management (GC(47)/RES/10D); and on a plan for producing potable water economically using small and medium-sized nuclear reactors (GC(47)/RES/10E).
In the area of verification, three resolutions were adopted: on strengthening the effectiveness and improving the efficiency of the safeguards system and application of the Model Additional Protocol (GC(47)/RES/11); on the implementation of the Agreement between the Agency and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for the application of safeguards in connection with the Non-Proliferation Treaty (GC(47)/RES/12); and on the application of Agency safeguards in the Middle East (GC(47)/RES/13).
Additionally, there were two presidential statements: one on the implementation of United Nations Security Council resolutions relating to Iraq (GC(47)/DEC/12); and another on Israeli nuclear capabilities and threat (GC(47)/DEC/13).
As I indicated earlier, the draft resolution that we are introducing before the General Assembly also mentions two resolutions and a decision that are not substantive in nature, but which refer to topical issues: resolutions GC(47)/RES/14A and B on staffing of the Agency’s secretariat and on women in the secretariat, respectively, as well as the General Conference decision amending article VI of the Agency’s statute (GC(47)/DEC/14).
As a final comment, I would like to note that all the resolutions and decisions adopted at the most recent General Conference were a result of the constructive climate of dialogue that prevails in IAEA, and were adopted by consensus.
It only remains for me to thank Member States for the broad support that this new approach and particularly the text of draft resolution A/58/L.10 have received over the course of the informal consultations that I chaired in Vienna, which resulted in broad and solid consensus. The consultations I have been holding over the past week in New York have also revealed widespread support for the initiative. At the time, I asked States present in the consultations not to reopen issues already negotiated and agreed upon in Vienna. At this stage, I would like to repeat that appeal to all States, and to express my confidence that draft resolution A/58/L.10 will be adopted by a broad majority and, if possible, by consensus.
The meeting rose at 1 p.m.
This record contains the text of speeches delivered in English and of the interpretation of speeches delivered in the other languages. Corrections should be submitted to the original languages only. They should be incorporated in a copy of the record and sent under the signature of a member of the delegation concerned to the Chief of the Verbatim Reporting Service, room C-154A. Corrections will be issued after the end of the session in a consolidated corrigendum.