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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
9 November 2004


OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841
ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org

OCHA Weekly Briefing Notes
Update for oPt (3 - 9 November 2004)

INSIDEINSIDE: Casualties -- Incidents involving ambulances -- Curfew -- House demolition/Demolition orders/People displaced -- Land levelling/Requisitions -- Closures/restrictions on movement -- Access to schools -- Labour movement to Israel -- Other -- Appendix

1. Casualties

Palestinians: Deaths: 19; Injured: 40 (approximate)
Israelis: Deaths: 1; Injured: 11 (approximate)

Sources: OCHA FCU, PRCS, UNRWA, IDF website, Israeli MoFA.

2. Incidents involving ambulances and medical teams

West Bank
Denial of access: 1
Delay (30 minutes): 3
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

3 November: Despite coordination with the IDF, a medical team from the Ministry of Health was denied access to Azzun Atma in Qalqiliya Governorate.

Gaza:
Denial of access: 0
Delay (30 minutes): 0
Shooting/Damage to Ambulance: 0

Sources: OCHA FCU, PRCS, Palestinian MoH

3. Curfews

Curfew was reported in the following locations:


Sources: OCHA FCU, Village Councils, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL

4. House demolitions/Demolition orders/People displaced

West Bank:
7 November: Two houses were demolished in Jenin refugee camp. The houses were shelter for at least two families. One of the houses was build by the UNRWA Jenin refugee camp rehabilitation project.
9 November: A two-storey building, residence for two families, was demolished in Nablus.
9 November: A veterinarian business was destroyed in Jenin city.




Gaza:
3 November: Twenty-four houses were demolished in Block O and west of the Brazil quarter in Rafah.
6 November: One shelter and one animal farm were partially destroyed in the Bedouin village in northern Beit Lahia.
5 November: Five houses were demolished and another house was damaged in Block J and al Barahma area in Rafah.
8 November: Two houses, a water well and 10 greenhouses were demolished in Orayba in Rafah.



Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA

5. Land levelling/Requisitions1

West Bank:
3 November to date: Contractors guarded by private security forces resumed levelling land for the construction of the Barrier in the western villages of Hebron district: Beit 'Awwa, Sikka and Deir al 'Asal at Tahta.
4 November: Two new Barrier requisition orders (T/75/04 and T/76/04) for 600 dunums (60 hectares) were issued by the IDF for land in the eastern and western part of Bet Surik village, northwest Jerusalem Governorate.
4 November: The IDF issued military orders that prohibit new construction within a distance of 100 to 200 meters on both sides of the Barrier in both Qalqiliya and Tulkarm governorates.
4 November: The IDF handed over two land requisition orders for Rantis and Beit Sira villages, Ramallah district, to the Palestinian DCL. There is no information about the number of dunums involved.

Gaza:
3 November: Seventeen dunums (1.7 hectares) of land were levelled and two chicken farms were destroyed in an area south of the Israeli settlement of Dugit, northwest of Beit Lahia.

Sources: OCHA FCU, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL, Village Council

6. Closure2/Restrictions on movement

Tulkarm/Qalqiliya/Salfit governorates:
• In Tulkarm Governorate, the IDF maintained the restricted movement on the local populations by manning all parts of the Kafriat checkpoint and by only allowing pedestrians through. However,the Anabta gate has been open during the day allowing vehicles to travel on Road 57 toward Nablus and Qalqiliya.
• In Qalqiliya Governorate, no restrictions were imposed on the local populations apart from flying checkpoints occasionally established at Jit junction (to control movement between the three governorates of Nablus, Tulkarm and Qalqiliya) and in front of the main entrance to Qalqiliya town. The tunnel between Qalqiliya town and Habla has been open the entire week.
• In Salfit District, movement between the villages continues to be hampered by the existence of roadblocks and earth mounds, and the restrictions to travel on the main roads. However, the roadblock in the outskirt of Yasuf toward Tapphua junction is still removed despite information from the IDF stating that it would be back in place 23 October.

__________
1 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare
2 For a reference West Bank checkpoint map please check the following link: http://www.reliefweb.int/hicopt/maps/Closure/mar/checkpoints_july04.pdf


Nablus/Jenin/Tubas governorates:
• Since 28 October: the IDF has occupied a total of 15 houses in Jenin city and refugee camp. The Palestinian residents of the houses have been forced to leave.
3 to 9 November: The strict closure imposed on Jenin city 28 October and Jenin refugee camp continued as all major entrances were closed.
3 November: All the checkpoints at the entrances of Nablus city were closed to Palestinians.
3 November: Hamra checkpoint was closed for Palestinians.
4 November: A flying checkpoint was erected on Road 60 near Al Lubban ash Sharqiya.
7 November: A flying checkpoint was erected at the northern entrance of Tubas.
7 November: Palestinians pushed open the gate at Tayasir (Tubas) as they were delayed while trying to reach their homes in time for the Iftar, the breaking of the fast.

Ramallah/Al Bireh governorates:
• Several tight checkpoints were established around the Ramallah area throughout the week. On 3 November, a flying checkpoint was set up on the ‘Ein Arik Road between 1.30pm and 1am. Long delays were experienced.
4 November: Atara checkpoint was in operation throughout the day.• 5 November: at around 8pm, a flying checkpoint was set up for two hours between Surda and Abu Qash. One Palestinian was arrested at the checkpoint.
7 November: a flying checkpoint was also set up between Beit ‘Ur at Tahta and Kharbatha al Misbah during the morning rush hours.
7 November: The IDF replaced the earth mound blocking the road between Bir Zeit and bypass Road 465 with a gate.

Jerusalem/Jericho governorates:
• IDF mobile checkpoints function on a daily basis at the entrance to Al ‘Eizariya-Ma’ale Adumim settlement resulting in long lines of cars waiting to pass.
• IDF mobile checkpoints at the junctions of Road 1-Road 437 and Al ‘Eizariya-Ma’ale Adumim have stopped Palestinian vehicular movement on Road 1 for several hours every Saturday after Shabath.
5 November: Palestinian West Bank ID card holders were not allowed access to Al Aqsa unless they had a permit or were older than 60 years of age. Thousands of Palestinians were denied access at different checkpoints on the way to Jerusalem.
8 November: The IDF closed the area known as the Gate near Al ‘Eizariya/Ras Al Amoud by putting in place 9-metre-high concrete slabs. Palestinians are currently using the Monastery gate where only Jerusalem ID holders or Palestinian West Bankers with permits are allowed entrance after being checked by the Israeli Border Police.
9 November: Security in East Jerusalem was tight; roads leading to the Old City were closed and there were numerous Israeli Border Police/Police checkpoints.

Jerusalem Envelope Barrier:
North: Construction of the Barrier is continuing along Road 60, the main road, between Qalandiya and Ar-Ram checkpoints. Land levelling for the Barrier is also taking place alongside the road between Hizma and Anata villages.
East: Construction of the Barrier is continuing in Ash Sheikh Sa’ad, Sawahriya ash Sharqiya, Abu Dis, and Al ‘Eizariya. Construction is nearly completed from the Mount of Olives to the hill just south of Al Quds University in Abu Dis. Barrier construction in Sur Bahir is halted.
Northwest: Construction of the Barrier is ongoing in Bet Duqqu, Qatanna and Kharayib Umm Al Lahim. In Biddu, Bet Ijza, Al Qubeiba and Bet Surik, construction is halted. New military requisition orders, covering the eastern and western sections for Bet Surik, were handed to Bet Surik village council on 4 November.

Hebron/Bethlehem governorates:
• Flying checkpoints were set up at the Sa'ir-Halhul junction and on the road through the tunnel under bypass Road 35 to Beit Kahil. Because of the flying checkpoints, delays were experienced especially before Iftar. Restrictions were tightened on the area of Masafer Yatta, south of Hebron - earth mounds were re-established on the sides of bypass Road 317 where access was possible.
3 November: Palestinian pedestrians at the Al Khadr-Husan junction were prevented from crossing into Al Khadr to reach Bethlehem while the IDF imposed curfew on the village.
4 November: The IDF closed the main internal road in Al Khadr, Bethlehem district, with an earth mound, tightening the closure on the old town and preventing Palestinians from crossing into or out of Bethlehem at Al Khadr - Husan junction during a search campaign. Palestinians opened part of the earth mound after a few hours.
5 November: No Palestinians with West Bank IDs were allowed access to reach the Al Aqsa Mosque on the fourth Friday of Ramadan at Tunnels checkpoint, even if they had permits. At Gilo checkpoint, Palestinians older than 40 years of age with Jerusalem permits and Palestinians older than 60 without permits were allowed to pass into Jerusalem.
7 November: The IDF closed Bab Az Zaweiya area and Be'er Shev'a Road, Hebron city, to allow settlers to reach a Jewish holy shrine to celebrate the anniversary of the birthday of Sarah.

The enclosed areas in the Gaza strip:
As Seafa: Since 22 April 2004, the IDF has allowed only three to four people with As-Seafa IDs to go in and out on foot, for one time only, with prior coordination, to bring food in. These people are permitted to exit and enter through the gate at two irregular periods: approximately 6.30am to 8.30am and from approximately 2pm to 4.30pm. No vehicles are permitted to enter or exit. Coordination for international organisations to enter the area has been extremely problematic.
• The gate was open twice a day during the reporting period.
8 November: The IDF did not allow 8 tons of citrus products out of As-Seafa.
Al Mawassi: IDF restrictions remain, with the entry-exit gate at Al Tuffah checkpoint generally opening twice daily for limited numbers of Al Mawassi ID holders from approximately 8am to 1pm and from approximately 2.30pm to 5pm. Since 10 May 2004, males aged below 30 years who are Al Mawassi ID holders have been required to have prior coordination to pass though Al Tuffah checkpoint. Since 6 June 2004, prior coordination has been required for unmarried females with Al Mawassi IDs who are between the ages of 18 and 25. Vehicles are not allowed to pass, with some exceptions given for international agencies that have undertaken prior coordination with the IDF.
Al Tuffah checkpoint was open all week.
Tel As-Sultan checkpoint remained closed during the week.
Kfar Darom: The Palestinian area adjacent to Kfar Darom settlement was declared a closed military area following a suicide attack on 27 February 2004. Since 20 July 2002, no vehicular movement has been allowed into and out of the area and the IDF erected a fence around the area. Movement is restricted by the IDF with the entry-exit gate generally opening four times daily for Al Maa’ni ID holders only from 6.30am to 7.30am, 10.30am to 11.30am, 1pm to 2pm, and 4pm to 5pm. Access for international organisations into the area remains extremely problematic.

Source OCHA FCUs and UNRWA

7. Olive Harvest incidents

Hebron/Bethlehem:
3 November: The IDF prevented Palestinians from Susiya village, Hebron district, from collecting olives near the military base. The IDF arrested two Palestinians. After Palestinian DCL intervention, the arrested persons were released after four hours. The Palestinians were not able to collect the olives.
8 November: The IDF and the Israeli Police prevented Palestinian from Susiya village, Hebron district, and international supporters from collecting olives near the archaeological site of Susiya. After a while, the IDF allowed Palestinian farmers to pick the olives but requested that the internationals leave the area.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, Palestinian DCL

8. Access to schools:

West Bank:
• Due to the current UNRWA national staff strike, all classes in UNRWA West Bank schools are suspended.
• Hundreds of students from Abu Dis and Al ‘Eizariya, (East Jerusalem) are experiencing difficulties in reaching schools within Jerusalem Governorate. The gate near Ras al ‘Amud has been closed since 1 November. Schools in several Palestinian Jerusalem neighbourhoods are becoming overcrowded because many students have been forced to change schools due to Barrier construction.
• Teachers working in schools in Jericho continue to experience delays at Hamra checkpoint.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, UNICEF, Palestinian DCL

Gaza:
• During the reporting period, 24 pupils living in As-Seafa were not able to reach their schools on time. They were delayed leaving through the As Seafa gate until late morning. Upon return, the pupils were delayed for four hours before being permitted to re-enter through the gate at 3.30pm.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, UNICEF

9. Labour/trade movement to Israel

Jericho governorate:
• The IDF has decreased the limit of trading permits, valid for three months, from 600 to 70.

Gaza:
• A total of 5,166 permits have been issued for workers and 226 permits for traders aged 35 and older including 2,000 permits to stay overnight in Israel. However, only a small number of traders are now permitted to enter.

Sources: OCHA FCU, UNRWA, UNSCO, Palestinian DCL

10. Other:

Nablus/Jenin/Tubas
3 November: An IDF unit killed one Palestinian male in Dahiat Sabah Al Khair in Jenin city.
6 November: A 14-year-old boy was killed during clashes with the IDF in Jenin refugee camp.
7 November: Four Palestinians were shot dead inside their car in Jenin city by the IDF.
8 November: Two Palestinian were injured in Nablus during clashes with the IDF.
9 November: One Palestinian was killed and three injured during an IDF incursion in the old city of Nablus.
• IDF search-and-arrest campaigns took place during the week in following locations: Nablus city, Camp Number One (Nablus), Al Yamun (Jenin), Jenin refugee camp, Jenin city and Huwwara village (Nablus). In total, 32 Palestinians were reported arrested.

Tulkarm/Qalqiliya/Salfit
6 November: A car exploded in Qalqiliya town killing two people and injuring two.
7 November: One Palestinian and one IDF soldier were reported killed during an Israeli military operation in the village of Illar north of Tulkarm town.
7 November: One IDF soldier and two settlers were reported lightly wounded in a shooting attack on a bus near Baqa Ash Sharqiya in Tulkarm Governorate.
• IDF search-and-arrest campaigns took place during the week in Tulkarm city, Salfit city and Marda. Six Palestinians were arrested.

Ramallah /Al Bireh
• The IDF carried out a number of search-and-arrest campaigns throughout the week and arrested 19 Palestinians from ‘Ein Arik, Deir Ghassana, Beituniya, Bir Zeit, Al Jalazun camp, and Ramallah. Some of the arrests were in response to the PFLP’s bombing operation in Tel Aviv on 1 November.

Jerusalem/Jericho
6 November: Nine Jericho residents, who had not been allowed to leave Gaza after visiting family some three months ago, were allowed back into Jericho after coordination between the Palestinian and Israeli DCLs.
9 November: Palestinian youths demonstrated in support of Arafat and clashed with Israeli security forces in Salahedin Street, East Jerusalem. No injuries or arrests were reported.
• IDF search-and-arrest campaigns were conducted in Jericho. One Palestinian was arrested.

Hebron/Bethlehem
3 November: Settlers from the outpost of Havat Ma'on, south Hebron district, prevented schoolchildren from Tuba (in the area known as Masafer Yatta) from reaching their school in At Tuwani village. A Knesset Children's Rights Committee meeting on 2 November criticised the IDF for not acting to enable the Palestinian children to reach their school and to prevent settler violence in the area.
3 November: One Palestinian was injured and hospitalised when settlers from Tel Rumeida, Hebron city, attacked him.
5 November: Settlers from the outpost of Mitzpe Yair, south Hebron, held two Palestinian minors from the village of Jinba (in the area known as Masafer Yatta) while they were grazing their sheep near the village of Bir al 'Idd. After being detaining for a few hours, the two Palestinian minors were handed to the Israeli Police in Kiryat Arba, who released them in the late afternoon.
7 November: Settlers attacked Palestinian residents in Hebron old town and Tel Rumeida with stones.
• IDF search-and-arrest campaigns took place in Hebron city, Yatta, Idhna, Kharas, Al Arroub camp, Khursa, Dura, Taffuh, Beit 'Awwa, Bethlehem, Al 'Aza camp, Al Khadr , Artas, Ad Duheisha camp, Husan, Ad Doha, 'Ayda camp and Beit Fajjar. A total of 63 Palestinians were arrested.

Gaza:
3 November: Two IDF soldiers were injured, one of them seriously, when two mortar shells were fired toward the Israeli settlement of Rafiah Yam, southwest of Rafah.
3 November: Three IDF soldiers were wounded in a mortar shell attack against the Israeli settlement of Neveh Dekalim, located in Gush Katif settlement block.
5 November: Two Palestinian boys were killed when an explosive device exploded when they were playing with it in the Abu El Ajeen area in Deir Al Balah.

Sources: OCHA FCUs, UNRWA, UNSECCORD, UNSCO, Palestinian DCLs, Palestinian Governors’ offices, Al Mezan Center for
Human Rights, IDF
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