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UNITED
NATIONS
A S

        General Assembly
        Security Council
A/54/514
S/1999/1102

28 October 1999

GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Fifty-fourth session
Agenda items 67, 68, 70, 72, 73, 76,
78, 79, 82 and 85
COMPLIANCE WITH ARMS LIMITATION AND
DISARMAMENT AND NON-PROLIFERATION
AGREEMENTS
VERIFICATION IN ALL ITS ASPECTS,
INCLUDING THE ROLE OF THE
UNITED NATIONS IN THE FIELD
OF VERIFICATION
AFRICAN NUCLEAR-WEAPON-FREE-ZONE TREATY
ROLE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE
CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL SECURITY
AND DISARMAMENT
ESTABLISHMENT OF A NUCLEAR-WEAPON-FREE
ZONE IN THE REGION OF THE MIDDLE
EAST
GENERAL AND COMPLETE DISARMAMENT
REVIEW OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE
RECOMMENDATIONS AND DECISIONS
ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AT
ITS TENTH SPECIAL SESSION
THE RISK OF NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION IN
THE MIDDLE EAST
CONSOLIDATION OF THE REGIME ESTABLISHED
BY THE TREATY FOR THE PROHIBITION OF
NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN LATIN AMERICA AND
THE CARIBBEAN (TREATY OF TLATELOLCO)
COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR-TEST-BAN TREATY
SECURITY COUNCIL
Fifty-fourth year


Letter dated 27 October 1999 from the Permanent Representative of
Japan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


I have the honour to transmit to you herewith the Final Declaration of the Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (see annex), adopted at the Conference, which was held in Vienna from 6 to 8 October 1999. The Conference was convened pursuant to article XIV of the Treaty.

I should be grateful if you would have the present letter and its annex distributed as a document of the fifty-fourth session of the General Assembly, under items 67, 68, 70, 72, 73, 76, 78, 79, 82 and 85 of the agenda, and of the Security Council.


(Signed) Yukio SATOH
Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary
Permanent Representative of Japan
to the United Nations



ANNEX

Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Bank Treaty
(Vienna, 1999)


FINAL DECLARATION

1. Recalling the responsibilities which we assumed by signing the Comprehensive Nuclear-Teat-Ban Treaty and pursuant to Article XIV of that Treaty, we the ratifiers, together with the Signatory States, met in Vienna from 6-8 October 1999 to promote its entry into force at the earliest possible date. We welcomed the presence of representatives of non-Signatory States, international organizations and non-governmental organizations.

2. Determined to enhance international peace and security throughout the world, we reaffirmed the importance of a universal and internationally and effectively verifiable comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty. We reiterated that the cessation of all nuclear weapon test explosions and all other nuclear explosions, by constraining the development and qualitative improvement of nuclear weapons and ending the development of advanced new types of nuclear weapons, constitutes an effective measure of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation in all its aspects and thus a meaningful step in the realization of a systematic process to achieve nuclear disarmament. We therefore renewed our strong determination to work for universal ratification of the Treaty, and its early entry into force as provided for in Article XIV.

3. In accordance with the provisions of Article XIV of the Treaty, we examined the extent to which the requirement set out in paragraph 1 had been met and decided by consensus what measures consistent with international law may be undertaken to accelerate the ratification process in order to facilitate the early entry into force of the Treaty.

4. Since the Treaty was adopted at the United Nations General Assembly and opened for signature three years ago, 154 States have signed and 51 States have deposited their instruments of ratification. Of the 44 States listed in Annex 2 of the Treaty whose ratification is required for the entry into force of the Treaty, 41 have signed, and 25 have both signed and ratified the Treaty. A list of those States is provided in the Appendix. The ratification process has accelerated. We welcomed this as evidence of the determination of States not to carry out any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion, and to prohibit and prevent any such nuclear explosion at any place under their jurisdiction or control.

5. Since the opening for signature of the CTBT, nuclear explosions have been carried out. The countries concerned subsequently declared that they would not conduct further nuclear explosions and indicated their willingness not to delay the entry into force of the Treaty.

6. We noted with satisfaction the report of the Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Bank Treaty Organization (CTBTO) to the Conference on progress made by the Preparatory Commission and its Provisional Technical Secretariat since November 1996 in fulfilment of the requirement to take all necessary measures to ensure the effective establishment of the future CTBTO.

7. Conscious of the objectives we all share and of the importance of universal adherence to the Treaty, welcoming the ratifications of all the States that have done so, and stressing particularly the steps required to achieve its early entry into force, as provided for in Article XIV of the Treaty, we:
8. We reaffirm our commitment to the Treaty's basic obligations and our undertaking to refrain from acts which would defeat the object and purpose of the Treaty pending its entry into force.

9. We remain steadfast in our commitment to pursue the efforts to ensure that the Treaty's verification regime shall be capable of meeting the verification requirements of the Treaty at entry into force, in accordance with the provisions of Article IV of the Treaty. We will continue to provide the support required to enable the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization to complete its tasks.

10. The Conference addressed the issue of possible future conferences and took note of the provisions contained in paragraph 3 of Article XIV of the Treaty.


Appendix

to the Final Declaration of the Conference on Facilitating the
Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
(Vienna, 1999)

List of States

A. States which have ratified the Treaty:

Argentina
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belgium
Bolivia
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Czech Republic
Denmark
El Salvador
Estonia
Fiji
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Grenada
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Jordan
Lesotho
Luxembourg
Mali
Mexico
Micronesia
(Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Panama
Peru
Poland
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Romania
Senegal
Slovakia
Slovenia
South Africa
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland
Uzbekistan
B. The following 44 States, whose ratification is required for the entry into force of
the Treaty in accordance with Article XIV, are listed in Annex 2 to the Treaty:
Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
China
Colombia
Democratic People's
Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Egypt
Finland
France
Germany
Hungary
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic
Republic of)
Israel
Italy
Japan
Mexico
Netherlands
Norway
Pakistan
Peru
Poland
Republic of Korea
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
South Africa
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America
Viet Nam
1. States listed in Annex 2 to the Treaty which have signed and ratified the Treaty:
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Finland
France
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Japan
Mexico
Netherlands
Norway
Peru
Poland
Republic of Korea
Romania
Slovakia
South Africa
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland
2. States listed in Annex 2 to the Treaty which have signed but not ratified the
Treaty:
Algeria
Bangladesh
Chile
China
Colombia
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Egypt
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic
Republic of)
Israel
Russian Federation
Turkey
Ukraine
United States of America
Viet Nam



3. States listed in Annex 2 to the Treaty which have not signed the Treaty:
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
India
Pakistan
-----

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