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        General Assembly
        Security Council

9 October 2003

Original: English

General Assembly
Fifty-eighth session
Agenda items 37 and 156
The situation in the Middle East
Measures to eliminate international terrorism
Security Council
Fifty-eighth year

Identical letters dated 8 October 2003 from the Permanent Representative of Israel to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council

I am writing following the most recent horrific Palestinian terrorist attack perpetrated against the citizens of Israel.

On Saturday, 4 October 2003, at approximately 2.20 p.m. (local time), on the eve of Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish calendar, a Palestinian suicide bomber from the West Bank town of Jenin perpetrated a massacre in a crowded beachfront restaurant in the port city of Haifa in northern Israel. The powerful explosion ripped through the restaurant, killing 19 civilians including three children and a baby girl, and wounding 60 others, dozens seriously. Entire families, from grandparents to grandchildren, were wiped out in the attack, including five members of the Almog family from Haifa, and five members of the Zer-Aviv family from Kibbutz Yagur.

Maxim, the restaurant where the attack was perpetrated, is owned by Israeli Arabs and frequented by both Jewish and Arab patrons, one of many examples of Jewish-Arab coexistence in a city where both populations live and work together peacefully. In the attack at Maxim, four Israeli Arabs were murdered alongside fifteen of their Jewish compatriots, demonstrating vividly that Palestinian terrorism is the enemy of all peace-loving people in our region.

The terrorist organization that calls itself the Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the massacre. This terrorist organization is headquartered in Damascus, and operates freely from Palestinian Authority territory. This attack is the latest in a series of terrorist atrocities committed by the Islamic Jihad in the past few years. Among the attacks perpetrated by this organization are the massacre of 21 teenagers at a discotheque in Tel-Aviv on 2 June 2001; the bombing of 5 June 2002 at the Meggido Junction, which killed 18 Israelis; the bombing of a commuter bus on 21 October 2002, which killed 14 citizens; the attack on a shopping mall in the Israeli town of Afula on 19 May 2003, in which 3 civilians were killed and over 70 wounded; and the attack on 30 March 2003, in which a suicide bomber detonated his explosives at a cafe in Netanya wounding 58 civilians.

Like other terrorist organizations that operate in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the Islamic Jihad enjoys the support and backing of countries in the region, foremost among them, the regimes of Syria and Iran. Both countries, state-sponsors of terrorism, have systematically and deliberately worked to undermine progress towards peace and stability in our region by providing safe harbour, training facilities, funding and logistical support to a variety of notorious terrorist organizations. Each and every one of these acts constitutes a grave violation of international law and Security Council resolutions, in particular resolution 1373 (2001), which was adopted under Chapter 7 of the Charter.

Evidence of this wholesale state-support for terrorism is a matter of public knowledge. For example, it is a well-known fact that the Secretary-General of the Islamic Jihad, Ramadan Abdallah Shallah, is one of several terrorist leaders who operate freely in Damascus and receive immunity and support from the Assad regime. On a number of occasions, Mr. Shallah is known to have transferred funds amounting to hundreds of thousands of dollars from Damascus to the individual accounts of Islamic Jihad operatives, such as Bassam al-Saadi, who is responsible for financing the Islamic Jihad branch in Jenin, which carried out Friday’s attack
in Haifa.

This Syrian support for the deliberate murder of innocent civilians is also evidenced, inter alia, by the presence of training facilities for terrorist groups such as the Islamic Jihad, the Hamas and the Hizbollah, located on Syrian territory and in Syrian-occupied Lebanon. One such facility, Ein Sahab, located near Damascus, has trained Islamic Jihad and other operatives in the perpetration of terrorist attacks. These operatives were later dispatched to Palestinian Authority territories and other areas from which they planned and committed terrorist acts. The Ein Sahab terrorist facility was targeted in Israel’s recent measured defensive response to the Haifa massacre, in accordance with Article 51 of the Charter. This action comes to prevent further armed attacks against Israeli civilians and after Israel exercised tremendous restraint despite countless acts of terrorism that Syria has supported, facilitated and financed. It also comes after Israel and the international community, as a whole, has called repeatedly on Syria to end its support of terror and embark on the path of peaceful dialogue, as it is legally required to do. It is regrettable that the Security Council found it necessary to convene a debate on this counter-terrorism measure, while the Council has failed to convene, in order to address and condemn, the deliberate murder of Israeli citizens — including the massacre of 19 innocent civilians in the homicide attack in Haifa.

Israel, like any sovereign state, possesses the inherent right and shoulders the fundamental obligation to defend its citizens against such attacks, no matter where they originate. There should be no double standard in this regard. Israel’s recent action against terrorist facilities in Syria is no different than the forcible measures recently taken by other States against terrorist groups and their state sponsors, with the support of the international community.

The security of the State of Israel will not be determined by state sponsors of terror or a Palestinian leadership resistant to peace. Similarly, the peace process must not be hijacked by terrorist organizations and their state sponsors, determined to deny moderates the opportunity to negotiate a peaceful settlement.

Israel remains committed to peace and willing to work together with any leadership in the region that is ready to reject terrorism and achieve a negotiated settlement. Israel will seize every opening and opportunity to reach an agreement with our neighbors. Unfortunately, Israel has learned from the past that no peace plan can survive while terrorist organizations maintain their capacity to kill and maim. To revive the peace process and to give the road map a chance to succeed, the Palestinian side must fulfill its obligations to end the morally abhorrent strategy of terrorism. The Palestinian leadership and rogue regimes that sponsor terrorism must understand that the international community will not tolerate the continuing failure to meet counter-terrorism obligations, and will never countenance the establishment of a Palestinian state built upon a foundation of terrorism and a rejection of the rights of others to live in peace and security in the region.

Israel calls upon the international community to reaffirm its absolute rejection of terrorism, to accept nothing less than the complete dismantling of terrorist organizations, and to use its authority to compel all regimes that sponsor terrorism in the region to fulfill their responsibilities in accordance with international law and Security Council resolutions, in particular resolution 1373 (2001).

I submit the present letter in follow-up to numerous letters detailing the campaign of Palestinian terrorism that began in September 2000, which document the criminal terrorist activity for which the terrorists and their supporters must be held fully accountable.

I should be grateful if you would arrange to have the text of the present letter circulated as a document of the fifty-eighth session of the General Assembly, under agenda items 156 and 37, of the Security Council.

(Signed) Dan Gillerman
Permanent Representative


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