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The meeting was called to order at 10.05 a.m.
Agenda items 60 and 10 (continued )
Follow-up to the outcome of the Millennium Summit
Report of the Secretary-General (A/58/323)
Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organization (A/58/1)
Mr. Ivanou (Belarus) (spoke in Russian ): ...
Over the past year, the United Nations has had to carry out its work within the context of the complicated circumstances of the as yet unresolved Iraq crisis and the Middle East question, as well as the resurgence of international terrorism. Unfortunately, the Organization did not demonstrate fully its unique ability in maintaining peace and security. The Secretary-General is right when he says that, if the Security Council does not restore the confidence of the countries of the world in the near future, then States will themselves decide on and carry out measures they believe will help ensure their own security. There is already a trend towards the fragmentation and decentralization of the international security system.
Mr. Wang Guangya (China) (spoke in Chinese ): ...
The situation between Israel and Palestine remains a source of concern. The peace process over the past year has witnessed ups and downs. The history of the Middle East has shown that to counter violence with violence will only lead to a dead end. Negotiations and dialogue are the only way out. We urge Israel and Palestine to stop the violence and all acts that may increase the tension, resume talks as early as possible and create conditions for continued implementation of the road map.
Mr. Nakkari (Syrian Arab Republic) (spoke in Arabic): ...
Our region has suffered for decades from campaigns based on injustice, misinformation and misconceptions. The Israeli policy of aggression and occupation, which is continuing, is the principal cause of the suffering of our region. As the Secretary-General’s report states, Palestinians continue to suffer at unprecedented levels, while the policies of closure and curfew have led to the paralysis of the economy and have pushed 1.3 million Palestinians below the poverty line. Furthermore, Israel has carried out a number of military operations that have destroyed the homes of thousands of Palestinians.
In this context, I must recall that some 500,000 Syrians have been displaced from the occupied Syrian Golan — expelled by force by the Israeli occupation forces from their homes, which were then taken over. Furthermore, Israel is still causing great suffering in other countries in the region, including Lebanon, whose air space it is continuing to violate.
The cowardly attack by Israel against Ein Saheb in Syria on 5 October was a clear violation of the most important principles of the Charter. It was a threat to regional and international peace and security, as well as a violation of the Agreement on Disengagement between Israeli and Syrian forces, welcomed in Security Council resolution 350 (1974).
In this regard, we welcome the statement made on 5 October by the Secretary-General strongly denouncing the Israeli air strike against Syrian territory and expressing his particular concern that this additional escalation comes at an already difficult and tense moment, and will likely have repercussions that exacerbate the dispute in the Middle East and further threaten regional peace and security.
In this regard, it is appropriate that the Secretary-General’s report on the work of the Organization should state that the ultimate objective of the peace process as a whole remains the comprehensive settlement of the Middle East conflict, including on the Israeli-Syrian track and the Israeli-Lebanese track, based on Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973), the principle of land for peace and the terms of the Madrid Peace Conference of 1991 and other agreements reached by the parties, as well as the peace initiative endorsed at the Beirut Summit of the League of Arab States in March 2002.
Mr. Hachani (Tunisia) (spoke in French): ...
The situation in the Middle East continues to deteriorate because of the ongoing occupation and Israel’s delays in settling the Palestinian question. We reiterate our appeal to the Security Council to become more involved, in keeping with relevant resolutions, and not employing a policy of double standards, to put an end to the escalation, to give concrete form to the legitimate aspirations of the Palestinians to establish their sovereign State with Jerusalem as its capital, and to ensure Israel’s withdrawal from occupied Syrian and Lebanese territory. Tunisia learned with great concern of Israel’s aggression against the Syrian Arab Republic. We forcefully condemn once again that aggression, which constituted a vile assault on the sovereignty of a fraternal Arab country and a serious violation of international law.
Mr. Chidyausiku (Zimbabwe): ...
Scarcely two weeks have gone by since that address by the Secretary-General and we have seen a concrete manifestation of that concern in the attack by Israel against Syria without provocation. We can see the excessive use of force and the occupation of Palestine by the same Member State, in disregard of a number of United Nations resolutions on the matter. That behaviour has to stop. The resort to unilateral action, in defiance of the United Nations, is a sure route to a less safe world. Unilateralism undermines the sanctity of the principles upon which the United Nations was founded. After all, since it came into existence, the United Nations has successfully resolved numerous conflicts throughout the world. Any undermining of United Nations authority threatens nations both big and small.
The meeting rose at 12.55 p.m.
This record contains the text of speeches delivered in English and of the interpretation of speeches delivered in the other languages. Corrections should be submitted to the original languages only. They should be incorporated in a copy of the record and sent under the signature of a member of the delegation concerned to the Chief of the Verbatim Reporting Service, room C-154A. Corrections will be issued after the end of the session in a consolidated corrigendum.