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Jérusalem/Mesures israéliennes - Rapport du Secrétaire général en application de la résolution 252 (1968)

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See also: S/9149/Add.1 of 30 June 1969; S/9149/Add.1/Corr.1 of 1 July 1969
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UNITED
NATIONS
S

      Security Council
S/9149
11 April 1969

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL UNDER SECURITY COUNCIL
RESOLUTION 252 (1968) OF 21 MAY 1968


1. This report is submitted in pursuance of Security Council resolution 252(1968) of 21 May 1968, which requested the Secretary-General to report to the Council on the implementation of the resolution. In this resolution, the Council considered that “all legislative and administrative measures and action taken by Israel, including expropriation of land and properties thereon, which tend to change the legal status of Jerusalem are invalid and cannot change that status” and urgently called upon Israel “to rescind all such measures already taken and to desist forthwith from taking any further action which tends to change the status of Jerusalem”.

2. Since the termination of the mission of his Personal Representative in Jerusalem, Ambassador Ernesto A. Thalman, in September 1967,1/ the Secretary-General has had no means of obtaining first-hand information on which to base the required reporting. Following the adoption of Security Council resolution 252(1968), the Secretary-General transmitted, by a cable dated 21 May 1968, the text of the resolution to the Foreign Minister of Israel in accordance with established procedure. On 13 February 1969, the Secretary-General addressed to the Permanent Representative of Israel the following note verbale:

3. The Permanent Representative of Israel replied to the Secretary-General by a note verbale dated 25 March 1969, which reads as follows:

4. The only other source of information of an official nature pertinent to the implementation of Security Council resolution 252(1968) which has been avaialble to the Secretary-General is the Israel Official Gazette (Reshumoth). According to this Gazette, which is published originally in Hebrew, the Israel Parliament, on the basis of a bill submitted by the Israel Government,2/ adopted on 14 August 1968 the “Legal and Administrative Matters (Regulation) Law”,3/ which is relevant to the situation in Jerusalem. In this regard, it may be recalled that according to the note issued by the President of the Security Council on 10 February 1969 (S/9000), the Israel Government decided to postpone until 23 May 1969 the putting into effect of this law. An unofficial translation of this law as well as the relevant bill and explanatory notes is annexed to the present report.


ANNEX I

Unofficial translation of the law published in
Sefer Ha’Chukkim No. 542 of 23 August 1968

LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS (REGULATION) LAW, 5728-1968*


*Passed by the Kneset on the 20th Av,5728 (14 August 1968) and published in Sefer Ha’Chukkim No. 542 of the 29th Av,5728 (23 August, 1968), p.247; the Bill and Explanatory Notes were published in Hatza’ot
Chok, No. 787 of 5728, p.358.


Definition 1. In this Law, “application of law order” means an order under section 11B of the Law and Administration Ordinance, 5708-1948.4/

Holy Places 2. Where any Holy Places are situated in the area of application of law order, the Absentees’ Property Law, 5710-1950 5/ shall not apply to them from the day of the coming into force of the order.

Non- 3. (a) A person who on the day of the coming into force of
Absenteeship an application of law order was in the area of application of the order, and was a resident thereof, shall not, from that day, be regarded as an absentee within the meaning of the Absentees’ Property Law, 5710-1950, in respect of property situated in that area.

Plea of Enemy 4. Where a person is resident of the area of application of an
Status application of law order, a court or tribunal shall not, in a civil matter, entertain the plea that he is an enemy or enemy subject, unless that plea is made by the Attorney-General or with his written consent.

Release of 5. (a) Immovable property situated in the area of application of an
Immovable application of law order and which immediately before the day on which
Property such area came to be held by the Defence Army of Israel, was vested in a person whom the authorities of the State, which in de facto occupied the area, had appointed custodian of enemy property or holder of a similar office or title, or in any of the authorities of, or any body controlled by that State, to which authority or body that person had transferred the property, shall, from the day of the coming into force of the other, vest in the Administrator General, who shall deal therewith as hereafter in this section provided.

*P.G. of 1944, Suppl. I, No. 1380, p. 110 (p. 151, English edition).

Companies - 6. A company which immediately before the coming into force of an
Continuation application of law order or immediately before the coming into force
Of Operations of this Law, whichever is later, had a place of business in the area of application of the order, and which was established under the law applying in that area at the time of its establishment, may, notwithstanding anything provided in the Companies’ Ordinance 6/ or the Absentees’ Property Law, 5710-1950, continue its operations until the expiration of six months from the day of coming into force of the order or from the day of coming into force of this Law or until the Court decides upon an application filed under section 9 or 10, whichever is latest.

Companies - 7. A director or member of a company as referred to in section 6, who
Non-absenteeship according to this Law is regarded as a non-absentee in respect of
of Director his property, shall be regarded as a non-absentee also in respect of the
or Member property of the company, in respect of his rights as a director or member of the company, and in respect of the operations of the company under section 6, 8, 9 or 10.

Companies - 8. Where a company as referred to in section 6 has pledged or charged
Registration its property, the provisions of section 127 of the Companies Ordinance
of Charges shall apply to it in respect of the registration of the pledge or charge.

Company - 9. (a) Where, within six months from the day of the coming into force
Transfer of of an application of law order or from the day of the coming into force
Assets and of this Law, whichever is later, a company as referred to in section 6
Liabilities arrives at an agreement with a company registered in Israel for that purpose by all or part of the members of the company referred to in section 6, or with another company registered in Israel, for the transfer to it of its assets and liabilities, the company with which the arrangements was made way, within three months from the date of the arrangement, apply to the District Court of Jerusalem, by way of motion, for an order confirming the arrangement.

(b) Notice of the filing of an application under sub-section (a) and of the time of its hearing shall be published in Reshumoth: the text of the notice shall be as prescribed by the Court.

(c) Sub-sections (3), (4), (6), (7), (8), (10) and (12)of section 119A of the Companies Ordinance shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to an arrangement under this section.

Conversion of 10. A company as referred to in section 6, whose only place of business
Company into is in the area of application of an application of law order and whose
Israeli Company directors and members are all residents of that area, may, within six
months from the day of the coming into force of the order or from the day
of the coming into force of this Law, whichever is later, apply to the
District Court of Jerusalem, by way of motion, for an order converting it
into an Israeli company, and the Court may make the order on such
conditions as it may deem fit, including conditions as to the filing of
documents with the Registrar of Companies.

Partnerships 11. The provisions of sections 6 to 10 shall apply mutatis mutandis to
partnerships.

Co-operative 12. (a) A co-operative society which immediately before the coming
Societies - into force of an application of law order or immediately before the day
Continuation of the coming into force of this Law, whichever is later, had its place
of operations of operation in the area of application of the order, and which was
established under the Law applying in that area at the time of its
establishment, may, notwithstanding anything provided in the Co- operative Societies Ordinance 7/ or the Absentees’ Property Law,
5710-1950, continue its operations until the expiration of six months
from the day of the coming into force of the order or from the day of the
coming into force of this Law or until the Court decides upon an application filed under section 13(b) whichever is latest.

Co-operative 13. (a) The Minister of Labour may, by general or special order, enact Societies - provisions as to the registration of a co-operative society to take the
Registration and place of a society as referred to in section 12, including the
Transfer of determination of its rules, members and organs. A society registered
Assets and under an order as aforesaid shall to all intents, be deemed to have been
Liabilities registered under the Co-operative Societies Ordinance, and the provisions
of that ordinance and of the regulations made thereunder shall apply to
any matter not provided for in the order.

Conversion of 14. The Minister of Labour may, by general or special order, enact
Society into provisions as to the conversion of a society as referred to in section 12
Israeli into an Israeli co-operative society if all the members of the society
Society and of the management thereof are residents of the area of application of
the application of law order.

Licences to 15. (a) Where, immediately before the coming into force of the
carry on application of law order, a resident of the area of application of the
Occupation order engaged in any vocation, handicraft or other occupation under the
order law then applying in that area, and such vocation, handicraft or other
occupation requires a licence under an Israeli enactment, such resident
may continue in such vocation, handicraft or other occupation until the
expiration of six months from the day of the coming into force of the
order or from the day of the coming into force of this Law or until his
application for a licence under the Israeli enactment has been decided
upon, whichever is the latest.

(b) A licence may be granted to a resident as referred to in sub-section (a) even if he lacks any of the personal qualifications required by the enactment.

(c) Where according to the enactment the grant of the licence is subject to conditions relating to the place where the occupation is carried on, the Minister charged with the implementation of the enactment may make regulations containing relaxations, for a specific time or otherwise, in respect of the place where the occupation was carried on before the coming into force of the application of law order. So long as regulations as aforesaid have not been made, the authorities competent to grant the licence may grant relaxations as aforesaid.

(d) This section shall not apply to a licence under the Firearms Law, 5709-1949,8/ or the Explosives Law, 5714-1954.9/

Advocates 16. (a) A resident of the area of application of an application of law order who immediately before the day on which such area came to be held by the Defence Army of Israel served as a judge of a civil court, or was an advocate in such area, shall become a member of the Chamber of Advocates on the day of the coming into force of the order or the day of the coming into force of the order or the day of the coming into force of this Law, whichever is later.

(b) The Minister of Justice shall publish in Reshumoth the names of the persons to whom sub-section (a) applies.

(c) The Minister of Justice may prescribe by regulations conditions, including relaxations, for admission to membership of the Chamber of Advocates of a resident of Israel who was a resident of the area of application of an application of Law order immediately before the coming into force thereof and was qualified to be an advocate, but did not practise the profession of advocacy, or was a clerk in service of such area but had not completed his period of clerkship.

(d) The Minister of Justice may prescribe by regulations conditions, including relaxations, for admission to membership of the Chamber of Advocates of a resident of Israel who, at any time before the coming into force of this Law, served as a judge of a civil court, or was an advocate, in any part of Eretz Israel not designated in an application of law order.

(e) A person who becomes a member of the Chamber of Advocates under this section shall have all the rights and duties of a member of the Chamber under the Chamber of Advocates Law, 5721-1961.10/

Registration of 17. (a) A person who on the day of the coming into force of an
Rights in application of law order had in the area of application thereof a
Patents and registered right of ownership in any patent, design or trade mark, or who
Designs before that day applied for registration of such a right, may, within six months from the day of the coming into force of the order or from the day of the coming into force of this Law, whichever is later, apply for the registration of his right under Israeli law; and he shall be deemed to have filed the application for registration of the right under Israeli law on the day on which he first filed his application for registration of such right.

(b) The registration of a patent under sub-section (a) shall not derogate from the validity of a patent registered in Israel under an application filed before the coming into force of the Patent Law, 5727-1967.11/

Building 18. (a) Where the laying of the foundations of a building in the area
Operations of application of an application of law order was completed under a building permit granted under the law applying in that area before the coming into force of the order, and within one year from the coming into force of the order or the coming into force of this Law, whichever is the later, and where the holder of the permit gives notice to the District Planning and Building Commission of his wish to continue building operations, he shall be entitled to receive a building permit under Israeli law.

(b) The District Planning and Building Commission, may within three months from the grant of the permit under sub-section (a) and after giving the holder of the permit a reasonable opportunity to state his case, amend or vary the permit, prescribe conditions, including relaxations, or cancel it, all for reasons for which it may do so under the Planning and Building Law, 5725-1965,12/ and it may suspend the permit until the expiration of three months from the day on which it was granted or until its decision under sub-section (a), whichever is earlier.

(c) A permit under sub-section (a) shall be exempt from payment of a fee. Where the laying of the foundations of a building as referred to in sub-section (a) was begun, but not completed, before the coming into force of an application of law order, and an application for a building permit under Israeli law is filed, the District Planning Commission may exempt the permit from payment of a fee.

Appointment of 19. The Prime Minister may by regulations, for a specific time or
Public otherwise, exempt persons who are residents of the area of application of
Servants an application of law order from the provisions of any Law making an appointment to the post of a public servant conditional upon the Israeli nationality of the candidate, and he may, for this purpose, enact different provisions in respect of different categories of public servants.

Continuity of 20. The Minister of Justice may by regulations, either generally or in
Lawsuits etc. respect of a specific category of matters, enact provisions as to -

(1) the material and local jurisdiction of courts to hear any criminal or civil matter in connexion with any act, omission or event which occured in the area of application of an application of law order at any time before the coming into force thereof, including the hearing of cases that were pending before courts which functioned in that area, and appeals against judgements given by such courts, and the rules of procedure in such matters;

(2) the enforcement by the courts of final judgements and of orders and other decisions given or made in a criminal or civil matter, at any time before the coming into force of an application of law order, by courts which functioned in its area of application, and the execution by the Execution Offices and other authorities of judgements, orders and decisions as aforesaid;

(3) the recognition and confirmation of documents issued or confirmed, at any time prior to the coming into effect of an application of law order, by any of the authorities which functioned in its area of application.

Transitional 21. (a) Where an application of law order came into force before the
Provisions coming into force of this Law, section 3 shall apply also to a person who on the day of the coming into force of the application of law order was a resident of its area application but was absent therefrom, provided that he is lawfully present there on the day of the coming into force of this Law.

(b) A legal action performed by a trustee for the absentee’s property before this Law came into force and which was invalidated if the law order was in effect on the day it was performed shall be considered null and void.

Implement- 22. (a) The Minister of Justice is charged with the implementation of
ation and this Law and may make regulations for such implementation. Regulations
Regulations as to a matter within the scope of a Law with the implementation of
which another Minister is charged shall be made by that Minister with the consent of the Minister of Justice.

(b) Regulations under this Law may enact provisions as to the extension of times, including times under this Law or any other Law, and as to the adjustment of fees and exemption therefrom.



Levi ESHKOL
Prime Minister
Ya'kov S. SHAPIRO
Minister of Justice
Shneur Zalman SHAZAR
President of the State
Notes

1/ See the report of the Secretary-General of 12 September 1967 under General Assembly resolution 2254(ES-V) (A/6793 and S/8146).

2/ Hatza’ot Chok (Bills) No. 787 of 14 July 1968, pp. 358-362.

3/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim (Principal Legislation) No. 542 of 23 August 1968.

4/ I.R. of 5708, Suppl. I, p. 1 - LSI vol.I, p. 7, Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5727, p. 74 - LSI vol. XXI, p. 75.

5/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5710, p. 86; - LSI vol. IV, p. 68.

6/ Laws of Palestine, vol. I, cap. 22, p. 161 (English edition).

7/ Laws of Palestine, vol. I, cap. 24, p. 360 (English edition).

8/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5709, p. 143, LSI vol. III, p. 61.

9/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5714, p. 64, LSI vol. VIII, p. 57.

10/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5721, p. 178. LSI vol. XV, p. 196.



ANNEX II

Unofficial translation of the bill and explanatory notes published
in Hatza’ot Chok No. 787 of 14 July 1968 (pp. 358-362)


ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS (REGULATION) LAW, 5728-1968



Definitions 1. In this Law, “application of law order” means an order under section 11B of the Law and Administration Ordinance 5708-1948;1/ “area of
application” of the application of law order means the area established
in this order.

Non-application 2. The Absentees’ Property Law, 5710-1950,2/ shall not apply, from the
of Absentees' day of the coming into force of the application of law order, to the Holy
Property Law Places which are situated in the area of application of that order.
5710-1950, to
the Holy Places

Abolition of 3. A person who on the day of the coming into force of an application
Absenteeship of law order was in the area of application of the order and was a
regarding resident thereof, shall not be regarded as an absentee within the meaning certain of the Absentees’ Property Law, 5710-1950, in respect of property
property situated in that area.

Plea of Enemy 4. A court or tribunal shall not, in any civil matter, entertain the
Status plea that a person, who was a resident of the area of application of the application of law order, is an enemy, unless the Attorney-General or his representative made that plea. Release of 5. (a) Immovable property situated in the area of application of the
vested application of law order, and which, before such area came under the
immovable authority of the Israel Defence Forces, was vested in a person whom the
property authorities of the State, which held the area de facto, had appointed as custodian of enemy property or as holder of a similar title, or that that person transferred the immovable property to any of the authorities of that State, or to any body which was under the control of those authorities - shall, from the day of the coming into force of the order, vest in the Administrator General in order that he should deal therewith as provided hereafter in this section.

(b) The Administrator General shall, by certificate under his hand, release the immovable property referred to in sub-section (a) to the person who was the owner thereof before it was vested in the appointed custodian referred to in sub-section (a) or to the successor of such owner, upon the application of such owner or successor; so long as the property is not released, the Administrator General shall deal therewith as he is permitted to deal with immovable property of a missing person under the Custodian-General Ordinance, 1944,3/ and the provisions of that Ordinance shall apply for the purposes of this section.

Companies - 6. A company which immediately before the coming into force of the
continuation application of law order had its main place of business in the area of
of operations application of the order, and which was established under the law applying in that area, may, notwithstanding anything provided in the Companies’ Ordinance 5/ or in the Absentees’ Property Law, 5710-1950, continue its operations until the expiration of three months from the day of the coming into force of the order, or fromthe day of the coming into force of this Law, or until the Court shall decide upon an application filed under section 9, whichever is latest.

Companies - 7. A director or member of a company as referred to in section 6, who
release from on the day of the coming into force of the application of law order was
laws on in the area of application of the order and was a resident of that area,
absenteeship shall not be regarded as an absentee in respect of the property of the company which is situated in that area, or in respect of his rights as a member of the company, or in respect of the operations of the company under section 6 or section 9.

Companies - 8. Where a company as referred to in section 6 pledges or charges its
registration property, the provisions of section 127 of the Companies’ Ordinance shall of charges apply to it in respect of the registration of the pledge or charge.

Companies - 9. (a) Where, within three months from the day of the coming into
transfer of force of the application of law order or from the day of the coming into
assets and force of this law, whichever is later, a company as referred to in
liabilities to section 6 arrives at an agreement with a company registered in Israel for
an Israeli the transfer to it of its assets and liabilities located in Israel, the
company company registered in Israel may, within three months from the date of the signature of the documents of the arrangement, apply to the District Court in Jerusalem, by way of motion, for an order confirming the arrangement.

Partnerships 10. The provisions of sections 6 to 9 shall apply mutatis mutandis to
partnerships.

Co-operative 11. (a) A co-operative society which immediately before the coming
societies - intoforce of the application of law order had its main place of business
continuation in the area of application of the order and which was established under
of operations the law that was applying in that area, may, notwithstanding anything provided in the Cooperative Societies Ordinance 6/ or in the Absentees’ Property Law, 5710-1950, continue its operations until the expiration of six months from the day of the coming into force of the order, or from the day of the coming into force of this Law, or until it has been registered under the provisions of section 12 (a), whichever is latest.

Co-operative 12. (a) The Minister of Labour may, by general or special order,
societies - enact provisions as to the registration of a co-operative society as
transfer of referred to in section 11, including the determination of its rules,
assets and members and organs; a society registered under an order as aforesaid
liabilities to shall, to all intents, be deemed to have been registered under the
an Israeli Cooperative Societies Ordinance, and the provisions of that Ordinance and
society of the regulations made thereunder shall apply to any matter not provided
for in the order.

Licences to 13. (a) Where, immediately before the coming into force of the
carry on application of law order, a resident of the area of application of the
occupations order engaged in any profession, handicraft or other occupation under the law then applying in that area, and such occupation requires a licence under an Israeli enactment, such resident may continue in his occupation until he receives a licence under the Israeli enactment, but not later than until the expiration of six months from the day of the coming into force of the order or from the day of the coming into force of this law, whichever is the latest.

(b) A licence may be granted to a resident as referred to in sub section (a) even if he lacks any of the personal qualifications established in the enactment.

Advocates 14. (a) A resident of the area of application of the application of law order, who immediately before the coming into force of the order served in that area as a judge in a civil court, or was an advocate in that area, shall become a member of the Chamber of Advocates from the day of the coming into force of the order or from the day of the coming into force of this law, whichever is later.

Registration of 15. A person who, on the day of the coming into force of the
rights in application of law order, had in the area of application thereof a
patents and registered right of ownership in any patent, design or trademark, or who
designs before that day applied for registration of rights as aforesaid in his name, may, within three months from the day of the coming into force of the order or from the day of the coming into force of this law, whichever is later, apply for the registration of his rights under the laws of Israel, and he shall be deemed to have filed the application for registration of the rights under the laws of Israel, and he shall be deemed to have filed the application for registration of the rights under the laws of Israel on the day on which he first filed his application for registrationof those rights.

Continuation 16. (a) Where the laying of the foundations of a building was
of building completed under a building permit issued under the law which was
activities applying in the area of application of the application of law order before its coming into force, the holder of the permit is entitled - if he gave notice, within one year from the day of the coming into force of the order or from the day of the coming into force of this law, whichever is the later, of his intention to continue the building operations - to receive a building permit under the Israeli law; a permit under this section shall be exempt from payment of a fee.

Continuity of 17. The Minister of Justice may by regulations, either generally or in
lawsuits, etc. respect of a specific category of matters, enact provisions as to -

(1) the courts which shall hear the cases that were pending immediately before coming into force of the application of law order before a court in the area of application of the order and the procedure in those cases;

Implementation 18. Any Minister entrusted with the implementation of a law, to which
and regulations any of the provisions of this law relates, may make regulations for implementation of such provision, and may enact in those regulations complementary provisions, including extension of time-limits, adjustments of fees and exemption therefrom.

Explanatory Notes

The Law amending the Administrative Matters Ordinance (No. 11), 5727-1967, established the framework for the application of the State’s law, judiciary and administration to areas of Erets-Israel. The proposed law is to arrange for an orderly transition to the Israeli legal régime in certain matters.

Property

It is proposed that the Absentees’ Property Law, 5710-1950, should not apply to the Holy Places situated within the area in which the law, judiciary and administration of the State applies (section 2). It is also proposed that a resident of such area who was in that area on the day of application of the Law should not be regarded as an absentee in respect of property situated in that area (section 3).

Immovable property vested in an “officer in charge of enemy property”, who was appointed by the authorities of the State which held de facto the area before the application of the Law, shall be transferred to the Administrator General, and the latter shall release the property to its owners (section 5).

Companies

The companies which were established and were operating in the area before the application to it of the State’s law shall be able to continue temporarily their operations until the transfer of their assets and their liabilities to companies which have been established under the laws of Israel, under the supervision of the District Court of Jerusalem (sections 6 and 12).

Business licences and licences to carry on occupations

It is proposed to authorize a resident of the area to which the law of the State has been applied to continue to carry on a vocation, handicraft or other occupation in which he engaged under licence previously. The resident shall have to receive an Israeli licence, and for this purpose any Minister in charge of the enactment of regulations regarding such occupation shall be authorized to make regulations establishing the conditions for the granting of the licence and the relaxations which shall be granted to residents as aforesaid (section 13).

A person who was a judge or an advocate in the area to which the law of the State has been applied will be able to be admitted to membership of the Chamber of Advocates (section 14).

Other provisions

Persons who had in the area to which the law of the State has been applied rights in patents, designs or trade-marks shall be able to protect their rights by registering them under the laws of Israel (section 15).

Where the construction of a building has not been completed before the application of the law of the State to the place where it was erected, and the construction was made under the previous law, the holder of the permit shall be able to continue the construction work and to receive for this purpose an Israeli building permit, subject only to his announcing, within one year, of his intention to continue the construction work.

The District Planning and Building Commission may revoke a building permit as aforesaid for the reasons for which it may turn down a request for a building permit in that place (section 16).

The continuation of the proceedings in cases which, on the day of the application of the law of the State, were pending before courts situated in the area to which the law of the State has been applied, shall be subject to regulations made by the Minister of Justice. In such regulations, the Minister may also make provisions for the enforcement of judgements and the recognition of documents issued by the previous authorities (section 17).

-----
Explanation of Hebrew Terms

Reshumoth - The Official Gazette since the inception of the Knesset (Parliament).

Sefer Ha’Chukkim - Principal Legislation. Hatza’ot Chok - Bills

Abbreviations: I.R. (Iton Rishmi) - The Official Gazette during the tenure of the

Provisional Council of State. LSI - Laws of the State of Israel (English edition).

Notes

1/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5721, p. 148, LSI vol. XXI, p. 149.

2/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5725, p. 307, LSI vol. XIX, p. 330.

3/ I.R. of 5708, Suppl. I, p. 1; (LSI, vol. I, p. 7); Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5727, p. 74 (LSI, vol. XXI, p. 75).

4/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5710, p. 86 (LSI, vol. IV, p. 68).

5/ P.G. of 1944, Suppl. 1, No. 1380, p. 110 (p. 151, English edition).

6/ P.G. of 1943, Suppl. 1, No. 1305, p. 32.

7/ Laws of Palestine, vol. I, cap. 22, p. 161 (English edition).

8/ Laws of Palestine, vol. I, cap. 24, p. 336 (p. 360, English edition).

9/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5709, p. 143 (LSI, vol. III, p. 61).

10/ Sefer Ha’Chukkim of 5714, p. 64 (LSI, vol. VIII, p. 57).


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