Question of Palestine home
14 October 1997
Agenda item 74
The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East
Report of the Secretary-General
1. At its fifty-first session, the General Assembly adopted resolution 51/48 of 10 December 1996, entitled “The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East”, in which the General Assembly:
the only State in the region that is not yet party to the Treaty [on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons] and has not declared its intention to do so, to accede to the Treaty without further delay, and not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons and to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, and to place all unsafeguarded nuclear facilities under full-scope International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards as an important confidence-building measure among all States of the region and as a step towards enhancing peace and security;
the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the present resolution.”
2. The present report is being submitted pursuant to paragraph 3 of the above resolution. Apart from the material forwarded by the International Atomic Energy Agency (see annexes I and II), the Secretary-General has not received any additional information since the submission of his last report on the subject (A/51/446) to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session.
Resolution GC(41)/RES/25 of 3 October 1997 of the General Conference
of the International Atomic Energy Agency
The General Conference,
the importance of the non-proliferation of nuclear-weapons — both globally and regionally — in enhancing international peace and security,
of the usefulness of the Agency’s safeguards system as a reliable means of verification of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy,
by the grave consequences, endangering peace and security, of the presence in the Middle East region of nuclear activities not wholly devoted to peaceful purposes,
the initiatives regarding the establishment of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons, in the Middle East and recent initiatives regarding arms control in the region,
that full realization of these objectives would be promoted by participation of all States of the region,
the efforts of the Agency concerning the application of safeguards in the Middle East and the positive response of some States in concluding a full-scope safeguards agreement, and
its resolution GC(40)/RES/22,
of the Director General’s report in document GOV/2941-GC(41)/16;
the urgent need for all States in the Middle East to forthwith accept the application of full-scope Agency safeguards to all their nuclear activities as an important confidence-building measure among all States in the region and as a step in enhancing peace and security in the context of the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone;
all parties directly concerned to consider seriously taking the practical and appropriate steps required for the implementation of the proposal to establish a mutually and effectively verifiable nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region, and
the countries concerned to adhere to international non-proliferation regimes, including the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, as a means of complementing participation in a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East and of strengthening peace and security in the region;
of the importance of the ongoing bilateral Middle East peace negotiations and the activities of the multilateral Working Group on Arms Control and Regional Security in promoting mutual confidence and security in the Middle East, including establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone and calls on the Director General, as requested by the participants, to render all necessary assistance to the Working Group in promoting that objective;
the Director General to continue consultations with the States of the Middle East to facilitate the early application of full-scope Agency safeguards to all nuclear activities in the region as relevant to the preparation of model agreements, as a necessary step towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region, referred to in resolution GC(XXXVII)/RES/627;
all States in the region to extend their fullest cooperation to the Director General in the fulfilment of the tasks entrusted to him in the preceding paragraph;
Further calls upon
all States in the region to take measures, including confidence-building and verification measures, aimed at establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East;
all other States, especially those with a special responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, to render all assistance to the Director General by facilitating the implementation of this resolution; and
the Director General to submit to the Board of Governors and to the General Conference at its forty-second regular session a report on the implementation of this resolution and to include in the provisional agenda for that session an item entitled “Application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East”.
In the context of the agenda item on the application of the International Atomic Energy Agency Safeguards in the Middle East, the General Conference requests the Director General to invite experts from the Middle East and other areas to a technical workshop on Safeguards, verification technologies, and other related experience including experience in various regional contexts.
It calls upon the Director General to commence the preparation, in consultation and coordination with the parties concerned, with a view to developing an agenda and modalities that would help ensure a successful workshop. Future proposals on workshops in the framework of the above-mentioned agenda item shall be submitted by mutual consent.