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UNITED
NATIONS
A

        General Assembly
Distr.
GENERAL
A/52/454
14 October 1997

Original: English

Fifty-second session
Agenda item 74


The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East

Report of the Secretary-General


1. At its fifty-first session, the General Assembly adopted resolution 51/48 of 10 December 1996, entitled “The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East”, in which the General Assembly:

“2. Calls upon the only State in the region that is not yet party to the Treaty [on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons] and has not declared its intention to do so, to accede to the Treaty without further delay, and not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons and to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, and to place all unsafeguarded nuclear facilities under full-scope International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards as an important confidence-building measure among all States of the region and as a step towards enhancing peace and security;

“3. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the present resolution.”

2. The present report is being submitted pursuant to paragraph 3 of the above resolution. Apart from the material forwarded by the International Atomic Energy Agency (see annexes I and II), the Secretary-General has not received any additional information since the submission of his last report on the subject (A/51/446) to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session.


Annex I

Resolution GC(41)/RES/25 of 3 October 1997 of the General Conference
of the International Atomic Energy Agency


The General Conference,

(a) Recognizing the importance of the non-proliferation of nuclear-weapons — both globally and regionally — in enhancing international peace and security,

(b) Mindful of the usefulness of the Agency’s safeguards system as a reliable means of verification of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy,

(c) Concerned by the grave consequences, endangering peace and security, of the presence in the Middle East region of nuclear activities not wholly devoted to peaceful purposes,

(d) Welcoming the initiatives regarding the establishment of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons, in the Middle East and recent initiatives regarding arms control in the region,

(e) Recognizing that full realization of these objectives would be promoted by participation of all States of the region,

(f) Commending the efforts of the Agency concerning the application of safeguards in the Middle East and the positive response of some States in concluding a full-scope safeguards agreement, and

(g) Recalling its resolution GC(40)/RES/22,

1. Takes note of the Director General’s report in document GOV/2941-GC(41)/16;

2. Affiirms the urgent need for all States in the Middle East to forthwith accept the application of full-scope Agency safeguards to all their nuclear activities as an important confidence-building measure among all States in the region and as a step in enhancing peace and security in the context of the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone;

3. Calls upon all parties directly concerned to consider seriously taking the practical and appropriate steps required for the implementation of the proposal to establish a mutually and effectively verifiable nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region, and invites the countries concerned to adhere to international non-proliferation regimes, including the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, as a means of complementing participation in a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East and of strengthening peace and security in the region;

4. Takes note of the importance of the ongoing bilateral Middle East peace negotiations and the activities of the multilateral Working Group on Arms Control and Regional Security in promoting mutual confidence and security in the Middle East, including establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone and calls on the Director General, as requested by the participants, to render all necessary assistance to the Working Group in promoting that objective;

5. Requests the Director General to continue consultations with the States of the Middle East to facilitate the early application of full-scope Agency safeguards to all nuclear activities in the region as relevant to the preparation of model agreements, as a necessary step towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region, referred to in resolution GC(XXXVII)/RES/627;

6. Calls upon all States in the region to extend their fullest cooperation to the Director General in the fulfilment of the tasks entrusted to him in the preceding paragraph;

7. Further calls upon all States in the region to take measures, including confidence-building and verification measures, aimed at establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East;

8. Calls upon all other States, especially those with a special responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, to render all assistance to the Director General by facilitating the implementation of this resolution; and

9. Requests the Director General to submit to the Board of Governors and to the General Conference at its forty-second regular session a report on the implementation of this resolution and to include in the provisional agenda for that session an item entitled “Application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East”.


Annex II

Presidential Statement


In the context of the agenda item on the application of the International Atomic Energy Agency Safeguards in the Middle East, the General Conference requests the Director General to invite experts from the Middle East and other areas to a technical workshop on Safeguards, verification technologies, and other related experience including experience in various regional contexts.

It calls upon the Director General to commence the preparation, in consultation and coordination with the parties concerned, with a view to developing an agenda and modalities that would help ensure a successful workshop. Future proposals on workshops in the framework of the above-mentioned agenda item shall be submitted by mutual consent.





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