Souveraineté sur les ressources naturelles dans le territoire palestinien occupé - débat de la 2ème commission - Communiqué de presse (extraits) Français
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The Second Committee (Economic and Financial) met today to take action on several draft resolutions.
Draft Resolutions Before Committee
A draft on the permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resources (document A/C.2/60/L.11/Rev.1) would have the General Assembly call upon Israel not to exploit, damage, cause loss or depletion of, or endanger natural resources in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan. The Assembly would, by other terms of that draft, recognize the Palestinian people’s right to claim restitution as a result of such actions resulting from illegal measures by Israel, expressing the hope that the issue would be dealt with in final negotiations between the Palestinian and Israeli sides.
Also by that text, the Assembly would stress that the wall being constructed by Israel in the occupied Palestinian territory is contrary to international law and is seriously depriving the Palestinian people of their natural resources, and call for full compliance with legal obligations mentioned in the 9 July 2004 advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice and General Assembly resolution ES-10/15.
By further terms, the Assembly would call upon Israel to cease the dumping of waste materials in the occupied Palestinian territory and in the occupied Syrian Golan, which gravely threatens their water and land resources, and poses an environmental hazard and health threat to the civilian populations. Also by the draft, it would call on Israel to comply strictly with its obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law, with respect to altering the character and status of the occupied Palestinian territory.
Action on Draft Resolutions
The Committee first took up the draft resolution on the permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resources (document A/C.2/60/L.11/Rev.1), deciding to hold a recorded vote on the text.
Speaking before the vote, the representative of Canada stressed that the promotion and protection of environmental integrity was vital to the interests of any State. Canada wished to see the conflict between the Palestinians and Israelis culminate in a final peace settlement that would lead to peace and prosperity for both sides. With respect to the draft resolution, Israel should take action to fulfil its obligations under the Fourth Geneva Convention.
The Committee then approved the text by a recorded vote of 151 in favour to 7 against (Australia, Israel, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, United States), with 9 abstentions (Albania, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, El Salvador, Malawi, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu). (See Annex I.)
Following the vote, the representative of the United Kingdom, speaking on behalf of the European Union and associated States, said that the natural resources of any territory seized by force of arms should not be used inappropriately by the occupying Power, and reaffirmed the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention in such a case, as well as the right of the Palestinian people to hold any infringements of it illegal.
She added, however, that matters affecting the Israeli-Palestinian conflict must be dealt with in the framework of the Middle East peace process. The text must not be considered as prejudicial to the outcome of those negotiations, and any action or statement to that effect must be avoided.
The observer for Palestine expressed his gratitude to those who had voted in favour of the text, which concerned an issue of vital importance to the Palestinian people. The international community had reiterated its commitment to international law, and the applicability of international standards to all States in equal measure.