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Droit du peuple palestinien à l’autodétermination - Débat de Troisième commission - Communiqué de presse (extraits) Français
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Source: Department of Public Information (DPI)
General Assembly
6 November 2012




General Assembly
GA/SHC/4051

        Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York

Sixty-seventh General Assembly
Third Committee
30th & 31st Meetings (AM & PM)


UNIVERSAL RECOGNITION OF INALIENABLE RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION

MOST EFFECTIVE WAY OF GUARANTEEING FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS, THIRD COMMITTEE TOLD

Hears from Some 35 Speakers in Day-Long Debate,
With Focus on Eliminating Racism, Self-Determination, Human Rights Protections

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Background

The Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) met today to continue its consideration of elimination of racism, racial discrimination and related intolerance as well as the right of peoples to self-determination, and to continue its discussion of promotion and protection of human rights.

Statements on Racism and Self-Determination

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Mr. RAHMAN ( Iran) said the right of Palestinians to self-determination was an inalienable right, yet Palestinians were being deprived the exercise of that right. Flagrant international human rights violations by the occupying Power continued unabated. The international community should not be indifferent to that travesty of justice and humanity. Palestinians deserved liberation and self-determination and international measures had been inadequate. As long as that question remained unresolved, peace could not prevail in the region. The question of Palestine was at the core of the Middle East conflict. The root cause of the problem should be addressed. The final outcome should be an independent, democratic Palestine with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital.

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HUSSEIN HANIFF ( Malaysia) said the long struggle for self-determination still eluded Palestinians, and the expansion of Israeli settlements was tantamount to that country’s encouragement of settler violence against Palestinian people and property. Israeli policies and practices of displacement and dispossession only served to worsen the disempowering and vulnerable conditions endured by the Palestinian people. He urged the international community and the Middle East Quartet to take firmer action to stop the illegal Israeli settlements, confiscation of Palestinian land and resources and demolition of Palestinian homes, property and infrastructure. The practices of administrative detention and extrajudicial execution also required a stronger international response.

In addition, the Palestinian right to self-determination had been denied with illegal blockade of the Gaza Strip, where for five years 1.6 million Gazans had been living with insecurity, he said. He had personally witnessed the sufferings of the military occupation and blockade, which destroyed the economy and minimized employment opportunities in the occupied Palestinian territories. Under restrictive and oppressive conditions, Israel’s control over every entry and exit of all people, goods and services in and out of Gaza was definitely done to slow the Palestinian path towards achieving self-determination. “The sooner the solution is found, the sooner members of both sides can find themselves living in peace and security. The only option is to make the two-State solution based on 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as capital of Palestine a reality,” he said.

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AHMED SAREER ( Maldives) ...

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... Taking note of the report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Palestine, Maldives strongly believed that a two-State solution with Israel and Palestine living side by side in peace was the only way forward, and therefore, called upon the United Nations to seek the right of self-determination for the Palestinian people.

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NADYA RASHEED, Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine, said Israel had violated, trampled on and violently withheld the inherent right to self-determination of the Palestinian people it held captive in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem. The occupying Power’s continuation of its illegal policies, building settlements and related infrastructure, was a clear attempt to strengthen its subjugation and strangulation of the Palestinian people and to entrench its illegal occupation. “There can be no justification for the deliberate planning and expansion of settlements, as well as the continuation of its expansionist Wall, and there can be no explanation other than that the Israeli Government is neither interested in the two-State solution, nor is it interested in peace and security,” she said.

Continued illegal settlement had led to a point where many now openly questioned the attainability of the two-State solution. “The failure to bring a halt to Israel’s settlement campaign and thus enable us to overcome the impasse threatens to unravel all achieved to date and to usher in an era of even greater instability and uncertainty,” she said. The Palestinian people remained committed to peace and had not forsaken their legitimate national aspirations; Israel, as the occupying Power, should not be allowed to continue obstructing and dictating the terms of the Palestinian exercise of the right to self-determination. The Security Council’s duties, the responsibilities of Member States, and the obligations of the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention were clear. Serious, practical measures had to be undertaken to compel Israel to halt illegal settlement activities and begin moving towards ending its illegitimate, belligerent 45-year occupation.

MONIA ALSALEH ( Syria) said communications technologies and other efforts had been used to distort cultures and falsely elevate one culture, which only fuelled a false superiority of some racial or religious groups. That threatened international peace and security and undermined the positive contributions of a culture of dialogue. Racism in her region had increased in a “crude and dangerous” fashion due to the Israeli apartheid system. Israel refused to accede to international conventions related to the repressing crime of segregation. It had built a racial separation wall and built a racial entity that would exclude Palestinians, under a mantra of the importance of the “Jewishness of the State of Israel”.

In addition, Israeli authorities were building a separation in the Syrian Golan, she said, a futile attempt to separate the Golan from its motherland, Syria. Those efforts were marked by the theft of water, land and property, which contravened the Geneva accords. Those calling for upholding the rights of Syrians could not ignore their right to restore their occupied territory. Explicit manifestations of racist practices included Israeli violations in the occupied Syrian Golan in the areas of health culture and language. Also, Israel was holding nine prisoners from the Syrian Golan on the charge of burning false Israeli identity cards and choosing to maintain their Syrian citizenship. Israel’s protectors continued to ignore its crimes, which only led Israel to persist in its abuses.

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ANNU TANDON, Member of Parliament of India, ...

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She said India’s unwavering support for the Palestinian cause was a cornerstone of its foreign policy. India supported their aspiration for enhanced status at the United Nations, and for a Palestinian State with East Jerusalem as its capital and living alongside Israel, as outlined in the Road Map and Arab Peace Initiative. ...

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GRÉTA GUNNARSDÓTTIR ( Iceland) ...

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... Turning to self-determination, he reiterated his country’s long-standing support to people’s right to determine their future. Iceland was determined to contribute to the realization of that inalienable right for the Palestinian people, and continued to call upon the Security Council to recommend that the General Assembly accept Palestine’s application for United Nations Membership.

MONZER FATHI SELIM ( Egypt) said “the right to self-determination was essential for the promotion and protection of all human rights for all peoples without exception”. But, the United Nations, despite achievements, remained politicized when it came to that right for Palestinians, who had lived under foreign occupation for over 65 years. He voiced grave concern towards Israel’s decision to unilaterally suspend its cooperation with the Human Rights Council, which set a dangerous precedent. If not addressed, it would undermine the Council’s functioning. After more than three years of Israel’s war on Gaza, Egypt reiterated its call for the full implementation of recommendations in the report by the United Nations independent international investigation committee.

He said Egypt also welcomed the report and recommendations of the special procedure on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967. The main theme of the General Assembly in bringing about adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations by peaceful means underscored the need to ensure that mediation was fair and effective. The decolonization process was incomplete and more effective efforts were needed to achieve it. The United Nations was obliged to ensure full realization of the right to self-determination, and full enjoyment of human rights, especially for Palestinians. He called for upholding that responsibility through building confidence among all parties, with the aim of reaching a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East, on the basis of all terms of reference, United Nations resolutions and the land-for-peace principle.

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Right of Reply

Exercising his right of reply, Israel’s delegate said he found it surreal to listen to Syria’s delegate speak about protecting human rights when her Government continued to slaughter its own people. It was time Syria stopped using Israel to sweep its crimes under the carpet in efforts to distract from the atrocious crimes of the Assad regime. To comments by the Palestinian delegate, he said that, contrary to those false statements, Israel was committed to advancing the self-determination of Palestinians and to a two-State solution. The Palestinian delegate, among others, had neglected to mention that Israel’s Prime Minister had offered to negotiate with the Palestinian Authority President without preconditions but had been rebuffed “time and again”. If the Palestinian delegate cared about self-determination, she would stop berating his country and start working with it.

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Syria’s delegate said the representative of the occupying Power, having heard condemnations of its racist policies, had found himself in a perilous situation, which was why he had tried to divert attention from events in his country. She would not respond to his lies. He represented an authority that murdered, raped, and imposed a blockade on people for more than 60 years. Today, that representative tried to find solutions that suited his own purposes. Syria impatiently awaited the evacuation of the Golan Heights by the Israeli occupying Power. Syria would always remind the international community of that country’s activities as it pursued its occupation of Arab lands.

Exercising the right of reply, the representative of Palestine said she regretted to have to take the floor to respond to the statement of the representative of Israel. Year after year the same assertions were made, but Israel continued to violate international law on the ground, which did not offer support to the false claim that Israel wanted peace and was a peace-loving country. It continued to demolish Palestinian homes and displace people, building illegal settlements and unleashing racist settlers. “Is this what they mean by peace?” she said.

Israel should stop wasting the time to make those false statements of peace and end its violations. Only when Israel ended its occupation and violations would peace and security prevail.

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For information media • not an official record


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