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        General Assembly
3 September 1997

Original: ENGLISH

United Nations

Report of the
Secretary-General on the work
of the Organization

General Assembly
Official Records · Fifty-second Session
Supplement No.1 (A/52/1)


[Original: English]

[3 September 1997]

I.Contours of the new era
1 - 20
II.Managing change
21 - 166
A. Good governance, human rights and democratization
22 - 41
B. International economic cooperation and sustainable development
42 - 61
C. Development operations
62 - 77
D. Preventive diplomacy, peaceful settlement of disputes and disarmament
78 - 94
E. Humanitarian action
95 - 107
F. Peacekeeping and post-conflict peace-building
108 - 129
G. The new transnational threats
130 - 142
H. Legal affairs, management and communications
143 - 166
III.The steps ahead
167 - 176

II. Managing change


E. Humanitarian action

99. The longest-standing United Nations humanitarian mission is the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). In addition to providing essential education, health, relief and social services to 3.4 million refugees, UNRWA has undertaken a range of projects aimed at developing infrastructure, improving living conditions and creating employment opportunities. The relocation of its headquarters from Vienna to Gaza in July 1996 helped strengthen the Agency's relationship with the Palestinian Authority. Yet the stagnation in donor contributions combined with the steady growth in the beneficiary population have led to a quantitative and qualitative decline in services.


F. Peacekeeping and post-conflict peace-building


115. The Middle East remains one of the most critical points of tension in the world today. It is my hope that the Israeli-Palestinian peace process will be revived and its forward momentum fully restored. The United Nations contributions to stability in the region include the humanitarian activities of UNRWA, discussed in the previous section; the development-related work of the Special Coordinator, dealt with below; and three peacekeeping missions: the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization, the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) and the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon. With the cooperation of Israel and the Syrian Arab Republic, the efforts of UNDOF have been successful on the Golan Heights. In southern Lebanon, on the other hand, hostilities have continued between Israeli forces, with auxiliaries, and Lebanese groups. Elsewhere in the Middle East, the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission helps to ensure stability in the area of its deployment.


126. Also unique, but very different, is the Office of the Special Coordinator. It provides overall guidance to United Nations programmes and agencies in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and works closely with the World Bank, in assisting the Palestinian Authority to achieve an integrated approach to development and a self-sustaining economy and to establish effective administrative institutions.



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