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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
6 September 2005


OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

P.O. Box 38712 East Jerusalem
Phone: (972) 2 – 5829962 / 5825853, Fax: (972) 2 – 5825841
ochaopt@un.org, www.ochaopt.org

Protection of Civilians - Weekly Briefing Notes

26 August - 6 September 2005


Protection – Deaths and injuries . Shelter and Property – People displaced, House demolitions, Demolition orders . Natural Resources - Land levelling, Requisitions, Tree Uprooting . Restrictions on Medical Assistance - Incidents involving safety and movement of ambulances, medical teams, humanitarian organisations . Access and Movement for Civilians - Curfews, Access to education, Access to employment, Closures/Movement restrictions . Additional Protection Issues

Of note this week:
1. Physical Protection



Casualty Incidents Include:
31 August: Confrontations between the IDF and local Palestinians took place in Bal’a village, Tulkarm. The IDF fired live ammunition injuring one Palestinian.
1 September: An 11-year-old Palestinian boy was critically injured when he was hit by an IDF jeep in Al Mawassi west of Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip.
2 September: There was a demonstration against Barrier construction in Bil’in, Ramallah, after which the IDF entered the village and fired tear gas and stun grenades at a building. Clashes broke out between the IDF and Palestinians. Nine Palestinians and three journalists, including one French and two Palestinian reporters, were injured.
2 September: Two Palestinian men were injured when the IDF opened fire in their direction near the Israeli evacuated settlement area of Netzer Hazani, the Gaza Strip.
3 September: An exchange of fire took place between the IDF and Palestinian militants following an IDF search campaign in Askar refugee camp, Nablus. One Israeli soldier was injured.
3 September: A 12-year-old Palestinian girl from Cordoba elementary school was injured when a group of Israeli settlers attacked her near the school in the Old City of Hebron.
6 September: One Palestinian man was killed and three were injured when the IDF opened fire in their direction near the evacuated Israeli settlement area of Neve Dekalim, the Gaza Strip.
6 September: An IDF soldier was injured when a hand grenade was thrown over the fence line on the Rafah border, the Gaza Strip.

2. Shelter and Property



Incidents:
4 September: The IDF handed seven demolition orders for seven inhabited houses in the area of Jabal Jawhar H2, Hebron city. The houses are shelter for eight families with a total of 46 people of which 25 are minors. The structures received demolition orders for being built without permits in Area C.
6 September: The IDF demolished one building material shop in ‘Attil village, Tulkarm.

Other shelter/property related incidents
31 August: The IDF occupied three houses in Bizzariya village, Nablus, during the night and used the houses as observation posts. The IDF left in the morning
5 September to date: The IDF occupied one uninhabited house in Bizzariya village.

3. Natural Resources

Land levelling/Requisitions/Tree Uprooting1

Nablus Governorate:
20 August: (Not reported previously). The IDF handed over requisition order T/146/05 to the residents of Qaryut village; 1.35 dunums (0.135 hectares) are confiscated until 31 December 2007. The purpose of the orders is for the building a military post (observation tower) near the village.
31 August: The IDF handed requisition order T/144/05 to the residents of ‘Azmut and Deir Al Hatab villages; 608 dunums (60.8 hectares) are confiscated.
6 September: The IDF started to level 2.9 dunums (0.29 hectares) of land west of Sarra village to establish a military post.

Jenin and Tubas Governorates:
• No incidents to report.

Tulkarm Governorate:
31 August: IDF issued order T/91/05 requisitioning 1.8 dunums (0.18 hectares) of land and started land levelling in Far’un village to upgrade an agricultural road.
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Salfit Governorate:
31 August: The IDF resumed land levelling near Deir Ballut checkpoint, Salfit, for the expansion of the checkpoint which started on 15 August.
• Ongoing incidents:
Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Hebron Governorate:
31 August to date: Following the 28 August suicide bombing in the Israeli city of Beer Sheva’, the IDF has accelerated work on the Barrier installing the final layer of posts, fences and electrical cameras westward of the Palestinian villages of Sikka, Beit ‘Awwa, Al Majd and Deir al ‘Asal at Tahta, Hebron Governorate.
• Ongoing incidents:
Bethlehem Governorate:
1 September: The IDF issued requisition orders T/154/05 and T/155/05 which combined cover 43 dunums (4.3 hectares) of agricultural land belonging to Palestinian farmers from Khallet an Nu’man village and Beit Sahur town, Bethlehem Governorate. The land will be used to build a crossing point including a commercial terminal between the West Bank and Jerusalem.
• Ongoing incidents:
Jerusalem Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents: Jericho Governorate:
• No incidents to report.

The Gaza Strip:
• No incidents to report.


_____________
1 4 dunums = 1 acre; 10 dunums = 1 hectare


4. Access for Medical Assistance

West Bank:



5. Access and Movement for Civilians

a) Curfew
• No incidents to report.

b) Access to Education
The new school year started on 3 September.

c) Access to Employment
West Bank: On 1 September, Palestinian traders were allowed to enter Israel for the first time since a general closure was imposed on 12 July 2005. Only a limited number of Palestinian workers with permits are allowed entry to Israel. Fifty-six permits were issued for Palestinians workers from Jerusalem villages. In Bethlehem, 100 permits were issued to Palestinian teachers working in Jerusalem. In Jenin and Tubas, four and eight agricultural permits were issued respectively.

September:



The Gaza Strip:
As of 10 August, the total number of Gaza Strip workers permits was 2,017 including 1,958 with overnight stay; 720 permits were issued to Erez Industrial Estate workers. All workers must be 35 or older and married with children. Overnight stay permits are only issued for workers aged 40 and older.



d) Closures/Movement restrictions
On 12 July, following the suicide bombing in Netanya, a general closure on the oPt was imposed by the IDF. The closure is generally still imposed on the West Bank with some easing in movement restrictions. Israeli restrictions during the evacuation of four settlements in the northern West Bank affected access for some Palestinians in the West Bank, particularly in Nablus and Jenin. Movement restrictions are still in place on Road 60 from Shave Shomeron settlement to Araba junction, on Road 585 from Araba junction to Quffin entrance and on the section of Road 60 from Kadim and Gamin settlements to Jalama Barrier gate.

Nablus Governorate:
Mid July to date: The prohibition is still in effect for residents of Jenin, Tulkarm and Qalqiliya to travel south through Za’atara (Tappouah) checkpoint
21 August to date: All the entrances connecting Sabastiya village with Road 60 are blocked by earth mounds.
• Ongoing incidents:
Jenin Governorate:
21 August to date: The IDF closed all the entrances to Ya’bad village with road blocks and earth mounds. Only one alternative road is open toward Jenin city through Kufeirit village.
21 August to date: The IDF closed Road 585 from Arraba junction to Qaffin junction with three checkpoints preventing Palestinians from travelling on the road. Palestinians are using alternative dirt roads to reach Jenin city.
21 August to date: The IDF closed Road 60 between Khomesh settlement entrance and Shave Shomeron settlement entrance.

Tubas Governorate:
31 August: Lengthy delays occurred at Tayasir checkpoint.

Tulkarm Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Qalqiliya Governorate:
31 August to date: Delays occurred at ‘Azzun ‘Atma gate due to the IDF search of residents using a metal detector. Vehicles were searched as well.

Salfit Governorate:
• No major incidents to report.

Ramallah / Al Bireh Governorate:
• Temporary vehicular and pedestrian arrangements are now in place at Qalandiya checkpoint while new construction there continues. The main road through the old checkpoint is now closed by a roadblock. Traffic is being rerouted to a new road to the east that joins the main road between Qalandiya and Jaba'. A temporary fenced walkway is in place for pedestrians.

Jerusalem Governorate:
• 1 September: Streets in and around Jerusalem city were closed off for several hours as Israeli bodies from cemeteries in evacuated Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip were reburied.

Jericho Governorate:
• Ongoing incidents:
Hebron Governorate:
1 September: The IDF installed two new metal detector gates in the Old City of Hebron (in H2). The first facility was constructed on Al Shohada Street in the area near Beit Hadassah settlement, while the other one was installed in the Abu Rish area. This new addition reinforces the closure around the Jewish settlements and reduces access to the area of the Al Ibrahimi Mosque, subjecting those wishing to pray, local Palestinian residents and schoolchildren from the Al Ibrahimmiyye school, to a physical inspection and delays.
• Ongoing incidents:
Bethlehem Governorate:
1 September to date: The IDF is no longer manning the Beit Jala DCO checkpoint.
• In August, 25,500 tourists entered the city of Bethlehem. The movement of tourists has increased by 20% compared to the last month. In August 2004, a total of 10,480 tourists entered Bethlehem. But the August 2005 figure is still two and half times less than for the same month pre-intifada (August 1999).
• Ongoing incidents:
West Bank: Reported flying checkpoints


The Gaza Strip:
23 July: (Ongoing) Due to the restricted opening hours at Abu Holi junction, there is heavy traffic congestion.
5 and 6 September: The IDF dismantled and removed the observation posts of Al Barahma, Oraybeh, Salah Edien in Rafah and Al Tufah in Khan Younis.

The Enclosed Areas in the Gaza Strip:
As-Seafa:
• Since 13 February 2005, the IDF has permitted Palestinians aged 30 and older residing in As-Seafa to pass in and out without any prior coordination; males and females aged between 16 and 30 are still required to have 48-hours prior coordination. The gate is open two times daily (irregularly) at 7.30am and 2pm. No vehicles are permitted to enter or exit. Coordination for international organisations to enter the area has been problematic. The IDF requires prior coordination in order to bring goods into the area; people are still facing difficulties getting their belongings into and/or out of the area, despite approved coordination.
• During the week, two to three persons each day were prevented from entering the area despite having proper documentation.
16 August to date: The IDF declared the area a closed military zone; Palestinian residents of the area are not allowed in or out.
1 September: The IDF allowed four people to leave at 7am and return at 12pm to bring food in for the community.
Al-Mawassi:
• IDF restrictions remain, with the entry-exit gate at Al Tuffah checkpoint generally open twice daily for limited numbers of Al Mawassi ID holders - from approximately 8am to 1pm, and 2.30pm to 5pm. Males aged 16 to 25 years who are Al Mawassi ID holders are required prior coordination to pass though Al Tuffah checkpoint. Vehicles are not allowed to pass, with some exceptions given for international agencies that have undertaken prior coordination with the IDF.
• Tel Es-Sultan checkpoint has remained closed since 14 January 2004.
5 August to date: Al Tuffah checkpoint was closed in both directions for all Palestinians.
2, 3 and 4 September: Al Tuffah checkpoint was open from 8am to 1pm to allow agricultural products out. However no entry was allowed. Some students were also allowed to exit on 3 and 4 September.
Ma’ani:
• Since 20 July 2002, the IDF has prevented all vehicular movement in and out of the Palestinian area adjacent to the Kfar Darom settlement. The IDF has also erected a fence around the area. The area remains a closed military zone, following a suicide attack on 27 February 2004.
• Movement is restricted by the IDF with the entry-exit gate generally open four times daily for Al Ma’ani ID holders only from 6.30am to 7.30am, 10.30am to 11.30am, 1pm to 2pm, and 4pm to 5pm. Access for international organisations into the area remains problematic.
3 September: At 7am Al Maani checkpoint was opened for departures and people were allowed to leave the area. It was opened again at 12.30pm for arrivals. The IDF allowed people to bring goods and water inside. The 49 students living inside were not allowed out.
Abu Nahiya:
• A fence was placed around the Abu Nahiya area, south of Kfar Darom settlement, in the corner of Kissufim Road and Salah Eddin Street. Approximately 16 families reside in the area. No vehicles are allowed in or out of the area. The fence is open 24 hours for residents.
Abu al-Ajin Area:
• Several Palestinian families live isolated and fenced in north and south of Kissufim Road in the Abu al-Ajin area. The families have their own keys to the gate in the fence; however, their movement is restricted to opening hours three to four times daily. The area is unreachable by vehicles.
3 September: The IDF opened the gates south and north of the Kissufim road to allow people living in the enclosed areas to leave at 7am and return at 12.30pm.

6. Additional Protection Issues
• During the week, a total of four homemade rockets, mortar shells and anti tank missiles were fired from different locations inside the Gaza Strip toward Israeli-controlled areas and nearby Israeli towns, IDF installations and Karni.
1, 2 and 4 September: One Palestinian died (in Khan Younis) and three were injured in two separate incidents (in Khan Younis and Gaza City) after explosives (mortar shells and bombs) they were handling prematurely exploded (These figures have not been included in the weekly casualty numbers).
4 September: Twenty-two Palestinians, policemen included, were injured in clashes between unemployed Palestinians and PA police in Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip.(These figures have not been included in the weekly casualty numbers).
5 September: Four Palestinians were killed and another 40 were injured when a bomb exploded in a Palestinian house in Shuja’ia area in Gaza City. Four houses were destroyed and several nearby houses damaged in the blast exploded (These figures have not been included in the weekly casualty numbers).

Searches/Arrests/Detentions















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