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Droit du peuple palestinien à l’autodétermination - Débat de Troisième commission - Communiqué de presse (extraits) Français
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Source: Department of Public Information (DPI)
General Assembly
5 November 2012




General Assembly
GA/SHC/4050

        Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York

Sixty-seventh General Assembly
Third Committee
28th & 29th Meetings (AM & PM)

COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH, SOLID LEGAL FRAMEWORK NEEDED TO ADDRESS 'NEW AND COMPLEX'

CHALLENGES OF RACIAL HATRED PROMOTED THROUGH INTERNET, THIRD COMMITTEE TOLD

Hears Report from Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Racism;
Mercenaries, Human Rights in Myanmar Among Other Issues in Day-Long Debate


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Background

The Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) met today to consider elimination of racism, racial discrimination and related intolerance as well as the right of peoples to self-determination, and to continue its discussion of promotion and protection of human rights.

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Also before the Committee was the Secretary-General’s report on the Right of peoples to self-determination (document A/67/276), outlining the relevant jurisprudence of the Human Rights Committee and the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, related to treaty-based human rights norms regarding the realization of the right of peoples to self-determination. The report also summarizes developments related to consideration of the matter by the Human Rights Council, including by its special procedures. Among the numerous areas the aforementioned entities addressed were: the rights of ethnic and linguistic communities; respect for a broad range of indigenous rights; and the right of the Palestinian people to self determination.

The right of self-determination is enshrined in article 1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and article 1 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the report states. The human rights treaty bodies, and the Human Rights Council, including Special Procedures mandate holders, have continued to address issues related to the realization of this right.

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Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights

Speaking on behalf of Ivan Šimonović, Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, MAARIT KOHONEN SHERIFF, Deputy Director of the New York Office of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), ...

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She then introduced the Secretary-General’s report on the universal realization of the right of peoples to self-determination (document A/67/276), which outlined jurisprudence of the Human Rights Committee and the Committee on Economic, Social and Rights on the treaty based human rights norms relating to the realization of the right to self-determination. It summarized the Human Rights Council’s consideration of that matter, including by its special procedures, as well as developments on the question of the right to self-determination by the Palestinian people.

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Statements

YAZMIN GONZALEZ LOFORTE (Cuba) ...

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Cuba hoped that States would show greater commitment and political will to put an end to racism. It also opposed the use of mercenaries to hinder people’s rights to self-determination, as it supported the exercise of peoples’ rights to self-determination. That was why Cuba supported the inalienable right of the Palestinian people to establish their own sovereign State. ...

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MOURAD BENMEHIDI (Algeria) ...

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The right to self-determination was a founding principle of the United Nations and indeed was crucial for the full enjoyment of all rights enshrined under international law. Isolated attempts to reinterpret simplistically that right violated people’s right to choose their destiny. The violation of peoples’ right to self-determination was a violation of all rights and also constituted discrimination. People, such as the Palestinian people as well as those who lived in 16 Non-Self-Governing Territories on the United Nations decolonization list, needed their right supported.

ABDOU SALAM DIALLO (Senegal) said self-determination and racism were among the most important issues facing the international community. The Palestinian Territories had seen the imprisonment, collective punishment and destruction of goods and infrastructure against its people, not to mention the construction of illegal Israeli settlements. Studies of these issues showed that violations against Palestinians necessitated the discussion of the delicate topic at the international level. Senegal believed that the only way forward would be a land-for-peace approach with two States living side by side in peace and security, she said.

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ANDRÉS FIALLO (Ecuador) ...

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... Lastly, his Government reiterated its solidarity with the Palestinian people and urged other Member States at the United Nations to recognize their right to self-determination.

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YOUSEF N. ZEIDAN, Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine, stated that the Palestinian people had continued to suffer from racism since 1948 by Israel, as was visible in the expulsion of indigenous Palestinians from their homeland, replacing them with Jewish settlers from the most far-off places on earth. For 45 years, Israel, the occupying Power, had been engaged in grave breeches of international law, international humanitarian law and human rights law in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem.

A recent poll of Israelis, he said, showed that of those who participated, 75 per cent were in favour of apartheid policies and 58 percent believed Israel already practiced apartheid against the Palestinian people. Israel’s belligerence had also translated into violence, he added. In recent years, there was an increase in settler attacks against Palestinian civilians and property, as well as hate crimes against Palestinian mosques, churches and cemeteries. Concluding, he called on the international community to muster the political will to finally bring an end to Israel’s occupation.

HALA AL-FAWWAZ (Jordan), noting the fundamental importance of the right to self-determination as enshrined in the United Nations Charter, said that in that light the Palestinian cause was the core issue in her region. A just and comprehensive solution to the related conflict must ensure restoration of the legitimate rights of the Palestinians, including the setting up of their independent state on the national soil. Supporting the Arab Peace Initiative’s view of the two-state solution, he said that instead of responding to such calls for peace, Israel had continued to violate human rights in the occupied Palestinian territories through its settlement activities and other practices that would lead to undesired consequences, violating international law. In conclusion, he cited a statement from his King, Abdullah II, that urged an end to the long delay in affording self-determination to the Palestinian people.

OPHIR KARIV (Israel) said racism had plagued the world for centuries and had cost the lives of millions. The Jewish people understood the issue, considering that this week marked 74 years since Kristallnacht, which had left hundreds of Jewish homes and businesses destroyed, and the current rising anti-Semitism. Attempts today by some States abused some of the most basic terms and concepts of the fight against racism in order to further their own political goals, which only hampered political processes.

Israel and the Jewish people had a proud history in the struggle against racism, and the Government took decisive action to promote tolerance and understanding. Racism was defined in Israel’s penal code, police received extensive training and active efforts were being made to educate and enforce tolerance in the country’s multi-ethnic society. The international community must speak clearly, loudly and with one voice against the perils of racism and hatred, he said, noting that his country stood at the forefront of that important cause.

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