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Source: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
31 March 2009



Report No. 88
Implementation of the Agreement on Movement and Access
and Update on Gaza Crossings
(18-31 March 2009)


The United Nations is submitting the 88th bi-weekly report on the implementation of the 15 November 2005 Agreement on Movement and Access (AMA)1, covering the period 18 - 31 March 09 (Annex)2. In light of the closure of Gaza, this report also monitors movement and access through other crossings not included in the AMA.

Summary:
AMA Benchmarks:

• Rafah crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 661 working days. It was last open for the public on 09 June 2007. However, the crossing was partially opened on an exceptional basis for passengers on all days during the reporting period, allowing 494 Palestinians including many medical cases to cross out and 910 to cross in, compared to 688 departures and 870 arrivals reported in the previous reporting period. 42 truckloads of humanitarian relief items were allowed entry to Gaza through Rafah Crossing compared to 105 allowed in during the previous reporting period. The crossing was partially open on three days (18, 19 and 20 March) for this inflow.

• Karni crossing has remained closed since 12 June 2007 for the movement of goods in and out of Gaza. The conveyor belt/chute for cereals, animal feed was open on six days (18,23,24,25,30 and 31 March), the same as reported in the previous reporting period. A total of 305 truckloads of cereals, animal feed, entered Gaza, via the conveyor belt, compared to 334 reported in the previous reporting period. Neither gravel nor bulk cement were allowed entry during this period. Gravel and bulk cement were last allowed into Gaza on 26 and 29 Oct 08 respectively.

• Erez crossing has remained closed for more than three years, since 12 March 2006, for workers, and more than a year, since 12 June 2007, for all other Palestinians, except for a limited number of Palestinian senior traders, aid workers and medical cases who have been granted special permits. For these persons, Erez crossing was partially open on 12 out of the 14 scheduled days. Almost no traders were allowed out during the reporting period and an average of 12 medical cases per day were allowed through.

• Obstacles to movement in the West remained 632 - the same as reported during the previous reporting period. Overall, the figure of 632 represents an increase of 256 obstacles (68,1%) over the baseline figure (376) of August 2005.

Convoys between the Gaza Strip and the West Bank:

Ports:

Non-AMA Crossings:

• Sufa crossing was not open during the whole reporting period. It was last opened on 12 Sept 08. In mid March 09, Israel announced that Sufa crossing is no longer a crossing point between Gaza and Israel.

Kerem Shalom crossing was open on 12 days, the same as reported during the previous reporting period. A total of 1,079 truckloads of goods including 233 for humanitarian aid agencies were allowed in compared to 1,160 reported during the previous reporting period. Four truckloads of carnations were allowed out (exported) on 19, 23, 26 and 30 March.

Nahal Oz fuel pipelines were partially opened on all 10 scheduled days, the same as during the previous reporting period. In mid-March, Israel announced that working days for the Nahal Oz fuel pipe lines have been reduced from six to five days per week (Sunday - Thursday). No petrol or diesel for private/commercial use was allowed entry during this reporting period. 2,483 tonnes of cooking gas and 4,292,650 liters of industrial gas for the power plant were allowed in compared to 1,230 tonnes and 4,369,050 liters respectively reported in the previous reporting period.

Of note: Overall, 1,426 truckloads, including 275 truckloads from humanitarian agencies were allowed entry to Gaza during this period, compared to 1,599 truckloads allowed in during the previous reporting period.

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1 The United Nations, through the OCHA oPt office, has assumed reporting responsibilities for reporting on the implementation of the AMA since April 2006.
2 The AMA was negotiated by US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, between the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority to promote peaceful economic development and improve the humanitarian situation on the ground. It represents the commitments of both the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority to facilitate access and movement into/out and throughout the West Bank and Gaza Strip.






For more information email: ochaopt@un.org | Address: P.O. Box 38712 Jerusalem
Phone: +972 (0)2 5829962 / 5825853 | Fax: +972 (0)2 5825841



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