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FINANCING OF THE UNITED NATIONS PEACE-KEEPING FORCES
IN THE MIDDLE EAST
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
Report of the Secretary-General
2. It may be recalled that the General Assembly, in its decision 48/463 A of 23 December 1993, authorized the Secretary-General, on an exceptional basis, to enter into commitments up to the amount of $10,720,000 gross ($10,396,000 net) for UNDOF for the period from 1 December 1993 to 31 March 1994. The Assembly also decided that no assessment on Member States would be necessary in the light of the cash balance in the UNDOF special account. Subsequently, in its decision 48/463 B of 5 April 1994, the Assembly authorized the Secretary-General to enter into commitments for the maintenance of UNDOF for the period from 1 April to 31 May 1994 in an amount of $5,360,000 gross ($5,198,000 net).
3. In paragraph 14 of its resolution 48/253, the General Assembly appropriated the amount of $16,080,000 gross ($15,594,000 net) for the period from 1 December 1993 to 31 May 1994. In paragraph 18 of the same resolution, it authorized the Secretary-General to enter into commitments for UNDOF at a rate not to exceed $2,680,000 gross ($2,599,000 net) per month for the period from 1 June to 30 November 1994, should the Security Council decide to continue UNDOF beyond 31 May 1994, the above amounts to be assessed on Member States in accordance with the scheme set out in the resolution.
4. By its resolution 921 (1994) of 26 May 1994, the Security Council extended the mandate of UNDOF for a period of six months, until 30 November 1994.
II. STATUS OF ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS
(Millions of United States dollars)
6. It should be noted that despite the urging contained in resolution 48/253 of all Member States to make every effort to ensure prompt and full payment of their assessed contributions to UNDOF, there has been a deterioration in the payment of assessed contributions. The outstanding balance in assessed contributions has increased by $13.9 million, from $58.6 million on 31 October 1993 to $72.5 million on 30 September 1994.
10. As presented, that estimate reflects a substantial decrease in the cost of rental of premises because of the relocation of UNDOF headquarters from Damascus to Camp Faouar, as well as a reduction in the cost of transport workshop equipment as a result of the consolidation of military workshops. On the other hand, it also reflects an increase under the heading of purchase of vehicles due to the high demand for replacement of existing vehicles that are worn out or obsolete. In addition, the estimate takes into account the 68 per cent increase in the cost of kerosene as well as the 60 per cent increase in the cost of other petroleum products. Taken together, those cost increases offset nearly all decreases previously mentioned.
13. It may be recalled that in paragraph 10 of the report of the Secretary-General on the financing of UNDOF, it was indicated that, based on the unaudited financial statement of 30 June 1993 for UNEF/UNDOF covering the period from 1 December 1991 to 30 November 1992, the surplus balance amounted to $5,109,799. The audited financial statement for the same period shows a surplus balance of $5,330,932, an increase of $221,133 from the surplus balance previously reported.
14. The audited financial statement as at 31 December 1993 covering the period from 1 December 1992 to 30 November 1993 also shows that there is a surplus balance of $3,775,797, consisting of:
(a) Excess of income over expenditure for the 12-month period from 1 December 1992 to 30 November 1993 ($3,110,398) due to interest income ($1,056,715), miscellaneous income ($48,782) and an unencumbered balance of appropriations ($2,004,901);
(b) Savings arising from liquidation of obligations for prior periods ($665,399).
15. As indicated in paragraph 10 above, full reimbursement has been made on a current basis to Governments providing troops to UNDOF. On that basis, it would be feasible to surrender as credits to Member States the surplus balance for the period from 1 December 1991 to 30 November 1992 ($5,330,932) as well as the surplus balance for the period from 1 December 1992 to 30 November 1993 ($3,775,797).
17. It may be recalled that the General Assembly, in its resolution 33/13 E of 14 December 1978, suspended the provisions of the United Nations financial regulations 5.2 (b), 5.2 (d), 4.3 and 4.4 in respect of those amounts which otherwise would have to be surrendered and directed that it be held in suspense pending a further decision by the Assembly. The amount currently held in a suspense account for the period through 30 November 1991 is $64.9 million.
18. It may also be recalled that the General Assembly, in its resolution 36/116 A, decided to transfer the balance of assessed contributions of $36 million due from a Member State to a special account.
19. Annex X shows the surplus balance held in suspense, as well as the cash balance, and projected requirements through 30 November 1994, the end of the current mandate period.
20. As shown in annex X, the surplus balance held in a suspense account amounts to $64.9 million. After adjusting for the amount of $36 million transferred to a special account, the net surplus balance will amount to $28.9 million.
21. The total UNDOF requirements through 30 November 1994 amount to $28.4 million, consisting of unliquidated obligations ($9.3 million), accounts payable ($3.1 million), and projected expenditures through 30 November 1994 ($16 million). The available cash balance as at 10 October 1994 amounts to some $33 million. The difference between cash balance ($33 million) and total requirements ($28.4 million) is $4.6 million, which is equivalent to approximately one and a half months of expenditure for UNDOF.
22. Should the Security Council decide to extend the mandate of UNDOF beyond 30 November 1994, assessment letters to Member States could be issued at the earliest by late December 1994. Based on past experience, receipt of assessed contributions from Member States has been of limited amounts during the first two months after assessment has been made. It is therefore necessary to maintain reserves to meet the requirements of UNDOF for the months of December 1994 and January 1995.
23. As indicated in paragraph 14 above, it would be feasible to surrender as credits to Member States the total surplus balance of $9.1 million for the period from 1 December 1991 to 30 November 1993. Should the General Assembly decide to credit Member States with the $9.1 million, that amount would be offset against future assessments. As a consequence, cash collections would fall short of the amounts required for the operation of UNDOF in view of the recent trend in increased outstanding assessments.
24. As indicated in paragraph 5 above, unpaid assessed contributions as at 30 September 1994 amounted to $72.5 million.
25. It should be noted that the sum of outstanding assessed contributions has increased by $13.9 million over the 11-month period from October 1993 to September 1994. If that pattern of collections continues it is anticipated that the UNDOF special account will experience a shortage of cash for its operations in the near future.
26. In the light of the foregoing, the Secretary-General is of the view that the surplus balance held in suspense could be reduced only under the following conditions:
(a) Substantial payment of arrears are made by Member States;
(b) Prompt and full payments are made by Member States of their assessed contributions in respect of future mandates as may be approved by the Security Council;
(c) The reduction in the surplus balance held in suspense could only be feasible if there is cash available after the operating expenses of UNDOF have been met.
(a) The appropriation of the amount of $16,080,000 gross ($15,594,000 net), which was authorized and assessed in accordance with paragraph 18 of General Assembly resolution 48/253, for the period from 1 June to 30 November 1994;
(b) With regard to the period after 30 November 1994, commitment authorization at a monthly rate of $2,678,000 gross ($2,594,000 net), for the maintenance of the Force and for the assessment of such amounts, should the Security Council decide to renew the mandate of UNDOF beyond that date;
(c) A decision to credit to Member States the amount of the unencumbered balance of $293,000 for the period from 1 December 1993 to 30 November 1994 against their assessments in respect of such future mandate periods as may be approved by the Security Council;
(d) A decision to credit to Member States the surplus balance of $5,330,932 covering the period from 1 December 1991 to 30 November 1992 and the surplus balance of $3,775,797 for the period from 1 December 1992 to 30 November 1993 against their assessments in respect of such future mandate periods as may be approved by the Security Council.
Financial performance report for the period from
1 December 1993 to 30 November 1994
(Thousands of United States dollars)
(United States dollars)
1. No provision is required under this heading.
2. The overexpenditure under this heading was a result of higher requirements for standard troop cost reimbursement ($165,000) resulting from the delayed departure of the Finnish contingent in December 1993 and additional ration costs ($84,000) to replenish the UNDOF provisions inventory to a level sufficient to sustain operations while newly sought commercial ration contracts were being established. Those overruns were offset in part by savings under rotation of contingents ($203,000) due to favourable commercial and government-provided aircraft service rates.
3. This saving was attributed to delays in the establishment of letters of assist for contingent-owned equipment, which would result in some deliveries of such equipment being carried forward into the next mandate period.
5. A projected savings totalling $300,000 from international staff salaries ($186,000), local staff salaries ($33,000), common staff costs ($77,000) and general temporary assistance ($4,000) was offset in part by additional requirements totalling $40,000 under overtime ($20,000) and other travel costs ($20,000). The savings under international staff salaries, common staff costs and general temporary assistance were attributable to vacancies, as reflected in annex IX. While the cost estimate for international staff salaries and common staff costs were based on a vacancy rate of 5 per cent, general temporary assistance was based on a vacancy rate of none.
6. No provisions are required under these headings.
9. The overexpenditure under this heading was due to higher requirements for spare parts, repairs and maintenance ($40,000) for UNDOF's fleet of ageing vehicles and also to higher prices for petrol, oil and lubricants ($74,000) as established by the local Government effective 1 May 1994. Those overexpenditures were offset by savings under workshop equipment ($43,000) due to lower than anticipated requirements for tools and equipment for the maintenance of various diesel and gasoline motor vehicles.
13. The overexpenditure under this heading is due to an overrun in communications equipment ($132,000) attributed to the delayed procurement of the satellite earth station, which, although budgeted for procurement in 1992-1993, was only contracted for in 1993-1994 as a result of administrative delays. This overrun is offset in part by savings ($50,000) for spare parts and supplies that would have been utilized in support of the satellite earth station.
14. No provision is required under this heading.
15. The saving under this heading is comprised of savings under generators ($55,000) due to the transfer to UNDOF of excess assets of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) and because of savings under observation equipment ($60,000) resulting from the better than expected reliability of existing field assets, which meant that items previously budgeted in the cost estimate were not purchased.
16. Savings under security services ($24,000) and miscellaneous other services ($5,000) due to lower requirements for those services caused by the relocation of headquarters from Damascus to Camp Faouar were offset by higher requirements under quartermaster and general stores ($20,000) resulting from the purchase of additional electrical supplies for use in the initial wiring of buildings at Camp Faouar.
17. No provision is required under this heading.
18. No provision is required under this heading.
19. No provision is required under this heading.
20. No provision is required under this heading.
21. No provision is required under this heading.
22. The authorized amount was sufficient to cover the costs under this item.
23. The amount authorized for IMIS has been fully utilized.
24. The amount of $389,000 has been transferred to the support account for peace-keeping operations. Savings under this heading resulted from overall vacancies in staffing of civilian personnel.
25. Savings under this heading resulted from overall vacancies in staffing for UNDOF.
Cost estimates for the period from 1 December 1994 to
30 November 1995
(United States dollars)
I. COST PARAMETERS
(a) Military personnel costs
2. The cost estimate provides for a troop strength of 1,036 throughout the 12-month period, consisting of 821 infantry and 215 logistics personnel as shown in annex V.
(b) Civilian personnel costs
3. The estimate provides for a total civilian establishment of 120 posts, comprising 36 international (5 Professional category and above, 5 General Service and 26 Field Service) and 84 at the Local level, as also indicated in annex V.
4. Salaries and common staff costs of international staff are net of staff assessment, are based on standard rates for New York and include a 5 per cent vacancy factor. The salaries of locally recruited staff are also estimated at net cost and are based on local salary scales applicable to the mission area.
(c) Transport operations
5. The estimates for spare parts, repair and maintenance are based on a total vehicle establishment of 380.
8. Provision is made to pay troops for recreational leave at a rate of $10.50 per day up to a maximum of seven days of leave taken during a six-month period of service ($198,000). The estimate also provides for the purchase of recreational and sports supplies, and rental of equipment and movies, and maintenance of sports and recreational areas ($28,000).
9. The estimate provides for feeding military members of the Force as well as those members of the civilian staff who are assigned to posts where mess facilities must be provided. Rations are issued in accordance with approved ration scales. A 10 per cent reduction has been applied in arriving at this estimate, which takes into account personnel at duty stations where mess facilities are not provided and those on duty travel status or absent from their camps on leave or for other reasons. The estimate is based on an average of 1,036 men for 365 days at a ration cost of $5.50 per person per day plus an overlap factor of 0.5 per cent and extra rations for holidays.
10. A daily allowance for incidental personal expenses is paid in local currency to all military personnel, equivalent to $1.28 per person per day. The estimate is based on an average of 1,036 men in the Force. This provision takes into account an overlap factor of 0.5 per cent.
11. Provision is made for payment of subsistence allowance to military personnel who are assigned to duty stations where United Nations accommodation and/or mess facilities are not available or who are on duty travel within the mission area, including supply transport trips, inspection visits and travel of staff officers. Duty travel at the mission subsistence allowance rates of $53, $67 and $68 for Israel, Lebanon and the Syrian Arab Republic, respectively. A meal allowance of $8 for field trips of less than 10 hours and also 40 per cent of mission subsistence allowance rate for trips over 10 hours that do not involve an overnight stay is provided. Provision is also made for the representational travel of military staff at the current daily subsistence allowance rate of $233 for Tel Aviv, $178 for Jerusalem and $98 for Cyprus.
12. Provision is made under this heading for the cost of rotating contingents upon completion of their tour of duty of approximately six months' duration ($1,289,000) and for the cost of repatriating individual members of the Force for commercial, compassionate, medical or other reasons ($50,000). This estimate also includes the cost of chartered aircraft as well as transportation between airports of arrival/departure, baggage services and ground handling charges.
13. This estimate provides for payment to troop-contributing Governments of a usage factor for all items of personal clothing, gear and equipment issued by those Governments to their troops, at a standard rate of $65 per person for personal clothing, gear and equipment, plus $5 per man per month for personal weapons and ammunition. The estimate is based on an average strength of 1,036 all ranks for the Force plus a 0.5 per cent rotation overlap factor during the period.
14. This estimate provides for partial payment to troop-contributing Governments of the cost of contingent-owned equipment furnished to their contingents at the request of the United Nations. The estimated cost is based on the approved general guidelines, which provide for payment over a period of 4 years or a period of 10 years. After full payment has been made, the ownership of an item vests in the United Nations unless otherwise agreed upon for specific items.
17. Salaries of internationally recruited staff are estimated on the basis of the standard cost rates referred to in part I, paragraph 4. The calculations are based on a total of 36 posts and incorporates a 5 per cent vacancy factor.
18. The cost of 84 locally recruited staff is calculated on the basis of the local salary scales referred to in part I, paragraph 4.
19. The proposal amount will provide for the replacement of locally recruited staff maternity leave and extended sick leave.
20. Provision is made for approximately 864 hours for locally recruited staff during periods of peak workload. This estimate is based on local salary scales.
21. Common staff costs include estimates for dependency, installation, mobility and hardship allowances, for contribution to the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund and medical insurance plan, rental subsidy and for home leave, education grant and family visit travel, repatriation grants and representational allowance.
22. This estimate provides for the travel of the Force Commander and other UNDOF personnel to New York and/or by New York staff to UNDOF for periodic consultation and for travel within the Mission area.
23. No provision is required under this heading.
24. No provision is required under this heading.
25. No provision is required under this heading.
26. No provision is required under this heading.
27. This estimate covers the cost of four remaining premises rented by UNDOF as well as rental of the garage located at Tiberias, Israel. Also, provisions are made for the cost of electricity, water and heating oil on the premises plus the rental of garbage and sewage disposal places. The estimate includes an anticipated 25 per cent increase in rent and a 50 per cent expected increase in heating fuel, electricity and water.
28. A wide range of construction engineering materials (masonry, carpentry, plumbing and miscellaneous) are continuously required to meet the Force's preventive and routine maintenance programme. This includes upgrading shelters, accommodations, positions, watch towers and camp fences, patrol road maintenance, materials for maintenance and replacement of the fire main and hydrant system.
29. Provision is made for the cost of alterations, replacement, renewal of maintenance services, including electrical maintenance and upgrading projects, sewage system improvements and maintenance, hard surfacing and water supply system and services ($166,000).
30. The estimate also covers the cost of the reconfiguration of the electrical supply and the replacement and maintenance of the electrical system ($120,000).
31. Provision is made for the cost of electricity ($204,000) and water ($15,000) supplied to Camp Ziouani by contract.
32. This estimate covers major alterations, adaptations and construction of premises in the camps and on positions. It includes work on permanent structures, construction of permanent facilities and procurement plus installation of prefabricated buildings. It also provides for central heating, extensions to existing accommodations, construction of an additional water reservoir and installation of the car wash and water-recycling system. These projects are executed largely by contingent personnel. Contractual arrangements are resorted to only when absolutely necessary and practical.
33. No provision is required under this heading.
34. A cost estimate is provided for the replacement of obsolete or worn-out vehicles:
35. Provision is made under this heading for the purchase of a wide range of tools and equipment for use in workshops to meet manufacturers' standards and local condition requirements for a varied range of diesel and gasoline vehicle services.
36. This estimate provides for $362,400 for 302 general-purpose vehicles at an estimated annual rate of $1,200 per vehicle; and $429,000 for 78 military-pattern vehicles at an estimated annual rate of $5,500 per vehicle.
37. Provision is made under this heading for the purchase of gasoline, diesel fuel, motor oil, lubricants and other petroleum products for use in the operation of motor vehicles, heavy mobile equipment and stationary engines. This estimate reflects a 60 per cent price increase in the category of other petroleum products, effective 1 May 1994.
38. This estimate provides for the cost of third-party liability insurance carried by the Force to cover its fleet.
39. No provision is required under this heading.
40. No provision is required under this heading.
41. This estimate covers routine replacement and modernization of civilian communications equipment ($156,000) and military-type communications equipment ($144,000).
42. This estimate covers the cost of essential spare parts and contracts for maintenance of the combined civilian and military communications equipment.
43. This provision covers the cost of the replacement of obsolete and worn-out test equipment and other specialized tools.
44. The provision covers telephone charges, including official calls and line rental charges within the mission ($20,000), the cost of commercial telex/ telegrammes ($3,000), and communications between the field and Headquarters in New York ($10,000).
45. No provision is required under this heading.
46. This estimate covers the cost of office furniture and equipment needed to replace worn-out or damaged items that are beyond repair and as new acquisitions, including desk calculators, desks, chairs, filing cabinets, photocopying machines, filing shelves, tables, bookcases and coat racks.
47. No provision is required under this heading.
48. Provision is made for one 630 KVA ($70,000) and two 25 KVA generators ($18,000) to replace the three completely worn-out generators from Camp Faouar and the top of Mount Hermon.
49. Provision is made for the purchase, including freight, of the following observation equipment:
50. This estimate covers the cost of replacement of medical and dental equipment ($3,000) and essential additional equipment ($63,000), including freight.
51. This estimate provides for local acquisition of accommodation equipment for replacement of worn-out or damaged items and for the acquisition of beds, sofas, chairs, tables, lamps, bedside cabinets, lockers and wardrobes. This estimate also reflects the cost of replacement of worn-out equipment for kitchens and dining rooms, and new acquisitions, such as dishwashers, freezers, stoves, refrigerators, ovens, mixer attachments, baker's scales, mixing bowls, juice dispensers and meat slicers.
52. These estimates include the cost of exhaust ventilators, air conditioners, clothes dryers, electric jackhammers, fans, voltage stabilizers, vacuum cleaners, washing machines, shelving, steam irons and ironing boards. The proposed purchases cover replacements for worn-out equipment ($40,000) and the acquisition of essential new equipment ($13,000).
53. This estimate covers repairs and maintenance of various equipment such as office machines, kitchen and heating equipment, medical instruments, optical equipment and so on, including contractual repair, maintenance and spare parts for stock.
54. This estimate covers the cost of external audit service for the Force.
55. Provision is made under this heading to cover tailoring and haircutting services and garbage removal at the base camps and the small representational field office at Damascus; and laundry and dry cleaning for all military and field service personnel, as well as janitorial and fumigation services. Provision is also made for computer training courses for UNDOF staff.
56. Since UNDOF headquarters has moved from Damascus to Camp Faouar, no provision is required for guard services. Guard services at the new location are provided by the Austrian contingent.
57. Provision is made for medical expenses arising from the care and treatment of injured military personnel and for emergency dental care when treatment cannot be provided by the Force's established medical and dental facility.
58. Included under this heading is the provision for the purchase of medal sets and plaques, newspaper advertisement for bid invitations, technical and professional manuals, subscriptions to newspapers and magazines, maps and sundry supplies and services not listed elsewhere.
59. This estimate covers the cost of a wide range of supplies used in all offices throughout the Force, including the cost of reproduction supplies and printing of forms.
60. Provision is made for the cost of medical and dental supplies required by the medical clinic and the medical care shelter in Camp Faouar and the contingents' medical facilities.
61. Provision is made under this heading for the cost of insecticides, disinfectants, bleaches, chemical toilet powder and liquid, soaps and detergents, brooms, mops and rags, water-purification chemicals, cleansers, waxes, air fresheners, spray equipment and brushes.
62. Provision is made for uniforms that military personnel retain on rotation and special items of clothing required for hygiene and safety purposes by local civilian employees and military personnel performing certain jobs.
63. This estimate provides for the regular replacement of sandbags, concertina wires, barbed wires, corrugated steel sheets, fence posts, enamel painting, concrete tube culverts, gabion boxes and mine tapes.
64. This estimate covers the cost of kerosene, butane, oxygen, acetylene and freon, bedding, crockery, cutlery and other household items, batteries (other than for communications equipment and vehicles), packing materials, paper and plastic products, paint brushes and related items, camp stores and tools, ancillary fire-fighting equipment, military police equipment, electrical supplies, alpine equipment, mine-detection equipment, electrical equipment and decals and photographic items. This estimate also takes into account the 68 per cent increase in the price of kerosene approved by the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic, effective May 1994.
65. This covers the cost of conveyance of personal mail for military personnel to their home countries.
66. No provision is required under this heading.
67. No provision is required under this heading.
68. No provision is required under this heading.
69. No provision is required under this heading.
70. No provision is required under this heading.
71. This estimate covers the cost of shipping and handling of equipment and supplies to and from the mission area not provided for elsewhere in the budget. It includes the cost of forwarding/clearing and freight cost of purchases of miscellaneous supplies.
72. Provision is made for the proportional share in the financing of IMIS.
73. In accordance with the methodology for the funding of posts authorized in support of peace-keeping operations, provision is made in the amount indicated above, representing 8.5 per cent of the total civilian staff salaries, common staff costs and travel as indicated under item 2 (b).
74. Staff costs have been shown on a net basis under item 2 (b). Accordingly, the estimate under this heading represents the difference between gross and net emoluments, that is, the amount of staff assessment to which United Nations staff members are subject, in accordance with the Staff Regulations of the United Nations.
75. The salaries and related emoluments of United Nations staff members are subject to apportionment at rates stated in regulation 3.3 of the Staff Regulations of the United Nations. All revenue derived from staff apportionment not otherwise disposed of by specific resolutions of the General Assembly is credited to the Tax Equalization Fund established by the Assembly in its resolution 973 A (X) of 15 December 1955. Member States are given credit in the Fund in proportion to their rates of contribution to the UNDOF budget. The staff apportionment requirement provided for under expenditure line item 19 has been credited to this item as income from staff assessment.
76. Included under this heading is the estimated income to be derived from sales of obsolete or surplus equipment and stores.
77. No provision is made under this heading.
A. Current and proposed military strength
Civilian staff and related costs for the period from
1 December 1994 to 30 November 1995
(Thousands of United States dollars)
General temporary assistance
Distribution of civilian personnel by geographical
location as at 30 June 1994
Distribution of military personnel, transportation
and major equipment by geographical location as at
30 June 1994
Authorized staffing, incumbency and vacancy rate for the period from
1 December 1993 to 30 November 1994