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Source: Division for Palestinian Rights
30 June 1994
CHRONOLOGICAL REVIEW OF EVENTS

RELATING TO THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE

June 1994




















Monitored from the press by the
Division for Palestinian Rights


1 June Israeli troops shot and injured 17 Palestinians during clashes in Ramallah. The clashes took placed in the midst of a general strike in Ramallah protesting the killing in al-Ram village a day earlier of two Hamas members by an Israeli undercover security unit. (Jerusalem Press)


2 June Two hundred forty Palestinian families were served with notices by authorities of the Jerusalem municipality that their houses were to be demolished for lack of building permits. Some 2,000 Palestinian houses in East Jerusalem are classified by the Israeli authorities as subject for demolition due to the same reason. (Jerusalem Press)


3 June The European Union signed a financial agreement with the PLO, laying out the conditions for a $8.6 million grant to the Palestinian police force. Half of the grant will go to equipment and the other half to operating costs. (European Commission Press Release IP/94/491)


4 June A home-made grenade was hurled at an Israeli army post in downtown Hebron, injuring 6 Palestinians. The army, immediately after the grenade hurling, opened fire at stone throwers and injured 8 of them. In a clash following this incident, 4 soldiers and 6 Palestinians were injured. (AP)


5 June Israeli Minister of Police Moshe Shahal said that Israel will bar Palestinians from setting up new offices in Jerusalem and arrest any armed guards at existing offices. Earlier, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was quoted as saying that Israel would limit activities of the Orient House, the PLO Headquarters in East Jerusalem, to prevent Palestinians from running their autonomy government from outside Jericho and Gaza. (AP)


6 June A meeting of some 120 prominent leaders representing various sectors of the Palestinian society of East Jerusalem was convened to protest against what was defined as Israeli measures against Palestinians in the city. The meeting, which was headed by Mr. Faisal Husseini, reaffirmed the need to "defend the national institutions" and the "Arab historical existence" in the city. (Jerusalem Press)


7 June A letter concerning Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem, which was sent on 11 October 1993 by Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres to the late Norwegian Foreign Minister Johan Holst, was published in the major Israeli press and media channels. The letter, which Israel has denied its existence for several weeks, reads as follows (Ha'aretz):
With respect,
Shimon Peres".
8 June Jordan has agreed to host an international economic conference in Amman with the participation of Israel. Jordan has refused in the past to host such a conference with Israel's participation but after their agreement in Washington on 7 June, the Government of Jordan has removed its objection. The conference is planned to take place early next year with the participation of businessmen and economic experts from the Arab world and other countries. (Ha'aretz)


9 June A two-day meeting of the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee of the donor countries to the Palestinian Authority ended in Paris with a grant of $42 million in immediate aid to the Palestinian Authority. The Committee was formed after the meeting in Washington on October 1993 of a conference of donors which pledged $2 billion over five years to the new Palestinian Authority. The meeting was attended by representatives of the European Union, the United States, Russia, Japan, Canada and Saudi Arabia, which are full members of the Committee, and by the PLO, Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia and the United Nations, in their capacity as associate members. The meeting discussed means of providing immediate funds for the Palestinian Authority. (DPA)
10 June United States officials said that President Clinton, overriding Israeli objections, was preparing to waive legislative restrictions barring the PLO from receiving US financial assistance and from opening a diplomatic mission in Washington. Mr. Clinton's decision was based on a June report by the State Department that found that the PLO has met obligations to renounce terrorism and to amend elements of its Charter calling for the destruction of Israel. The executive action would remove legislative obstacles barring the Clinton administration from releasing most of the $500 million it has pledged to help the Palestinian Authority develop infrastructure in the Gaza Strip and Jericho. (UPI)


11 June Palestinian police in the Gaza Strip detained 26 people suspected of aiding Israeli military authorities. A senior Palestinian official in Gaza said that bringing the collaborators to justice was a top priority of the fledgling Palestinian self-rule. (Reuters)
12 June Israeli authorities, following a Cabinet meeting, eased restrictions on Palestinians by issuing work permits for 10,000 workers from Gaza and tearing down a cement barricade in the city of Hebron. The measures were taken following assessments by the Cabinet ministers at their weekly session that the governing self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho was running smoothly and that Palestinian police were operating satisfactorily. (AP)
13 June According to the daily Ha'aretz, PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat had sent three letters to Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin reaffirming his commitment to peace and proposing a lull in weeks of bickering over the status of Jerusalem. Rabin's spokesman Oded Ben-Ami confirmed that Rabin received the letters. It was reported that the letters were sent in response to Rabin's demands for reaffirmation following Arafat's speech on 10 May in a South African mosque when he called for jihad to liberate Jerusalem. In the letters, Arafat reportedly proposed direct dialogue with Rabin and asked Israel not to hamper the activities of existing Palestinian institutions operating in East Jerusalem.
14 June The Israeli Government decided not to initiate legislation aimed at restricting PLO political activities in East Jerusalem. Legal advisers to Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin said that such legislation would not withstand an appeal to the High Court of Justice. (Ha'aretz)


15 June Israel and the Vatican announced the establishment of full diplomatic relations in accordance with the agreement between the Holy See and Israel, signed last December. According to the report, the Vatican will open an embassy in Jaffa (an Arab town near Tel Aviv). (Israel Line)
16 June The World Bank has announced that a three-year emergency rehabilitation project in the West Bank and Gaza Strip has been given a $30 million co-financing grant by Saudi Arabia. The project aims to give Palestinians emergency relief while rebuilding vital infrastructure and institutions following decades of Israeli occupation. (DPA)
17 June Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin sent a letter of reply to PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat saying that Israel has significantly eased the closure order affecting the occupied territories, but will not meet Arafat's request to cancel the closure order. The letter indicated that Israel issued 45,000 work permits to Palestinians from the territories and left the ban on boys under 15 and women to enter Israel. (Israel Line)
19 July A Palestinian suspected of "collaboration" with Israel was shot dead by masked gunmen in the town of Qalqilya. (Reuters)

20 June Israeli authorities for the first time permitted a Palestinian bank to open for business in the West Bank. The Palestinian Commercial Bank, set up by local businessmen with a capital of 10 million Jordanian dinars ($14 million), will open its main office in Ramallah on 1 July. (Reuters)
21 June Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin said that it was time for Israel and Jordan to meet openly and end half a century of hostility and for their leaders to meet in public. (AFP)


22 June Israeli soldiers shot and injured 11 Palestinians in Nablus during clashes with demonstrators demanding the release of all Palestinian prisoners held in Israeli jails. (Reuters)


23 June Unidentified gunmen shot dead in Gaza a Hamas member who was suspected of collaborating with Israel. (UPI)
24 June Israeli troops shot and killed a young Palestinian while quelling demonstrators in Nablus demanding the release of all Palestinian prisoners held in Israeli jails. The release of Palestinian prisoners has recently been a disputed issue in the Israeli-PLO negotiations. (AP)
26 June A government commission investigating the massacre of 29 Muslim worshippers on 25 February at the Ibrahimi mosque in Hebron concluded that an Israeli settler, Dr. Baruch Goldstein, had acted alone and was the only person to blame for the killing. The five members of the Commission criticized Israeli army and border police security procedures in the mosque and cited lapses in law enforcement before the massacre. The Palestinian mayor of Hebron, Mustafa Natshe, while accepting the conclusion that Goldstein did it alone, was quoted as saying, "But the atmosphere which was created by his colleagues, the settlers, has helped him commit this crime." Saeb Erakat, member of the Palestinian Authority in Jericho, said that the Israeli Government and the policy of Jewish settlement carry "complete responsibility" for this ugly crime". (The New York Times)
27 June The Israeli mayor of Jerusalem announced plans to fly in Jews from abroad to stand in the way of any visit by PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat. Mayor Ehud Olmert vowed a week earlier to muster a million people to keep Mr. Arafat out of East Jerusalem. A day earlier, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin said that Mr. Arafat has the right to make a pilgrimage to the Muslim holy places in the city. (Reuters)
28 June The second phase of the negotiations on Interim Self-Government Arrangements started at a joint liaison office at the entrance to the Gaza Strip. The two negotiating teams headed by Dr. Nabil Shaath, representing the Palestinians, and by the Israeli General, Danny Rothschild, started their talks on the extension of Palestinian self-rule to the other parts of the occupied West Bank. (DPA)
29 June Israel received a request from PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat for a three-day visit, starting Friday, 1 July, to the Gaza Strip, and possible Jericho. Minister of Environment Yossi Sarid said that according to the Gaza-Jericho Agreement, this type of visit must be coordinated with Israel at least two weeks in advance. He added that the Prime Minister has the authority to shorten this period. It was also reported that the PLO requested the Rafah crossing border from Egypt to be the entry point of Mr. Arafat. As a response to this planned visit, Jewish settlers called for mass demonstrations against Mr. Arafat and the Government's policy of peace. (Israel Line)
30 June The Israeli Government launched an urgent operation putting security forces on alert for the visit of PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat to Gaza on Saturday, 2 July. Police Minister Moshe Shahal announced that 8,000 police were braced for the threat of non-stop Israeli demonstrations against Mr. Arafat's return to Gaza. The tension the visit has created erupted into violence outside the Jericho synagogue where shots were fired in the air as Jewish settlers and Palestinian police faced off. (Reuters)


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