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The meeting was called to order at 10.15 a.m.
Agenda Item 14
Report of the International Atomic Energy Agency
Note by the Secretary-General transmitting the report of the International Atomic Energy Agency (A/57/278)
Draft resolution (A/57/L.14)
The President : I hope that we can conclude consideration of the report of the International Atomic Energy Agency today, including an important vote on the draft resolution. I would now like to invite the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Mr. Mohamed ElBaradei to present the report of the agency for the year 2001.
Mr. ElBaradei : Since the establishment in 1957 of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), we have been dedicated to the achievement and promotion of a vision “Atoms For Peace” — on the one hand, the prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation, with the aim of their eventual elimination, and on the other, the sharing of safe and secure nuclear technologies in peaceful applications that benefit humankind. I will speak briefly today about the IAEA’s progress in working toward those goals.
Pursuant to the mandate given to me by the IAEA General Conference, I have continued to consult with the States of the Middle East region on the application of full-scope safeguards to all nuclear activities in the Middle East and on the development of model safeguards agreements that would contribute to the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in that region. I regret to report that I have not been in a position to make any progress in the implementation of that important mandate of direct relevance to security in the Middle East. As before, I shall continue to exert every effort within my authority and, I trust, with the cooperation of all concerned, to move those discussions forward.
Mr. Mustafa (Sudan) (spoke in Arabic ): ...
The fight against nuclear proliferation, as well as the signature and ratification of additional protocols, are among the most important issues for the Agency. Hence my country signed and ratified the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1973. The treaty entered into force in July 1997 — a long time ago. But the situation in the Middle East requires in-depth analysis and a comprehensive view, since the only nuclear entity in this region, Israel, refuses to sign the NPT or an Additional Protocol, and it offers some unacceptable justifications and pretexts for not doing so. This is distorted logic that is making it impossible to bring about true peace in the Middle East. And this, in turn, means that the region is now caught in a vicious circle.
Mr. Atta (Egypt) (spoke in Arabic): ...
Egypt has proposed on several occasions, both internationally and regionally, that we do something to confront the danger of nuclear proliferation. In 1974, we called for the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. That appeal has been reiterated, by consensus, by the General Assembly since 1980. In April 1990, President Hosni Mubarak called for the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. Through the IAEA, Egypt has always advocated, and still advocates, the implementation of comprehensive IAEA safeguards for all nuclear facilities in the Middle East, without discrimination.
In spite of all those efforts and initiatives to attain peace and stability for all States in the region, Israel has never seriously shown the will to accept the safeguards regime for its nuclear facilities. This has had negative consequences for the implementation of comprehensive safeguards for nuclear facilities in the Middle East. It means that the international community now has a double responsibility: to put an end to all the dangers of proliferation for the sake of peace and security, and to ensure the implementation of comprehensive IAEA safeguards.
The meeting rose at 1.05 p.m.
This record contains the text of speeches delivered in English and of the interpretation of speeches delivered in the other languages. Corrections should be submitted to the original languages only. They should be incorporated in a copy of the record and sent under the signature of a member of the delegation concerned to the Chief of the Verbatim Reporting Service, room C-154A. Corrections will be issued after the end of the session in a consolidated corrigendum.