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I should be grateful if you would have this letter ant its annexes circulated as a document of the General Assembly at its forty-seventh session, under the agenda items entitled "Question of the Comorian island of Mayotte", "The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security", "Question of Palestine", "The situation in the Middle East", "Policies of apartheid of the Government of South Africa". "Declaration of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity on the aerial and naval military attack against the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya by the present United States Administration in April 1986", "Question of Cyprus", "Consequences of the Iraqi occupation of and aggression against Kuwait", "Establishment of a nuclear-weapon.-free zone in the region of the Middle East", "Israeli nuclear armament", "Review of the implementation of the Declaration on the Strengthening e: International Security", "United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East", "Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories", "Questions relating to information", "Development and international economic cooperation", "International cooperation for the eradication of poverty in developing countries", "International cooperation for economic growth and development", "Social development", "Advancement of women" and "Human rights questions"; and of the Security Council.
8. His Excellency Dr. Hamid Algabid, Secretary General, made a statement in which he expressed to H.E. President Abdou Diouf, to the Senegalese Government and the people his sincere thanks for the warm welcome and generous hospitality extended to all delegations. Talking about the developments which occurred on the Islamic scene since the last Summit, the Secretary General welcomed the liberation of the State of Kuwait and called on the Member states to work towards restoring lasting peace in the Gulf region and to think of conceiving and setting up appropriate mechanisms aimed at preventing the repetition of such crises in the region. The Secretary General further expressed satisfaction over the opening in Madrid of the Peace Conference on the Middle East, voicing the hope that this Conference will lead to Israeli withdrawal from the Arab and Palestinian occupied territories including the Syrian Golan and Al-Quds Al-Sharif to which Muslims remain profoundly attached. With regard to the question of Afghanistan the Secretary General urged the Member States to give their active support to the constructive role which the OIC is called upon, in this crucial phase, to play along with the United Nations in favour of a just and durable solution to this problem. The Secretary General, H.E. Dr. Hamid Algabid emphasized the need for the organization to reinforce its action in favour of the Islamic communities and minorities throughout the world, particularly in Cyprus, Southern Philippines and Jammu and Kashmir. In conclusion the Secretary General urged the Member States to better organize their efforts and to undertake a joint Islamic action founded on solidarity and complementarity.
26. The Conference reaffirmed that the Palestine Question was the prime cause for Muslims and that it was at the core of the Arab-Israeli conflict.
The Conference expressed support for the efforts made to bring about a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East region through the convening of the Peace Conference in Madrid and the beginning of negotiations among the parties concerned based on international legality including Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, the principle of land for peace so as to ensure total Israeli withdrawal from all Palestinian and Arab territories, occupied in 1967 including Al-suds Al-Sharif, and to enable the Palestinian people to exercise their inalienable national rights, including their right of return, self-determination and the establishment of their independent State on their national soil, with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital.
The Conference affirmed its active solidarity and total support for the just struggle of the valiant Palestinian people, under the leadership of the Palestine Liberation organisation, their sole legitimate representative and saluted with great pride the blessed Intifada of the Palestinian people against Israeli occupation.
The Conference considered that establishment of settlements in occupied Palestinian territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the occupied Syrian Golan constitute a fundamental obstacle to international efforts exerted towards a just and global peace in the region.
The Conference declared the Islamic Ummah's commitment to liberate the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque, First Qibla and Third Holy Shrine, reaffirmed that Al-Quds Al-Sharif is an integral part of the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967 and reiterated its commitment to strengthen Islamic solidarity for the return of Al-Quds Al-Sharif to Palestinian sovereignty and to preserve the Arab Islamic character of the Holy City.
The Conference reaffirmed that all the measures taken to annex Al-Quds Al-Sharif and impose Israeli laws on its Arab Palestinian inhabitants are null and void and called on the international community to condemn the continuing violations of Al-Aqsa mosque, the Islamic Sharia Court and other Islamic and Christian Holy Places, and to force Israel to comply with all international resolutions, the latest of which is security Council resolution 681. It also called on the international community to provide the necessary protection to the Palestinian people and the Holy Places.
The Conference invited all States to refuse to locate their Embassies and mission in the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, thus expressing their opposition to the annexation, by Israel, of the Holy City.
The Conference expressed its deep concern at the continuing implementation of the scheme of transferring Soviet and other Jews and settling them in the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the Syrian Golan and urged all States not to adopt any measures that may facilitate the settlement operations in the occupied territories.
The Conference appealed to all States to respond to the request of the U.N. Secretary General for implementation of the operative paragraph of Resolution 681 calling for a meeting of the States signatories to the Fourth Geneva convention to discuss the necessary measures for the protection of the Palestinian people in accordance with international covenants and for enabling them to exercise their right to self-determination.
The Conference expressed its deep concern over the ongoing attempts at repealing UN General Assembly Resolution 3379 of 10 November 1975 and which are bound to impede the peaceful, just and comprehensive settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Palestine Question. The Conference declared its adherence to the above-mentioned resolution until such time as the reasons having led to its adoption have ceased to exist.
The Conference strongly condemned Israel's refusal to abide by UN Security Council Resolution 497 of 1581 and forcibly imposing its jurisdiction, laws and administration on the occupied Syrian Golan as well as for its annexationist policy and practices, the establishment of settlements, and the confiscation of land. It considered all these measures to be null and void and to be a violation of the principles and norms of International Law relating to occupation and war, in particular the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949.
27. The Conference condemned Israel's continuing occupation of parts of Southern Lebanon and of West Bekaa and its aggression and arbitrary and military practices against Lebanese citizens, and called for Israel's immediate and unconditional withdrawal from Lebanese territories. The Conference reiterated its attachment to the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Lebanon within internationally recognized boundaries. It also reaffirmed the need to implement the UN Security Council resolutions on Lebanon, in particular resolution 425 of 1978. The Conference also expressed its appreciation for the achievements of the Supreme Tripartite Arab Committee as well as its support of the steps taken by the Lebanese Government to establish the State authority over all Lebanese territory so as to enable it to restore and rehabilitate the infrastructure and build essential facilities in order to achieve economic recovery. The Conference also called on the international community to contribute to the International Fund for the Reconstruction of Lebanon which the Arab summit Conference in Baghdad decided to establish.
53. In view of the repeated violations of the Palestinian Cultural heritage by the Israeli occupation forces, the conference stated that these abominable actions clearly indicate the blatant disregard of the Israeli authorities for the UN, UNESCO and the Geneva Conventions and requested the UN and UNESCO to stigmatize these actions and called upon Israel to restore immediately all documents and archives confiscated by them.
Having considered with satisfaction the Report of the Secretary General on the Palestinian Question and the Arab-Israeli Conflict in Document No.IS/6-91/QP/D.1.
Proceeding from the principles and objectives of the Charter of the Organization of the Islamic Conference;
Recalling resolutions of the Islamic Summit and Foreign Ministers Conferences on the Palestine Question and the Arab-Israeli Conflict;
Considering that Israel's continued occupation of Palestinian and Arab territories, its annexation of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the Syrian Golan, its denial of the inalienable national and political rights of the Palestinian people, and its escalation of repressive practices against Arab citizens, constitute a flagrant violation of international legality and the principles of international law as well as the U.N. Charter and the relevant U.N. resolutions;
Expressing deep concern at the continuing flow of hundreds of thousands Soviet and other Jewish immigrants into the occupied territories and their settlement there, and at Israel's continued expansion and establishment of settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif and the occupied Syrian Golan;
Affirming that the Geneva Convention of 1949 relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War applies to the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967 including Al-Quds Al-Sharif;
Affirming also that the Israeli expansionist policies, practices and schemes are aimed not only at the Arab Frontline States, but also seeks to destabilize the Islamic countries thereby threatening international peace and security;
Following with satisfaction the continuation of the popular Intifada in the occupied Palestinian territories for the fifth year, aimed ate putting an end to Israeli occupation and restoring the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people;
Following with concern Israeli's continuing stock piling and development of all weapons of mass destruction, their components and their delivery systems;
Following with interest the peaceful efforts exerted so as to convene the Middle East Peace Conference to achieve a just and comprehensive solution of the Palestinian Question and the Arab-Israeli conflict based on Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 and on the principle of land for peace as well as on the inalienable national, political and legitimate rights of the
Stresses the importance of the role of the United Nations and the efforts to reach a just and comprehensive political settlement of the Palestine Question and the Arab Israeli conflict;
1. Recalls all the resolutions of the Islamic Summit and Foreign Ministers Conference relating to the Palestinian question and the Arab-Israeli conflict; expresses pride in the blessed Intifada of the Palestinian people, and calls upon all Member States to continue to enhance their solidarity with, and support of the just and legitimate struggle of the Palestinian people for putting to an end to Israel's occupation, which continues its repressive measures and settlement policies, until they have fully attained their objectives of freedom and independence.
2. Reaffirms that the Palestine Question and the Arab-Israeli conflict are an indivisible whole in terms of approach and settlement; the solution cannot be divided or made to cover only some parties to the conflict or some of the prime causes of the conflict to the exclusion of others; peace cannot prevail in the region if it does not involve all parties including the Palestinian party whose cause is the prime cause of all Muslims and the core of the Arab-Israeli conflict.
3. Reaffirms the legitimacy of the resistance mounted by the Palestinian people under the leadership of the PLO, their sole legitimate representative, to recover their land and exercise their inalienable national rights including their rights to repatriation, to self-determination and the establishment of their independent Palestinian State, on their national soil, with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its capital.
4. Affirms that just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East Region can only be established through Israel's total and unconditional withdrawal from all the Palestinian and Arab territories occupied since 1967.
5. Expresses its support for the efforts and good offices that have led to the convening of the Peace Conference in Madrid aimed at finding a just and comprehensive solution to the Palestinian question and the Arab-Israeli conflict and takes the view that the success of this Conference hinges on fulfillment of the following principles and elements:
First: That the Peace Conference be based on international legality and its resolutions including Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and commitment to implementation of these resolutions which stipulate total Israeli withdrawal from the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif, the Syrian Golan and the occupied Jordanian territories based on the formula of land in exchange for peace and of the national and political rights of the Palestinian people to enable them to exercise their right to self-determination which guarantees their right to freedom and national independence.
Second: To reaffirm that occupied Al-Quds is an integral part of the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, to which apply the provisions applicable to all occupied territories under the resolutions of the U.N. Security Council and General Assembly.
Third: To halt the establishment of settlements in the occupied territories including Al-Quds Al-Sharif, and providing international guarantees to that effect and for the dismantling of existing settlements as they are illegal under the resolutions of international legality including Security Council resolution 465.