Question of Palestine home
19 November 2007
22nd meeting held on
Friday, 25 October 1985
at 7.30 p.m. New York
SUMMARY RECORD OF THE 20th MEETING
Chairman: Mr. AL-QAYSI (Iraq)
The meeting was called to order at 7.40 p.m.
AGENDA ITEM 129: MEASURES TO PREVENT INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM WHICH ENDANGERS OR TAKES INNOCENT HUMAN LIVES OR JEOPARDIZES FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS AND STUDY OF THE UNDERLYING CAUSES OF THOSE FORMS OF TERRORISM AND ACTS OF VIOLENCE WHICH LIE IN MISERY, FRUSTRATION, GRIEVANCE AND DESPAIR AND WHICH CAUSE SOME PEOPLE TO SACRIFICE HUMAN LIVES, INCLUDING THEIR OWN, IN AN ATTEMPT TO EFFECT RADICAL CHANGES: REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
(A/40/445 and Add. l and 2, A/40/269, A/40/399-S/17293, A/40/474, A/40/603-S/17438, A/40/620; A/C.6/40/3; A/C.6/40/L.2, L.3)
(Islamic Republic of Iran)
9. The Committee must study the underlying causes of acts of violence, namely, misery, frustration and despair, which caused some people to sacrifice their own lives in an attempt to effect radical changes. The signing of international conventions to eliminate terrorism would have no effect unless Member States fully and strictly observed their treaty obligations. It was ironic that some aggressive and terrorist Governments were sponsoring draft international conventions against terrorism. The Zionist terrorists had murdered thousands of innocent people to further usurp the Palestinian lands. The existence of hundreds of thousands of refugees in the region was the result of Zionist terrorism. The just struggle of the Palestinian people to regain their occupied homeland and to live in their own territory and the terrorist acts committed by the Zionist occupiers against Palestinian camps and Moslem people in southern Lebanon had nothing in common. Likewise the just struggle of the Afghan combatants who were sacrificing their own lives to liberate their country from foreign occupation had nothing in common with the aggressors who were seeking to subjugate the Afghan people so as to expand the dimensions of their hegemonist influence. The Islamic Republic of Iran strongly rejected all efforts to equate terrorism with the struggle of the oppressed peoples to liberate their homeland from foreign occupation and domination and to establish justice and freedom. The aggressive acts of the Zionist occupiers in southern Lebanon, the air raids on the PLO headquarters in Tunis, the racial violence in South Africa and Namibia, the concerted acts of terrorism against the sovereignty and independence of Nicaragua, Angola and Mozambique and the acts of mass repression and murder against the Moslem people of Afghanistan deserved particular condemnation.
19. The campaign against terrorism must take into account existing international obligations, particularly those deriving from article 1, paragraph 4, of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions, the provisions of which were reproduced in full in article 12 of the 1979 International Convention against the Taking of Hostages. That was the background to the international community's support for the Palestinian people, under the leadership of its sole legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization, and for the people of southern Africa struggling against South Africa's policy of
20. It was significant that, at a time when terrorism was being practised on a large scale, the Arab world should have demonstrated its acute sense of responsibility, after the special summit meeting held at Casablanca in August, by denouncing all forms of international terrorism, particularly the terrorism practised by Israel within and outside the occupied Arab territories.
70. With regard to the right of peoples to self-determination, the Palestinian problem should not be confused with what was happening in South Africa. It was contradictory to say that zionism was racist, since Israel was an immigration country that had taken in people of all races and cultures. Israel condemned the
regime and the acts perpetrated by that regime. In contrast, in the Third and Fourth Committees, it had been noted that some Arab countries maintained important but clandestine relations with South Africa, particularly in connection with oil supplies.
(Observer, Palestine Liberation Organization), speaking in exercise of the right of reply, said that the audacity with which Israel had put forward a special version of the Palestinians' problems was remarkable. With regard to events at Sabra and Shatila, the commission of enquiry set up by Israel had given rise to serious doubts owing to its composition and methods, since many pages of the report that had been prepared had never been published and the commission had merely attempted to exonerate Mr. Sharon and his helpers. Under international law, Israel was the, occupier and was responsible for the crime committed, since it had encouraged its perpetration and taken an active part in it.
74. He was also surprised that Israel had condemned the
regime of South Africa, since the special economic, military and political links between those two countries were only too well known; proof of those links had been provided in a number of reports by experts recognized by the United Nations, as well as through the formal visits made by politicians and officials of each of the two States to the other State and through collusion in connection with nuclear-weapon tests. The condemnation of
was nothing hut a facade designed to conceal those links.
75. With regard to the problems of the Palestinian people and the recent peace initiatives, it should be borne in mind that those initiatives excluded the Palestinians living under occupation and in exile, as well as the elected representatives of that people. A just and lasting peace could not be achieved in the Middle East without the participation of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
76. The Palestine Liberation Organization believed that the proposals put forward by the Legal Adviser of the International Committee of the Red Cross at the San Remo seminar, which had been referred to by the representative of Australia, should be considered in detail; it was willing to participate in any action that might be taken, whether at the international level or under the auspices of the Red Cross, with a view to considering both those proposals and other proposals.
77. Lastly, he wished to draw attention to the fact that Israel had been the only country that had stood in the way of a consensus at the time of the adoption, in 1977, of the Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and that, although Israel had been one of the first countries to ratify those conventions, it was not implementing them in the occupied Arab territories.
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