A. Messages from heads of State or Government
H.E. Mr. Najibullah, President of the Republic of Afghanistan
On behalf of the people and the Government of the Republic of Afghanistan, I am pleased to express my warmest greetings to the heroic people of Palestine and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) on the occasion of 29 November, the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.
The people of Afghanistan have full support for the Declaration of Independence issued by the Palestine National Council on 12 November 1988 at Algiers as the cornerstone of the struggle of the Palestinians for self-determination, independence and sovereignty. We also commend the historical initiative of the Council toward a peaceful solution of the question of Palestine.
We believe that the implementation of Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973) and the convocation of the International Peace Conference on the Middle East under the supervision of the United Nations, with the participation on an equal footing of all the parties concerned, including the PLO as the sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, remains the only means of resolving the Middle East situation.
Israeli authorities, unfortunately, are still continuing in their intransigence to block the convocation of such a conference to prolong their illegal occupation of Palestinian and other Arab lands, including Jerusalem and the Syrian Golan Heights. Only Israeli withdrawal from these territories can restore a lasting peace to the area. We particularly condemn Israeli non-compliance with the recent Security Council resolution on the Israeli repression against innocent Palestinians.
While attaching a great importance to the efforts of the United Nations for achieving a durable solution of the Middle East problem, I express my profound appreciation to you and other members of the Committee for your dedicated efforts to guarantee the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people.
His Highness Sheikh Isa Bin Sulman Al-Khalifa,
Emir of the State of Bahrain
This cause, beset by successive tragedies for over 40 years, has troubled the conscience of mankind and opened an aching wound in the heart of the international community, which has rejected the occupation and exposed the spurious nature and practices of Zionist settler colonization. These practices are designed to uproot the Palestinian people from its land, to destroy its existence, to efface its identity, to obliterate its rights and to Judaize its territories through the establishment and expansion of settlements in order to absorb enormous numbers of Soviet Jews and Jews from Eastern Europe. The arbitrary practices of these forces extend even to the confiscation of Palestinian private and public property and to the detention, torture and killing of Palestinian nationals. It is as if mankind, despite having made great strides along the path of progress and civilization, were slipping back to the ages of darkness and barbarism as a result of these Zionist practices, which deliberately and unjustly violate Palestinian human rights.
To counter the Israeli colonial tyranny, which has for over four decades been oppressing the Palestinian territory and its people in the hope of snuffing out the breaths of freedom and independence, this Arab people has continued to struggle with all its might and to endure the ordeal of occupation and repression, while calling upon all peace-, justice- and freedom-loving forces to stand by it and international legitimacy. International legitimacy, indeed, strongly supports the intifadah of the Palestinian people and condemns Israeli policies and practices as they chalk up further violations of Palestinian human rights in the occupied territories.
The Palestinian intifadah of 8 December kindled the spark of blazing struggle among the ranks of this defiant people - its children, men, old people and women - and the flame of resistance spread to challenge the legions of Zionist oppression in every part of the occupied territory. The bodies of the child heroes, armed with faith and with stones, became the targets of bullets and of lethal beatings, but they remained entirely determined and intent upon achievement of the Palestinian national objective: to liberate their territory and to regain their sovereignty.
Bahrain, which has recognized the State of Palestine since its proclamation on 15 November 1988, takes the opportunity provided by this International Day to affirm its endorsement of the just Palestinian cause and its full backing for the struggle of the Palestinian people to attain its freedom and independence, with continued assistance from the Arab family and support from the peoples of the world. We hope that virtuous and peaceful efforts and endeavours will lead to the convening of the International Peace Conference on the Middle East and thus ensure that security and peace prevail in the Middle East region.
In conclusion, it is my pleasure, on behalf of myself, of the Government of Bahrairi and its people, hereby to express our profound gratitude to you and to the members of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for your persistent and dedicated efforts to assist that people and to support its patriotic struggle to recover its legitimate rights and establish its independent State on its own sacred national soil.
On this day of solidarity with the people of Palestine, the Government and the people of Bangladesh join me in reaffirming our unequivocal support and total commitment to its just cause and the realization of its inalienable rights.
Today, this cause has assumed impelling urgency. It has acquired a whole new dimension as a result of the 36-month-old intifadah and the fierce and unremitting determination of the Palestinians to reject the occupied status quo, to expel Israelis and to establish their legitimate national rights, It has been fueled by Israel’s disavowal of all initiatives to advance the peace process, by its brutal repression and systematic violation of human rights and by sustained efforts to change the cultural and demographic status of the occupied territories against all its international obligations and the fundamental norms of international law. The situation has been immeasurably heightened by the destabilizing impact of the Gulf crisis. The usurpation of right and the historical injustice perpetrated on the Palestinian people call for urgent solutions on their own fundamental merit, It remains an acid test of the credibility of the world community to find a peaceful, just and durable settlement of this long outstanding problem.
Bangladesh’s position on this core issue of the Middle East question remains consistent and categorical. Israel must withdraw from all the occupied Arab territories. The inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people must be restored including a State of its own on its own homeland, with Jerusalem as the capital. The need for an international peace conference, with the participation of all parties concerned, including the permanent members of the Security Council and the Palestine Liberation Organization on an equal footing, is all the more imperative to find a comprehensive solution.
In commemorating this important occasion, Bangladesh reiterates its total solidarity with and unwavering support for its Palestinian brethren.
I have the honour to convey to you, on behalf of the Bulgarian people and on my own behalf, sincere congratulations on the occasion of 29 November, the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.
The Bulgarian nation supports the efforts to find a just, lasting and comprehensive solution to the conflict in the Middle East that would guarantee the Palestinian people’s legitimate rights, including its right to self-determination and the establishment of its own State, as well as the right of all States in the region to live within secure and universally recognized boundaries.
For over a decade, the international community has, on 29 November of each year, observed the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, victim of oppression by the Zionist régime of Israel.
In instituting the International Day of Solidarity by General Assembly resolution 32/40 B of 2 December 1977, the United Nations and, by that token, the international community, meant to express its unequivocal support for the heroic struggle which the people of Palestine, under the clearsighted leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), has been waging for over 40 years against Israel, the occupying Power.
However, neither the praiseworthy efforts of the great majority of members of the international community nor the climate of détente which has come to reign in international relations has been able to modify the intransigence of the Zionist régime, which pursues its policy of repression, aggression, expropriation and expansion in the occupied territories.
Thanks to the active complicity of certain States, Israel continues to defy the entire international community by flouting the principles of international law, the provisions of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, and the relevant United Nations resolutions.
In accordance with its firm commitment to the cause of oppressed peoples, Burkina Faso therefore strongly condemns the Israeli policies and practices which violate the inalienable and indefeasible rights of the Palestinian people and which are aimed ultimately at usurping its land of origin in defiance of morality and international law. Burkina Faso reaffirms its conviction that the question of Palestine lies at the core of the conflict in the Middle East and that only the convening of the International Peace Conference on the Middle East, under the auspices of the United Nations and with the participation on an equal footing of all parties to the conflict, including the PLO, can lead to the establishment of a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the region.
On this solemn day, I wish also, on behalf of the Burkinabé people, its political leadership and the Revolutionary Government, to reaffirm our unwavering support for the PLO and the valiant Palestinian people which, thanks to the intifadah, has resolutely risen up against the occupying Power, thereby arousing the attention and sympathy of world public opinion.
We are more convinced than ever that the Palestinian cause, being just, will conquer.
Fatherland or Death, We Shall Prevail!
We are convinced that under your leadership, the Committee, working with its customary perseverance, will win success for the Palestinian cause in the very near future by securing the full and unconditional implementation of all relevant United Nations resolutions and, above all, by securing the convening of an international peace conference on the Middle East, with the participation of all the parties concerned, including the Palestine Liberation Organization, which is the noble and sole representative of the Palestinian people.
We wish you every success as you observe this day of solidarity.
On the convocation of the meeting to commemorate the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I wish to pay, on behalf of the Chinese Government and people, high tribute to the Palestinian people who have been fighting for restoring its legitimate national rights.
The Israeli authorities have continued with their suppression of uprisings by the Palestinian people in the occupied territories. On 8 October, they engineered an incident in Jerusalem in which many Palestinians were massacred. I believe that this activity, sponsored by the United Nations to express solidarity with the Palestinian people, will undoubtedly play a highly positive role in supporting the Palestinian people and in mobilizing the international community to help bring about an early, fair and reasonable settlement of the Palestinian question. In recent years, the Palestine Liberation Organization and the relevant Arab countries have fully shown their sincerity for realizing a peaceful settlement. Regrettably, the Israeli authorities stubbornly clinging to their position, seriously obstruct the Middle East process.
The Chinese Government has all along held that Israel must withdraw from the Arab territories it has occupied, that the legitimate national rights of the Palestinian people must be restored, and that the State of Palestine and the State of Israel recognize each other, and all the Middle East countries, including Palestine and Israel, live in peace on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. We call upon the United Nations and the international community to continue to pay close attention to the Palestinian question and make practical efforts for its early, fair and reasonable resolution.
The question of Palestine, which is the core of the Arab-Israeli conflict, is the history of a people expelled from its country, whose rights have been denied and whose resources and property have been plundered.
The State of Israel has with impunity forced generations of Palestinians to live either in exile or under the occupation of a foreign oppressor. For the past four decades the international community has been a witness to the systematic aggression and violence committed by Israel against the Palestinian people, to the establishment of Jewish colonial settlements in the occupied territories and to the fact that, in contravention of the Geneva Convention of 1949, Israel has taken measures intended to alter the demographic composition, condition and status of the occupied territories, in an attempt to eradicate Palestinian nationalism and any manifestation of a Palestinian identity, with a view to establishing the fiction of having discovered a country void of inhabitants and thus to carry out its expansionist ambitions.
Nevertheless, the direct and unequivocal message of the intifadah in its prolonged and unequal struggle against the occupiers, shows the heroic resolution of the Palestinian people to liberate its country and recover its inalienable national rights, including the right to self-determination, the right to return to homes and property and the right to establish its independent sovereign State in Palestine.
The Israeli response to the intifadah, starting on 9 December 1987, was to intensify the repression. One of the bloodiest days seen by Jerusalem since its occupation in 1967 was last 8 October, when Israeli troops massacred more than 30 Palestinians on the so-called esplanade of mosques, an act which gave rise to the justified indignation and condemnation of the international community, and the approval by the Security Council of two resolutions, which were adopted unanimously, and then were rejected by Israel with its habitual arrogance.
Cuba repeats its support for the historical struggle of the Palestinian people against the Zionist invader to preserve its national identity and also to achieve the full exercise of its inalienable rights, condemns Israel’s expansionist and genocidal policy against the Arab people in general and Palestine in particular and demands the withdrawal of Israel from all Arab and Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem.
The international community must make it clear to the Government of Israel and its supporters that this situation cannot continue any longer and that in the current circumstances it is essential and urgent to intensify efforts to convene an international peace conference on the Middle East under the auspices of the United Nations, with the participation of all parties to the conflict, including the PLO, on an equal footing, and the five permanent members of the Security Council. Cuba reaffirms its wholehearted support for the convening of this conference.
You may count on Cuba to carry out any new initiative intended to achieve the worthy objectives of this Committee and of the Palestinian people.
I take this opportunity to express our gratitude for the active way in which you have carried out your functions within the Committee which, since its establishment, has spared no effort in an attempt to restore the full exercise of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people.
The world community observes once again this year the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People amidst general disappointment and concern for the developments which recently have adversely affected the situation of the Palestinian people in the occupied territories.
Cyprus has always been an active and consistent supporter of the just struggle of the Palestinians, a struggle for the liberation of their homeland and the attainment of their inalienable national rights, including the right to self-determination and the establishment of an independent and sovereign State.
I wish, on behalf of the Government and the people of Cyprus, to reiterate our solidarity with the Palestinian people and at the same time to reaffirm our strong support to its sole legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization.
It is the view of the Government of Cyprus that the Palestine problem should and could be solved through full and effective implementation of the relevant United Nations resolutions and in particular Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973).
Such a settlement cannot be achieved without the complete and unconditional withdrawal of the Israeli army from all Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967. This will be in conformity with the principles of the United Nations Charter and the relevant resolutions.
While tension in the region has dramatically increased because of the Gulf crisis and the other interrelated issues, we truly believe that a speedy and viable solution, as described above, will vitally and decisively contribute to lasting peace and stability in the broader Middle East area.
Recent repeated incidents in the occupied Arab territories, which caused a high number of casualties of Palestinian civilians, are a source of grave concern and preoccupation to the people of Cyprus. While deploring the loss of so many human lives, we wish to reaffirm the responsibility of the United Nations Security Council for the full implementation of its relevant resolutions and the safety of the Palestinian people.
Following the developments in the Gulf and particularly the emerging enhanced role of the United Nations, as well as the prevailing political climate of conciliation in world affairs, we invite all parties involved in the Palestinian conflict to demonstrate goodwill and a spirit of conciliation, in order to achieve a permanent solution to the problem, which will not only vindicate the just struggle and the legitimate aspirations of the Palestinian people, but will also guarantee the right of all States and peoples in the region to live within internationally recognized and secure boundaries.
On this day, on behalf of the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the Korean people and on my own behalf, I extend my firm solidarity with you, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the people and resistance fighters of Palestine.
Today, the Palestinian people, under the leadership of the PLO, its sole legitimate representative, are vigorously waging an undaunted struggle for its freedom and liberation against the Israeli occupationists.
The world people render their broad support for and sympathy with the Palestinian people in its struggle to oppose imperialism and zionism, regain its usurped territory and establish the State of Palestine, with Jerusalem as its capital.
The Korean people will, in the future too, actively support and encourage the sacred cause of the Palestinian people for the liberation of its fatherland and the restoration of its legitimate national rights, including the right to return home and the right to self-determination.
Convinced that the friendship and solidarity between our two peoples, consolidated through our Pyongyang meeting last May, will further strengthen and develop, I take this opportunity to sincerely wish you and the Palestinian people greater successes in the struggle for the accomplishment of the cause of national liberation.
At the same time, the Government of Ecuador earnestly calls upon the international community, in accordance with the spirit of cooperation which has brought about significant progress towards international peace and security, to make concerted efforts to proceed without further delay to the more effective implementation of the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council of the United Nations, in order to achieve a peaceful, just and lasting solution to the question of Palestine, allowing its people the full enjoyment of those rights for whose restoration they are struggling, and at the same time making possible harmonious coexistence in the Middle East, as a formula for achieving peace in the region.
Commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People fills us with a feeling of sorrow, in view of the continuing tragic denial by some of that people’s entitlement to exercise all its rights and to live a normal life as a full member of the international community. At the same time, the commemoration confirms that the continuation of the Palestinian struggle over so many years constitutes a rejection of the underlying status quo, which is an offence to law and legitimacy. It is with that struggle that we today reaffirm our solidarity, as well as our categorical rejection of the status quo policy, of the practices of occupation, annexation and incorporation and of plans for expansion based on spurious rights and alleged claims.
The eruption of the Palestinian intifadah in the occupied Arab territories confirms that the heroic struggle of the Palestinian people has not abated, that its faith has not been shaken and that the violence and coercion practised by the occupation authorities have produced a new surge and cohesion in that struggle. History proves that peoples ultimately prevail over the short-sightedness of occupying authorities, which believe that violence provides the solutions to crises and puts paid to resistance. Violence and coercion undoubtedly inflict material and moral distress, but they also give rise to greater determination to achieve objectives and to make sacrifices in their pursuit.
Egypt eagerly awaits the day when a forward-looking perspective will prevail in the Middle East region, rather than searches through the blind alleys of the past. It remains Egypt’s clear and consistent policy to call upon Israel to recognize the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people and to abandon its delusions and desperate attempts to stop the wheel of history, thereby threatening to eliminate all opportunities of establishing mutual understanding between the Palestinian and Israeli peoples, of ensuring their mutual recognition and of paving the way for a constructive dialogue towards a just and lasting peace.
This future to which Egypt so looks forward requires the support of the international community if it is to be secured and consolidated. The United Nations rose up from the ashes of the Second World War to represent the hope both of a life in peace and of the elevation of principles concerning the right of peoples to self-determination and the exercise of those peoples’ fundamental rights. It is the duty of the international community to insist that these principles are applied and defended in all regions and continents, in order to uphold the principle whereby such values are universal and without exception.
Egypt has always affirmed that a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East region cannot be attained without a settlement of the question of Palestine, whose continued existence affects the stability of the region as well as international peace and security.
The outbreak of the Gulf crisis and its negative consequences should not divert us from our determination to secure a comprehensive and just solution of the question of Palestine. The international community must be urged to take active steps to reactivate the peace process and to endeavour to attain a peaceful settlement of the problem based on respect for the principles of international law, the Charter of the United Nations and its resolutions and on recognition of the legitimate political and national rights of the Palestinian people.
Egypt is confident that the assumption by the international community of all its responsibilities will create appropriate conditions for the success of the peace process in the region and for the attainment of a permanent and just settlement which will guarantee the security of all States and peoples of the region and allow them to direct their energies to construction and development.
In conclusion, I wish to reiterate our thanks to your esteemed Committee and to reaffirm to you and its members our support for and endorsement of the valuable role which you play.
On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I wish, on behalf of the people and Government of Ghana and on my own behalf, to congratulate the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for its untiring efforts in sensitizing international public opinion on the plight of the Palestinian people.
The Middle East problem is the result of continued denial of justice to the Palestinian people. In order to secure a lasting solution to the problem, therefore, justice must be done to the Palestinian people. It is a matter of deep regret that, at a time when the world is beginning to replace confrontation and conflict with peaceful negotiations, the Palestinian question continues to defy international solution. The opportunities offered by the Palestinian peace initiative at the forty-third session of the General Assembly at Geneva in December 1988, have been frittered away. More sadly, the situation in the occupied Palestinian territories has been allowed to worsen as a result of the harassments, deportations, wounding and killings of hundreds of Palestinians, closure of Palestinian schools and universities, all these in wanton disregard of the provisions of the 1949 Geneva Convention. The recent tragic killing of 21 Palestinians at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem on 8 October stands out clearly as a classic example of the continued abuse, with impunity, of Palestinian rights over these many years.
The Palestinian situation is one of the numerous tragic human problems created in the wake of the Second World War. In this connection, the historic European accord signed in Paris 10 days ago, with its new vision of a Europe of peace with secured rights, freedoms and rule of law for all, will be meaningless so long as the Palestinians continue to be denied a homeland. The international community would, therefore, wish to retain the hope that the States that signed the Paris accord will now apply the same zeal and commitment to finding an early and durable solution to the vexing human tragedy that has come to be designated the Palestinian question.
The Palestinian situation imposes a heavy moral duty on the United Nations and the entire international community. We must all strive collectively to bring about a quick and durable settlement of the problem as well as provide adequate safety and protection of the Palestinians under occupation.
On this momentous anniversary, therefore, it has become even more urgent for the international community to redouble its efforts in finding a lasting settlement of the Palestinian problem. This demands the implementation of all relevant General Assembly resolutions, particularly resolution 44/40 A of 4 December 1989, concerning the convening of an international peace conference on the Middle East conflict. We hope all freedom-loving people the world over will join us in insisting on the establishment of a just atmosphere of peace and freedom for all peoples in the Middle East.
In conclusion, I would like to use this occasion to reaffirm Ghana’s continued commitment and support for the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and to wish it success in its endeavours, and to extend our very best wishes and solidarity to the Palestinian people in its just struggle against oppression and injustice.
H.E. Mr. Chandra Shekhar, Prime Minister of India
It is now generally accepted that there can be no durable peace in West Asia without a just and comprehensive settlement of the Palestinian issue. On this solemn occasion, we urge the international community and particularly the United Nations to take urgent and concerted steps to break the present deadlock in the peace process so that the legitimate aspirations of the Palestinians can be realized. India will lend its full support to all efforts for an early, equitable and peaceful resolution of the long outstanding Palestinian problem.
Commemorating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I would like to express my best wishes as well as those of the Muslim people of Iran, for realization of the sacred aspirations of this combatant and persevering nation towards restoring its inalienable rights and for the victory over international zionism, in particular, the occupiers of the holy land of Palestine.
Since 1948, the peak year of disregard for the rights of the Palestinian people, this Muslim nation underwent tormenting sufferings resulting from displacement, torture, homelessness, and deprivation of the most fundamental human rights. However, it has consistently been struggling with all its power to liberate the holy land of Palestine from the grip of the occupiers. The intifada, the uprising of the heroic Muslim people of Palestine, is another indication of the firm conviction of this combatant nation in the way of achieving its holy objectives.
International organizations and forums should realize the ever-increasing costs of the contained trampling of the inalienable rights of this great nation, and make every effort to put an end to such travesty. Otherwise, we will witness again and again many Black Mondays as well as flagrant violations of the most fundamental and internationally recognized human rights in Palestine.
The Islamic Republic of Iran believes that the efforts of international organizations, particularly the United Nations, should focus on the restoration of full rights of the brave people of Palestine, that is, its right to self-determination, the liberation of the entire territories occupied since 1948, and the formation of an independent Palestinian State in the entire land of Palestine.
In the name of a nation that since the very beginning of its victorious Islamic Revolution spared no effort to assist the Palestinian people, and by declaring the last Friday of the auspicious month of Ramadhan the Universal Day of Quds, has consolidated its solidarity with Palestinians, I would like to honour the continued heroic struggle of this Muslim nation and while commemorating the sacrifices and braveries of the beloved martyrs of this holy land, pray to the Almighty Allah for attainment of final victory through the continuation of their struggle.
We are commemorating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People in extremely delicate and dangerous circumstances. The uprising of the noble Palestinian people continues and grows in force, causing the entire world to unite in respect for and sympathy with it. The Palestinian uprising shows that this is a people’s revolution, going beyond an ephemeral reaction or ephemeral objectives, and is in fact the continuation of those revolutions of the Palestinian people which began, at the time of the Balfour Declaration, with resistance to British occupation and then to the Zionist occupation.
The uprising has demonstrated the firm determination of all sectors of the Palestinian population, and particularly of the “children and youths of the stones”, to achieve the desired objectives of self-determination and establishment of the State of Palestine on Palestinian soil. As the uprising of the heroic Palestinian people grows to a crescendo, the Zionist entity continues its blatant practices of killing, oppressing and expelling the Palestinian people and depriving it of its political, cultural and economic rights. It also continues to establish settlements in those Arab territories which it has usurped and to perpetrate acts of aggression against other Arab countries, in violation of all international laws and norms, including the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949. The most recent massacre carried out by the entity at the Haram al-Sharif in Jerusalem on 8 October 1990 is only one of many examples of those inhumane practices, which are incompatible with the obligations of Members of the United Nations to respect human rights and the right of peoples to self-determination. In this context, let us not forget the dangerous situation arising as a result of the arrival in the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories of hundreds of thousands of Jewish migrants from the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. This migration forms part of the scheme to establish a so-called “greater Israel”, the purpose of which is to drive the entire Palestinian people from its land.
The situation is made more serious by the support given to the Zionist entity in the various political, economic and military areas, including the nuclear field, by States which supposedly bear major responsibilities with respect to issues of international peace arid security, first and foremost among these being the United States of America. Such support makes it persist in its policies, regardless of their dangerous impact on the security and stability of the region. Besides protecting the entity by using its veto, the United States makes the Security Council apply dual criteria in its approach to the issues and problems of the region. While the United States and its allies claim to be defending international legitimacy and preventing aggression and the annexation of territory by force, they have prevented the Security Council from taking any effective action since 1967 to deter the Zionist entity from pursuing its policies of aggression and expansion against the Palestinian people, the land of Palestine and the territories of other Arab countries.
Although the Security Council has adopted dozens of resolutions on the question of Palestine, some of which are now over 40 years old, and dozens of others on the subject of Lebanon, the Council and the United States and its allies have not followed up the implementation of those resolutions or threatened to impose sanctions under Chapter VII against the Zionist entity, which has continued to violate or ignore those resolutions. We were hoping, and continue to hope, that the United Nations, and particularly the Security Council, will take the opportunity provided by our initiative of 12 August 1990 seriously to address all the problems of the region and to establish the uniform foundations and arrangements which will ensure their solution in accordance with the same principles and criteria.
This will mean the implementation of all Security Council resolutions providing for the Zionist entity’s withdrawal from the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Arab Jerusalem, the Golan Heights and southern Lebanon, and the implementation of the economic and military sanctions provided for under Chapter VII of the Charter if it maintains its refusal to withdraw. The Council’s decision to ignore this initiative reveals the duality of the criteria it applies in addressing the events and issues of the region. It also gives the Zionist entity a further excuse to defy the will of the international community by, inter alia, refusing to receive the mission of the Secretary-General to investigate the massacre at the Haram al-Sharif, provided for in Security Council resolutions 672 (1990) and 673 (1990).
It is now more than ever imperative that the international community should adopt an equitable position with respect to the Palestinian people since the Zionist entity’s intentions vis-á-vis the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories have become eminently clear. It is also imperative that United Nations efforts in this connection should be similar to those made to enable the Namibian people to attain its independence and freedom from colonial domination by the racist regime of South Africa.
We once again affirm Iraq’s determination to give its full support to the struggle of the Palestinian people - under the leadership of its sole legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization - to exercise its right to exist, its right to self-determination on its national soil and its right to live in security and peace. Our assessment of the near future and of the Palestinian people’s determination to persist in its uprising leads us to predict that success and victory will be won by this militant people, which has been subjected to the most ugly tragedy of modern times.
In conclusion, I am pleased to affirm once again our great confidence in your efforts and the continuation of your Committee’s activities on behalf of the Palestinian cause.
This statement by the Israeli Prime Minister comes as a severe blow to all those who continue to hope that the Arab-Israeli conflict is approaching the threshold of a peaceful, just and comprehensive settlement based on international legitimacy.
I wonder what reasons prompted the Prime Minister of Israel to reveal his intentions with respect to the future of the occupied Palestinian territory so clearly. Were his remarks meant as a mark of scorn for the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People? Or did he wish to tell the world, intoxicated as it was with the scent of a victory for international legitimacy in the Gulf crisis, that such respect for legitimacy was only an exception? Or did he mean to say that international law should be applied selectively?
Whatever the intention of the Israeli Prime Minister, his statement cannot but embrace all those meanings. It therefore constitutes an open challenge to the United Nations and to the international community, which cherishes the hope of a new world order characterized by respect for human rights and the principle of peoples’ self-determination.
Commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People last year coincided with the beginning of radical developments in an important part of the world, namely, Eastern Europe. These developments led to a change in the international mood, replacing confrontation by hope of cooperation, authoritarianism by a striving for pluralism and the coercion of peoples by a movement towards democracy and respect for human rights.
Where does Israel stand on these developments and how is it responding to the international mood? A searching look at Israel’s position on the Palestinian problem quite clearly reveals that Israel defied the world by colonizing the land of Palestine at a time when colonialism was being eradicated and that it is defying the world’s movement towards affirmation of the right of peoples to self-determination and respect for human rights. And now today we see the Prime Minister of Israel once again defying the international community by proceeding from the colonization of Palestine to the annexation of that territory and the displacement of its people, taking advantage of the flow of Soviet migrants to Israel.
It is now more than ever urgent that the United Nations, which played a fundamental role in the eradication of colonialism and is actively involved in upholding human rights, should react and defend the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination on its own national soil and to the exercise of its other national and human rights.
We endorse the call to protect the Palestinians from Israeli oppression at the earliest opportunity. It is true that this call may appear to represent a step backwards from the international Organization’s efforts to solve the conflict, to bring about peace and to help the Palestinian people attain its enduring national rights. However, Israel’s oppression of the Palestinian people with a view to extinguishing the spark of its legitimate intifadah against the occupation makes this call a legitimate and urgent humanitarian issue. The slaughter of Palestinians inside the precinct of the holy AI-Aqsa Mosque on 8 October 1990 simply provides further evidence of the need to protect the Palestinians.
Two years ago, the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, put forward a peace initiative. However, Israel chose to ignore it, affirming once again, under the influence of the extremist expansionist ideology of its leaders, that it did not consider the Palestinians to be a people, that it considered their intifadah against the occupation to be an act of terrorism, their legitimate rights to be extremism and their moderation to be deception and prevarication. Neither Palestinian extremism nor moderation is acceptable to Israel. So what does it want? I fear that the answer lies in the recent statement made by the Israeli Prime Minister when he said that those who preceded him had left him with a clear mission to preserve the land of Israel from the sea to the river.
Israel’s position that there is “no choice” with respect to the question of Palestine leaves the Palestinian people no choice but to continue its courageous intifadah against the occupation. Over the past three years of the intifadah, the Palestinian people has offered up more than 1,000 martyrs, thousands of injured, crippled and disabled and tens of thousands of detainees as a result of the repressive policy pursued by Israel against the Palestinian people, leaving no stone unturned in its means of subjugation and oppression.
In addition to these killings, disfigurements and detention, we may add measures of collective punishment, economic harassment and the destruction of homes, not to speak of the consequences of the flow of Soviet migrants to Israel. This current wave of migration, which is supposed to be absorbed in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Arab Jerusalem, constitutes not only an act of direct aggression against the rights of the Palestinian people but also a threat to Jordanian national security.
One of the features of the positive changes which have taken place in the world over the past year is the increase in confidence in the United Nations and in its responsibilities for maintaining world peace and ensuring that peace prevails in all parts of the world. What we have seen in recent times of the role played by the United Nations in the Gulf crisis may provide the best indication of this confidence.
Jordan, which is situated in the heart of the Middle East region and suffers directly as a result of the failure so far to make international legitimacy apply to the Arab-Israeli conflict, feels that it is legitimately entitled to question the role of the United Nations with respect to the Palestinian cause, which has been the subject of Security Council resolutions no less binding than those adopted in connection with the State of Kuwait.
The fact that the United Nations has taken up the Gulf crisis with such singular zeal for international legitimacy while neglecting to apply the same legitimacy to the question of Palestine presents a picture which is unacceptable from the moral and legal standpoints, as it makes it appear that the international Organization is applying dual criteria. In these circumstances, the United Nations faces a major challenge in proving that it is an Organization for all States and for mankind as a whole and that it does not discriminate between one region and another or between one crisis and another. We assure all those who are currently singing the praises of international legitimacy that we respect it but that we need to believe you and to trust in what you say. In order for this to happen, there is, in our opinion, a single and essential prerequisite: for you to prove that international legitimacy is an indivisible whole.
The peoples of our region, which was the cradle of faiths and civilizations, deserve to enjoy security, peace and stability. The struggling Palestinian people, like other peoples, deserves to attain its enduring national rights and to exercise them on its own national soil. May we, who have unceasingly supported peace efforts in the region, hope that the United Nations will carry out its moral and political obligation to convene the International Peace Conference on the Middle East in order to ensure that international legitimacy is applied as soon as it has managed to solve the Gulf crisis by peaceful means? The two burning issues in a single region constitute a genuine threat to the stability of the region and to international peace and security in the same degree. They are also to a great extent linked on more than one level. To confront them would therefore, from a practical point of view, mean to make a sound and positive start on bringing about justice and peace and to enhance the credibility of the United Nations and confidence in international legitimacy.
In conclusion, I congratulate your esteemed Committee on its persistent efforts to give palpable and real substance to international solidarity with the Palestinian people.
May peace be upon you, the mercy of God and His blessings.
H.E. Dr. Edward Fenech Adami, Prime Minister of Malta
The Government of Malta does not look with indifference at the troubled situation prevailing in the occupied territories and at the fact that the rights of the Palestinian people continue to be violated and transgressed.
The Government of Malta at this time when the cold war has been effectively terminated considers that new efforts must be undertaken by the international community to ensure for the Palestinian people the peaceful enjoyment of its inalienable rights. The Government of Malta will continue to support all initiatives by the United Nations which would create the climate necessary for negotiations leading towards the overall peaceful political settlement of the problems of the Middle East.
The Government of Malta considers it essential that the international community establish without further delay appropriate measures for the effective protection of the rights of the Palestinian people in the occupied territories.
Malta takes this opportunity to praise the Secretary-General of the United Nations for his leadership in seeking a lasting and equitable comprehensive solution to the problems of the Middle East. Malta wishes to reiterate its support for these constructive efforts and its solidarity with the Palestinian people whose rights are being denied.
We pay a tribute to the courageous intifadah of the Palestinians in the Israeli-occupied territory for freedom in the face of inhuman Israeli repression. We condemn the tyranny and brutality of the Zionist forces, in violation of all norms of civilized behaviour, in their desperate attempt to suppress the Palestinian uprising in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza.
Pakistan opposes Israeli attempts to change the demography of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories through massive resettlement of Jews there. The settlement of Soviet Jewish immigrants in the West Bank must stop.
On behalf of the Government and the people of Pakistan and on my own behalf, I renew our pledge of continued and unequivocal support to and solidarity with our Palestinian brothers in their noble struggle to achieve their inalienable rights. We call upon the international community to insist that Israel ends its repression in the occupied territories, It is essential to urgently convene the International Peace Conference on the Middle East to work out a comprehensive peace settlement including a just and lasting solution to the problem of Palestine.
On this year’s observance of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I am pleased to reaffirm, on behalf of the Philippine Government and the Filipino people, our unwavering support for the just and steadfast struggle of the Palestinian people to regain its inalienable rights.
The tragic 8 October 1990 violence at the Al-Aqsa Mosque has been another grim reminder of the fearless determination of the Palestinian people never to bow to illegal foreign occupation, as well as of the inhumanity and desperation of the occupying Power in responding to the intifadah. The Philippines, in welcoming Security Council resolutions 672 (1990) and 673 (1990), once again calls upon Israel to abide scrupulously by its obligations and responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War.
We remain committed, along with the international community, to searching for ways to achieve a just, comprehensive and lasting settlement to the question of Palestine, which is at the heart of the Arab-Israeli conflict. In this regard, we reiterate our support for the convening of an international peace conference on the Middle East under the auspices of the United Nations, with the participation of all parties concerned, including the Palestine Liberation Organization on an equal footing and the five permanent members of the Security Council.
I also wish to pay a tribute and express my Government’s appreciation to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People for its unstinting efforts in enhancing international awareness of the plight of the Palestinian people, who have long been unjustly denied its inalienable national rights.
During the 23 years which have passed since Israel occupied the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the Palestinian people has suffered - and continues to suffer - the most abhorrent forms of persecution, repression, maltreatment, banishment, expulsion, violation of sanctuaries and desecration of holy places. However, despite the heinous practices of Israel, which accords no value to any legal principles, moral or religious values or international conventions, the most important of these being the Universal Declaration of Human Rights - the Palestinian people has refused to despair, to surrender or to submit. Indeed, for the past three years it has risen up in an intifadah which unleashes its repressed anger against the hated occupation and demands the restoration of its stolen freedom and usurped sovereignty. It has been intensifying its resistance in an overwhelming peaceful manner, fuelled by its firm faith in a just cause and armed with the pebbles and stones which are the product of its land.
The valiant Palestinian uprising has met with unwavering Arab support and broad international sympathy, as may be seen in the international community’s increasing recognition of legitimate Palestinian rights. Continued violations of such rights ignited the sparks of the intifadah, together with a conviction of the need for redoubled efforts to attain a just and comprehensive solution of the question of Palestine in such a way as to restore those impugned rights to the individuals legitimately entitled to them including, above all, their right to self-determination and to establish their own independent State on their national soil.
The new trend in international relations had aroused hopes for the possible success of efforts to overcome the deadlock in which the Middle East problem has been gripped for some four decades and to break the glacial grip which Israel has since its creation deliberately imposed on the question of Palestine.
However, those hopes were quickly dispersed, not this time as a result of action by Israel as has normally been the case but, most unfortunately, due to the eruption of the Gulf crisis, which overwhelmed all other regional and international problems and issues, including the question of the Palestinian people and its intifadah. Arab and international interests in the question had seemed to augur an end to this dreadful crisis, with its destructive consequences of every sort not only for the region and for the Arab world but for the world order as a whole.
Now that the entire world has become absorbed in the search for a solution of the Gulf crisis, Israel has been given an ideal opportunity to step up Jewish migration, particularly from the Soviet Union, at a level unprecedented throughout its history. Without heed for anyone, it has begun to bring in many thousands of Jewish immigrants in an attempt, by every possible unlawful means, to pursue its expansionist settler strategy of annexing the occupied Arab territories, driving out their legitimate inhabitants, effacing their rights and national identity and totally destroying their existence, with a view to fulfilling its infernal dream of establishing a “Greater Israel” over the ruins of the Arab people of Palestine and of other neighbouring Arab peoples.
While persisting in its arbitrary policies and racist practices against the Palestinian people as a means of uprooting that people from its land and nation, Israel added to its terrorist record by committing a further abominable crime in the precinct of Jerusalem’s holy Al-Aqsa Mosque on 8 October 1990. That crime constituted a challenge to the feelings of Muslims and to international public opinion as a whole. Public opinion deplored Israel’s action and gesture of contempt for the holy places which, under the terms of all divine prescriptions and international laws and regulations, must be respected and not desecrated, defiled or subjected to any threat or provocation of whatever form or orientation.
Proceeding yet further in its contempt for the will of the international community, Israel refused to comply with the unanimous resolution adopted by the Security Council in the wake of the Jerusalem massacre to send a United Nations fact-finding mission and to consider the protection of Palestinians. This refusal provides further evidence of its obduracy and determination to make good its objectives of Judaizing the Holy City, thus contravening the Fourth Geneva Convention and the pertinent resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly, which prohibit the introduction of any geographic or demographic change in the occupied territories, including the Holy City of Jerusalem.
It is an essential premise, given the lofty standing of the city of Jerusalem in the hearts of Muslims throughout the world, that its status should be correctly defined in accordance with those international resolutions, which constitute one of the principal foundations on which a solution of the Arab-Israeli conflict must be based.
Despite Israel’s plans and actions pursuant to this wicked and aggressive objective, we affirm our faith that the Palestinian Arab people can, by means of its resolute defiance and ardent uprising in quest of its impugned rights, and with the support of all fraternal Arab peoples and the endorsement of international peace-, justice- and freedom-loving forces, foil Israel’s criminal designs and ambitions. No right is lost without its beneficiary subsequently seeking to regain it.
The absence of an international consensus and the failure to pursue a balanced international policy with respect to the Middle East problem - the core of which is the question of Palestine - in accordance with the principles of international justice, the Charter of the United Nations and the resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council provide Israel with ideal circumstances in which to prolong its inhumane practices and to persist in its repugnant obduracy by maintaining its barbarous occupation of the Arab territories.
The recent signs of an end to the cold war between East and West, giving way to harmonious relations between the superpowers, and the subsequent international consensus on the need to deter Iraqi aggression and to implement Security Council resolutions concerning the Gulf crisis - a result of the unjust and aggressive occupation of one State Member of the United Nations by another Member State - give cause for optimism and again arouse hopes of a change in the course of international politics and of a movement in the international community along lines other than those followed in the past, so that regional and international crises and problems of a similar nature to the Gulf crisis may be addressed in the same style and manner.
Until this issue is solved in a manner such as to guarantee the Palestinian people its legitimate rights, first and foremost among them being its right to exercise self-determination and to establish its own independent State, there will be no change in the general situation in the Middle East. Indeed, that situation will become more unstable and explosive, threatening not only the peace and stability of the Middle East region but also international peace and security in general.
Qatar, which believes in the justice of the Palestinian cause, holds fast to its steady position of support for the proposal - approved by the great majority of the international community - to address this issue by convening an international peace conference under the auspices of the United Nations, with the participation of all the parties concerned and the five permanent members of the Security Council, to ensure that the stolen rights of the Palestinian people are restored.
Deeply appreciating as it does the intensive efforts undertaken by your esteemed Committee to this end, Qatar also wishes to affirm once again its full support for those noble efforts to assist the Palestinian people and to uphold that people’s right to recover its freedom and to establish its own independent State on its national soil, so that peace, security and stability may prevail in the Middle East region.
The Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People in the United Nations is a stand for righteousness which the international organization takes in support of and in solidarity with this struggling people in the defence of its homeland, its honour, and its rights which are guaranteed by international laws and traditions.
Solidarity with the Palestinian people and supporting its total rights and its sacrifices to restore these rights are a firm foundation and fundamental pillar of our commitment, and the commitment of those who love justice and support security which is based on justice and fairness.
We say this while injustice still afflicts the Palestinian people in its homeland, and it increases in viciousness and cruelty because the occupying authorities are still persistent in their method of waging war against the unarmed and applying mass punishment which widens the circle of aggression and increases the cruelty of suffering.
The world today is moving towards a new era of rationalism in the conduct of international affairs yet despite this, we find the authorities moving in the direction of escalating the Palestinian crisis and intensifying their practices against the Palestinian people and refuse the possibilities of peaceful and just solution, and the opportunities of peace based on justice.
We mentioned in our letter to you on the same Day last year how these authorities reject all Arab and international opportunities for peace and held them responsible. We affirm today that their continued rejectionist policy, their persistence with the practice of official terrorism against the Palestinian people, and intensifying their measure of depriving this people of its land and means of livelihood complicate the problem further and make a just solution more difficult.
The Palestinian intifadah, which embodies the hopes and aspirations of the Palestinian people in its homeland and which is crystallized in an international support for its cause, is in its fourth year; and is more persistent and resolute. The awareness of the world opinion today of the truth of what is taking place makes us more confident that time is on the side of right no matter what obstacles Israel puts. I am confident that the Palestinian people will realize, God willing, all its aspirations and establish its independent State on its own land like all the free independent and sovereign nations of this earth.
We call upon the United Nations today, as we have called on every occasion from the podiums of the United Nations and from every podium, to intensify its efforts to acknowledge and support the Palestinian right. We express our appreciation to you and to the distinguished members of your Committee, for your continuous efforts to expose the extreme violations committed by the Israeli authorities against the Palestinian people in its homeland, to redress the injustices inflicted on this people, and to make the United Nations and its Member States face their responsibilities by guaranteeing justice and fairness on the land of peace in Palestine, and to prevent the occupying authorities from committing what is contrary to all international and human norms and laws. We affirm our support for you and reaffirm our appreciation and full encouragement for your sincere efforts. Please accept my best wishes.
Added to that concern is the fact that current attempts to settle the matter definitively have reached a diplomatic impasse, engendered in particular by the defiance of the Israeli authorities and by their obstinacy in trying to prolong indefinitely their occupation of the Palestinian and other Arab territories, including Jerusalem.
This situation has become even more worrisome now in light of the events of 8 October 1990 at Al-Haram Al-Shareef, which have tempered the hopes raised by the current atmosphere of détente and by the adoption, by a nearly unanimous vote on 6 December 1989, of General Assembly resolution 44/42.
Israel’s refusal to receive the mission sent by the United Nations Secretary-General for the purpose of investigating those unhappy events, in accordance with Security Council resolutions 672 (1990) and 673 (1990), suffices to underscore the need for the international community to support the Palestinian people more strongly in its courageous and just struggle, in order to help it regain its occupied territory and there to exercise freely the full complement of its inalienable rights.
It is in this spirit that I would like once again, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with this brave people, celebrated on 29 November 1990, to reaffirm, on behalf of the people and the Government of Senegal and on my own behalf, our wholehearted support for its noble struggle against domination and oppression.
This occasion also gives me the opportunity to reassert the urgency of applying to the Palestinian people the provisions of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949. In that connection, the High Contracting Parties to that Convention should persuade Israel to respect the provisions of the Convention and to meet all its obligations as an occupying Power.
In a similar vein, it is the duty of the Security Council to rise to the Israeli challenge. Otherwise, the Council’s entire credibility might be called into question, posing an additional threat to world peace.
I remain convinced, however, that beyond these immediate measures, efforts should be directed towards seeking a definitive settlement of the question of Palestine, within the framework of an international peace conference on the Middle East, under the auspices of the United Nations, with the participation not only of the five permanent members of the Security Council but also of all the parties to the conflict, including the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
In the opinion of the people and the Government of Senegal, any peace initiative in the Middle East must necessarily take into account the legitimate right of the Palestinian people to decide its future freely and as a sovereign Power under the enlightened guidance of the PLO, its sole and authentic representative.
Senegal would thus like to reaffirm its determination to continue supporting the Palestinian cause and, at the same time, to renew its support for the numerous and pertinent initiatives and recommendations emanating from the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, aimed at promoting a comprehensive, just and lasting settlement of the question of Palestine.
Similarly, I take pleasure in saluting the continuing efforts of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, His Excellency Mr. Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, to contribute to a satisfactory settlement of the Middle East conflict and of the question of Palestine.
May this current climate of détente grow stronger and spread to the Middle East so that the blind passion and violence of that region may at last give way to peace, cooperation and solidarity among all peoples.
The Spanish Government is convinced that the best means of achieving a just, comprehensive and lasting solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict lies with the convening of an international peace conference on the Middle East, under the auspices of the United Nations, and that the Palestine Liberation Organization must participate in this process.
The Spanish Government is gravely concerned about the deterioration of the situation of the occupied territories and the suffering which that involves for their population. The Spanish Government therefore calls emphatically for the implementation of the relevant resolutions of the Security Council of the United Nations and for respect for the provisions of the 1949 Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, and at the same time is ready to increase its participation in the development projects of the occupied territories.
The Spanish Government is confident that the settlement of the Gulf crisis will enable the international community to concentrate its efforts on the settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict and of the Palestinian problem, on the basis of the resolutions adopted by the Security Council of the United Nations.
I am happy to have had the opportunity of being associated with the commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.
I need not overemphasize the fact that the Palestinian issue is central to the Middle East problem. Peace will not return to the Middle East unless there is a withdrawal of Israeli forces from the occupied territories.
Sri Lanka has given its unwavering support for the restoration of the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people. My Government was one of the first to extend recognition to the State of Palestine. We believe that an international conference, under the supervision of the United Nations, would be the most appropriate forum to discuss and resolve this issue. The Palestine Liberation Organization must be an equal partner in any peace effort.
The people and the Government of Sri Lanka will continue to extend their support to the people of Palestine in its struggle for self-determination and independence. I am confident that the Palestinian people will be able to arrive at a peaceful solution in the near future through the process of consultation, compromise and consensus.
I am delighted, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, once again to express the solidarity of the people and Government of the Sudan with the Palestinian Arab people in its legitimate holy war against Zionist tyranny and injustice, with a view to winning its independence and exercising its inalienable rights.
The great intifadah of the Palestinian people erupted as an expression of noble goals and glorious objectives, and it was in its context that the Palestinian State, whose second anniversary we commemorated not long ago, was declared. We hope that the intifadah to a declaration of lasting and comprehensive peace in the region.
The international community has made valuable and substantial efforts on behalf of the Palestinian cause, which deserve our commendation. However, these efforts have not succeeded in persuading the Zionist occupation forces of the justice of the Palestinian cause and the benefits of peace. While the international Organization has in recent times been able to dispense with many outstanding issues by strength and cooperation, we hope that the international community, as represented in this Organization, will proceed to apply the same strong criteria vis-à-vis the Zionist entity, in order to compel it to accept peace and to negotiate with the Palestine Liberation Organization. Meanwhile, and until such time as the desired peace is attained, we call upon the international community to step up its efforts and endeavours to halt the inhuman practices against the Palestinian people, armed as it is only with the weapon of faith in God and the justice of its cause.
Long live the anniversary of the Palestinian intifadah in its third year.
Peace and stability cannot be achieved without a comprehensive and durable solution of the Palestinian question.
I would like to convey to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People our gratitude for its continued constructive contribution to the search for a peaceful and lasting solution of the Middle East Problem.
On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, I wish to reaffirm once again, the Thai Government’s and the Thai people’s firm and continuing support for the just and legitimate aspirations of the Palestinian people.
Despite a number of resolutions on the question of Palestine adopted by the United Nations since 1947, including General Assembly resolution 181 (II) of 1947 and Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973), the Palestinian people have not yet attained or exercised its inalienable rights, first and foremost being the right to self-determination. Therefore, it is incumbent upon the international community to redouble its efforts aimed at achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting settlement of the question of Palestine through, inter alia, the early convening of the International Peace Conference on the Middle East, under the auspices of the United Nations, with the participation of all parties to the conflict.
Since the eruption of the intifadah in December 1987, the Thai Government has been deeply concerned by the grave situation in the occupied territories of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank which has resulted in the loss of life and suffering of hundreds of Palestinians. Therefore, we wish to call upon all parties directly concerned to exercise restraint in order to spare further bloodshed and loss of innocent lives.
Finally, I should like to take this occasion to pay tribute to the United Nations, the Secretary- General and, particularly, to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, for their tireless endeavours to bring about a solution to the question of Palestine.
The date 29 November has been recognized as the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People since 1977 when the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a resolution to this effect.
The significance of this date stems from the fact that on 29 November 1947, the General Assembly adopted a resolution providing for the establishment of an Arab State and a Jewish State in Palestine, with a special international status for the Holy City of Jerusalem.
The Jewish State has come into being as Israel. The Arab State continues to be a yearning for the long-suffering Palestinians w.o are scattered throughout the Middle East - in Israel itself, in the occupied territories of the West Bank and Gaza, in Lebanon, Jordan and other neighbouring Arab territories. A whole generation of Palestinians has matured in the squalor and bitterness of refugee camps.
The long-stifled aspirations and the oppressive circumstances in which many Palestinians subsist continue to be critical factors in the enduring Arab-Israeli dispute, one of the most explosive issues in the world today.
On this day, 29 November 1990, the Government and people of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago reiterate their solidarity with the Palestinian people and express the hope that a comprehensive, just and lasting settlement of the question of Palestine will soon be achieved and that the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to a homeland will become a reality.
The continuing humanitarian endeavour of your esteemed Committee to acquaint international public opinion with the desperate situation and dangerous developments in the occupied Arab territories deserves praise and commendation. I take this opportunity to assure you of our full support for your noble effort, which plays an honourable part in ensuring moral support and backing for the courageous Palestinian intifadah. By virtue of its defiance and persistence, the intifadah has demonstrated the Palestinian people’s determination to recover its land and holy places and to win back its legitimate rights to a dignified life in the territory of its independent nation.
We must, as we all commemorate this historic occasion, extol the responsible and balanced role which continues to be played by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, in its earnest and sincere quest to identify a just and peaceful solution of this tragedy that has continued to gnaw at the conscience of mankind for many successive decades. The organization has provided convincing evidence of its genuine desire for peace through its adherence to all international resolutions relating to the question of Palestine and by its adoption of a political course designed to lead to that question’s final just solution.
Unfortunately, however, we note that the Israeli entity has met this genuine desire for peace with increased obstinacy and arrogance. It has stepped up its savage attacks on the defenseless Palestinian people and has gone to new extremes in its offensive practices against the children of the stones. The occupation authorities have accorded top priority to suppression of the intifadah and continued expulsion of the Palestinian people from its land, in conformity with the scheme recently revealed by the Israeli Prime Minister, in which he confirmed Israel’s intention of bringing Jewish inhabitants from all over the world to take the place of the original inhabitants of the occupied territories.
There can be no doubt that the recent dreadful massacre in the precinct of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, in which dozens of worshippers were killed and hundreds of others injured, is a product of this plan to intimidate and force the Palestinian people to abandon its territory and holy places.
In this context, we cannot fail to note the danger posed by this Israeli course of behaviour, which seeks once again to confront the international community with a fait accompli and to continue implementation of the “Greater Israel” plan at the expense of neighbouring Arab countries. It thus arrogantly and disdainfully defies all well-intentioned efforts to find satisfactory solutions for the Middle East issue and to establish a just and comprehensive peace throughout the region.
In expressing our profound sorrow at the failure of the international community so far to impose its will on the Zionist entity, we believe - now that it has become clear that Israel’s intention is simply to foil all peace attempts - that the time has come for the international community to assume its full responsibilities with all determination and seriousness and for the Security Council to play the role entrusted to it with the same efficiency and effectiveness displayed in its treatment of other liberation issues and in its current response to the Gulf crisis.
In renewing its call for the whole international community to do its utmost to give impetus to the peace process in the Middle East, Tunisia - which believes in the values of peace and justice and holds fast to the principles of international legitimacy - wishes your esteemed Committee every success in its exalted humanitarian tasks. We are fully confident that the defiant Palestinian people will - by virtue of its enormous sacrifices and generous acts of devotion, as well as of the support of the international community for its just struggle under the leadership of the PLO, its sole legitimate representative - attain the honour and dignity to which it aspires and win the freedom and release for which it longs.
H.E. Mr. Yildirim Akbulut, Prime Minister of Turkey
I am indeed disappointed to note that the year under review has experienced a serious deadlock in the peace process because of the continued intransigence of Israel. On the other hand, the suspension of the United States-Palestine Liberation Organization dialogue during this summer has been a further setback in this regard. Actually, it was not until the most unfortunate attack on Palestinians in Jerusalem on 8 October by Israeli security forces, killing 21 Palestinians and wounding hundreds of them, that the attention of the international community has focused once again on the importance of reactivating the peace efforts aimed at finding a just and lasting solution to the question of Palestine.
Turkey, which has condemned this attack, considers the present situation in the region to be extremely serious and a cause for deep concern. The escalation of events tends to foster further extremism among the Palestinians living in the occupied territories and the Israelis, as the course of recent events since 8 October has shown. Therefore, we believe that it is of utmost importance for Israel to respond to the positive attitude of the Palestinian leadership regarding the peace process and take, without delay, the steps expected of her towards activating the peace process, before extremism gets out of control, completely jeopardizing the chances of peace in the region.
I also wish to commend on this occasion the persistent efforts made by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, under your able leadership, to promote a wider awareness of the question of Palestine and thus contribute to fostering greater sympathy and support in the international community in this regard.
I take this opportunity to reiterate the best wishes of the Turkish nation and the Turkish Government to the Palestinian people in its determined efforts for the realization of its legitimate aspirations within the framework of a just and lasting peace in the region.
The international community must continue to censor the policies of the Israeli Government in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Jerusalem.
The Palestinians in those occupied territories have been reduced by the Government of Israel to a human reservoir for Israeli security forces to kill and maim at will.
Israeli forces have killed children, women and have tortured to death hundreds of wrongly detained prisoners in camps. Palestinians are virtually homeless but Israelis are not even ashamed of bombing and destroying the precious few homes that these suffering people own. That Israelis who capitalize on their past suffering should behave so brutally is incomprehensible.
Pushed to extremes, young Palestinians decided three years ago that enough was enough. They launched the now famous heroic intifadah to resist Israeli brutality and the illegal occupation of their territories. The intifadah opened a new front in the legitimate struggle of the Palestinian people to free themselves.
We support the convening of an international conference to find a peaceful solution to the problem at which the Palestinians must be represented on equal footing by a delegation that is not selected directly or indirectly by the Israeli Government but by genuine Palestinians themselves.
For our part, we follow with appreciation your discussions of the ways and means by which to assist that embattled people and observe with gratitude your persistent efforts and endeavours in all parts of the world to acquaint every nation with the just cause of the Palestinian people, with a view to eliciting backing and support for it from those nations, and thus from their Governments.
We also praise God for your achievements in this connection. The entire world, indeed, apart from a minority whose eyes have been blinded to truth and justice, is as one in endorsing, urging, assisting and endeavouring to secure the enjoyment by the Palestinian people of its enduring rights, including its right to return, to exercise self-determination and to establish its own independent State.
We cannot fail to be encouraged, like others, by the changes and developments in international relations, which have had their due effect in many areas on regional conflicts and their settlement by peaceful means. We believe that this mighty current in which good triumphs over evil, justice over wrongdoing and peace over war must also carry the question of Palestine in its path, dispersing the clouds of injustice hanging over the Palestinian people and restoring that people’s full and unencumbered rights.
We in the United Arab Emirates - President, Government and people - remain and shall continue to remain true to the vow which we made to ourselves and which we called upon God Almighty to witness: we shall give of our utmost before our least; we are indifferent to hardship or ease; we shall not falter or relent in our assistance or support for the Palestinian people until such time as it is able to recover its freedom and to exercise its rights on its national soil.
We wish on this occasion once again to record our admiration of and pride in our sons and daughters in occupied Palestine, who have borne on their young shoulders and in their short arms the burden of the glorious intifadah against the brutal occupation forces.
These boys and girls have not begrudged their lives and bodies in their endeavour to make right prevail, to restore justice and to conquer tyranny. Nor do they expect the international community to forsake them in their struggle and their holy war. You in the Committee represent the conscience and just voice of the international community. May God support you and strengthen your determination to assist this most noble cause and most honourable struggle.
It is proper on this day for me to reassure the people of Palestine of Tanzania’s unfailing support for its struggle to regain sovereignty over its occupied lands by all means they deem fit. It can count on us, in our own modest way, to render full diplomatic and political support for its struggle to achieve its objective.
The past 12 months have seen an intensification of Israel’s repression perpetrated against the Palestinian people, resulting in many more losses of life. Israel has continued to defy United Nations resolutions aimed at arriving at a solution to the problem of occupied Palestine. Its refusal to receive a United Nations mission to investigate the October massacre of at least 21 Palestinians and other related outrages goes a long way to show her contempt for the voice of reason - the voice of the international community.
In commemorating this Day, Tanzania appeals to those friends of Israel who, through their support of her, have tacitly encouraged her to continue her repression against the people of the occupied lands, to rethink their stand and encourage her to give peace a chance.
Once again, we note that as historic winds of change blow across much of the world, the people of Palestine are not yet free to govern itself and to live in peace in its own homeland. Those who are participating in the historic intifadah have earned the respect of the rest of the world.
As we have in the past, we join in remembering the martyrs of the Palestinian cause. We also join in prayers for a just and lasting solution to one of the international community’s ongoing concerns.
On the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, observed by the United Nations on 29 November each year, I would like to extend to you and the Palestinian people greetings of solidarity and warmest congratulations.
Over four decades, the Palestinian people have been struggling persistently for the restoration of its sacred national rights, including the right to self-determination, the right to return, the right to establish an independent sovereign State, and have recorded important successes. The intifadah waged by the Palestinian people over the last three years and the proclamation of the State of Palestine on 15 November 1988, have marked a great development of the Palestinian people’s struggle for national liberation and demonstrated its insuppressible will for independence, freedom, peace and justice.
The people and Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam resolutely support the just struggle of the Palestinian people for its fundamental national rights. We categorically condemn Israel’s recent acts of terrorism against the Palestinians in the occupied territories, and we deem it urgent to find a comprehensive, lasting, just and reasonable solution to the question of Palestine through the convening of an international peace conference on the Middle East, with the participation on an equal footing of the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.
The people and Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam are firmly convinced that the Palestinian people, bringing into full play the successes recorded, combining the national strength and the strong support of peace- and justice-loving peoples and countries, will certainly win final victory in its just struggle.
On this occasion, we affirm the responsibility borne by the international community towards the Palestinian people. All forms of oppression, persecution and destruction have been practised against that people by the Zionist authorities over a period of more than 40 years, and those savage practices reached their peak during the course of the intifadah that began on 9 December 1987. Ever since then, daily and hourly, heavily armed Zionist troops have been flooding the streets and alleyways of the towns and villages of the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip and pursuing with tear-gas, weapons and clubs children, women and elderly persons, even intruding into their homes and into hospitals and places of worship.
History will never forget the massacre perpetrated by the Zionists on 8 October 1990 against worshippers in the courtyard of the AI-Aqsa Mosque. Neither will it forget the breaking of arms with stones, the miscarriages caused by tear-gas, the demolition of homes and the punishment and displacement of innocent people whose only offense was to assert its inalienable rights.
Moreover, the systematic methods used by the Zionist authorities in attempting to obliterate the Arab and Islamic heritage of the Palestinian people and destroy its culture, in plundering its property and in establishing settlements for Jewish immigrants in what remains of its territory have the aim not only of altering the demographic composition of the occupied areas but also of completely exterminating the Palestinian people in a manner unprecedented in history.
It is scandalous that the Security Council should remain quiescent in the face of all of these heinous and repressive practices because of the unlimited support provided to Israel by certain States permanent members of the Council and of Israel’s intransigence based on such support. That support is biased to such an extent that the Council has been unable to dispatch observers to the occupied territories of even a commission of inquiry, to say nothing of adopting effective measures for the protection of the rights of Palestinians under Israeli occupation.
The wrath of history is, however, assuaged by the fact that the General Assembly and its Committees have been unstinting in giving expression to the will of the international community with regard to the cause of the Palestinian people, which is the core of the conflict in the Middle East, and concerning its right to exercise self-determination and establish an independent State in its own land under the leadership of its sole legitimate representative, the Palestine Liberation Organization. In an era of reconciliation, the international community must give concrete expression to this solidarity by taking effective measures to resolve the Palestine issue in all its aspects. The United Nations, and particularly the Security Council, must consider all issues, and especially issues relating to oppressed and helpless peoples, with fairness and without double standards. Its failure to do so would bring about the downfall of the principles and norms on which the United Nations is based and hence the disintegration of all that is fundamental to international peace and reconciliation. The manner in which the Security Council has dealt with the Gulf crisis prompts us to demand that it must address the question of Palestine with the same determination and persistence if it is to strengthen confidence in the Organization.
The Republic of Yemen reaffirms its support and backing for and its solidarity with the cause of the Palestinian people until such time as it achieves victory and all of its legitimate rights and establishes its national State in the land of Palestine. It calls upon all States that cherish peace and freedom to stand resolutely beside the Palestinian people until its achieves its just demands.
We in the Republic of Yemen are prompted by the hope that you will redouble your efforts for the achievement of peace and security in the Middle East region and in support of just causes, pre-eminent among which is that of Palestine.
We wish you success in your mission.