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U N I T E D N A T I O N S

Distr.
RESTRICTED

A/AC.25/Org/14
14 May 1949

ORIGINAL: ENGLISH


UNITED NATIONS CONCILIATION COMMISSION FOR PALESTINE

MEMORANDUM SUBMITTED BY MR. EDWARD N. BEROUTI,
SECRETARY, JAFFA AND DISTRICT INHABITANTS
COMMITTEE




We have appeared before you in Beirut and have submitted two memoranda. The main and basic demand has been and still is the return of the refugees as a whole and in particular those of our District. Upon this principle we cannot compromise.

We base our demand upon four grounds:

We regret that too much emphasis has been laid upon the compensation provision of this resolution and submit that the main part is the return of the refugees to their homes. We cannot accept the principle of compensation as an alternative. To the right and return of refugees there can be no substitute. These are our views whatever may be the views of the authorities or some or all of the Arab states, though we doubt not they adopt the same opinion.

We do not believe in compensation for what is in fact proposed is to pay compensation for a whole country which is impossible. The Jews own less than 10% of the area of Palestine. The compensation principle is to apply only where a refugee on his own free choice decides not to return.

Here we ask that:

compensation to be paid to the individual and not from state to state as the latter method will cause prejudice to the individual right.

We have also in Beirut and in our memoranda referred to some conservatory or urgent measures which we requested the Commission to take namely:

We request the release of these assets and submit that to keep them blocked is a vexatious measure as the currency involved is held outside Palestine.

These two measures have become most urgent and necessary since as we have heard unofficially the question of the return of the refugees has been linked on the agenda with other political matters, thus causing delay.

May we take the liberty to ask the Commission what steps have been taken in this regard?

There are two alternatives before you. Either the refugees return of some 850.000 people will perish. Jews have shown no conciliation but have obtained so far all their demands.

I refer to the last paragraph of our memorandum dated the 9th instant and confirm our desire to be heard in connection with any proposed political solution affecting the area we represent.



PARTICULAR SHOWING THE AREA OF CITRUS UNDER CULTIVATION
BEING OWNED BY PALESTINIAN ARABS AND THE NUMBER OF
LABOURERS REWIRED FOR THE CULTIVATION, UPKEEP AND
IRRIGATION OF SAME.


Number of persons
Individual owners 7.000
Labourers for cultivation, irrigation and upkeep 23.000
Specialists for motors, pipes and other repairs 3.000
33.000
An average of. 4 dependents for each of above mentioned132.000
The total number of persons required165.000

1. There are about seven thousand registered Palestinian Arab owners of citrus groves.
2. The area owned by the above mentioned owners totals approximately 137.000 dunums.
3. In general, there are about 60 trees par dunum of citrus in Palestinian Arab groves.
4. Apart from irrigation, the ground cultivation, trimming and upkeep of the groves should be done and finished within the coming 100 days.
5. The general return of one labourer for all the necessary cultivation is six dunums per season. We therefore submit that the number of persons whose entry into Palestine is demanded is as follows:




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